Abstract

The wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) is considered to be the next evolutionary solution for a simplified and future-proofed access system that can accommodate exponential traffic growth and bandwidth-hungry new applications. WDM-PON mitigates the complicated time-sharing and power budget issues in time-division-multiplexed PON (TDM-PON) by providing virtual point-to-point optical connectivity to multiple end users through a dedicated pair of wavelengths. There are a few hurdles to overcome before WDM-PON sees widespread deployment. Several key enabling technologies for converged WDM-PON systems are demonstrated, including the techniques for longer reach, higher data rate, and higher spectral efficiency. The cost-efficient architectures are designed for single-source systems and resilient protection for traffic restoration. We also develop the integrated schemes with radio-over-fiber (RoF)-based optical-wireless access systems to serve both fixed and mobile users in the converged optical platform.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. J. A. Lazaro, C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Rayleigh scattering reduction by means of optical frequency dithering in passive optical networks with remotely seeded ONUs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 64–66, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1545–1547, 2008.
[CrossRef]

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gbps DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gbps OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2081–1083, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gbps DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 423–425, 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. A. Lazaro, C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Rayleigh scattering reduction by means of optical frequency dithering in passive optical networks with remotely seeded ONUs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 64–66, 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. J. V. Olmos, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, “Dynamic reconfigurable WDM 60-GHz millimeter-waveband radio-over-fiber access network: architectural considerations and experiment,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3374–3380, Nov. 2007.
[CrossRef]

L. G. Kazovsky, W.-T. Shaw, D. Gutierrez, N. Cheng, S.-W. Wong, “Next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3428–3442, Nov. 2007.
[CrossRef]

2006 (8)

C. Sue, “A novel 1:N protection scheme for WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 13, pp. 1472–1774, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, C. Chan, L. Chen, “Survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 631–633, Feb. 2006.
[CrossRef]

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premise: what, where, and when?,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 911–934, May 2006.
[CrossRef]

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppressing and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 1726–1728, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

O. Akanbi, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “A new scheme for bidirectional WDM-PON using upstream and downstream channels generated by optical carrier suppression and separation technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 340–342, 2006.
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, “A new single-fiber 10-Gbps optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 786–796, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. C. Attard, J. E. Mitchell, “Optical network architectures for dynamic reconfiguration of full-duplex, multi-wavelength, radio over fiber,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 435–444, June 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

C. Bock, J. Prat, S. D. Walker, “Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 3981–3988, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. Chan, L. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 717–719, March 2005.
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1476–1478, 2003.
[CrossRef]

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, “Capacity analysis for WDM fiber-radio backbones with star-tree and ring architecture incorporating wavelength interleaving,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 3308–3314, Dec. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Akanbi, O.

O. Akanbi, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “A new scheme for bidirectional WDM-PON using upstream and downstream channels generated by optical carrier suppression and separation technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 340–342, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Arellano, C.

J. A. Lazaro, C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Rayleigh scattering reduction by means of optical frequency dithering in passive optical networks with remotely seeded ONUs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 64–66, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J.

B. J. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstration of 20 Gbps direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbps with a colorless transmitter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 25, 2007, paper PDP18.

Attard, J. C.

Bavey, R.

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Bock, C.

Bourgart, F.

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.

X. Sun, C. Chan, L. Chen, “Survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 631–633, Feb. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. Chan, L. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 717–719, March 2005.
[CrossRef]

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

B. Zhang, C. Chan, C. Lin, “A survivable WDM passive optical network with colorless optical network units,” in 11th Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), Kaohsiung, Taiwan, July 3–7, 2006, paper 5E2-2-1.

Chan, C.-K.

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1476–1478, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Chan, T.

