Abstract

It is increasingly recognized that the Internet is transforming into a platform providing services beyond today’s expectations. To successfully realize this transformation, the structural limitations of current networking architectures must be raised so that information transport infrastructure gracefully evolves to address transparent core–access integration, optical flow/packet transport, and end-to-end service delivery capability, overcoming the limitations of segmentation between access, metro, and core networks and domains. We propose and evaluate an integrated control plane for optical access and core networks, which addresses the above consideration. The proposed control plane can lead to a unified transport infrastructure integrating state-of- the-art components and technologies including wavelength division multiplexing, passive optical networking, and optical packet routers with inherent traffic grooming capabilities. The performance of the proposed architecture is assessed by means of simulation in terms of cost, resource utilization, and delay.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2008

K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, “PON in adolescence: from TDMA to WDM-PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 26–34, Jan. 2008.
[CrossRef]

A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 138–144, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

A. Stavdas, C. T. Politi, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Drakos, “Optical packet routers: how they can efficiently and cost-effectively scale to petabits per second,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 876–894, Oct. 2008.
[CrossRef]

2007

G. C. Gupta, M. Kashima, H. Iwamura, H. Tamai, T. Ushikubo, T. Kamijoh, “A simple one-system solution COF-PON for metro/access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 193–200, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

S.-M. Lee, S.-G. Mun, M.-H. Kim, C.-H. Lee, “Demonstration of a long-reach DWDM-PON for consolidation of metro and access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 271–276, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. Segarra, V. Sales, J. Prat, “An all-optical access-metro interface for hybrid WDM/TDM PON based on OBS,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 1002–1016, April 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Koukouvakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, “An optical network architecture with distributed switching inside node clusters features improved loss, efficiency and cost,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 1138–1146, May 2007.
[CrossRef]

T. Orphanoudakis, H.-C. Leligou, E. Kosmatos, J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Prezerakos, I. Venieris, “Efficient resource allocation with service guarantees in passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 884–896, July 2007.
[CrossRef]

C. Bock, J. A. Lázaro, J. Prat, “Extension of TDM-PON standards to a single-fiber ring access network featuring resilience and service overlay,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1416–1421, June 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. Maier, M. Herzog, M. Reisslein, “STARGATE: the next evolutionary step toward unleashing the potential of WDM EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 50–56, May 2007.
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

S. Kartalopoulos, “Next generation hierarchical CWDM/TDM-PON network with scalable bandwidth deliverability to the premises,” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 2, pp. 163–175, 2005.
[CrossRef]

W. Wei, Q. Zeng, Y. Ouyang, D. Lomone, “High-performance hybrid-switching optical router for IP over WDM integration,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 139–155, Feb. 2005.
[CrossRef]

A. Stavdas, H.-C. Leligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Linardakis, J. Angelopoulos, “A novel scheme for performing statistical multiplexing in the optical layer,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 237–247, May 2005.
[CrossRef]

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 737–58, Nov. 2005.
[CrossRef]

2004

J. Angelopoulos, H. Leligou, T. Argyriou, S. Zontos, E. Ringoot, T. Van Caenegem, “Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned GPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 92–98, Feb. 2004.
[CrossRef]

F.-T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, “SUCCESS: a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2557–2569, Nov. 2004.
[CrossRef]

2003

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 6–16, Nov.-Dec. 2003.
[CrossRef]

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

2002

K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture, an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 96–101, March 2002.
[CrossRef]

D. Bishop, C. Giles, G. Austin, “The Lucent LambdaRouter: MEMS technology of the future here today,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 75–79, March 2002.
[CrossRef]

2001

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. Rouskas, “Techniques for optical packet switching and optical burst switching,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 136–142, Jan. 2001.
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

J. S. Turner, “Terabit burst switching,” J. High Speed Networks, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 3–16, Jan. 1999.

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical internet,” J. High Speed Networks, vol. 8, pp. 69–84, 1999.

An, F.-T.

Angelopoulos, J.

H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, G. Eilenberger, L. Dembeck, “Hybrid burst/packet switching architectures from IP NOBEL,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6388, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

A. Stavdas, H.-C. Leligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Linardakis, J. Angelopoulos, “A novel scheme for performing statistical multiplexing in the optical layer,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 237–247, May 2005.
[CrossRef]

J. Angelopoulos, H. Leligou, T. Argyriou, S. Zontos, E. Ringoot, T. Van Caenegem, “Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned GPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 92–98, Feb. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Angelopoulos, J. D.

A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 138–144, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

T. Orphanoudakis, H.-C. Leligou, E. Kosmatos, J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Prezerakos, I. Venieris, “Efficient resource allocation with service guarantees in passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 884–896, July 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Koukouvakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, “An optical network architecture with distributed switching inside node clusters features improved loss, efficiency and cost,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 1138–1146, May 2007.
[CrossRef]

T. Orphanoudakis, H. C. Leligou, E. Kosmatos, J. D. Angelopoulos, “Performance evaluation of GPON vs. EPON for multi-service access,” Int. J. Commun. Syst., vol. 22, pp. 187–202, 2009.

