Abstract

Multiband (MB) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) ultrawideband (UWB) wireless, which provides high-data-rate access, must be distributed by use of optical fiber. UWB receivers are anticipated to operate under hostile interference environments. So the study of the coexistence of various communication standards with MB-OFDM UWB over fiber is an important issue. The performance of MB-OFDM UWB over fiber transmission system is investigated, considering the effect of in-band narrowband jammers such as WiMAX, MIMO WLAN, WLAN, and marine radar. Experiments were performed to show the effect of fiber transmission under various interferer power levels. It is found that in-band interferers can cause severe degradation in system performance if any interferer to the UWB peak power ratio is not held below a certain level. The results also show that MB-OFDM UWB over fiber transmission is more vulnerable to certain interferers such as WiMAX and radar signals than to the other in-band jammers.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. “Standard ECMA-368, high rate ultra wideband PHY and MAC standard,” 2nd ed., Geneva, Switzerland: ECMA International, Dec. 2007.
  2. Federal Communications Commission, “Revision of part 15 of the Commission’s rules regarding ultra-wideband transmission system first report and order,” ET-Docket 98-153, FCC02-48, Feb. 2002.
  3. M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 674–677.
  4. Y. Guo, V. Pham, M. Yee, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance study of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over multimode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 429–431.
  5. Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Ran, E. Borohovich, A. Leibovich, M. Thakur, R. Llorente, S. Walker, “Wimedia-defined, ultra-wideband radio transmission over optical fibre,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA., Feb. 24, 2008, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, 2008, pp. 1–3, Feb. 2008.
  6. R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Jazayerifar, B. Cabon, J. Salehi, “Transmission of multi-band OFDM and impulse radio ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 2594–2603, Aug. 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of multiband radio-over fiber for WLAN, gigabit Ethernet and UWB,” in 2008 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Digest, Atlanta, GA, June 15–20, 2008, pp. 491–494.
  9. R. Alemany, J. Perez, R. Llorente, V. Polo, J. Marti, “Coexistence of WiMAX 802.16d and MB-OFDM UWB in radio over multi-mode fiber indoor systems,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2008. Jointly held with the 2008 Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. MWP/APMP 2008, Gold Coast, Australia, Sept. 9–Oct. 3, 2008, pp. 74–77.
  10. G. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome fiber dispersion penalties in fiber radio systems,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 74–75, 1997.
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Hraimel, R. Kashyap, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu “Large signal analysis of fiber dispersion effect on photonic up-conversion in radio over fiber link using dual electrode Mach–Zehnder external modulator,” in Proc. SPIE, vol. 6343, 63432L, Sep. 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, D. Shen, “Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).
  13. Commission decision on the harmonization of 3400–3800 MHz frequency band for terrestrial system capable of providing electronic communication services in the community, Sept. 2008, Electronic Communications Committee of the CEPT May 21, 2008, http://www.erodocb.dk/doks/relation:aspx?docid=2199.
  14. IEEE 802.16 Task Group d, http://www.ieee802.org/16/tgd/
  15. 802.11n Report, http://www.ieee802.org/11/Reports/tgn_update.html
  16. 802.11a-1999, “Part 11: wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications, high-speed physical layer in the 5 GHz band,” ISO/IEC [redesignated as ISO/IEC 8802-11:1999/Amd 1:2000(E)].
  17. W. Marshall, B. Crosignani, A. Yariv, “Laser phase noise to intensity noise conversion by lowest-order group-velocity dispersion in optical fiber: exact theory,” Opt. Lett., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 165–167, Feb. 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Laurencio, M. Medeiros, “Relative intensity noise in optical single side band systems with multiple in line amplifiers: analysis and validation,” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 27, pp. 78–88, Mar. 2008.
    [CrossRef]

2008 (3)

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

P. Laurencio, M. Medeiros, “Relative intensity noise in optical single side band systems with multiple in line amplifiers: analysis and validation,” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 27, pp. 78–88, Mar. 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. Jazayerifar, B. Cabon, J. Salehi, “Transmission of multi-band OFDM and impulse radio ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 2594–2603, Aug. 2008.
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

B. Hraimel, R. Kashyap, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu “Large signal analysis of fiber dispersion effect on photonic up-conversion in radio over fiber link using dual electrode Mach–Zehnder external modulator,” in Proc. SPIE, vol. 6343, 63432L, Sep. 2006.
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

G. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome fiber dispersion penalties in fiber radio systems,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 74–75, 1997.
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, Z.

G. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome fiber dispersion penalties in fiber radio systems,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 74–75, 1997.
[CrossRef]

Alemany, R.

