Abstract

A key issue in optical burst switched (OBS) networks is resolving burst contention in an efficient and cost-effective manner. Although deflection routing has been identified as a cost-effective solution, its viability has been questioned. We propose an emission and discard priority (EDP) scheme to alleviate the shortcomings of deflection routing by reducing late packet arrivals and hence improving network goodput. Simulation results show that the deflection with EDP scheme has a lower proportion of late packet arrivals than a basic deflection routing scheme. Furthermore, the deflection with EDP scheme has a higher goodput, when the normalized load is L≥0.7, and a higher efficiency, in terms of goodput per deflection, than the basic deflection routing scheme.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. M. Qiao and M. S. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).
  2. F. Forghieri, A. Bononi, and P. R. Prucnal, “Analysis and comparison of hot-potato and single-buffer deflection routing in very high bit-rate optical mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 88-98 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. S. Acampora and I. A. Shah, “Multihop lightwave networks: a comparison of store-and-forward and hot-potato routing,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1082-1090 (1992).
  4. V. M. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and S. Sitaraman, “Burst segmentation: an approach for reducing packet loss in optical burst-switched networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2673-2677.
  5. C. F. Hsu, T. L. Liu, and N. F. Huang, “Performance analysis of deflection routing in optical burst switched networks,” in IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 55-73.
  6. P. Acquaah and H. A. Chan, “A variable timer-based assembly algorithm for optical burst switched networks,” in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Telecommunications (2006).
  7. S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, “Contention-based limited deflection routing in OBS networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2633-2637.
  8. S. Lee, L. Kim, J. Song, D. Griffith, and K. Sriram, “Dynamic deflection routing with virtual wavelength assignment in optical burst-switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 347-356 (2005).
  9. “The Network Simulator--NS-2,” February 2006, http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/.
  10. “OIRC OBS-ns Simulator,” February 2006, http://wine.icu.ac.kr/~obsns/index.php.
  11. M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, and R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comput. Commun. Rev. 27, 5-23 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Yoo and C. Qiao, “Just-enough-time (JET): a high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,” Proc. SPIE 3230, 79-90 (1997).
  13. Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. Cankaya, “Control architecture in optical burst switched WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. Lee, L. Kim, J. Song, D. Griffith, and K. Sriram, “Dynamic deflection routing with virtual wavelength assignment in optical burst-switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 347-356 (2005).

2000 (1)

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. Cankaya, “Control architecture in optical burst switched WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. M. Qiao and M. S. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

1997 (1)

M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, and R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comput. Commun. Rev. 27, 5-23 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

F. Forghieri, A. Bononi, and P. R. Prucnal, “Analysis and comparison of hot-potato and single-buffer deflection routing in very high bit-rate optical mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 88-98 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. S. Acampora and I. A. Shah, “Multihop lightwave networks: a comparison of store-and-forward and hot-potato routing,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1082-1090 (1992).

Acampora, A. S.

A. S. Acampora and I. A. Shah, “Multihop lightwave networks: a comparison of store-and-forward and hot-potato routing,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1082-1090 (1992).

Acquaah, P.

P. Acquaah and H. A. Chan, “A variable timer-based assembly algorithm for optical burst switched networks,” in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Telecommunications (2006).

Bononi, A.

F. Forghieri, A. Bononi, and P. R. Prucnal, “Analysis and comparison of hot-potato and single-buffer deflection routing in very high bit-rate optical mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 88-98 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cankaya, H.

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. Cankaya, “Control architecture in optical burst switched WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chan, H. A.

P. Acquaah and H. A. Chan, “A variable timer-based assembly algorithm for optical burst switched networks,” in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Telecommunications (2006).

Forghieri, F.

F. Forghieri, A. Bononi, and P. R. Prucnal, “Analysis and comparison of hot-potato and single-buffer deflection routing in very high bit-rate optical mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 88-98 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Griffith, D.

S. Lee, L. Kim, J. Song, D. Griffith, and K. Sriram, “Dynamic deflection routing with virtual wavelength assignment in optical burst-switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 347-356 (2005).

Hsu, C. F.

C. F. Hsu, T. L. Liu, and N. F. Huang, “Performance analysis of deflection routing in optical burst switched networks,” in IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 55-73.

Huang, N. F.

C. F. Hsu, T. L. Liu, and N. F. Huang, “Performance analysis of deflection routing in optical burst switched networks,” in IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 55-73.

Jue, J. P.

V. M. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and S. Sitaraman, “Burst segmentation: an approach for reducing packet loss in optical burst-switched networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2673-2677.

