Abstract

<p><a href="http://jon.osa.org/virtual_issue.cfm?vid=54">Focus Issue on Orthogonal-Frequency-Division Multiplexed Communications Systems and Networks</a></p>The impact of a wide range of different parameters of various components involved in optical modems using adaptively modulated optical orthogonal-frequency-division multiplexing (AMOOFDM) on the transmission performance of AMOOFDM signals is explored thoroughly, in single-channel, unamplified, multimode-fiber (MMF)-based, intensity modulation and direct detection (IMDD) transmission links. Practically available optimum component parameters are identified, based on which the AMOOFDM modems are optimized. It is shown that the optimized AMOOFDM modems enable a >70% increase in the capacity versus reach performance without compromising link loss margins, in comparison with that achieved without modem optimization. In addition, the validity of the identified optimum parameters and the feasibility of the optimized AMOOFDM modems are also statistically verified for implementation in the vast majority of installed MMF links. Statistical investigations show that the optimized AMOOFDM modems can support >50Gbits/s signal transmission over 300m in 99.5% of already installed MMF links with loss margins of >7dB. Furthermore, it is also confirmed statistically that the optimized AMOOFDM modems have excellent performance flexibility and great robustness to various fiber and/or system implementation-related impairments.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007

H. C. Bao and W. Shieh, “Transmission of wavelength-division-multiplexed channels with coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 922-924 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, “PMD-supported coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 134-136 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery, “Fibre nonlinearity mitigation in optical links that use OFDM for dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1556-1558 (2007).

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μmInGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

W.-P. Huang, X. Li, C.-Q. Xu, X. Hong, C. Xu, and W. Liang, “Optical transceivers for fibre-to-the-premises applications: system requirements and enabling technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 11-27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Performance of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 787-798 (2007).

J. M. Gene, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, and H. Kogelnik, “Simultaneous compensation of polarization mode dispersion and chromatic dispersion using electronic signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1735-1741 (2007).

M. Franceschini, G. Bongiorni, G. Ferrari, R. Raheli, F. Meli, and A. Castoldi, “Fundamental limits of electronics signal processing in direct-detection optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1742-1753 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. M. E.-A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “10Gb/s transmission on single-wavelength multichannel SCM-based FDDI-grade MMF links at lengths over 300m: A statistical investigation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2976-2983 (2007).

P. Watts, R. Waegemans, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. Killey, “An FPGA-based optical transmitter design using real-time DSP for advanced signal formats and electronic predistortion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3089-3099 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibres using directly modulated DFBs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “30 Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fibre links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2318-2327 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Balemarthy, A. Polley, and S. E. Ralph, “Electronic equalization of multikilometer 10-Gb/s multimode fiber links: mode-coupling effects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4885-4894 (2006).

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fibre links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, “Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).

I. B. Djordjevic and B. Vasic, “100Gb/s transmission using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1576-1578 (2006).

2005

2004

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

1999

1998

1992

G. D. Brown, “Bandwidth and rise time calculations for digital multimode fiber-optic data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 672-678 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 1997).

Akita, M.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, M.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μmInGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

Armstrong, J.

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Performance of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 5-10, 2006, paper PDP39.

Athaudage, C.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

Balemarthy, K.

Bao, H. C.

H. C. Bao and W. Shieh, “Transmission of wavelength-division-multiplexed channels with coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 922-924 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bayvel, P.

Bongiorni, G.

Breyer, F.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gb/s transmission over 730m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multitone modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP6.

Brown, G. D.

G. D. Brown, “Bandwidth and rise time calculations for digital multimode fiber-optic data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 672-678 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Castoldi, A.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Cordina, K.

N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang, and K. Cordina, “Generation and propagation of a 1550nm10Gb/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 6-11, 2005, paper OFP3.

Cunningham, D. G.

Diab, A. M. E.-A.

Djordjevic, I. B.

I. B. Djordjevic and B. Vasic, “100Gb/s transmission using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1576-1578 (2006).

Du, L.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 5-10, 2006, paper PDP39.

Du, L. B.

Dudley, S. E. M.

Ferrari, G.

Franceschini, M.

Fujita, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gene, J. M.

Glick, M.

Golowich, S. E.

Gu, X. J.

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, “Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).