R. Alemany, J. Perez, R. Llorente, V. Polo, J. Marti, “Coexistence of WiMAX 802.16d and MB-OFDM UWB in radio over multi-mode fiber indoor systems,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2008. Jointly held with the 2008 Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. MWP/APMP 2008, Gold Coast, Australia, Sept. 9–Oct. 3, 2008, pp. 74–77.

Alves, T.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Beltran, M.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Ben-Ezra, Y.

Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Ran, E. Borohovich, A. Leibovich, M. Thakur, R. Llorente, S. Walker, “Wimedia-defined, ultra-wideband radio transmission over optical fibre,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA., Feb. 24, 2008, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, 2008, pp. 1–3, Feb. 2008.

Borohovich, E.

Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Ran, E. Borohovich, A. Leibovich, M. Thakur, R. Llorente, S. Walker, “Wimedia-defined, ultra-wideband radio transmission over optical fibre,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA., Feb. 24, 2008, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, 2008, pp. 1–3, Feb. 2008.

Cabon, B.

Cartaxo, A.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Crosignani, B.

Guo, Y.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 674–677.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of multiband radio-over fiber for WLAN, gigabit Ethernet and UWB,” in 2008 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Digest, Atlanta, GA, June 15–20, 2008, pp. 491–494.

Y. Guo, V. Pham, M. Yee, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance study of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over multimode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 429–431.

Hraimel, B.

B. Hraimel, R. Kashyap, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu “Large signal analysis of fiber dispersion effect on photonic up-conversion in radio over fiber link using dual electrode Mach–Zehnder external modulator,” in Proc. SPIE, vol. 6343, 63432L, Sep. 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, D. Shen, “Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Jazayerifar, M.

Jiang, W.

M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, D. Shen, “Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Kashyap, R.

B. Hraimel, R. Kashyap, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu “Large signal analysis of fiber dispersion effect on photonic up-conversion in radio over fiber link using dual electrode Mach–Zehnder external modulator,” in Proc. SPIE, vol. 6343, 63432L, Sep. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Laurencio, P.

P. Laurencio, M. Medeiros, “Relative intensity noise in optical single side band systems with multiple in line amplifiers: analysis and validation,” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 27, pp. 78–88, Mar. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Leibovich, A.

Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Ran, E. Borohovich, A. Leibovich, M. Thakur, R. Llorente, S. Walker, “Wimedia-defined, ultra-wideband radio transmission over optical fibre,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA., Feb. 24, 2008, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, 2008, pp. 1–3, Feb. 2008.

Llorente, R.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Ran, E. Borohovich, A. Leibovich, M. Thakur, R. Llorente, S. Walker, “Wimedia-defined, ultra-wideband radio transmission over optical fibre,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA., Feb. 24, 2008, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, 2008, pp. 1–3, Feb. 2008.

R. Alemany, J. Perez, R. Llorente, V. Polo, J. Marti, “Coexistence of WiMAX 802.16d and MB-OFDM UWB in radio over multi-mode fiber indoor systems,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2008. Jointly held with the 2008 Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. MWP/APMP 2008, Gold Coast, Australia, Sept. 9–Oct. 3, 2008, pp. 74–77.

Luo, B.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 674–677.

Y. Guo, V. Pham, M. Yee, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance study of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over multimode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 429–431.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of multiband radio-over fiber for WLAN, gigabit Ethernet and UWB,” in 2008 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Digest, Atlanta, GA, June 15–20, 2008, pp. 491–494.

Marshall, W.

Marti, J.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

R. Alemany, J. Perez, R. Llorente, V. Polo, J. Marti, “Coexistence of WiMAX 802.16d and MB-OFDM UWB in radio over multi-mode fiber indoor systems,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2008. Jointly held with the 2008 Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. MWP/APMP 2008, Gold Coast, Australia, Sept. 9–Oct. 3, 2008, pp. 74–77.

Medeiros, M.

P. Laurencio, M. Medeiros, “Relative intensity noise in optical single side band systems with multiple in line amplifiers: analysis and validation,” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 27, pp. 78–88, Mar. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Mohamed, M.

M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, D. Shen, “Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Morant, M.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

G. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome fiber dispersion penalties in fiber radio systems,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 74–75, 1997.
[CrossRef]

Ong, L.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of multiband radio-over fiber for WLAN, gigabit Ethernet and UWB,” in 2008 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Digest, Atlanta, GA, June 15–20, 2008, pp. 491–494.

Y. Guo, V. Pham, M. Yee, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance study of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over multimode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 429–431.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 674–677.

Perez, J.

