Abstract

This study discusses two key technologies used in radio-over-fiber (RoF) systems, namely, the generation and transmission of millimeter-wave signals and optical modulation schemes capable of carrying vector signal formats and utilizing the continuous performance improvements offered by digital signal processing. A cost-effective frequency-quadrupling technique capable of generating millimeter-wave signals up to 72 GHz is proposed. The generated optical millimeter-wave signals have very high quality, with an optical carrier and harmonic distortion suppression ratio exceeding 36 dB. An optical modulation scheme that can support a 64-QAM, 16 Gbits/s orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing RoF system is also demonstrated. Results of this study demonstrate that both methods offer realistic solutions to support future wireless systems.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  7. C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, T. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, “Beyond 40-GHz return-to-zero optical pulse-train generation using a phase modulator and polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42-44 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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  9. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
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  11. T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, “High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase, and frequency by use of electrooptic effect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-90 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. C. Lim, C. Lin, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gbit/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbit/s with a colorless transmitter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP18.
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  27. C. T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16, 6056-6063 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  28. V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374-2376 (2004).

2008 (9)

E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, and J. M. Kahn, “Coherent detection in optical fiber systems,” Opt. Express 16, 753-791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, “Digital filters for coherent optical receivers,” Opt. Express 16, 904-917 (2008).

T. Pau, S. Hoffmann, O. Adamczyk, R. Peveling, V. Herath, M. Porrmann, and R. Noé, “Coherent optical communication: towards realtime systems at 40 Gbit/s and beyond,” Opt. Express 16, 866-872 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, “Electronic post-compensation for nonlinear phase fluctuation in a 1000-km20-Gbit/s optical quadrature phase-shift keying transmission system using the digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 16, 889-896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, K. T. Wu, and K. Roberts, “Real-time measurements of a 40 Gbit/s coherent system,” Opt. Express 16, 873-879 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, H. Goto, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, “64 and 128 coherent QAM optical transmission over 150 km using frequency-stabilized laser and heterodyne PLL detection,” Opt. Express 16, 829-840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, and T. Miyazaki, “Linewidth-tolerant 10-Gbit/s 16-QAM transmission using a pilot-carrier based phase-noise cancelling technique,” Opt. Express 16, 10611-10616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Impact of nonlinear transfer fucntion and imperfect splitting ratio of MZM on optical up-conversion employing double sideband with carrier suppression modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2449-2459 (2008).

C. T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16, 6056-6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, “High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase, and frequency by use of electrooptic effect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-90 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, T. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, “Beyond 40-GHz return-to-zero optical pulse-train generation using a phase modulator and polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42-44 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izutsu, “High extinction ratio Mach-Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U. Koc, and Y. Chen, “Frequency estimation in intradyne reception,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366-368 (2007).

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15, 2120-2126 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Millan, M. V. Andres, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Microwave-photonic frequency multiplication utilizing optical four-wave mixing and fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 329-334 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, “Millimeter-wave frequency tripling based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460-2462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, C. Lin, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374-2376 (2004).

Adamczyk, O.

Amagai, J.

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izutsu, “High extinction ratio Mach-Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

Andres, M. V.

Aoki, K.

J. Kondo, K. Aoki, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, “76-GHz millimeter-wave generation using MZ LiNbO3 modulator with drive voltage of 7 Vp-p and 19 GHz signal input,” in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Armstrong, J.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gbit/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbit/s with a colorless transmitter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP18.

Attygalle, M.

C. Lim, C. Lin, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barros, D. J. F.

Bayvel, P.

Belisle, C.

G. Qi, J. Yao, S. Joe, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Optical generation and distribution of continuously tunable millimeter-wave signals using an optical phase modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2687-2695 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wide-band continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374-2376 (2004).

Chandel, S.

Z. Pan, S. Chandel, and C. Yu, “160 GHz optical pulse generation using a 40 GHz phase modulator and two stages of delayed MZ interferometers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CFP2.

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Impact of nonlinear transfer fucntion and imperfect splitting ratio of MZM on optical up-conversion employing double sideband with carrier suppression modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2449-2459 (2008).

C. T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16, 6056-6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U. Koc, and Y. Chen, “Frequency estimation in intradyne reception,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366-368 (2007).

Chi, S.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Impact of nonlinear transfer fucntion and imperfect splitting ratio of MZM on optical up-conversion employing double sideband with carrier suppression modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2449-2459 (2008).

C. T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16, 6056-6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Christen, L.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, T. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, “Beyond 40-GHz return-to-zero optical pulse-train generation using a phase modulator and polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42-44 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S. P.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Impact of nonlinear transfer fucntion and imperfect splitting ratio of MZM on optical up-conversion employing double sideband with carrier suppression modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2449-2459 (2008).

