Abstract

The performance of bus, ring, star, and tree network topologies is investigated for 10 Gbits/s differential-phase-shift-keying signals in the presence of optimized semiconductor optical amplifiers. By considering the signal quality factor and received power, the maximum number of users supported is calculated for different signal input powers. For all topologies, the performance is evaluated in terms of the number of users supported at the minimum signal input power of −40 dBm. The number of users supported depends upon the number of semiconductor optical amplifiers and optical couplers in all topologies.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. H. Lyons, K. D. Jonsen, I. Hawker, “Traffic scenarios for the 21st century,” BT Technol. J., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 73–84, Oct. 1993.
  2. A. Marrachi and M. Dekkar, eds., Photonic Switching and Interconnect, Opt. Eng., vol. 29, no. 3, 1990.
  3. X. Wei, L. Zhang, “Analysis of phase noise in saturated SOAs for DPSK applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 554–561, April 2005.
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. S. Wagner, “Optical amplifier applications in fiber optic local network,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 419–426, April 1987.
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. E. Ross, “An overview of FDDI: the fiber distributed data interface,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 1043–1051, Sept. 1989.
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. E. Willner, S. M. Hwan, “Transmission of many WDM channels through a cascade of EDFA’s in long distance links and ring networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 802–816, May 1995.
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, A. Smiljanic, N. J. Frigo, A. H. Gnauck, L. H. Spiekman, R. M. Derosier, “A transparent WDM network featuring shared virtual rings,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1955–1963, Dec. 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. K. Chen, “Amplified distributed reflective optical star couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 570–573, June 1992.
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. I. Irshid, M. Kavehrad, “Expansion of FDM/NDM star networks using high-power erbium doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 114–119, 1993.
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM star networks,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron., vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 144–152, April 1996.
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Gerla, L. Fratta, “Tree structured fiber optic MANs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 934–943, July 1988.
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. E. Green, Fiber Optic Networks, Prentice Hall, 1993.
  13. Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM tree-net,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 252–260, Feb. 1997.
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Singh, R. S. Kaler, “Minimization of cross gain saturation in wavelength division multiplexing by optimizing differential gain in semiconductor optical amplifiers” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 287–303, June 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Singh, R. S. Kaler, “Transmission performance of 20×10 Gb∕s WDM signals using cascaded optimized SOAs with OOK and DPSK modulation formats,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 266, no. 1, pp. 100–110, Oct. 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, Wiley, 2002, pp. 06–08, 226–239, and 306–307.
  17. H. Kobrinski, R. M. Bulley, M. S. Goodman, M. P. Vechi, C. A. Brackott, “Demonstration of high capacity in the LAMBDANET architecture: multiwavelength optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 824–826, July 1987.
    [CrossRef]

2006

S. Singh, R. S. Kaler, “Minimization of cross gain saturation in wavelength division multiplexing by optimizing differential gain in semiconductor optical amplifiers” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 287–303, June 2006.
[CrossRef]

S. Singh, R. S. Kaler, “Transmission performance of 20×10 Gb∕s WDM signals using cascaded optimized SOAs with OOK and DPSK modulation formats,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 266, no. 1, pp. 100–110, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005

X. Wei, L. Zhang, “Analysis of phase noise in saturated SOAs for DPSK applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 554–561, April 2005.
[CrossRef]

2000

1997

Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM tree-net,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 252–260, Feb. 1997.
[CrossRef]

1996

Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM star networks,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron., vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 144–152, April 1996.
[CrossRef]

1995

A. E. Willner, S. M. Hwan, “Transmission of many WDM channels through a cascade of EDFA’s in long distance links and ring networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 802–816, May 1995.
[CrossRef]

1993

M. I. Irshid, M. Kavehrad, “Expansion of FDM/NDM star networks using high-power erbium doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 114–119, 1993.
[CrossRef]

M. H. Lyons, K. D. Jonsen, I. Hawker, “Traffic scenarios for the 21st century,” BT Technol. J., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 73–84, Oct. 1993.

1992

Y. K. Chen, “Amplified distributed reflective optical star couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 570–573, June 1992.
[CrossRef]

1989

F. E. Ross, “An overview of FDDI: the fiber distributed data interface,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 1043–1051, Sept. 1989.
[CrossRef]

1988

M. Gerla, L. Fratta, “Tree structured fiber optic MANs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 934–943, July 1988.
[CrossRef]

1987

H. Kobrinski, R. M. Bulley, M. S. Goodman, M. P. Vechi, C. A. Brackott, “Demonstration of high capacity in the LAMBDANET architecture: multiwavelength optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 824–826, July 1987.
[CrossRef]

S. S. Wagner, “Optical amplifier applications in fiber optic local network,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 419–426, April 1987.
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, Wiley, 2002, pp. 06–08, 226–239, and 306–307.

Brackott, C. A.

H. Kobrinski, R. M. Bulley, M. S. Goodman, M. P. Vechi, C. A. Brackott, “Demonstration of high capacity in the LAMBDANET architecture: multiwavelength optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 824–826, July 1987.
[CrossRef]

Bulley, R. M.

