Abstract

We present here the main results for reach extension in passive optical network (PON) technologies. Both passive and active architectures integrating several multiplexing techniques are studied, and they provide promising results for the future generation of optical access networks. Extender boxes based on optical amplification and optical-electrical-optical (OEO) repeaters are evaluated over a standardized gigabit PON (GPON) system. With this architecture, the optical budget of a class B+ access network can be increased so as to achieve a total budget of 65 dB. Furthermore, using the technique of remotely pumped optical amplification on a wavelength division multiplexing/time division multiplexing (WDM/TDM) topology, the optical budget of a class C+ PON tree could be increased by an additional 22 dB amounting to a total budget of 55 dB. These results are promising since they should enable high flexibility on the optical budget to achieve more reach and splitting ratio, which are prerequisites needed for the migration to the next-generation access networks.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Prat, ed., Next-Generation FTTH Passive Optical Networks: Research Towards Unlimited Bandwidth Access, Springer, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Bianco, S. Binetti, P. N. Caponio, A. Hill, E. Leonardi, M. Listanti, F. Neri, R. Sabella, “Dimensioning of a single layer optical platform based on the “switchless” concept for large scale networks,” in 12th Annu. Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society LEOS’99, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8–11, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 521–522.
  3. C. Bock, J. Prat, S. D. Walker, “Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 3981–3988, 2005.
    [CrossRef]
  4. www.ict-sardana.eu.
  5. ITU-T G.984. [1, 2, 3, 4], GPON recommendations.
  6. N. Genay, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, Q. Liu, T. Soret, L. Guillo, “Solutions for budget increase for the next generation optical access network,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, paper Tu. A4.7, pp. 317.
  7. R. Davey, D. Payne, P. Barker, D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, T. Gilfedder, A. Rafel, P. Healey, “Next generation extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL1.
  8. D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, R. Davey, T. Kelly, “Extended reach PON using high gain SOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper JWA107.
  9. N. Miyazaki, K. Tanaka, Y. Horiuchi, “Hybrid TDM-WDM EPON repeater,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper NMD2.
  10. ITU-T G984.6, GPON optical reach extension.
  11. K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, Y. Maeda, “Burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for PON application,” in 31st European Conf. an Optical Communication, Sept. 25–29, 2005, vol. 4, pp. 863–864.
  12. M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, S. Gianordoli, K. Kloppe, “Is a 10∕2.5 Gbits∕s extra-large PON far from reality?” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 283–286.
  13. J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL2.
  14. www.jdsu.com.
  15. K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, Y. Maeda, “Long-reach PON system using gain-clamped optical amplifier,” in WTC 2006, Budapest, Hungary, May 2006, paper NT3 #2.
  16. J. A. Lazaro, F. Bonada, V. Polo, A. L. Teixeira, J. Prat, “Extended black-box model for fiber length variation of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 2063–2065, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  17. ITU-T G.984.2 recommendation, Amendment 1, 2006.

2008 (1)

J. A. Lazaro, F. Bonada, V. Polo, A. L. Teixeira, J. Prat, “Extended black-box model for fiber length variation of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 2063–2065, 2008.
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Appathurai, S.

R. Davey, D. Payne, P. Barker, D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, T. Gilfedder, A. Rafel, P. Healey, “Next generation extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL1.

D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, R. Davey, T. Kelly, “Extended reach PON using high gain SOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper JWA107.

Barker, P.

R. Davey, D. Payne, P. Barker, D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, T. Gilfedder, A. Rafel, P. Healey, “Next generation extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL1.

Bianco, A.

A. Bianco, S. Binetti, P. N. Caponio, A. Hill, E. Leonardi, M. Listanti, F. Neri, R. Sabella, “Dimensioning of a single layer optical platform based on the “switchless” concept for large scale networks,” in 12th Annu. Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society LEOS’99, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8–11, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 521–522.

Binetti, S.

A. Bianco, S. Binetti, P. N. Caponio, A. Hill, E. Leonardi, M. Listanti, F. Neri, R. Sabella, “Dimensioning of a single layer optical platform based on the “switchless” concept for large scale networks,” in 12th Annu. Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society LEOS’99, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8–11, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 521–522.