Kim, H.

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, “Contention-based limited deflection routing in OBS networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2633-2637.

Kim, L.

S. Lee, L. Kim, J. Song, D. Griffith, and K. Sriram, “Dynamic deflection routing with virtual wavelength assignment in optical burst-switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 347-356 (2005).

Lee, S.

S. Lee, L. Kim, J. Song, D. Griffith, and K. Sriram, “Dynamic deflection routing with virtual wavelength assignment in optical burst-switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 347-356 (2005).

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, “Contention-based limited deflection routing in OBS networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2633-2637.

Liu, T. L.

C. F. Hsu, T. L. Liu, and N. F. Huang, “Performance analysis of deflection routing in optical burst switched networks,” in IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 55-73.

Prucnal, P. R.

F. Forghieri, A. Bononi, and P. R. Prucnal, “Analysis and comparison of hot-potato and single-buffer deflection routing in very high bit-rate optical mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 88-98 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, C.

M. Yoo and C. Qiao, “Just-enough-time (JET): a high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,” Proc. SPIE 3230, 79-90 (1997).

Qiao, C. M.

C. M. Qiao and M. S. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

Shah, I. A.

A. S. Acampora and I. A. Shah, “Multihop lightwave networks: a comparison of store-and-forward and hot-potato routing,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1082-1090 (1992).

Sherman, R.

M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, and R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comput. Commun. Rev. 27, 5-23 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sitaraman, S.

V. M. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and S. Sitaraman, “Burst segmentation: an approach for reducing packet loss in optical burst-switched networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2673-2677.

Song, J.

S. Lee, L. Kim, J. Song, D. Griffith, and K. Sriram, “Dynamic deflection routing with virtual wavelength assignment in optical burst-switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 347-356 (2005).

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, “Contention-based limited deflection routing in OBS networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2633-2637.

Sriram, K.

S. Lee, L. Kim, J. Song, D. Griffith, and K. Sriram, “Dynamic deflection routing with virtual wavelength assignment in optical burst-switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 347-356 (2005).

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, “Contention-based limited deflection routing in OBS networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2633-2637.

Taqqu, M. S.

M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, and R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comput. Commun. Rev. 27, 5-23 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vandenhoute, M.

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. Cankaya, “Control architecture in optical burst switched WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vokkarane, V. M.

V. M. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and S. Sitaraman, “Burst segmentation: an approach for reducing packet loss in optical burst-switched networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2673-2677.

Willinger, W.

M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, and R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comput. Commun. Rev. 27, 5-23 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Y.

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. Cankaya, “Control architecture in optical burst switched WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, M.

M. Yoo and C. Qiao, “Just-enough-time (JET): a high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,” Proc. SPIE 3230, 79-90 (1997).

Yoo, M. S.

C. M. Qiao and M. S. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

Comput. Commun. Rev. (1)

M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, and R. Sherman, “Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling,” Comput. Commun. Rev. 27, 5-23 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, and H. Cankaya, “Control architecture in optical burst switched WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (2)

F. Forghieri, A. Bononi, and P. R. Prucnal, “Analysis and comparison of hot-potato and single-buffer deflection routing in very high bit-rate optical mesh networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 88-98 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Acampora and I. A. Shah, “Multihop lightwave networks: a comparison of store-and-forward and hot-potato routing,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1082-1090 (1992).

J. High Speed Netw. (1)

C. M. Qiao and M. S. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)--a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

S. Lee, L. Kim, J. Song, D. Griffith, and K. Sriram, “Dynamic deflection routing with virtual wavelength assignment in optical burst-switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 9, 347-356 (2005).

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Yoo and C. Qiao, “Just-enough-time (JET): a high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks,” Proc. SPIE 3230, 79-90 (1997).

Other (6)

“The Network Simulator--NS-2,” February 2006, http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/.

“OIRC OBS-ns Simulator,” February 2006, http://wine.icu.ac.kr/~obsns/index.php.

V. M. Vokkarane, J. P. Jue, and S. Sitaraman, “Burst segmentation: an approach for reducing packet loss in optical burst-switched networks,” in IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 2673-2677.

C. F. Hsu, T. L. Liu, and N. F. Huang, “Performance analysis of deflection routing in optical burst switched networks,” in IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 55-73.

P. Acquaah and H. A. Chan, “A variable timer-based assembly algorithm for optical burst switched networks,” in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Telecommunications (2006).

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, “Contention-based limited deflection routing in OBS networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (IEEE, 2003), pp. 2633-2637.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.