H. Kobrinski, R. M. Bulley, M. S. Goodman, M. P. Vechi, C. A. Brackott, “Demonstration of high capacity in the LAMBDANET architecture: multiwavelength optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 824–826, July 1987.
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. K.

Y. K. Chen, “Amplified distributed reflective optical star couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 570–573, June 1992.
[CrossRef]

Derosier, R. M.

Fratta, L.

M. Gerla, L. Fratta, “Tree structured fiber optic MANs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 934–943, July 1988.
[CrossRef]

Frigo, N. J.

Gerla, M.

M. Gerla, L. Fratta, “Tree structured fiber optic MANs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 934–943, July 1988.
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

Goodman, M. S.

H. Kobrinski, R. M. Bulley, M. S. Goodman, M. P. Vechi, C. A. Brackott, “Demonstration of high capacity in the LAMBDANET architecture: multiwavelength optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 824–826, July 1987.
[CrossRef]

Green, P. E.

P. E. Green, Fiber Optic Networks, Prentice Hall, 1993.

Gupta, H. M.

Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM tree-net,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 252–260, Feb. 1997.
[CrossRef]

Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM star networks,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron., vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 144–152, April 1996.
[CrossRef]

Hawker, I.

M. H. Lyons, K. D. Jonsen, I. Hawker, “Traffic scenarios for the 21st century,” BT Technol. J., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 73–84, Oct. 1993.

Hwan, S. M.

A. E. Willner, S. M. Hwan, “Transmission of many WDM channels through a cascade of EDFA’s in long distance links and ring networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 802–816, May 1995.
[CrossRef]

Iannone, P. P.

Irshid, M. I.

M. I. Irshid, M. Kavehrad, “Expansion of FDM/NDM star networks using high-power erbium doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 114–119, 1993.
[CrossRef]

Jain, V. K.

Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM tree-net,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 252–260, Feb. 1997.
[CrossRef]

Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM star networks,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron., vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 144–152, April 1996.
[CrossRef]

Jonsen, K. D.

M. H. Lyons, K. D. Jonsen, I. Hawker, “Traffic scenarios for the 21st century,” BT Technol. J., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 73–84, Oct. 1993.

Kaler, R. S.

S. Singh, R. S. Kaler, “Minimization of cross gain saturation in wavelength division multiplexing by optimizing differential gain in semiconductor optical amplifiers” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 287–303, June 2006.
[CrossRef]

S. Singh, R. S. Kaler, “Transmission performance of 20×10 Gb∕s WDM signals using cascaded optimized SOAs with OOK and DPSK modulation formats,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 266, no. 1, pp. 100–110, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kavehrad, M.

M. I. Irshid, M. Kavehrad, “Expansion of FDM/NDM star networks using high-power erbium doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 114–119, 1993.
[CrossRef]

Kobrinski, H.

H. Kobrinski, R. M. Bulley, M. S. Goodman, M. P. Vechi, C. A. Brackott, “Demonstration of high capacity in the LAMBDANET architecture: multiwavelength optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 824–826, July 1987.
[CrossRef]

Lyons, M. H.

M. H. Lyons, K. D. Jonsen, I. Hawker, “Traffic scenarios for the 21st century,” BT Technol. J., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 73–84, Oct. 1993.

Reichmann, K. C.

Ross, F. E.

F. E. Ross, “An overview of FDDI: the fiber distributed data interface,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 1043–1051, Sept. 1989.
[CrossRef]

Singh, S.

S. Singh, R. S. Kaler, “Transmission performance of 20×10 Gb∕s WDM signals using cascaded optimized SOAs with OOK and DPSK modulation formats,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 266, no. 1, pp. 100–110, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

S. Singh, R. S. Kaler, “Minimization of cross gain saturation in wavelength division multiplexing by optimizing differential gain in semiconductor optical amplifiers” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 287–303, June 2006.
[CrossRef]

Singh, Y. N.

Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM tree-net,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 252–260, Feb. 1997.
[CrossRef]

Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM star networks,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron., vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 144–152, April 1996.
[CrossRef]

Smiljanic, A.

Spiekman, L. H.

Vechi, M. P.

H. Kobrinski, R. M. Bulley, M. S. Goodman, M. P. Vechi, C. A. Brackott, “Demonstration of high capacity in the LAMBDANET architecture: multiwavelength optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 824–826, July 1987.
[CrossRef]

Wagner, S. S.

S. S. Wagner, “Optical amplifier applications in fiber optic local network,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 419–426, April 1987.
[CrossRef]

Wei, X.

X. Wei, L. Zhang, “Analysis of phase noise in saturated SOAs for DPSK applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 554–561, April 2005.
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

A. E. Willner, S. M. Hwan, “Transmission of many WDM channels through a cascade of EDFA’s in long distance links and ring networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 802–816, May 1995.
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

X. Wei, L. Zhang, “Analysis of phase noise in saturated SOAs for DPSK applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 554–561, April 2005.
[CrossRef]

BT Technol. J.

M. H. Lyons, K. D. Jonsen, I. Hawker, “Traffic scenarios for the 21st century,” BT Technol. J., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 73–84, Oct. 1993.

