Abstract

Overlay networks achieve new functionality and enhance network performance by enabling control of routing at the application layer. However, this approach results in degradations of underlying networks due to the selfish behavior of overlay networks. We discuss the stability of virtual network topology (VNT) control under overlay networks that perform dynamic routing updates. We find that the dynamics of routing on overlay networks cause a high fluctuation in the traffic demand matrix, which leads to significant VNT control instability. To overcome this instability, we introduce three extensions, hysteresis, two-state utilization hysteresis, and filtering, to VNT control. Simulation results show that the hysteresis mechanism improves network stability, but cannot always improve network performance. We therefore extend the hysteresis mechanism and show that it improves both network stability and performance. However, this extension requires a lot of time for the VNT to converge to a stable state. To achieve fast convergence, we use a filtering method for VNT control. Through simulations, we prove that our methods achieve stability against overlay routing without loss of adaptability for changes in traffic demand.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Li, G. Mohan, E. C. Tien, and K. C. Chua, “Dynamic routing with inaccurate link state information in integrated IP over WDM networks,” Comput. Netw. 46, 829-851 (2004).
  2. T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).
  3. S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Functional partitioning for multi-layer survivability in IP over WDM networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E83-B, 2224-2233 (2000).
  4. N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T.-S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, “Integrated dynamic IP and wavelength routing in IP over WDM networks,” in INFOCOM 2001. Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2001), pp. 358-366.
  6. J. Comellas, R. Martinez, J. Prat, V. Sales, and G. Junyent, “Integrated IP/WDM routing in GMPLS-based optical networks,” IEEE Network 17(2), 22-27 (2003).
  7. Y. Koizumi, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, “On the integration of IP routing and wavelength routing in IP over WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE 6022, 602205 (2005).
  8. B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, and A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, “Design of logical topologies for wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 840-851 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. G. Andersen, H. Balakrishnan, M. F. Kaashoek, and R. Morris, “Resilient overlay networks,” in Proceedings of the Symposium in Operating Systems Principles (Association for Computing Machinery, 2001), pp. 131-145.
  11. S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).
  12. Y. Liu, H. Zhang, W. Gong, and D. Towsley, “On the interaction between overlay routing and underlay routing,” in INFOCOM 2005. 24th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2005), pp. 2543-2553.
  13. T. Roughgarden and E. Tardos, “How bad is selfish routing?” J. ACM 49, 236-259 (2002).
  14. L. Qiu, Y. R. Yang, Y. Zhang, and S. Shenker, “On selfish routing in internet-like environments,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (Associate for Computing Machinery, 2003), pp. 151-162.
  15. W. Jiang, D.-M. Chiu, and J. C. S. Lui, “On the interaction of multiple overlay routing,” Math. Methods Oper. Res. 62, 229-246 (2005).
  16. M. Seshadri and R. H. Katz, “Dynamics of simultaneous overlay network routing,” Tech. Rep. UCB/CSD-03-1291 (EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley, 2003).
  17. C. S. R. Murthy and M. Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks Concepts, Design, and Algorithms (Prentice Hall, 2002).
  18. B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks (Springer Verlag, 2006).
  19. R. Dutta and G. N. Rouskas, “A survey of virtual topology design algorithms for wavelength routed optical networks,” Visual Geosci. 1, 73-89 (2000).
  20. Y. Fukushima, S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Design of logical topology with effective waveband usage in IP over WDM networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 11, 151-161 (2006).
  21. J. Katou, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, “A design method for logical topologies with stable packet routing in IP over WDM networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E86-B, 2350-2357 (2003).
  22. E. Leonardi, M. Mellia, and M. A. Marsan, “Algorithms for the logical topology design in WDM all-optical networks,” Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 35-46 (2000).
  23. R. Gao, C. Dovrolis, and E. W. Zegura, “Avoiding oscillations due to intelligent route control systems,” in INFOCOM 2006. 25th IEEE Conference on Computer and Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-12.

2006

Y. Fukushima, S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Design of logical topology with effective waveband usage in IP over WDM networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 11, 151-161 (2006).

2005

W. Jiang, D.-M. Chiu, and J. C. S. Lui, “On the interaction of multiple overlay routing,” Math. Methods Oper. Res. 62, 229-246 (2005).

Y. Koizumi, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, “On the integration of IP routing and wavelength routing in IP over WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE 6022, 602205 (2005).