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

R. Alemany, J. Perez, R. Llorente, V. Polo, J. Marti, “Coexistence of WiMAX 802.16d and MB-OFDM UWB in radio over multi-mode fiber indoor systems,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2008. Jointly held with the 2008 Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. MWP/APMP 2008, Gold Coast, Australia, Sept. 9–Oct. 3, 2008, pp. 74–77.

Pham, V.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 674–677.

Y. Guo, V. Pham, M. Yee, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance study of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over multimode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 429–431.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of multiband radio-over fiber for WLAN, gigabit Ethernet and UWB,” in 2008 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Digest, Atlanta, GA, June 15–20, 2008, pp. 491–494.

Polo, V.

R. Alemany, J. Perez, R. Llorente, V. Polo, J. Marti, “Coexistence of WiMAX 802.16d and MB-OFDM UWB in radio over multi-mode fiber indoor systems,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2008. Jointly held with the 2008 Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. MWP/APMP 2008, Gold Coast, Australia, Sept. 9–Oct. 3, 2008, pp. 74–77.

Ran, M.

Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Ran, E. Borohovich, A. Leibovich, M. Thakur, R. Llorente, S. Walker, “Wimedia-defined, ultra-wideband radio transmission over optical fibre,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA., Feb. 24, 2008, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, 2008, pp. 1–3, Feb. 2008.

Sakib, M.

M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, D. Shen, “Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Salehi, J.

Shen, D.

M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, D. Shen, “Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Smith, G.

G. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome fiber dispersion penalties in fiber radio systems,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 74–75, 1997.
[CrossRef]

Thakur, M.

Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Ran, E. Borohovich, A. Leibovich, M. Thakur, R. Llorente, S. Walker, “Wimedia-defined, ultra-wideband radio transmission over optical fibre,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA., Feb. 24, 2008, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, 2008, pp. 1–3, Feb. 2008.

Walker, S.

Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Ran, E. Borohovich, A. Leibovich, M. Thakur, R. Llorente, S. Walker, “Wimedia-defined, ultra-wideband radio transmission over optical fibre,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA., Feb. 24, 2008, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, 2008, pp. 1–3, Feb. 2008.

Wu, K.

B. Hraimel, R. Kashyap, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu “Large signal analysis of fiber dispersion effect on photonic up-conversion in radio over fiber link using dual electrode Mach–Zehnder external modulator,” in Proc. SPIE, vol. 6343, 63432L, Sep. 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, D. Shen, “Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Yao, J.

B. Hraimel, R. Kashyap, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu “Large signal analysis of fiber dispersion effect on photonic up-conversion in radio over fiber link using dual electrode Mach–Zehnder external modulator,” in Proc. SPIE, vol. 6343, 63432L, Sep. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Yee, M.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 674–677.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of multiband radio-over fiber for WLAN, gigabit Ethernet and UWB,” in 2008 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Digest, Atlanta, GA, June 15–20, 2008, pp. 491–494.

Y. Guo, V. Pham, M. Yee, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance study of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over multimode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 429–431.

Zhang, X.

B. Hraimel, R. Kashyap, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu “Large signal analysis of fiber dispersion effect on photonic up-conversion in radio over fiber link using dual electrode Mach–Zehnder external modulator,” in Proc. SPIE, vol. 6343, 63432L, Sep. 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, D. Shen, “Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome fiber dispersion penalties in fiber radio systems,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 74–75, 1997.
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

P. Laurencio, M. Medeiros, “Relative intensity noise in optical single side band systems with multiple in line amplifiers: analysis and validation,” Fiber Integr. Opt., vol. 27, pp. 78–88, Mar. 2008.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Llorente, T. Alves, M. Morant, M. Beltran, J. Perez, A. Cartaxo, J. Marti, “Ultra-wideband radio signals distribution in FTTH Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 945–947, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. Hraimel, R. Kashyap, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu “Large signal analysis of fiber dispersion effect on photonic up-conversion in radio over fiber link using dual electrode Mach–Zehnder external modulator,” in Proc. SPIE, vol. 6343, 63432L, Sep. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Other (12)

M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, D. Shen, “Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Commission decision on the harmonization of 3400–3800 MHz frequency band for terrestrial system capable of providing electronic communication services in the community, Sept. 2008, Electronic Communications Committee of the CEPT May 21, 2008, http://www.erodocb.dk/doks/relation:aspx?docid=2199.

IEEE 802.16 Task Group d, http://www.ieee802.org/16/tgd/

802.11n Report, http://www.ieee802.org/11/Reports/tgn_update.html

802.11a-1999, “Part 11: wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications, high-speed physical layer in the 5 GHz band,” ISO/IEC [redesignated as ISO/IEC 8802-11:1999/Amd 1:2000(E)].