Electron. Lett.

H. Kobrinski, R. M. Bulley, M. S. Goodman, M. P. Vechi, C. A. Brackott, “Demonstration of high capacity in the LAMBDANET architecture: multiwavelength optical networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 16, pp. 824–826, July 1987.
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integr. Opt.

S. Singh, R. S. Kaler, “Minimization of cross gain saturation in wavelength division multiplexing by optimizing differential gain in semiconductor optical amplifiers” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 287–303, June 2006.
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. Optoelectron.

Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM star networks,” IEE Proc. Optoelectron., vol. 143, no. 2, pp. 144–152, April 1996.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

X. Wei, L. Zhang, “Analysis of phase noise in saturated SOAs for DPSK applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 554–561, April 2005.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

M. Gerla, L. Fratta, “Tree structured fiber optic MANs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 934–943, July 1988.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. K. Chen, “Amplified distributed reflective optical star couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 570–573, June 1992.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun.

S. S. Wagner, “Optical amplifier applications in fiber optic local network,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 419–426, April 1987.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

A. E. Willner, S. M. Hwan, “Transmission of many WDM channels through a cascade of EDFA’s in long distance links and ring networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 802–816, May 1995.
[CrossRef]

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, A. Smiljanic, N. J. Frigo, A. H. Gnauck, L. H. Spiekman, R. M. Derosier, “A transparent WDM network featuring shared virtual rings,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1955–1963, Dec. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Y. N. Singh, V. K. Jain, H. M. Gupta, “Semiconductor optical amplifiers in WDM tree-net,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 252–260, Feb. 1997.
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun.

S. Singh, R. S. Kaler, “Transmission performance of 20×10 Gb∕s WDM signals using cascaded optimized SOAs with OOK and DPSK modulation formats,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 266, no. 1, pp. 100–110, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. I. Irshid, M. Kavehrad, “Expansion of FDM/NDM star networks using high-power erbium doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 114–119, 1993.
[CrossRef]

J. Sel. Areas Commun.

F. E. Ross, “An overview of FDDI: the fiber distributed data interface,” J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 1043–1051, Sept. 1989.
[CrossRef]

Other

A. Marrachi and M. Dekkar, eds., Photonic Switching and Interconnect, Opt. Eng., vol. 29, no. 3, 1990.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, Wiley, 2002, pp. 06–08, 226–239, and 306–307.

P. E. Green, Fiber Optic Networks, Prentice Hall, 1993.

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Figures (22)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup for the broadcast bus network topology using optimized SOAs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Quality factor as a function of signal input power for a given number of users supported for the bus network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Received optical power as a function of signal input power for a given number of users supported for the bus network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Bar graph for the bus network topology showing the efficiency in terms of the number of users supported, SOAs, and optical couplers for different signal input powers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Schematic setup for ring network topology using optimized SOAs. (b) Schematic setup for a node in the ring network topology.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Quality factor as a function of the signal input power for a given number of nodes supported for the ring network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Received optical power as a function of the signal input power for a given number of nodes supported for the ring network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Quality factor as a function of the number of nodes supported with the low signal input power for the ring network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Received optical power as a function of the number of nodes supported with the low signal input power for the ring network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Schematic setup of the 8 × 8 star coupler for the star network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Quality factor as a function of the signal input power for a given number of users supported for the star network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Received optical power as a function of signal input power for a given number of users supported for star network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Schematic setup of an n × n star coupler for n number of users for the star network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Received optical power as a function of the number of users supported with 40 dBm signal input power for the star network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Schematic setup of a 4 × 4 star coupler with an SOA for the tree network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Quality factor as a function of the signal input power for a given number of users supported for the tree network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Received optical power as a function of the signal input power for a given number of users supported for the tree network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

Schematic setup of an n × n star coupler for n number of users in the tree network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

Received optical power as a function of the number of users supported with 40 dBm signal input power for the tree network topology in the presence of optimized SOAs.

Fig. 20
Fig. 20

Bar graph for different network topologies showing the performance in terms of the number of users supported, SOAs, and optical couplers at the minimum signal input power.

Fig. 21
Fig. 21

Bar graph showing the number of optimized SOAs required versus the number of users supported for star and tree network topologies at 40 dBm signal input power.

Fig. 22
Fig. 22

Bar graph showing the number of optical couplers versus the number of users supported for the star and tree network topologies at 40 dBm signal input power.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ g ( t 1 , z 1 ) = a G t P L ( I t w q t a exp ( Δ P 1 t ) + n = 1 M ( 1 ) n P L n exp ( Δ P n t ) × L { N ¯ n ( t n , z n ) [ N ( t , z ) N t ] P ¯ n 1 ( t n 1 , z n 1 ) } ) ,
P penalty = V L P i o G a ( I t q N t ) L 2 P i o .
L 2 = D 1 L 1 D 2 ,
Number of SOAs used = N u ,
Number of optical couplers used = ( N u 2 ) log 2 N u .
Number of SOAs used = n 8 ,
Number of optical couplers required = 2 ( n 2 + n 4 + n 8 ) = 7 n 4 .