Bock, C.

Bonada, F.

J. A. Lazaro, F. Bonada, V. Polo, A. L. Teixeira, J. Prat, “Extended black-box model for fiber length variation of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 2063–2065, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Caponio, P. N.

A. Bianco, S. Binetti, P. N. Caponio, A. Hill, E. Leonardi, M. Listanti, F. Neri, R. Sabella, “Dimensioning of a single layer optical platform based on the “switchless” concept for large scale networks,” in 12th Annu. Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society LEOS’99, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8–11, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 521–522.

Chanclou, P.

N. Genay, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, Q. Liu, T. Soret, L. Guillo, “Solutions for budget increase for the next generation optical access network,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, paper Tu. A4.7, pp. 317.

J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL2.

Davey, R.

R. Davey, D. Payne, P. Barker, D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, T. Gilfedder, A. Rafel, P. Healey, “Next generation extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL1.

D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, R. Davey, T. Kelly, “Extended reach PON using high gain SOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper JWA107.

Fukada, Y.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, Y. Maeda, “Burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for PON application,” in 31st European Conf. an Optical Communication, Sept. 25–29, 2005, vol. 4, pp. 863–864.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, Y. Maeda, “Long-reach PON system using gain-clamped optical amplifier,” in WTC 2006, Budapest, Hungary, May 2006, paper NT3 #2.

Genay, N.

N. Genay, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, Q. Liu, T. Soret, L. Guillo, “Solutions for budget increase for the next generation optical access network,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, paper Tu. A4.7, pp. 317.

Gianordoli, S.

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, S. Gianordoli, K. Kloppe, “Is a 10∕2.5 Gbits∕s extra-large PON far from reality?” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 283–286.

Gilfedder, T.

R. Davey, D. Payne, P. Barker, D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, T. Gilfedder, A. Rafel, P. Healey, “Next generation extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL1.

Guillo, L.

N. Genay, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, Q. Liu, T. Soret, L. Guillo, “Solutions for budget increase for the next generation optical access network,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, paper Tu. A4.7, pp. 317.

Healey, P.

R. Davey, D. Payne, P. Barker, D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, T. Gilfedder, A. Rafel, P. Healey, “Next generation extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL1.

Hill, A.

A. Bianco, S. Binetti, P. N. Caponio, A. Hill, E. Leonardi, M. Listanti, F. Neri, R. Sabella, “Dimensioning of a single layer optical platform based on the “switchless” concept for large scale networks,” in 12th Annu. Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society LEOS’99, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8–11, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 521–522.

Horiuchi, Y.

N. Miyazaki, K. Tanaka, Y. Horiuchi, “Hybrid TDM-WDM EPON repeater,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper NMD2.

Kelly, T.

D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, R. Davey, T. Kelly, “Extended reach PON using high gain SOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper JWA107.

Kloppe, K.

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, S. Gianordoli, K. Kloppe, “Is a 10∕2.5 Gbits∕s extra-large PON far from reality?” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 283–286.

Koratzinos, V.

J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL2.

Lazaro, J. A.

J. A. Lazaro, F. Bonada, V. Polo, A. L. Teixeira, J. Prat, “Extended black-box model for fiber length variation of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 2063–2065, 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL2.

Leonardi, E.

A. Bianco, S. Binetti, P. N. Caponio, A. Hill, E. Leonardi, M. Listanti, F. Neri, R. Sabella, “Dimensioning of a single layer optical platform based on the “switchless” concept for large scale networks,” in 12th Annu. Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society LEOS’99, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8–11, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 521–522.

Listanti, M.

A. Bianco, S. Binetti, P. N. Caponio, A. Hill, E. Leonardi, M. Listanti, F. Neri, R. Sabella, “Dimensioning of a single layer optical platform based on the “switchless” concept for large scale networks,” in 12th Annu. Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society LEOS’99, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8–11, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 521–522.

Liu, Q.

N. Genay, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, Q. Liu, T. Soret, L. Guillo, “Solutions for budget increase for the next generation optical access network,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, paper Tu. A4.7, pp. 317.