C. T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16, 6056-6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ejiri, T.

J. Kondo, K. Aoki, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, “76-GHz millimeter-wave generation using MZ LiNbO3 modulator with drive voltage of 7 Vp-p and 19 GHz signal input,” in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Gavioli, G.

Goto, H.

Hamajima, A.

J. Kondo, K. Aoki, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, “76-GHz millimeter-wave generation using MZ LiNbO3 modulator with drive voltage of 7 Vp-p and 19 GHz signal input,” in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Hedekvist, P. O.

Herath, V.

Hoffmann, S.

Ip, E.

Iwata, Y.

J. Kondo, K. Aoki, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, “76-GHz millimeter-wave generation using MZ LiNbO3 modulator with drive voltage of 7 Vp-p and 19 GHz signal input,” in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Izutsu, M.

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izutsu, “High extinction ratio Mach-Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, “High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase, and frequency by use of electrooptic effect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-90 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joe, S.

Kahn, J. M.

Kamio, Y.

Kaneda, N.

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U. Koc, and Y. Chen, “Frequency estimation in intradyne reception,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366-368 (2007).

Kasai, K.

Kawanishi, T.

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, “High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase, and frequency by use of electrooptic effect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-90 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izutsu, “High extinction ratio Mach-Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

Kikuchi, K.

Killey, R. I.

Kiuchi, H.

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izutsu, “High extinction ratio Mach-Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

Koc, U.

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U. Koc, and Y. Chen, “Frequency estimation in intradyne reception,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366-368 (2007).

Kondo, J.

J. Kondo, K. Aoki, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, “76-GHz millimeter-wave generation using MZ LiNbO3 modulator with drive voltage of 7 Vp-p and 19 GHz signal input,” in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Korenev, B. G.

B. G. Korenev, Bessel Functions and Their Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2002), Chap. 1, p. 23.

Lau, A. P. T.

Leuthold, J.

X. Wei, J. Leuthold, and L. Zhang, “Delay-interferometer-based optical pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WL6.

Leven, A.

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U. Koc, and Y. Chen, “Frequency estimation in intradyne reception,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366-368 (2007).

Lim, C.

C. Lim, C. Lin, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. Lim, C. Lin, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. T.

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Impact of nonlinear transfer fucntion and imperfect splitting ratio of MZM on optical up-conversion employing double sideband with carrier suppression modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2449-2459 (2008).

C. T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16, 6056-6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.-M.

Lowery, A. J.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gbit/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbit/s with a colorless transmitter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP18.

Luo, T.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, T. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, “Beyond 40-GHz return-to-zero optical pulse-train generation using a phase modulator and polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42-44 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Minakata, M.

J. Kondo, K. Aoki, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, “76-GHz millimeter-wave generation using MZ LiNbO3 modulator with drive voltage of 7 Vp-p and 19 GHz signal input,” in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Mitomi, O.

J. Kondo, K. Aoki, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, “76-GHz millimeter-wave generation using MZ LiNbO3 modulator with drive voltage of 7 Vp-p and 19 GHz signal input,” in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

Miyazaki, T.

Nakamura, M.

Nakazawa, M.

Nirmalathas, A.

C. Lim, C. Lin, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Noé, R.

Novak, D.

C. Lim, C. Lin, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, T. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, “Beyond 40-GHz return-to-zero optical pulse-train generation using a phase modulator and polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42-44 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Pan, S. Chandel, and C. Yu, “160 GHz optical pulse generation using a 40 GHz phase modulator and two stages of delayed MZ interferometers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CFP2.

Paquet, S.

G. Qi, J. Yao, S. Joe, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Optical generation and distribution of continuously tunable millimeter-wave signals using an optical phase modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2687-2695 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wide-band continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pau, T.

Peng, P. C.

C. T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16, 6056-6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Impact of nonlinear transfer fucntion and imperfect splitting ratio of MZM on optical up-conversion employing double sideband with carrier suppression modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2449-2459 (2008).

Perez-Millan, P.

Peveling, R.

Porrmann, M.

Qi, G.

G. Qi, J. Yao, S. Joe, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Optical generation and distribution of continuously tunable millimeter-wave signals using an optical phase modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2687-2695 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wide-band continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. X.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374-2376 (2004).

Rideout, H.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, “Millimeter-wave frequency tripling based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460-2462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, K.

Sakamoto, T.

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, “High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase, and frequency by use of electrooptic effect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-90 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izutsu, “High extinction ratio Mach-Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

Savory, S. J.

Schmidt, B. J. C.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gbit/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbit/s with a colorless transmitter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP18.

Seregelyi, J.

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wide-band continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shih, P. T.