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gbps DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gbps OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2081–1083, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1545–1547, 2008.
[CrossRef]

O. Akanbi, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “A new scheme for bidirectional WDM-PON using upstream and downstream channels generated by optical carrier suppression and separation technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 340–342, 2006.
[CrossRef]

A. Chowdhury, M. F. Huang, H. C. Chien, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, “A self-survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized wavelength monitoring, protection and restoration for both upstream and downstream links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper JThA95.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, G. K. Chang, “Centralized, colorless, wavelength reusable 25 GHz spaced DWDM-PON with 10 Gbps DPSK downstream and re-modulated 10 Gbps duobinary upstream for next-generation local access system,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2008. ECOC 2008, Brussels, Belgium, Sept. 21–25, 2008, paper We.3.F.4.

Chang, G.-K.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppressing and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 1726–1728, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

G.-K. Chang, Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, “Super broadband optical wireless access technologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OThD1.

Y.-T. Hsueh, H.-C. Chien, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “8×2.5-Gbps, 60-GHz radio-over-fiber access network with 125-km extended reach using remote optical carrier suppression,” in 21st Annu. Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2008. LEOS 2008, Acapulco, Mexico, Nov. 9–13, 2008, paper ThN3.

Chen, L.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1545–1547, 2008.
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, C. Chan, L. Chen, “Survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 631–633, Feb. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. Chan, L. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 717–719, March 2005.
[CrossRef]

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Cheng, N.

Chien, H. C.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gbps DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gbps OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2081–1083, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

A. Chowdhury, M. F. Huang, H. C. Chien, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, “A self-survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized wavelength monitoring, protection and restoration for both upstream and downstream links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper JThA95.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, G. K. Chang, “Centralized, colorless, wavelength reusable 25 GHz spaced DWDM-PON with 10 Gbps DPSK downstream and re-modulated 10 Gbps duobinary upstream for next-generation local access system,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2008. ECOC 2008, Brussels, Belgium, Sept. 21–25, 2008, paper We.3.F.4.

Chien, H.-C.

Y.-T. Hsueh, H.-C. Chien, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “8×2.5-Gbps, 60-GHz radio-over-fiber access network with 125-km extended reach using remote optical carrier suppression,” in 21st Annu. Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2008. LEOS 2008, Acapulco, Mexico, Nov. 9–13, 2008, paper ThN3.

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gbps DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 423–425, 2007.
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, Y. Liu, C. H. Kwok, “Signal remodulation with high extinction ratio 10-Gbps DPSK signal for DWDM-PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OThT2.

Chowdhury, A.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gbps DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gbps OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2081–1083, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Y.-T. Hsueh, H.-C. Chien, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “8×2.5-Gbps, 60-GHz radio-over-fiber access network with 125-km extended reach using remote optical carrier suppression,” in 21st Annu. Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2008. LEOS 2008, Acapulco, Mexico, Nov. 9–13, 2008, paper ThN3.

A. Chowdhury, M. F. Huang, H. C. Chien, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, “A self-survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized wavelength monitoring, protection and restoration for both upstream and downstream links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper JThA95.

G.-K. Chang, Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, “Super broadband optical wireless access technologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OThD1.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, G. K. Chang, “Centralized, colorless, wavelength reusable 25 GHz spaced DWDM-PON with 10 Gbps DPSK downstream and re-modulated 10 Gbps duobinary upstream for next-generation local access system,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2008. ECOC 2008, Brussels, Belgium, Sept. 21–25, 2008, paper We.3.F.4.

Ellinas, G.

A. Chowdhury, M. F. Huang, H. C. Chien, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, “A self-survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized wavelength monitoring, protection and restoration for both upstream and downstream links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper JThA95.

Gutierrez, D.

Hsueh, Y.-T.

Y.-T. Hsueh, H.-C. Chien, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “8×2.5-Gbps, 60-GHz radio-over-fiber access network with 125-km extended reach using remote optical carrier suppression,” in 21st Annu. Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2008. LEOS 2008, Acapulco, Mexico, Nov. 9–13, 2008, paper ThN3.

Hu, J.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, “10 Gbps OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OWH4.

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, “8×11.5-Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conversional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OMM3.

Huang, M. F.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gbps DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gbps OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2081–1083, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1545–1547, 2008.
[CrossRef]

A. Chowdhury, M. F. Huang, H. C. Chien, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, “A self-survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized wavelength monitoring, protection and restoration for both upstream and downstream links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper JThA95.

