Abstract

In agile all-optical networks, time division multiplexing in the optical domain is applied on wavelength channels to further divide each wavelength channel into subchannels in order to enable bandwidth virtualization. By introducing intelligent control, agile all-optical networks can serve dynamic and flexible bandwidth on demand. Metro networks with a ring topology are considered, and the protection of critical demands in agile all-optical networks is investigated. A protection scheme for single-duct ring networks is proposed followed by a rearrangeable bandwidth allocation scheme to decrease blocking in critical connection setup. Inefficient network resource utilization and signal degradation are two issues in survivable single-duct ring networks. Therefore, a survivable dual-duct ring infrastructure is presented as a solution for the survivability of this type of network in order to improve the efficiency of network resource utilization and signal quality.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. J. Hall, S. A. Paredes, G. v. Bochmann, “An agile all-photonic network,” in Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks 2005, Bangkok, Thailand, Dec. 14–16, 2005, pp. 365–368.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. S. V. Kartalopoulos, “Surviving a disaster,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 124–126, July 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Maier, S. De Patre, A. Patavina, M. Martinelli, “Optical network survivability: protection techniques in the WDM layer,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 3/4, pp. 251–269, 2002.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

C. Huang, M. Li, A. Srinivasan, “A scalable path protection mechanism for guaranteed network reliability under multiple failures,” IEEE Trans. Reliab., vol. 56, pp. 254–267, 2007.
[CrossRef]

L. Zhou, M. Held, U. Sennhauser, “Connection availability analysis of shared backup path-protected mesh networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, pp. 1111–1119, 2007.
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

P. Saengudomlert, E. Modiano, R. G. Gallager, “On-line routing and wavelength assignment for dynamic traffic in WDM ring and torus networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 330–340, 2006.
[CrossRef]

L. Guo, J. Cao, H. Yu, L. Li, “Path-based routing provisioning with mixed shared protection in WDM mesh networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 1129–1141, 2006.
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, “Optical layer survivability: a post-bubble perspective,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 51–53, Sept. 2003.
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

S. V. Kartalopoulos, “Surviving a disaster,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 124–126, July 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Maier, S. De Patre, A. Patavina, M. Martinelli, “Optical network survivability: protection techniques in the WDM layer,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 3/4, pp. 251–269, 2002.
[CrossRef]

R. Srinivasan, A. K. Somani, “A generalized framework for analyzing time-space switched optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 202–215, 2002.
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

G. Mohan, C. Siva Ram Murthy, A. K. Somani, “Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 553–566, 2001.
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, “Optical layer survivability: a services perspective,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 104–113, March 2000.
[CrossRef]

D. Zhou, S. Subramaniam, “Survivability in optical networks,” IEEE Network, vol. 14, no. 6., pp. 16–23, Nov./Dec. 2000.
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

C. Melas, “Path rearranging in a data switching network,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 31, pp. 155–157, 1983.
[CrossRef]

Bochmann, G. v.

T. J. Hall, S. A. Paredes, G. v. Bochmann, “An agile all-photonic network,” in Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks 2005, Bangkok, Thailand, Dec. 14–16, 2005, pp. 365–368.

Cao, J.

De Patre, S.

G. Maier, S. De Patre, A. Patavina, M. Martinelli, “Optical network survivability: protection techniques in the WDM layer,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 3/4, pp. 251–269, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Gallager, R. G.

P. Saengudomlert, E. Modiano, R. G. Gallager, “On-line routing and wavelength assignment for dynamic traffic in WDM ring and torus networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 330–340, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, “Optical layer survivability: a post-bubble perspective,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 51–53, Sept. 2003.
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, “Optical layer survivability: a services perspective,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 104–113, March 2000.
[CrossRef]

Guo, L.

Hall, T. J.

T. J. Hall, S. A. Paredes, G. v. Bochmann, “An agile all-photonic network,” in Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks 2005, Bangkok, Thailand, Dec. 14–16, 2005, pp. 365–368.

W. Yang, S. A. Paredes, T. J. Hall, “A study of fast flexible bandwidth assignment methods and their blocking probabilities for metro agile all-optical ring networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, 2007, ICC’07, Glasgow, Scotland, June 24–28, 2007, pp. 2418–2423.
[CrossRef]

Held, M.

Huang, C.

C. Huang, M. Li, A. Srinivasan, “A scalable path protection mechanism for guaranteed network reliability under multiple failures,” IEEE Trans. Reliab., vol. 56, pp. 254–267, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Kartalopoulos, S. V.