2004

J. Li, G. Mohan, E. C. Tien, and K. C. Chua, “Dynamic routing with inaccurate link state information in integrated IP over WDM networks,” Comput. Netw. 46, 829-851 (2004).

T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).

2003

J. Comellas, R. Martinez, J. Prat, V. Sales, and G. Junyent, “Integrated IP/WDM routing in GMPLS-based optical networks,” IEEE Network 17(2), 22-27 (2003).

J. Katou, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, “A design method for logical topologies with stable packet routing in IP over WDM networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E86-B, 2350-2357 (2003).

2002

T. Roughgarden and E. Tardos, “How bad is selfish routing?” J. ACM 49, 236-259 (2002).

2000

E. Leonardi, M. Mellia, and M. A. Marsan, “Algorithms for the logical topology design in WDM all-optical networks,” Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 35-46 (2000).

R. Dutta and G. N. Rouskas, “A survey of virtual topology design algorithms for wavelength routed optical networks,” Visual Geosci. 1, 73-89 (2000).

S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Functional partitioning for multi-layer survivability in IP over WDM networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E83-B, 2224-2233 (2000).

N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T.-S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

1996

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, and A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, “Design of logical topologies for wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 840-851 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, A.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Andersen, D. G.

D. G. Andersen, H. Balakrishnan, M. F. Kaashoek, and R. Morris, “Resilient overlay networks,” in Proceedings of the Symposium in Operating Systems Principles (Association for Computing Machinery, 2001), pp. 131-145.

Anderson, T.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Arakawa, S.

Y. Fukushima, S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Design of logical topology with effective waveband usage in IP over WDM networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 11, 151-161 (2006).

Y. Koizumi, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, “On the integration of IP routing and wavelength routing in IP over WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE 6022, 602205 (2005).

J. Katou, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, “A design method for logical topologies with stable packet routing in IP over WDM networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E86-B, 2350-2357 (2003).

S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Functional partitioning for multi-layer survivability in IP over WDM networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E83-B, 2224-2233 (2000).

Balakrishnan, H.

D. G. Andersen, H. Balakrishnan, M. F. Kaashoek, and R. Morris, “Resilient overlay networks,” in Proceedings of the Symposium in Operating Systems Principles (Association for Computing Machinery, 2001), pp. 131-145.

Banerjee, D.

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, and A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Becker, D.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Cardwell, N.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Chiu, D.-M.

W. Jiang, D.-M. Chiu, and J. C. S. Lui, “On the interaction of multiple overlay routing,” Math. Methods Oper. Res. 62, 229-246 (2005).

Chua, K. C.

J. Li, G. Mohan, E. C. Tien, and K. C. Chua, “Dynamic routing with inaccurate link state information in integrated IP over WDM networks,” Comput. Netw. 46, 829-851 (2004).

Collins, A.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Comellas, J.

J. Comellas, R. Martinez, J. Prat, V. Sales, and G. Junyent, “Integrated IP/WDM routing in GMPLS-based optical networks,” IEEE Network 17(2), 22-27 (2003).

Dixit, S.

N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T.-S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dovrolis, C.

R. Gao, C. Dovrolis, and E. W. Zegura, “Avoiding oscillations due to intelligent route control systems,” in INFOCOM 2006. 25th IEEE Conference on Computer and Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-12.

Dutta, R.

R. Dutta and G. N. Rouskas, “A survey of virtual topology design algorithms for wavelength routed optical networks,” Visual Geosci. 1, 73-89 (2000).

Fukushima, Y.

Y. Fukushima, S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Design of logical topology with effective waveband usage in IP over WDM networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 11, 151-161 (2006).

Gao, R.

R. Gao, C. Dovrolis, and E. W. Zegura, “Avoiding oscillations due to intelligent route control systems,” in INFOCOM 2006. 25th IEEE Conference on Computer and Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-12.

Ghani, N.

N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T.-S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gong, W.

Y. Liu, H. Zhang, W. Gong, and D. Towsley, “On the interaction between overlay routing and underlay routing,” in INFOCOM 2005. 24th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2005), pp. 2543-2553.

Guo, W.

T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).

Gurusamy, M.

C. S. R. Murthy and M. Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks Concepts, Design, and Algorithms (Prentice Hall, 2002).

Hoffman, E.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Jiang, W.

W. Jiang, D.-M. Chiu, and J. C. S. Lui, “On the interaction of multiple overlay routing,” Math. Methods Oper. Res. 62, 229-246 (2005).

Jin, Y.