“Standard ECMA-368, high rate ultra wideband PHY and MAC standard,” 2nd ed., Geneva, Switzerland: ECMA International, Dec. 2007.

Federal Communications Commission, “Revision of part 15 of the Commission’s rules regarding ultra-wideband transmission system first report and order,” ET-Docket 98-153, FCC02-48, Feb. 2002.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 674–677.

Y. Guo, V. Pham, M. Yee, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance study of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over multimode fiber,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Ultra Wideband, 2007. ICUWB 2007, Singapore, Sept. 24–26, 2007, pp. 429–431.

Y. Ben-Ezra, M. Ran, E. Borohovich, A. Leibovich, M. Thakur, R. Llorente, S. Walker, “Wimedia-defined, ultra-wideband radio transmission over optical fibre,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA., Feb. 24, 2008, OSA Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, 2008, pp. 1–3, Feb. 2008.

M. Yee, V. Pham, Y. Guo, L. Ong, B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of multiband radio-over fiber for WLAN, gigabit Ethernet and UWB,” in 2008 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Digest, Atlanta, GA, June 15–20, 2008, pp. 491–494.

R. Alemany, J. Perez, R. Llorente, V. Polo, J. Marti, “Coexistence of WiMAX 802.16d and MB-OFDM UWB in radio over multi-mode fiber indoor systems,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics 2008. Jointly held with the 2008 Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. MWP/APMP 2008, Gold Coast, Australia, Sept. 9–Oct. 3, 2008, pp. 74–77.

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectrum of UWB signal with narrowband interferers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for externally modulated MB-OFDM UWB over fiber system (NF, noise figure, G, gain; R, responsivity).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Received optical spectrum at point E (a) without optical subcarrier modulation (optical carrier only) and (b) after optical single-sideband modulation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Received QPSK OFDM constellation in (a) two dimensions, and (b) three dimensions, received at the real-time oscilloscope for band group 1 after 20 km of fiber transmission with bit rate of 200 Mbits s (colors indicate the intensity of power concentration in the received symbol).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

RF spectrum of UWB band group 1 and WiMAX: (a) transmitted at point A, and (b) received at point F in Fig. 2 for a bit rate of 200 Mbits s with a 20 km fiber transmission (the interferer-to-UWB peak power ratio is 20 dB ).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

EVM performance of UWB over fiber transmission under the presence of WiMAX as a function of WiMAX-to-UWB peak power ratio (solid line, best fit; dotted line, without interferers).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

RF spectrum of UWB band group 2 and MIMO WLAN: (a) transmitted at point A, and (b) received at point F in Fig. 2 for a bit rate of 200 Mbits s with a 20 km fiber transmission (the interferer-to-UWB peak power ratio is 20 dB ).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured EVM performance of UWB over fiber transmission under the presence of MIMO WLAN as a function of MIMO-WLAN-to-UWB peak power ratio (solid line, best fit; dotted line, without any interferers).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

RF spectrum of UWB band group 2 and WLAN: (a) transmitted at point A, and (b) received at point F in Fig. 2 for a bit rate of 200 Mbits s with a 20 km fiber transmission (the interferer-to-UWB peak power ratio is 20 dB ).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

EVM performance of UWB over fiber transmission under the presence of WLAN as a function of WLAN to UWB peak power ratio (solid line, best fit; dotted line, without any interferers).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

RF spectrum of UWB band group 4 and marine radar: (a) transmitted at point A, and (b) received at point F in Fig. 2 for a bit rate of 200 Mbits s with a 20 km fiber transmission (the interferer-to-UWB peak power ratio is 20 dB ).

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

EVM performance of UWB over fiber transmission under the presence of marine radar as a function of marine-radar-to-UWB peak power ratio (solid line, best fit; dotted line, without any interferers).

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Received time domain spectrum for band group 4 after 20 km of fiber transmission with bit rate of 200 Mbits s without any signal interferers.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Received time domain spectrum for band group 4 after 20 km of fiber transmission with a bit rate of 200 Mbits s with radar signal as interferer (the interferer-to-UWB peak power ratio is 20 dB ).

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Simulated RIN versus frequency for 10, 20, 30, and 40 km of SMF.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

EVM degradation versus fiber length with respect to B-B transmission (curves, simulated; squares, experimental results).

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Generated UWB Subbands and Corresponding Interferers

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Table 2 Generated UWB Subbands, Interferers, and Their Corresponding PSD

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Table 3 Measured EVM Performance for UWB Transmission Without Any Interferers

Equations (1)

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RIN ( L ) RIN ( 0 ) + 1 Ω u Ω l Ω l Ω u 8 Δ ω Ω 2 sin 2 ( 1 2 β 2 L Ω 2 ) d Ω ,