S. V. Kartalopoulos, “Surviving a disaster,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 124–126, July 2002.
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Li, M.

C. Huang, M. Li, A. Srinivasan, “A scalable path protection mechanism for guaranteed network reliability under multiple failures,” IEEE Trans. Reliab., vol. 56, pp. 254–267, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Lucerna, D.

M. Tornatore, D. Lucerna, A. Pattavina, “Improving efficiency of backup reprovisioning in WDM networks,” in IEEE INFOCOM 2008. 27th Conf. on Computer Communications, Phoenix, AZ, April 13–18, 2008, pp. 196–200.
[CrossRef]

Maier, G.

G. Maier, S. De Patre, A. Patavina, M. Martinelli, “Optical network survivability: protection techniques in the WDM layer,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 3/4, pp. 251–269, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

G. Maier, S. De Patre, A. Patavina, M. Martinelli, “Optical network survivability: protection techniques in the WDM layer,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 3/4, pp. 251–269, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Melas, C.

C. Melas, “Path rearranging in a data switching network,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 31, pp. 155–157, 1983.
[CrossRef]

Modiano, E.

P. Saengudomlert, E. Modiano, R. G. Gallager, “On-line routing and wavelength assignment for dynamic traffic in WDM ring and torus networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 330–340, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Mohan, G.

G. Mohan, C. Siva Ram Murthy, A. K. Somani, “Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 553–566, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Paredes, S. A.

T. J. Hall, S. A. Paredes, G. v. Bochmann, “An agile all-photonic network,” in Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks 2005, Bangkok, Thailand, Dec. 14–16, 2005, pp. 365–368.

W. Yang, S. A. Paredes, T. J. Hall, “A study of fast flexible bandwidth assignment methods and their blocking probabilities for metro agile all-optical ring networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, 2007, ICC’07, Glasgow, Scotland, June 24–28, 2007, pp. 2418–2423.
[CrossRef]

Patavina, A.

G. Maier, S. De Patre, A. Patavina, M. Martinelli, “Optical network survivability: protection techniques in the WDM layer,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 3/4, pp. 251–269, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Pattavina, A.

M. Tornatore, D. Lucerna, A. Pattavina, “Improving efficiency of backup reprovisioning in WDM networks,” in IEEE INFOCOM 2008. 27th Conf. on Computer Communications, Phoenix, AZ, April 13–18, 2008, pp. 196–200.
[CrossRef]

Ramaswami, R.

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, “Optical layer survivability: a post-bubble perspective,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 51–53, Sept. 2003.
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, “Optical layer survivability: a services perspective,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 104–113, March 2000.
[CrossRef]

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, 2nd ed., San Fransisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 2002.

Saengudomlert, P.

P. Saengudomlert, E. Modiano, R. G. Gallager, “On-line routing and wavelength assignment for dynamic traffic in WDM ring and torus networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 330–340, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Sennhauser, U.

Siva Ram Murthy, C.

G. Mohan, C. Siva Ram Murthy, A. K. Somani, “Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 553–566, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Sivarajan, K. N.

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, 2nd ed., San Fransisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 2002.

Somani, A. K.

R. Srinivasan, A. K. Somani, “A generalized framework for analyzing time-space switched optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 202–215, 2002.
[CrossRef]

G. Mohan, C. Siva Ram Murthy, A. K. Somani, “Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 553–566, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan, A.

C. Huang, M. Li, A. Srinivasan, “A scalable path protection mechanism for guaranteed network reliability under multiple failures,” IEEE Trans. Reliab., vol. 56, pp. 254–267, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan, R.

R. Srinivasan, A. K. Somani, “A generalized framework for analyzing time-space switched optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 202–215, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Subramaniam, S.

D. Zhou, S. Subramaniam, “Survivability in optical networks,” IEEE Network, vol. 14, no. 6., pp. 16–23, Nov./Dec. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Tornatore, M.

M. Tornatore, D. Lucerna, A. Pattavina, “Improving efficiency of backup reprovisioning in WDM networks,” in IEEE INFOCOM 2008. 27th Conf. on Computer Communications, Phoenix, AZ, April 13–18, 2008, pp. 196–200.
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

W. Yang, S. A. Paredes, T. J. Hall, “A study of fast flexible bandwidth assignment methods and their blocking probabilities for metro agile all-optical ring networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, 2007, ICC’07, Glasgow, Scotland, June 24–28, 2007, pp. 2418–2423.
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.