T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).

Junyent, G.

J. Comellas, R. Martinez, J. Prat, V. Sales, and G. Junyent, “Integrated IP/WDM routing in GMPLS-based optical networks,” IEEE Network 17(2), 22-27 (2003).

Kaashoek, M. F.

D. G. Andersen, H. Balakrishnan, M. F. Kaashoek, and R. Morris, “Resilient overlay networks,” in Proceedings of the Symposium in Operating Systems Principles (Association for Computing Machinery, 2001), pp. 131-145.

Katou, J.

J. Katou, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, “A design method for logical topologies with stable packet routing in IP over WDM networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E86-B, 2350-2357 (2003).

Katz, R. H.

M. Seshadri and R. H. Katz, “Dynamics of simultaneous overlay network routing,” Tech. Rep. UCB/CSD-03-1291 (EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley, 2003).

Kodialam, M.

M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, “Integrated dynamic IP and wavelength routing in IP over WDM networks,” in INFOCOM 2001. Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2001), pp. 358-366.

Koizumi, Y.

Y. Koizumi, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, “On the integration of IP routing and wavelength routing in IP over WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE 6022, 602205 (2005).

Lakshman, T. V.

M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, “Integrated dynamic IP and wavelength routing in IP over WDM networks,” in INFOCOM 2001. Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2001), pp. 358-366.

Leng, L.

T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).

Leonardi, E.

E. Leonardi, M. Mellia, and M. A. Marsan, “Algorithms for the logical topology design in WDM all-optical networks,” Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 35-46 (2000).

Li, J.

J. Li, G. Mohan, E. C. Tien, and K. C. Chua, “Dynamic routing with inaccurate link state information in integrated IP over WDM networks,” Comput. Netw. 46, 829-851 (2004).

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, H. Zhang, W. Gong, and D. Towsley, “On the interaction between overlay routing and underlay routing,” in INFOCOM 2005. 24th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2005), pp. 2543-2553.

Lui, J. C. S.

W. Jiang, D.-M. Chiu, and J. C. S. Lui, “On the interaction of multiple overlay routing,” Math. Methods Oper. Res. 62, 229-246 (2005).

Marsan, M. A.

E. Leonardi, M. Mellia, and M. A. Marsan, “Algorithms for the logical topology design in WDM all-optical networks,” Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 35-46 (2000).

Martinez, R.

J. Comellas, R. Martinez, J. Prat, V. Sales, and G. Junyent, “Integrated IP/WDM routing in GMPLS-based optical networks,” IEEE Network 17(2), 22-27 (2003).

Mellia, M.

E. Leonardi, M. Mellia, and M. A. Marsan, “Algorithms for the logical topology design in WDM all-optical networks,” Opt. Networks Mag. 1, 35-46 (2000).

Miyahara, H.

Y. Fukushima, S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Design of logical topology with effective waveband usage in IP over WDM networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 11, 151-161 (2006).

S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Functional partitioning for multi-layer survivability in IP over WDM networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E83-B, 2224-2233 (2000).

Mohan, G.

J. Li, G. Mohan, E. C. Tien, and K. C. Chua, “Dynamic routing with inaccurate link state information in integrated IP over WDM networks,” Comput. Netw. 46, 829-851 (2004).

Morris, R.

D. G. Andersen, H. Balakrishnan, M. F. Kaashoek, and R. Morris, “Resilient overlay networks,” in Proceedings of the Symposium in Operating Systems Principles (Association for Computing Machinery, 2001), pp. 131-145.

Mukherjee, A.

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, and A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, and A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks (Springer Verlag, 2006).

Murata, M.

Y. Fukushima, S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Design of logical topology with effective waveband usage in IP over WDM networks,” Photonic Network Commun. 11, 151-161 (2006).

Y. Koizumi, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, “On the integration of IP routing and wavelength routing in IP over WDM networks,” Proc. SPIE 6022, 602205 (2005).

J. Katou, S. Arakawa, and M. Murata, “A design method for logical topologies with stable packet routing in IP over WDM networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E86-B, 2350-2357 (2003).

S. Arakawa, M. Murata, and H. Miyahara, “Functional partitioning for multi-layer survivability in IP over WDM networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun. E83-B, 2224-2233 (2000).

Murthy, C. S. R.

C. S. R. Murthy and M. Gurusamy, WDM Optical Networks Concepts, Design, and Algorithms (Prentice Hall, 2002).

Prat, J.

