Abstract

A scalable access network architecture is implemented experimentally to demonstrate gradual deployment of time- and wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks (PONs) in a single-platform with minor changes in fiber infrastructure. This is achieved by the application of dynamic coarse-fine grooming to route multiple reflective optical network units of either time- or wavelength-multiplexed PONs collectively through coarse passbands of an arrayed waveguide grating (AWG). To evaluate experimentally the contribution of the excessive properties of wider-than-dense-passband AWGs to network performance, a readily available 2.7 nm device is utilized to substitute for 7 nm coarse-AWG prototypes. Experimental results have confirmed 10−9 bidirectional transmission of data and continuous waves over 2.7-nm-wide passband windows of the AWG in the presence of 0.35 nm polarization-dependent wavelength shift and 1.5 dB polarization-dependent loss. In addition, Rayleigh backscattering is reported to be incapable of limiting the network performance.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Shachaf, P. Kourtessis, J. M. Senior, “An interoperable access network based on CWDM-routed PONs,” in 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (RSOA), SOA-RL-OEC-1550, CIP Technologies.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  12. K.-D. Langer, K. Habel, F. Raub, M. Seimetz, “CWDM access network and prospects for introduction of full-duplex wavelength channels,” in Conf. Networks and Optical Communications (NOC 2005), University College London, 2005.
  13. C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Effect of the multiplexer position in Rayleigh-limited WDM-PONs with amplified-reflective ONU,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON ’07), 2007, pp. 84–87.

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, J. D. W. Smith, “Arrayed waveguide gratings based on perfluorocyclobutane polymers for CWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 370–372, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

Ahn, J.-G.

Arellano, C.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 250–253, Jan 2005.
[CrossRef]

C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Effect of the multiplexer position in Rayleigh-limited WDM-PONs with amplified-reflective ONU,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON ’07), 2007, pp. 84–87.

Ballato, J.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, J. D. W. Smith, “Arrayed waveguide gratings based on perfluorocyclobutane polymers for CWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 370–372, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Blanchetière, C.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, J. D. W. Smith, “Arrayed waveguide gratings based on perfluorocyclobutane polymers for CWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 370–372, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Bock, C.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 250–253, Jan 2005.
[CrossRef]

C. Bock, J. Prat, S. D. Walker, “Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, pp. 3981–3988, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Callender, C. L.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, J. D. W. Smith, “Arrayed waveguide gratings based on perfluorocyclobutane polymers for CWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 370–372, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-H.

Chen, S.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, J. D. W. Smith, “Arrayed waveguide gratings based on perfluorocyclobutane polymers for CWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 370–372, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Habel, K.

K.-D. Langer, K. Habel, F. Raub, M. Seimetz, “CWDM access network and prospects for introduction of full-duplex wavelength channels,” in Conf. Networks and Optical Communications (NOC 2005), University College London, 2005.

Jeong, K.-T.

Jiang, J.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, J. D. W. Smith, “Arrayed waveguide gratings based on perfluorocyclobutane polymers for CWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 370–372, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Kost, A. R.

Kourtessis, P.

Y. Shachaf, C.-H. Chang, P. Kourtessis, J. M. Senior, “Multi-PON access network using a coarse AWG for smooth migration from TDM to WDM PON,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, pp. 7840–7844, June 2007.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shachaf, P. Kourtessis, J. M. Senior, “An interoperable access network based on CWDM-routed PONs,” in 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007.

Langer, K.-D.

K.-D. Langer, K. Habel, F. Raub, M. Seimetz, “CWDM access network and prospects for introduction of full-duplex wavelength channels,” in Conf. Networks and Optical Communications (NOC 2005), University College London, 2005.

Lee, C.-H.

MacHale, E. K.

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, “10 Gb∕s bidirectional transmission in a 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Optical Society of America: Anaheim, CA, 2006.

Noad, J. P.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, J. D. W. Smith, “Arrayed waveguide gratings based on perfluorocyclobutane polymers for CWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 370–372, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Park, H.-J.

Park, S.-J.

Peyghambarian, N.

Polo, V.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 250–253, Jan 2005.
[CrossRef]

C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Effect of the multiplexer position in Rayleigh-limited WDM-PONs with amplified-reflective ONU,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON ’07), 2007, pp. 84–87.

Prat, J.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 250–253, Jan 2005.
[CrossRef]

C. Bock, J. Prat, S. D. Walker, “Hybrid WDM/TDM PON using the AWG FSR and featuring centralized light generation and dynamic bandwidth allocation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, pp. 3981–3988, 2005.
[CrossRef]

C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Effect of the multiplexer position in Rayleigh-limited WDM-PONs with amplified-reflective ONU,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON ’07), 2007, pp. 84–87.

Raub, F.

K.-D. Langer, K. Habel, F. Raub, M. Seimetz, “CWDM access network and prospects for introduction of full-duplex wavelength channels,” in Conf. Networks and Optical Communications (NOC 2005), University College London, 2005.

Rausch, K.

Rochat, E.

Seimetz, M.

K.-D. Langer, K. Habel, F. Raub, M. Seimetz, “CWDM access network and prospects for introduction of full-duplex wavelength channels,” in Conf. Networks and Optical Communications (NOC 2005), University College London, 2005.

Senior, J. M.

Y. Shachaf, C.-H. Chang, P. Kourtessis, J. M. Senior, “Multi-PON access network using a coarse AWG for smooth migration from TDM to WDM PON,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, pp. 7840–7844, June 2007.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shachaf, P. Kourtessis, J. M. Senior, “An interoperable access network based on CWDM-routed PONs,” in 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007.

Shachaf, Y.

Y. Shachaf, C.-H. Chang, P. Kourtessis, J. M. Senior, “Multi-PON access network using a coarse AWG for smooth migration from TDM to WDM PON,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, pp. 7840–7844, June 2007.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shachaf, P. Kourtessis, J. M. Senior, “An interoperable access network based on CWDM-routed PONs,” in 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007.

Smith, J. D. W.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, J. D. W. Smith, “Arrayed waveguide gratings based on perfluorocyclobutane polymers for CWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 370–372, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Song, K.-H.

Talli, G.

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, “10 Gb∕s bidirectional transmission in a 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Optical Society of America: Anaheim, CA, 2006.

Townsend, P. D.

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, “10 Gb∕s bidirectional transmission in a 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Optical Society of America: Anaheim, CA, 2006.

Tsalamanis, I.

Walker, S. D.

Yurt, N.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, C. Bock, “Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, pp. 250–253, Jan 2005.
[CrossRef]

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, J. D. W. Smith, “Arrayed waveguide gratings based on perfluorocyclobutane polymers for CWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 370–372, Jan. 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Other (6)

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, “10 Gb∕s bidirectional transmission in a 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Optical Society of America: Anaheim, CA, 2006.

K.-D. Langer, K. Habel, F. Raub, M. Seimetz, “CWDM access network and prospects for introduction of full-duplex wavelength channels,” in Conf. Networks and Optical Communications (NOC 2005), University College London, 2005.

C. Arellano, V. Polo, J. Prat, “Effect of the multiplexer position in Rayleigh-limited WDM-PONs with amplified-reflective ONU,” in 9th Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON ’07), 2007, pp. 84–87.

Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (RSOA), SOA-RL-OEC-1550, CIP Technologies.

CIP-Technologies, www.ciphotonics.com.

Y. Shachaf, P. Kourtessis, J. M. Senior, “An interoperable access network based on CWDM-routed PONs,” in 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Coarse-routed PON architecture and experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PDW shift of the AWG channel in (a) downstream and (b) upstream.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured BER for (a) downstream and (b) upstream tranmissions.