Hanik, N.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gb/s transmission over 730m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multitone modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP6.

Hanzo, L.

L. Hanzo, S. X. Ng, T. Keller, and W. Webb, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation: From Basics to Adaptive Trellis-Coded, Turbo-Equalised and Space-Time Coded OFDM, CDMA and MC-CDMA Systems (Wiley, 2004).

Hong, X.

Huang, W.-P.

Huijskens, F.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gb/s transmission over 730m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multitone modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP6.

Ingham, J. D.

Jacobs, I.

S. Kanprachar and I. Jacobs, “Diversity coding for subcarrier multiplexing on multimode fibres,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1546-1553 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, S. L.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “20Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone noise compensation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP15.

Jewett, R.

K. Poulton, R. Neff, B. Setterberg, B. Wuppermann, T. Kopley, R. Jewett, J. Pernillo, C. Tan, and A. Montijo, “A 20GS/s 8b ADC with a 1MB memory in 0.18μm CMOS,” in 2003 International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (IEEE, 2003).

Jolley, N. E.

N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang, and K. Cordina, “Generation and propagation of a 1550nm10Gb/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 6-11, 2005, paper OFP3.

Kanprachar, S.

S. Kanprachar and I. Jacobs, “Diversity coding for subcarrier multiplexing on multimode fibres,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1546-1553 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kee, H.

N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang, and K. Cordina, “Generation and propagation of a 1550nm10Gb/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 6-11, 2005, paper OFP3.

Keller, T.

L. Hanzo, S. X. Ng, T. Keller, and W. Webb, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation: From Basics to Adaptive Trellis-Coded, Turbo-Equalised and Space-Time Coded OFDM, CDMA and MC-CDMA Systems (Wiley, 2004).

Kikawa, T.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μmInGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

Killey, R.

Kitatani, T.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μmInGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

Kobayashi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

Kolesar, P.

Koonen, A. M. J.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gb/s transmission over 730m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multitone modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP6.

Kopley, T.

K. Poulton, R. Neff, B. Setterberg, B. Wuppermann, T. Kopley, R. Jewett, J. Pernillo, C. Tan, and A. Montijo, “A 20GS/s 8b ADC with a 1MB memory in 0.18μm CMOS,” in 2003 International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (IEEE, 2003).

Kourtessis, P.

Kubo, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuno, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lane, P. M.

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibres using directly modulated DFBs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fibre links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “High-capacity transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibres using directly modulated DFBs,” in The IEE Seminar on Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing (IEEE, 2005).

Lee, S. C. J.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gb/s transmission over 730m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multitone modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP6.

Li, X.

Liang, W.

Lowery, A. J.

A. J. Lowery, “Fibre nonlinearity mitigation in optical links that use OFDM for dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1556-1558 (2007).

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Performance of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 5-10, 2006, paper PDP39.

Meli, F.

Miyata, Y.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mohammed, W.

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, “Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).

Montijo, A.

K. Poulton, R. Neff, B. Setterberg, B. Wuppermann, T. Kopley, R. Jewett, J. Pernillo, C. Tan, and A. Montijo, “A 20GS/s 8b ADC with a 1MB memory in 0.18μm CMOS,” in 2003 International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (IEEE, 2003).

Morita, I.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “20Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone noise compensation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP15.

Motoshima, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mukaikubo, M.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μmInGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

Nakahara, K.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μmInGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

Neff, R.

K. Poulton, R. Neff, B. Setterberg, B. Wuppermann, T. Kopley, R. Jewett, J. Pernillo, C. Tan, and A. Montijo, “A 20GS/s 8b ADC with a 1MB memory in 0.18μm CMOS,” in 2003 International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (IEEE, 2003).

Ng, S. X.

L. Hanzo, S. X. Ng, T. Keller, and W. Webb, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation: From Basics to Adaptive Trellis-Coded, Turbo-Equalised and Space-Time Coded OFDM, CDMA and MC-CDMA Systems (Wiley, 2004).

Nielsen, T.

Nowell, M. C.

Ouchi, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

Pepeljugoski, P.

Pernillo, J.

K. Poulton, R. Neff, B. Setterberg, B. Wuppermann, T. Kopley, R. Jewett, J. Pernillo, C. Tan, and A. Montijo, “A 20GS/s 8b ADC with a 1MB memory in 0.18μm CMOS,” in 2003 International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (IEEE, 2003).