J. Comellas, R. Martinez, J. Prat, V. Sales, and G. Junyent, “Integrated IP/WDM routing in GMPLS-based optical networks,” IEEE Network 17(2), 22-27 (2003).

Qiu, L.

L. Qiu, Y. R. Yang, Y. Zhang, and S. Shenker, “On selfish routing in internet-like environments,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (Associate for Computing Machinery, 2003), pp. 151-162.

Ramamurthy, S.

B. Mukherjee, D. Banerjee, S. Ramamurthy, and A. Mukherjee, “Some principles for designing a wide-area WDM optical network,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 4, 684-696 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, “Design of logical topologies for wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 840-851 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Roughgarden, T.

T. Roughgarden and E. Tardos, “How bad is selfish routing?” J. ACM 49, 236-259 (2002).

Rouskas, G. N.

R. Dutta and G. N. Rouskas, “A survey of virtual topology design algorithms for wavelength routed optical networks,” Visual Geosci. 1, 73-89 (2000).

Sales, V.

J. Comellas, R. Martinez, J. Prat, V. Sales, and G. Junyent, “Integrated IP/WDM routing in GMPLS-based optical networks,” IEEE Network 17(2), 22-27 (2003).

Savage, S.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Seshadri, M.

M. Seshadri and R. H. Katz, “Dynamics of simultaneous overlay network routing,” Tech. Rep. UCB/CSD-03-1291 (EECS Department, University of California, Berkeley, 2003).

Shenker, S.

L. Qiu, Y. R. Yang, Y. Zhang, and S. Shenker, “On selfish routing in internet-like environments,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (Associate for Computing Machinery, 2003), pp. 151-162.

Sivarajan, K. N.

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, “Design of logical topologies for wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 840-851 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Snell, J.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Su, Y.

T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).

Tardos, E.

T. Roughgarden and E. Tardos, “How bad is selfish routing?” J. ACM 49, 236-259 (2002).

Tien, E. C.

J. Li, G. Mohan, E. C. Tien, and K. C. Chua, “Dynamic routing with inaccurate link state information in integrated IP over WDM networks,” Comput. Netw. 46, 829-851 (2004).

Towsley, D.

Y. Liu, H. Zhang, W. Gong, and D. Towsley, “On the interaction between overlay routing and underlay routing,” in INFOCOM 2005. 24th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2005), pp. 2543-2553.

Vahdat, A.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Voelker, G.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Wang, T.-S.

N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T.-S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wei, W.

T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).

Yang, Y. R.

L. Qiu, Y. R. Yang, Y. Zhang, and S. Shenker, “On selfish routing in internet-like environments,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (Associate for Computing Machinery, 2003), pp. 151-162.

Ye, T.

T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).

Zahorjan, J.

S. Savage, T. Anderson, A. Aggarwal, D. Becker, N. Cardwell, A. Collins, E. Hoffman, J. Snell, A. Vahdat, G. Voelker, and J. Zahorjan, “Detour: a case for informed internet routing and transport,” Nat. Phys. 19, 50-59 (1999).

Zegura, E. W.

R. Gao, C. Dovrolis, and E. W. Zegura, “Avoiding oscillations due to intelligent route control systems,” in INFOCOM 2006. 25th IEEE Conference on Computer and Communications (IEEE, 2006), pp. 1-12.

Zeng, Q.

T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).

Zhang, H.

Y. Liu, H. Zhang, W. Gong, and D. Towsley, “On the interaction between overlay routing and underlay routing,” in INFOCOM 2005. 24th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2005), pp. 2543-2553.

Zhang, Y.

L. Qiu, Y. R. Yang, Y. Zhang, and S. Shenker, “On selfish routing in internet-like environments,” in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM (Associate for Computing Machinery, 2003), pp. 151-162.

Zhang, Z.

T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).

Comput. Netw.

J. Li, G. Mohan, E. C. Tien, and K. C. Chua, “Dynamic routing with inaccurate link state information in integrated IP over WDM networks,” Comput. Netw. 46, 829-851 (2004).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

N. Ghani, S. Dixit, and T.-S. Wang, “On IP-over-WDM integration,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(3), 72-84 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

T. Ye, Q. Zeng, Y. Su, L. Leng, W. Wei, Z. Zhang, W. Guo, and Y. Jin, “On-line integrated routing in dynamic multifiber IP/WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1681-1691 (2004).

R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, “Design of logical topologies for wavelength-routed optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 840-851 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Network

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