Maeda, Y.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, Y. Maeda, “Burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for PON application,” in 31st European Conf. an Optical Communication, Sept. 25–29, 2005, vol. 4, pp. 863–864.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, Y. Maeda, “Long-reach PON system using gain-clamped optical amplifier,” in WTC 2006, Budapest, Hungary, May 2006, paper NT3 #2.

Miyazaki, N.

N. Miyazaki, K. Tanaka, Y. Horiuchi, “Hybrid TDM-WDM EPON repeater,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper NMD2.

Nakanishi, T.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, Y. Maeda, “Burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for PON application,” in 31st European Conf. an Optical Communication, Sept. 25–29, 2005, vol. 4, pp. 863–864.

Neri, F.

A. Bianco, S. Binetti, P. N. Caponio, A. Hill, E. Leonardi, M. Listanti, F. Neri, R. Sabella, “Dimensioning of a single layer optical platform based on the “switchless” concept for large scale networks,” in 12th Annu. Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society LEOS’99, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8–11, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 521–522.

Nesset, D.

R. Davey, D. Payne, P. Barker, D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, T. Gilfedder, A. Rafel, P. Healey, “Next generation extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL1.

D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, R. Davey, T. Kelly, “Extended reach PON using high gain SOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper JWA107.

Payne, D.

R. Davey, D. Payne, P. Barker, D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, T. Gilfedder, A. Rafel, P. Healey, “Next generation extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL1.

Polo, V.

J. A. Lazaro, F. Bonada, V. Polo, A. L. Teixeira, J. Prat, “Extended black-box model for fiber length variation of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 2063–2065, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Prat, J.

J. A. Lazaro, F. Bonada, V. Polo, A. L. Teixeira, J. Prat, “Extended black-box model for fiber length variation of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 2063–2065, 2008.
[CrossRef]

C. Bock, J. Prat, S. D. Walker, “Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 3981–3988, 2005.
[CrossRef]

J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL2.

Rafel, A.

R. Davey, D. Payne, P. Barker, D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, T. Gilfedder, A. Rafel, P. Healey, “Next generation extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL1.

Rasztovits-Wiech, M.

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, S. Gianordoli, K. Kloppe, “Is a 10∕2.5 Gbits∕s extra-large PON far from reality?” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 283–286.

Sabella, R.

A. Bianco, S. Binetti, P. N. Caponio, A. Hill, E. Leonardi, M. Listanti, F. Neri, R. Sabella, “Dimensioning of a single layer optical platform based on the “switchless” concept for large scale networks,” in 12th Annu. Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society LEOS’99, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8–11, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 521–522.

Saito, K.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, Y. Maeda, “Long-reach PON system using gain-clamped optical amplifier,” in WTC 2006, Budapest, Hungary, May 2006, paper NT3 #2.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, Y. Maeda, “Burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for PON application,” in 31st European Conf. an Optical Communication, Sept. 25–29, 2005, vol. 4, pp. 863–864.

Saliou, F.

N. Genay, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, Q. Liu, T. Soret, L. Guillo, “Solutions for budget increase for the next generation optical access network,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, paper Tu. A4.7, pp. 317.

Soila, R.

J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL2.

Soret, T.

N. Genay, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, Q. Liu, T. Soret, L. Guillo, “Solutions for budget increase for the next generation optical access network,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, paper Tu. A4.7, pp. 317.

Stadler, A.

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, S. Gianordoli, K. Kloppe, “Is a 10∕2.5 Gbits∕s extra-large PON far from reality?” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 283–286.

Suzuki, K.-I.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, Y. Maeda, “Burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for PON application,” in 31st European Conf. an Optical Communication, Sept. 25–29, 2005, vol. 4, pp. 863–864.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, Y. Maeda, “Long-reach PON system using gain-clamped optical amplifier,” in WTC 2006, Budapest, Hungary, May 2006, paper NT3 #2.

Tanaka, K.

N. Miyazaki, K. Tanaka, Y. Horiuchi, “Hybrid TDM-WDM EPON repeater,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper NMD2.

Teixeira, A.

J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL2.

Teixeira, A. L.

J. A. Lazaro, F. Bonada, V. Polo, A. L. Teixeira, J. Prat, “Extended black-box model for fiber length variation of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 2063–2065, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Tomkos, I.