Polley, A.

Poulton, K.

K. Poulton, R. Neff, B. Setterberg, B. Wuppermann, T. Kopley, R. Jewett, J. Pernillo, C. Tan, and A. Montijo, “A 20GS/s 8b ADC with a 1MB memory in 0.18μm CMOS,” in 2003 International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (IEEE, 2003).

Prasad, R.

R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Communications Systems (Artech House, 2004).

Quinlan, T.

Raddatz, L.

Raheli, R.

Ralph, S. E.

Randel, S.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gb/s transmission over 730m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multitone modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP6.

Rickard, R.

N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang, and K. Cordina, “Generation and propagation of a 1550nm10Gb/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 6-11, 2005, paper OFP3.

Risteski, A.

Ritger, A. J.

Rochart, E.

Schuster, M.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gb/s transmission over 730m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multitone modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP6.

Setterberg, B.

K. Poulton, R. Neff, B. Setterberg, B. Wuppermann, T. Kopley, R. Jewett, J. Pernillo, C. Tan, and A. Montijo, “A 20GS/s 8b ADC with a 1MB memory in 0.18μm CMOS,” in 2003 International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (IEEE, 2003).

Shieh, W.

H. C. Bao and W. Shieh, “Transmission of wavelength-division-multiplexed channels with coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 922-924 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, “PMD-supported coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 134-136 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

Shimizu, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shinoda, K.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μmInGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

Shore, K. A.

Smith, P. W.

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, “Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).

Tagami, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, N.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “20Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone noise compensation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP15.

Tan, C.

K. Poulton, R. Neff, B. Setterberg, B. Wuppermann, T. Kopley, R. Jewett, J. Pernillo, C. Tan, and A. Montijo, “A 20GS/s 8b ADC with a 1MB memory in 0.18μm CMOS,” in 2003 International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (IEEE, 2003).

Tanaka, H.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “20Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone noise compensation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP15.

Tang, J.

N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang, and K. Cordina, “Generation and propagation of a 1550nm10Gb/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 6-11, 2005, paper OFP3.

Tang, J. M.

Taniguchi, T.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μmInGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

Tsuchiya, T.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μmInGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

Tyler, E. J.

Van den Boom, H. P. A.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gb/s transmission over 730m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multitone modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP6.

Vasic, B.

I. B. Djordjevic and B. Vasic, “100Gb/s transmission using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1576-1578 (2006).

Waegemans, R.

Walker, S. D.

Watts, P.

Webb, W.

L. Hanzo, S. X. Ng, T. Keller, and W. Webb, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation: From Basics to Adaptive Trellis-Coded, Turbo-Equalised and Space-Time Coded OFDM, CDMA and MC-CDMA Systems (Wiley, 2004).

Webster, M.

White, I. H.

A. M. E.-A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “10Gb/s transmission on single-wavelength multichannel SCM-based FDDI-grade MMF links at lengths over 300m: A statistical investigation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2976-2983 (2007).

A. M. E.-A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Statistical analysis of subcarrier-modulated transmission over 300m of 62.5-μm-core-diameter multimode fibre,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2380-2398 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. E.-A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Statistical analysis of subcarrier-modulated transmission over 300m of 62.5-μm-core-diameter multimode fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2380-2398 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochart, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Toward terabit per-second capacities over multimode fibre links using SCM/WDM techniques,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Webster, L. Raddatz, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “A statistical analysis of conditioned launch for gigabit Ethernet links using multimode fibre,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1532-1541 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Webster, L. Raddatz, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “A statistical analysis of conditioned launch for gigabit Ethernet links using multimode fibre,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1532-1541 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, and M. C. Nowell, “An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fibre links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Wuppermann, B.

K. Poulton, R. Neff, B. Setterberg, B. Wuppermann, T. Kopley, R. Jewett, J. Pernillo, C. Tan, and A. Montijo, “A 20GS/s 8b ADC with a 1MB memory in 0.18μm CMOS,” in 2003 International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (IEEE, 2003).

Xu, C.

Xu, C.-Q.

Yoshida, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, J.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gb/s transmission over 730m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multitone modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP6.