Zhou, D.

D. Zhou, S. Subramaniam, “Survivability in optical networks,” IEEE Network, vol. 14, no. 6., pp. 16–23, Nov./Dec. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Zhou, L.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, “Optical layer survivability: a services perspective,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 104–113, March 2000.
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, “Optical layer survivability: a post-bubble perspective,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 51–53, Sept. 2003.
[CrossRef]

S. V. Kartalopoulos, “Surviving a disaster,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 124–126, July 2002.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

R. Srinivasan, A. K. Somani, “A generalized framework for analyzing time-space switched optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 20, pp. 202–215, 2002.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Network (1)

D. Zhou, S. Subramaniam, “Survivability in optical networks,” IEEE Network, vol. 14, no. 6., pp. 16–23, Nov./Dec. 2000.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

C. Melas, “Path rearranging in a data switching network,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 31, pp. 155–157, 1983.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Reliab. (1)

C. Huang, M. Li, A. Srinivasan, “A scalable path protection mechanism for guaranteed network reliability under multiple failures,” IEEE Trans. Reliab., vol. 56, pp. 254–267, 2007.
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (2)

P. Saengudomlert, E. Modiano, R. G. Gallager, “On-line routing and wavelength assignment for dynamic traffic in WDM ring and torus networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 330–340, 2006.
[CrossRef]

G. Mohan, C. Siva Ram Murthy, A. K. Somani, “Efficient algorithms for routing dependable connections in WDM optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 553–566, 2001.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

G. Maier, S. De Patre, A. Patavina, M. Martinelli, “Optical network survivability: protection techniques in the WDM layer,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 4, no. 3/4, pp. 251–269, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. Ramaswami, K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, 2nd ed., San Fransisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 2002.

T. J. Hall, S. A. Paredes, G. v. Bochmann, “An agile all-photonic network,” in Int. Conf. on Optical Communications and Networks 2005, Bangkok, Thailand, Dec. 14–16, 2005, pp. 365–368.

W. Yang, S. A. Paredes, T. J. Hall, “A study of fast flexible bandwidth assignment methods and their blocking probabilities for metro agile all-optical ring networks,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications, 2007, ICC’07, Glasgow, Scotland, June 24–28, 2007, pp. 2418–2423.
[CrossRef]

M. Tornatore, D. Lucerna, A. Pattavina, “Improving efficiency of backup reprovisioning in WDM networks,” in IEEE INFOCOM 2008. 27th Conf. on Computer Communications, Phoenix, AZ, April 13–18, 2008, pp. 196–200.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Blocking probabilities of NoR and RTH.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of the probabilities of successful rearrangement and blocking performance improvement with RTH: (a) logarithmic scale, (b) linear scale.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Blocking probabilities in single- and dual-duct networks with equal network capacity and equal primary traffic load.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Blocking probabilities in single- and dual-duct networks. Dual-duct networks double the network capacity and have fourfold the amount of primary traffic load in single-duct networks.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Blocking probabilities in single- and dual-duct networks. Dual-duct networks double the network capacity and have fourfold the amount of primary traffic load in single-duct networks.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Blocking Probabilities of Primary and Backup Lightpaths and Total Blocking Performance for NoR and RTH

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R = { i S ( ω i + s i ) i S ω i * } i S ω i * ,
i S ω i = i S ω i * .
P r ( H = h ) = 2 ( N 1 ) , h = 1 , 2 , ( N 2 1 ) ,
P r ( H = h ) = 1 ( N 1 ) , h = N 2 ,
P r ( H = h ) = 2 ( N 1 ) , h = 1 , 2 , ( N 1 ) 2 ,
i S ω i * = Q ( i = 1 N 2 1 2 i + N 2 ) = Q [ N ( N 2 ) 4 + N 2 ] ,
i S ω i * = Q ( i = 1 ( N 1 ) 2 2 i ) = Q [ ( N 2 1 ) 4 ] ,
i S s i = Q ( i = 1 N 2 1 2 ( N i ) + N 2 ) = Q [ 3 N ( N 2 ) 4 + N 2 ] ,
i S s i = Q ( i = 1 ( N 1 ) 2 2 ( N i ) ) = Q [ 3 ( N 2 1 ) 4 ] ,
R = i S s i i S ω i * 3 .
i S s i = i S ω i * .
R = i S s i i S ω i * = 1 ,