Hung, W.

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1476–1478, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Imai, T.

Ji, P. N.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, “10 Gbps OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OWH4.

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppressing and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 1726–1728, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

G.-K. Chang, Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, “Super broadband optical wireless access technologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OThD1.

Y.-T. Hsueh, H.-C. Chien, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “8×2.5-Gbps, 60-GHz radio-over-fiber access network with 125-km extended reach using remote optical carrier suppression,” in 21st Annu. Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2008. LEOS 2008, Acapulco, Mexico, Nov. 9–13, 2008, paper ThN3.

Jung, D. K.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Kani, J.

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

Keuser, G.

H. H. Lin, C. Y. Lee, S. C. Lin, S. L. Lee, G. Keuser, “WDM-PON systems using cross-remodulation to double network capacity with reduced Rayleigh scattering effects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OTuH6.

Kimura, H.

Kimura, S.

Kitayama, K.

Koonen, T.

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premise: what, where, and when?,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 911–934, May 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kumozaki, K.

Kuri, T.

Kwok, C. H.

C. W. Chow, Y. Liu, C. H. Kwok, “Signal remodulation with high extinction ratio 10-Gbps DPSK signal for DWDM-PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OThT2.

Lazaro, J. A.

J. A. Lazaro, C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Rayleigh scattering reduction by means of optical frequency dithering in passive optical networks with remotely seeded ONUs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 64–66, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. Y.

H. H. Lin, C. Y. Lee, S. C. Lin, S. L. Lee, G. Keuser, “WDM-PON systems using cross-remodulation to double network capacity with reduced Rayleigh scattering effects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OTuH6.

Lee, S. L.

H. H. Lin, C. Y. Lee, S. C. Lin, S. L. Lee, G. Keuser, “WDM-PON systems using cross-remodulation to double network capacity with reduced Rayleigh scattering effects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OTuH6.

Lim, C.

Lin, C.

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. Chan, L. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 717–719, March 2005.
[CrossRef]

B. Zhang, C. Chan, C. Lin, “A survivable WDM passive optical network with colorless optical network units,” in 11th Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), Kaohsiung, Taiwan, July 3–7, 2006, paper 5E2-2-1.

Lin, H. H.

H. H. Lin, C. Y. Lee, S. C. Lin, S. L. Lee, G. Keuser, “WDM-PON systems using cross-remodulation to double network capacity with reduced Rayleigh scattering effects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OTuH6.

Lin, S. C.

H. H. Lin, C. Y. Lee, S. C. Lin, S. L. Lee, G. Keuser, “WDM-PON systems using cross-remodulation to double network capacity with reduced Rayleigh scattering effects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OTuH6.

Liu, Y.

C. W. Chow, Y. Liu, C. H. Kwok, “Signal remodulation with high extinction ratio 10-Gbps DPSK signal for DWDM-PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OThT2.

Lowery, A. J.

B. J. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstration of 20 Gbps direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbps with a colorless transmitter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 25, 2007, paper PDP18.

McCammon, K.

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, J. E.

Nirmalathas, A.

Novak, D.

Oh, Y. J.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Olmos, J. J. V.

Park, S.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Polo, V.

J. A. Lazaro, C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Rayleigh scattering reduction by means of optical frequency dithering in passive optical networks with remotely seeded ONUs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 64–66, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Prat, J.

J. A. Lazaro, C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Rayleigh scattering reduction by means of optical frequency dithering in passive optical networks with remotely seeded ONUs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 64–66, 2007.
[CrossRef]

C. Bock, J. Prat, S. D. Walker, “Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 3981–3988, Dec. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Qian, D.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1545–1547, 2008.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, “10 Gbps OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OWH4.

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, “8×11.5-Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conversional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OMM3.

Schmidt, B. J.

B. J. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstration of 20 Gbps direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbps with a colorless transmitter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 25, 2007, paper PDP18.

Shaw, W.-T.

Shim, C. S.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Shin, D. J.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Shin, H. S.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Sue, C.