G. Rajan, A. Elizondo, H. C. Leligou, K. Kanonakis, J. D. Angelopoulos, “Strategies for expediting inter-provider QoS support in access networks,” in Proc. 11th European Conf. Networks and Optical Communications, Berlin, 2006.

Argyriou, T.

J. Angelopoulos, H. Leligou, T. Argyriou, S. Zontos, E. Ringoot, T. Van Caenegem, “Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned GPON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 92–98, Feb. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Austin, G.

D. Bishop, C. Giles, G. Austin, “The Lucent LambdaRouter: MEMS technology of the future here today,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 75–79, March 2002.
[CrossRef]

Avenarious, M.

Banerjee, A.

Ben Yoo, S. J.

S. J. Ben Yoo, “Optical packet and burst switching technologies for future photonic Internet,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 4468–4492, Dec. 2006.
[CrossRef]

S. Yao, S. J. Ben Yoo, B. A. Mukherjee, “A comparison study between slotted and unslotted all optical packet-switched network with priority-based routing,” Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Anheim, CA, 2001, paper T.K2.

Berde, B.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Bishop, D.

D. Bishop, C. Giles, G. Austin, “The Lucent LambdaRouter: MEMS technology of the future here today,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 75–79, March 2002.
[CrossRef]

Bock, C.

Callegati, F.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Chaudhuri, S.

Chiaroni, D.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. Townsend, R. Davey, T. De Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in Proc. 12th European Conf. Networks and Optical Communications, 2007, pp. 493–500.

Clarke, F.

Cotton, C.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 6–16, Nov.-Dec. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Davey, R.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. Townsend, R. Davey, T. De Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in Proc. 12th European Conf. Networks and Optical Communications, 2007, pp. 493–500.

De Ridder, T.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. Townsend, R. Davey, T. De Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in Proc. 12th European Conf. Networks and Optical Communications, 2007, pp. 493–500.

Dembeck, L.

H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, G. Eilenberger, L. Dembeck, “Hybrid burst/packet switching architectures from IP NOBEL,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6388, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Develder, C.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Diot, C.

C. Fraleigh, S. Moon, B. Lyles, C. Cotton, M. Khan, D. Moll, R. Rockell, T. Seely, C. Diot, “Packet-level traffic measurements from the Sprint IP backbone,” IEEE Network, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 6–16, Nov.-Dec. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Dittman, L.

L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Drakos, A.

A. Stavdas, C. T. Politi, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Drakos, “Optical packet routers: how they can efficiently and cost-effectively scale to petabits per second,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 876–894, Oct. 2008.
[CrossRef]

A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 138–144, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Eilenberger, G.

H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. Angelopoulos, G. Eilenberger, L. Dembeck, “Hybrid burst/packet switching architectures from IP NOBEL,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 6388, Oct. 2006.
[CrossRef]

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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
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Matrakidis, C.

A. Stavdas, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Lelligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, J. D. Angelopoulos, “Dynamic CANON: a scalable inter-cluster multi-domain core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 138–144, June 2008.
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J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Koukouvakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, T. Orphanoudakis, A. Stavdas, “An optical network architecture with distributed switching inside node clusters features improved loss, efficiency and cost,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 1138–1146, May 2007.
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W. Wei, Q. Zeng, Y. Ouyang, D. Lomone, “High-performance hybrid-switching optical router for IP over WDM integration,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 139–155, Feb. 2005.
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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
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L. Dittman, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Pareta, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, “The European IST project DAVID: a viable approach towards optical packet switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 7, pp. 1026–1040, July 2003.
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Stavdas, A.

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G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. Townsend, R. Davey, T. De Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, P. Ossieur, H.-G. Krimmel, D. Smith, I. Lealman, A. Poustie, S. Randel, H. Rohde, “Integrated metro and access network: PIEMAN,” in Proc. 12th European Conf. Networks and Optical Communications, 2007, pp. 493–500.

Tucker, R. S.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Passive optical network evolution and interconnection to optical backhaul networks.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Traffic aggregation and frame encapsulation for efficient optical switching.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Unified optical transport network based on the integration of WDM, dynamic optical routers, and passive optical network segments.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

End-to-end resource reservation over the integrated access and core optical network.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Example of all-optical integration (consecutive burst allocations for on-the-fly frame generation and forwarding).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Average frame utilization (frame fill level) versus U T and N c (offered load 90%).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Frame fill level for each priority: (a) high-priority and (b) low-priority traffic versus U T (offered load 90%, N c = 9 ).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Average access delay for (a) high-priority and (b) low-priority traffic.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Notation