J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL2.

Tosi, G. M.

J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL2.

Walker, S. D.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. A. Lazaro, F. Bonada, V. Polo, A. L. Teixeira, J. Prat, “Extended black-box model for fiber length variation of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 2063–2065, 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (15)

ITU-T G.984.2 recommendation, Amendment 1, 2006.

J. Prat, ed., Next-Generation FTTH Passive Optical Networks: Research Towards Unlimited Bandwidth Access, Springer, 2008.
[CrossRef]

A. Bianco, S. Binetti, P. N. Caponio, A. Hill, E. Leonardi, M. Listanti, F. Neri, R. Sabella, “Dimensioning of a single layer optical platform based on the “switchless” concept for large scale networks,” in 12th Annu. Meeting of the Lasers and Electro-Optics Society LEOS’99, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 8–11, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 521–522.

www.ict-sardana.eu.

ITU-T G.984. [1, 2, 3, 4], GPON recommendations.

N. Genay, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, Q. Liu, T. Soret, L. Guillo, “Solutions for budget increase for the next generation optical access network,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, paper Tu. A4.7, pp. 317.

R. Davey, D. Payne, P. Barker, D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, T. Gilfedder, A. Rafel, P. Healey, “Next generation extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL1.

D. Nesset, S. Appathurai, R. Davey, T. Kelly, “Extended reach PON using high gain SOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper JWA107.

N. Miyazaki, K. Tanaka, Y. Horiuchi, “Hybrid TDM-WDM EPON repeater,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper NMD2.

ITU-T G984.6, GPON optical reach extension.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, T. Nakanishi, Y. Maeda, “Burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for PON application,” in 31st European Conf. an Optical Communication, Sept. 25–29, 2005, vol. 4, pp. 863–864.

M. Rasztovits-Wiech, A. Stadler, S. Gianordoli, K. Kloppe, “Is a 10∕2.5 Gbits∕s extra-large PON far from reality?” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, July 1–5, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 283–286.

J. A. Lazaro, J. Prat, P. Chanclou, G. M. Tosi, A. Teixeira, I. Tomkos, R. Soila, V. Koratzinos, “Scalable extended reach PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Exposition and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, 2008, paper OThL2.

www.jdsu.com.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, K. Saito, Y. Maeda, “Long-reach PON system using gain-clamped optical amplifier,” in WTC 2006, Budapest, Hungary, May 2006, paper NT3 #2.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mid-span reach extension (source G.984.6, [10]).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Setup for GPON with extender box.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER results with (a) a DSOA and (b) an OEO 3R repeater over a GPON for both upstream and downstream signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) SARDANA network scheme and (b) functional bus tree description.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Architecture analyzed for the ROPA as an extender box, including a mux/demux for the overlaying of several GPON architectures in a WDM/TDM network.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER values for a GPON using PIN detectors at the OLT and ONU RXs with minimum sensitivity and overload values of Table 2 and the OLT and ONU RXs providing the maximum mean launched power.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

BER values with a ROPA for eight WDM wavelength channels: (a) for a ROPA with 15 m of HE980 EDF and 20 dBm of pump power, the vertical line indicating the maximum access budget for B+ ( 28 dB ) ; (b) for a ROPA with 20 m of HE980 EDF and 26 dBm of pump power, the vertical line indicating the maximum access budget for C+ ( 33 dB ) ; both for downstream transmission at the central channel at 1550 nm (max BER of 10 11 and min BER of 10 5 ).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

BER values with a ROPA for 8 WDM wavelength channels: (a) for a ROPA with 12 m of HE980 EDF and 8.5 dBm pump power; (b) for a ROPA with 18 m of HE980 EDF and 15 dBm of pump power. In both cases, the vertical line is indicating the maximum access budget for C+ ( 33 dB ) and upstream transmission at the central channel at 1550 nm is shown (max BER of 10 11 and min BER of 10 5 ).

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 DSOA Characteristics

Tables Icon

Table 2 G.984.2 B+—Optical Power Levels for the 2.4 1.2 Gbits s in Single Fiber

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Table 3 Power Budget for Each EB Solution