Sun, H.

Tsuchiya, M.

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izutsu, “High extinction ratio Mach-Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

Urick, V. J.

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374-2376 (2004).

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, “Millimeter-wave frequency tripling based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460-2462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, T. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, “Beyond 40-GHz return-to-zero optical pulse-train generation using a phase modulator and polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42-44 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Waterhouse, R.

C. Lim, C. Lin, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X.

X. Wei, J. Leuthold, and L. Zhang, “Delay-interferometer-based optical pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WL6.

Wiberg, A.

Willner, A. E.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, T. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, “Beyond 40-GHz return-to-zero optical pulse-train generation using a phase modulator and polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42-44 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K. T.

Yamada, M.

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izutsu, “High extinction ratio Mach-Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

Yao, J.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, “Millimeter-wave frequency tripling based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460-2462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wide-band continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Qi, J. Yao, S. Joe, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Optical generation and distribution of continuously tunable millimeter-wave signals using an optical phase modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2687-2695 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

Yu, C.

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, T. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, “Beyond 40-GHz return-to-zero optical pulse-train generation using a phase modulator and polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42-44 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Pan, S. Chandel, and C. Yu, “160 GHz optical pulse generation using a 40 GHz phase modulator and two stages of delayed MZ interferometers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CFP2.

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, F.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, “Millimeter-wave frequency tripling based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460-2462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

X. Wei, J. Leuthold, and L. Zhang, “Delay-interferometer-based optical pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WL6.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and M. Izutsu, “High-speed control of lightwave amplitude, phase, and frequency by use of electrooptic effect,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 79-90 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U. Koc, and Y. Chen, “Frequency estimation in intradyne reception,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366-368 (2007).

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, “Millimeter-wave frequency tripling based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460-2462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Yu, Z. Pan, T. Luo, T. Wang, L. Christen, and A. E. Willner, “Beyond 40-GHz return-to-zero optical pulse-train generation using a phase modulator and polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 42-44 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Urick, J. X. Qiu, and F. Bucholtz, “Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374-2376 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (3)

C. Lim, C. Lin, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber-radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Kiuchi, T. Kawanishi, M. Yamada, T. Sakamoto, M. Tsuchiya, J. Amagai, and M. Izutsu, “High extinction ratio Mach-Zehnder modulator applied to a highly stable optical signal generator,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 55, 1964-1972 (2007).

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, “Generation and distribution of a wide-band continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (9)

C. T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. Chen, S. P. Dai, P. T. Shih, P. C. Peng, and S. Chi, “Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression,” Opt. Express 16, 6056-6063 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoshida, H. Goto, K. Kasai, and M. Nakazawa, “64 and 128 coherent QAM optical transmission over 150 km using frequency-stabilized laser and heterodyne PLL detection,” Opt. Express 16, 829-840 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, and T. Miyazaki, “Linewidth-tolerant 10-Gbit/s 16-QAM transmission using a pilot-carrier based phase-noise cancelling technique,” Opt. Express 16, 10611-10616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Ip, A. P. T. Lau, D. J. F. Barros, and J. M. Kahn, “Coherent detection in optical fiber systems,” Opt. Express 16, 753-791 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, “Digital filters for coherent optical receivers,” Opt. Express 16, 904-917 (2008).

T. Pau, S. Hoffmann, O. Adamczyk, R. Peveling, V. Herath, M. Porrmann, and R. Noé, “Coherent optical communication: towards realtime systems at 40 Gbit/s and beyond,” Opt. Express 16, 866-872 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15, 2120-2126 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, “Electronic post-compensation for nonlinear phase fluctuation in a 1000-km20-Gbit/s optical quadrature phase-shift keying transmission system using the digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 16, 889-896 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, K. T. Wu, and K. Roberts, “Real-time measurements of a 40 Gbit/s coherent system,” Opt. Express 16, 873-879 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

X. Wei, J. Leuthold, and L. Zhang, “Delay-interferometer-based optical pulse generator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WL6.

Z. Pan, S. Chandel, and C. Yu, “160 GHz optical pulse generation using a 40 GHz phase modulator and two stages of delayed MZ interferometers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CFP2.

J. Kondo, K. Aoki, Y. Iwata, A. Hamajima, T. Ejiri, O. Mitomi, and M. Minakata, “76-GHz millimeter-wave generation using MZ LiNbO3 modulator with drive voltage of 7 Vp-p and 19 GHz signal input,” in International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2005), pp. 1-4.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gbit/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbit/s with a colorless transmitter,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), postdeadline paper PDP18.

http://www.wirelesshd.org/index.html.

B. G. Korenev, Bessel Functions and Their Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2002), Chap. 1, p. 23.

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