C. Sue, “A novel 1:N protection scheme for WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 13, pp. 1472–1774, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

Sun, X.

X. Sun, C. Chan, L. Chen, “Survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 631–633, Feb. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. Chan, L. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 717–719, March 2005.
[CrossRef]

Talli, G.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gbps DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 423–425, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Tong, F.

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1476–1478, 2003.
[CrossRef]

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gbps DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 423–425, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

L. Xu, H. K. Tsang, “Differential phase shift keying for asynchronous upstream remodulation of dark return-to-zero downstream channel,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OWH6.

Walker, S. D.

Wang, T.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, “10 Gbps OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OWH4.

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, “8×11.5-Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conversional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OMM3.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. Chan, L. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 717–719, March 2005.
[CrossRef]

Waterhouse, R.

Wong, S.-W.

Xu, L.

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, “8×11.5-Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conversional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OMM3.

L. Xu, H. K. Tsang, “Differential phase shift keying for asynchronous upstream remodulation of dark return-to-zero downstream channel,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OWH6.

Yoshida, T.

Yu, J.

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1545–1547, 2008.
[CrossRef]

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gbps DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gbps OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2081–1083, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

O. Akanbi, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “A new scheme for bidirectional WDM-PON using upstream and downstream channels generated by optical carrier suppression and separation technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 340–342, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppressing and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 1726–1728, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, “8×11.5-Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conversional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OMM3.

G.-K. Chang, Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, “Super broadband optical wireless access technologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OThD1.

Y.-T. Hsueh, H.-C. Chien, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “8×2.5-Gbps, 60-GHz radio-over-fiber access network with 125-km extended reach using remote optical carrier suppression,” in 21st Annu. Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2008. LEOS 2008, Acapulco, Mexico, Nov. 9–13, 2008, paper ThN3.

Zhang, B.

B. Zhang, C. Chan, C. Lin, “A survivable WDM passive optical network with colorless optical network units,” in 11th Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), Kaohsiung, Taiwan, July 3–7, 2006, paper 5E2-2-1.

Zong, L.

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, “8×11.5-Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conversional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OMM3.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

R. Bavey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 50–56, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (11)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppressing and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 16, pp. 1726–1728, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gbps DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gbps OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 24, pp. 2081–1083, Dec. 2008.
[CrossRef]

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1476–1478, 2003.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 18, pp. 1545–1547, 2008.
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, C. Chan, L. Chen, “Survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 631–633, Feb. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, X. Sun, C. Lin, C. Chan, L. Chen, “A novel centrally controlled protection scheme for traffic restoration in WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 717–719, March 2005.
[CrossRef]

C. Sue, “A novel 1:N protection scheme for WDM passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 13, pp. 1472–1774, July 2006.
[CrossRef]

T. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

O. Akanbi, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, “A new scheme for bidirectional WDM-PON using upstream and downstream channels generated by optical carrier suppression and separation technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 340–342, 2006.
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gbps DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 423–425, 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. A. Lazaro, C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Rayleigh scattering reduction by means of optical frequency dithering in passive optical networks with remotely seeded ONUs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 64–66, 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premise: what, where, and when?,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 911–934, May 2006.
[CrossRef]

Other (12)

G.-K. Chang, Z. Jia, J. Yu, A. Chowdhury, “Super broadband optical wireless access technologies,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OThD1.

B. J. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstration of 20 Gbps direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbps with a colorless transmitter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 25, 2007, paper PDP18.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, “10 Gbps OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OWH4.

L. Xu, H. K. Tsang, “Differential phase shift keying for asynchronous upstream remodulation of dark return-to-zero downstream channel,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OWH6.

C. W. Chow, Y. Liu, C. H. Kwok, “Signal remodulation with high extinction ratio 10-Gbps DPSK signal for DWDM-PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OThT2.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, G. K. Chang, “Centralized, colorless, wavelength reusable 25 GHz spaced DWDM-PON with 10 Gbps DPSK downstream and re-modulated 10 Gbps duobinary upstream for next-generation local access system,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2008. ECOC 2008, Brussels, Belgium, Sept. 21–25, 2008, paper We.3.F.4.

