Abstract

In this paper we present and critically discuss different wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON) architectures compatible with pre-existing gigabit PON (GPON) infrastructures. The concurrent use of the trunk fiber permits a hitless evolution from an existing time division multiplexing optical access network to a point-to-point wavelength division access network. System performance has been experimentally evaluated in terms of bit error rate.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 737–758, Nov. 2005.
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. J. Park, C. H. Lee, K. T. Jeong, H. J. Park, J. G. Ahn, K. H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2582–2591, Nov. 2004.
    [CrossRef]
  3. J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, “A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up and downlink using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 502–504, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, “Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 67–74, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Calabretta, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A bidirectional WDM/TDM-PON using DPSK downstream signals and a narrowband AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 16, pp. 1227–1229, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, L. Giorni, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK detection by means of frequency-periodic Gaussian filtering,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, pp. 112–114, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. R. Zimmerman, L. H. Spiekman, “Amplifiers for the masses: EDFA, EDWA, and SOA amplets for metro and access applications,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, pp. 63–70, 2004.
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Presi, R. Proietti, K. Prince, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A 80 km reach fully passive WDM-PON based on reflective ONUs,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 19043–19048, 2008.
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

N. Calabretta, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A bidirectional WDM/TDM-PON using DPSK downstream signals and a narrowband AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 16, pp. 1227–1229, 2007.
[CrossRef]

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, “Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 67–74, 2007.
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, “A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up and downlink using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 502–504, 2006.
[CrossRef]

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, L. Giorni, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK detection by means of frequency-periodic Gaussian filtering,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, pp. 112–114, 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 737–758, Nov. 2005.
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2001 (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. G.

Anderson, T. B.

Banerjee, A.

Calabretta, N.

N. Calabretta, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A bidirectional WDM/TDM-PON using DPSK downstream signals and a narrowband AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 16, pp. 1227–1229, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. H.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Ciaramella, E.

M. Presi, R. Proietti, K. Prince, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A 80 km reach fully passive WDM-PON based on reflective ONUs,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 19043–19048, 2008.
[CrossRef]

N. Calabretta, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A bidirectional WDM/TDM-PON using DPSK downstream signals and a narrowband AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 16, pp. 1227–1229, 2007.
[CrossRef]

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, L. Giorni, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK detection by means of frequency-periodic Gaussian filtering,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, pp. 112–114, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Clarke, F.

Contestabile, G.

M. Presi, R. Proietti, K. Prince, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A 80 km reach fully passive WDM-PON based on reflective ONUs,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 19043–19048, 2008.
[CrossRef]

N. Calabretta, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A bidirectional WDM/TDM-PON using DPSK downstream signals and a narrowband AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 16, pp. 1227–1229, 2007.
[CrossRef]

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, L. Giorni, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK detection by means of frequency-periodic Gaussian filtering,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, pp. 112–114, 2006.
[CrossRef]

D’Errico, A.

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, L. Giorni, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK detection by means of frequency-periodic Gaussian filtering,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, pp. 112–114, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Ford, C.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Giorni, L.

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, L. Giorni, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK detection by means of frequency-periodic Gaussian filtering,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, pp. 112–114, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Han, S.-K.

J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, “A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up and downlink using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 502–504, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Healey, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Jeong, G.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Jeong, K. T.

Johnston, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Kang, J.-M.

J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, “A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up and downlink using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 502–504, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. W.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

Kramer, G.

Lealman, I.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

Lee, J.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. L.

Lee, W.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Moore, R.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

Park, H. J.

Park, M. Y.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Park, S. J.

Park, Y.

Perrin, S.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Presi, M.

M. Presi, R. Proietti, K. Prince, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A 80 km reach fully passive WDM-PON based on reflective ONUs,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 19043–19048, 2008.
[CrossRef]

N. Calabretta, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A bidirectional WDM/TDM-PON using DPSK downstream signals and a narrowband AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 16, pp. 1227–1229, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Prince, K.

Proietti, R.

M. Presi, R. Proietti, K. Prince, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A 80 km reach fully passive WDM-PON based on reflective ONUs,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 19043–19048, 2008.
[CrossRef]

N. Calabretta, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A bidirectional WDM/TDM-PON using DPSK downstream signals and a narrowband AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 16, pp. 1227–1229, 2007.
[CrossRef]

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, L. Giorni, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK detection by means of frequency-periodic Gaussian filtering,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, pp. 112–114, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Rivers, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Song, H.

Song, K. H.

Spiekman, L. H.

Townley, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Wong, E.

Yang, S.

Zimmerman, D. R.

Electron. Lett. (2)

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, L. Giorni, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK detection by means of frequency-periodic Gaussian filtering,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, pp. 112–114, 2006.
[CrossRef]

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seeded reflective SOAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181–1182, 2001.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

N. Calabretta, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, “A bidirectional WDM/TDM-PON using DPSK downstream signals and a narrowband AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 16, pp. 1227–1229, 2007.
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Kang, S.-K. Han, “A novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up and downlink using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 502–504, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

GPON wavelength-selective combiner: wavelength response.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

WDM-PON based on a tunable laser at the ONU.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER evaluation as a function of the received power using different wavelengths for DL (downstream) and UL (upstream).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER evaluation as a function of received power using the same wavelength for DS and US.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

2.5 Gb s WDM-PON employing RSOA-based ONUs and NRZ signaling.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Upstream BER with a multiwavelength source placed at (a) the OLT and (b) the remote node.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental setup. (a) Eye diagram of the upstream signal taken after the low-pass filter. (b) Eye diagram of the demodulated DPSK signal.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Downstream eye diagrams measured at the ONU. (a) The RSOA and the laser at λ S are turned off, (b) the RSOA is turned on, but the laser at λ S emulating the 7 channels is turned off, and (c) both the RSOA and laser at λ S are turned on.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

BER measurements for (a) downstream and (b) upstream channels.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Scheme of the proposed line coding pair.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

IRZ WDM-PON experimental setup.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(a) Downstream and (b) upstream BER measurements. Eye-diagram time scale is 100 ps div .