Electron. Lett.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fibre links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, “Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).

I. B. Djordjevic and B. Vasic, “100Gb/s transmission using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1576-1578 (2006).

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μmInGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1436-1438 (2007).

H. C. Bao and W. Shieh, “Transmission of wavelength-division-multiplexed channels with coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 922-924 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, “PMD-supported coherent optical OFDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 134-136 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery, “Fibre nonlinearity mitigation in optical links that use OFDM for dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1556-1558 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Commun.

S. Kanprachar and I. Jacobs, “Diversity coding for subcarrier multiplexing on multimode fibres,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1546-1553 (2003).
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J. Lightwave Technol.

G. D. Brown, “Bandwidth and rise time calculations for digital multimode fiber-optic data links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 672-678 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Webster, L. Raddatz, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “A statistical analysis of conditioned launch for gigabit Ethernet links using multimode fibre,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1532-1541 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Webster, L. Raddatz, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, “A statistical analysis of conditioned launch for gigabit Ethernet links using multimode fibre,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1532-1541 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, and M. C. Nowell, “An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fibre links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, and A. Risteski, “Modelling and simulation of next-generation multimode fibre links,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1242-1255 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochart, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Toward terabit per-second capacities over multimode fibre links using SCM/WDM techniques,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Nielsen and S. Chandrasekhar, “OFC2004 workshop on optical and electronic mitigation of impairments,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 131-142 (2005).

A. M. E.-A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Statistical analysis of subcarrier-modulated transmission over 300m of 62.5-μm-core-diameter multimode fibre,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2380-2398 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. E.-A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Statistical analysis of subcarrier-modulated transmission over 300m of 62.5-μm-core-diameter multimode fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2380-2398 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibres using directly modulated DFBs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “30 Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fibre links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2318-2327 (2006).
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K. Balemarthy, A. Polley, and S. E. Ralph, “Electronic equalization of multikilometer 10-Gb/s multimode fiber links: mode-coupling effects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4885-4894 (2006).

W.-P. Huang, X. Li, C.-Q. Xu, X. Hong, C. Xu, and W. Liang, “Optical transceivers for fibre-to-the-premises applications: system requirements and enabling technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 11-27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Performance of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 787-798 (2007).

J. M. Gene, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, and H. Kogelnik, “Simultaneous compensation of polarization mode dispersion and chromatic dispersion using electronic signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1735-1741 (2007).

M. Franceschini, G. Bongiorni, G. Ferrari, R. Raheli, F. Meli, and A. Castoldi, “Fundamental limits of electronics signal processing in direct-detection optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1742-1753 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. M. E.-A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “10Gb/s transmission on single-wavelength multichannel SCM-based FDDI-grade MMF links at lengths over 300m: A statistical investigation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2976-2983 (2007).

P. Watts, R. Waegemans, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. Killey, “An FPGA-based optical transmitter design using real-time DSP for advanced signal formats and electronic predistortion,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3089-3099 (2007).
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Other

G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 1997).

“The 10GBASE-LRM standard,” IEEE Standard 802.3aq (IEEE, 2006).

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, and N. Hanik, “24-Gb/s transmission over 730m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multitone modulation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP6.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “20Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone noise compensation,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 26-30, 2007, paper PDP15.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 5-10, 2006, paper PDP39.

N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang, and K. Cordina, “Generation and propagation of a 1550nm10Gb/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB,” presented at the Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, Calif., March 6-11, 2005, paper OFP3.

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “High-capacity transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibres using directly modulated DFBs,” in The IEE Seminar on Optical Fibre Communications and Electronic Signal Processing (IEEE, 2005).

R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Communications Systems (Artech House, 2004).

L. Hanzo, S. X. Ng, T. Keller, and W. Webb, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation: From Basics to Adaptive Trellis-Coded, Turbo-Equalised and Space-Time Coded OFDM, CDMA and MC-CDMA Systems (Wiley, 2004).

K. Poulton, R. Neff, B. Setterberg, B. Wuppermann, T. Kopley, R. Jewett, J. Pernillo, C. Tan, and A. Montijo, “A 20GS/s 8b ADC with a 1MB memory in 0.18μm CMOS,” in 2003 International Solid-State Circuits Conference. Digest of Technical Papers (IEEE, 2003).

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