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, T. Wang, “8×11.5-Gbps OFDM transmission over 1000 km SSMF using conversional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OMM3.

H. H. Lin, C. Y. Lee, S. C. Lin, S. L. Lee, G. Keuser, “WDM-PON systems using cross-remodulation to double network capacity with reduced Rayleigh scattering effects,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper OTuH6.

B. Zhang, C. Chan, C. Lin, “A survivable WDM passive optical network with colorless optical network units,” in 11th Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. (OECC), Kaohsiung, Taiwan, July 3–7, 2006, paper 5E2-2-1.

S. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

A. Chowdhury, M. F. Huang, H. C. Chien, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, “A self-survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized wavelength monitoring, protection and restoration for both upstream and downstream links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, Feb. 24, 2008, paper JThA95.

Y.-T. Hsueh, H.-C. Chien, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, “8×2.5-Gbps, 60-GHz radio-over-fiber access network with 125-km extended reach using remote optical carrier suppression,” in 21st Annu. Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society, 2008. LEOS 2008, Acapulco, Mexico, Nov. 9–13, 2008, paper ThN3.

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Figures (20)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Metro and wide-area WDM-PON architecture and future network requirements.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup and optical spectra for downstream and upstream signals. The resolution of the optical spectra is 0.01 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER measurements and optical eye diagrams.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Principle of proposed WDM-OFDM-PON architecture. LO, local oscillator; OF, optical filter; IM, intensity modulator; DS/US Rx, downstream/upstream receiver.)

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup of proposed new scheme. (i)–(iii) Measured optical spectra ( 0.01 nm ) . (a)–(e) Measured electrical spectra and the electrical eye diagrams, which are at the corresponding points (a)–(e) in the setup. IL, interleaver.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured BER curves. (a) B–T–B and after 25 km of SMF-28 and the corresponding constellations for 16-QAM intensity-modulated OFDM signals at 10 Gbits s with and without an IL. (b) After 25 km of SMF for a 1.75 Gbit s upstream signal.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Schematic diagram for the bidirectional DWDM-PON system using a single light source to provide DL, UL, and VS services simultaneously.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The experimental setup for a novel bidirectional DWDM-PON system using a single light source for simultaneous DL, UL, and VS services. LD, laser diode; PC, polarization controller; DAM, dual-arm modulator; VOA, variable optical attenuator; IM, intensity modulator; CIR, circulator; IL, interleaver.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Received optical spectra for (a) 8 original CW channels, (b) 16 subcarrier channels generated by OCS, (c) the combination of 8 CWs and 16 modulated subcarrier channels, and (d) the detailed spectrum of the fourth group in (c).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

BER curves and eye diagrams for 10 Gbit s DL, 2.5 Gbit s VS, and 1.25 Gbit s UL transmission.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(a) System architecture of the proposed self-survivable WDM-PON and (b) wavelength assignment for upstream and downstream signals in the working and protection mode.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Experimental setup of WDM-PON testbed using a centralized light source and protection for two ONUs.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

BER measurements and optical eye diagrams at various points in the WDM-PON testbed: (a) 10 Gbit s downstream, (b) 10 Gbit s upstream.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Experimental setup of the proposed long-reach WDM-PON with 10 Gbit s downstream and RB-eliminated 2.5 Gbit s upstream signals.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Optical spectra at ONU I and the CO, depicting the remodulation of the DPSK downstream signal to carry upstream data (resolution of 0.01 nm ).

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Measured BER and optical eye diagrams of the 10 Gbit s downstream signal and remodulated 2.5 Gbit s upstream signal.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Scheme for generation of 60 GHz millimeter wave by using PM and IL.

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

BER curves of wired and wireless transmission.

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

Experimental setup for 8 × 2.5 Gbit s WDM optical-wireless signals in 12 cascaded WSSs links.

Fig. 20
Fig. 20

Optical spectra evolution to generate RoF-WDM-PON channels.