Abstract

An analytical approach is presented for modeling cross talk and evaluating the bit error rate (BER) performance in a WDM network for link with optical cross connect (OXC). Factors affecting the magnitude of cross talk in the OXC are investigated and identified. The effects of OXC induced cross talk on the BER performance is evaluated at a bit rate of 10 Gbits∕s by optimizing different parameters. The results show that for optimized values of gate extinction ratio, filter transmission factor, and number of wavelengths and input fibers, the minimum input power is approximately −10to−8 dBm to maintain a BER of 10−9.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Gyselings, G. Morthier, R. Baets, “Crosstalk analysis of multiwavelength optical cross connect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1273–1283 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. P. Majumder, S. Dey, “BER performance degradation due to component crosstalk of an arrayed waveguide grating and FBG-OC based WDM cross-connect,” in IEEE, INDICON 2005 International Conference (IEEE, 2005), pp. 97–100.
  3. T. Song, H. Zhang, Y. Guo, X. Zheng, “Statistical study of crosstalk accumulation in WDM optical network with different topology,” in Proceedings of 2002 IEEE Region 10 Conference on Computers, Communications, Control and Power Engineering (TENCON ’02) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 1170–1173.
  4. E. Iannone, R. Sabella, “Optical path technologies: A comparison among different cross-connect architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2184–2195 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Ramaswami, “Using all-optical crossconnect in the transport network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit, 2001 (OFC 2001), (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. WZ1–WZ1.
  6. Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. D. Feldman, “Crosstalk and loss in wavelength division multiplexed systems employing spectral slicing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1823–1831 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Shen, K. Lu, W. Gu, “Coherent and incoherent crosstalk in WDM optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 759–764 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Y. Chai, H. Chen, S. K. Bose, C. Lu, “Crosstalk analysis for limited wavelength interchanging cross connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 696–698 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Zhou, E. Casaccia Cavazzoni, M. J. O’Mahony, “Crosstalk in multiwavelength OXC networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1423–1435 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 715–717 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Y. Chai, H. Chen, S. K. Bose, C. Lu, “Crosstalk analysis for limited wavelength interchanging cross connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 696–698 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1997 (1)

R. D. Feldman, “Crosstalk and loss in wavelength division multiplexed systems employing spectral slicing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1823–1831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

E. Iannone, R. Sabella, “Optical path technologies: A comparison among different cross-connect architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2184–2195 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, E. Casaccia Cavazzoni, M. J. O’Mahony, “Crosstalk in multiwavelength OXC networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1423–1435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Bose, S. K.

T. Y. Chai, H. Chen, S. K. Bose, C. Lu, “Crosstalk analysis for limited wavelength interchanging cross connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 696–698 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Casaccia Cavazzoni, E.

J. Zhou, E. Casaccia Cavazzoni, M. J. O’Mahony, “Crosstalk in multiwavelength OXC networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1423–1435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chai, T. Y.

T. Y. Chai, H. Chen, S. K. Bose, C. Lu, “Crosstalk analysis for limited wavelength interchanging cross connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 696–698 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

T. Y. Chai, H. Chen, S. K. Bose, C. Lu, “Crosstalk analysis for limited wavelength interchanging cross connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 696–698 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 715–717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dey, S.

S. P. Majumder, S. Dey, “BER performance degradation due to component crosstalk of an arrayed waveguide grating and FBG-OC based WDM cross-connect,” in IEEE, INDICON 2005 International Conference (IEEE, 2005), pp. 97–100.

Feinberg, J.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, R. D.

R. D. Feldman, “Crosstalk and loss in wavelength division multiplexed systems employing spectral slicing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1823–1831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gu, W.

Guo, Y.

T. Song, H. Zhang, Y. Guo, X. Zheng, “Statistical study of crosstalk accumulation in WDM optical network with different topology,” in Proceedings of 2002 IEEE Region 10 Conference on Computers, Communications, Control and Power Engineering (TENCON ’02) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 1170–1173.

Gyselings, T.

Havstad, S. A.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Iannone, E.

E. Iannone, R. Sabella, “Optical path technologies: A comparison among different cross-connect architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2184–2195 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jang, Y. S.

Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 715–717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 715–717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

T. Y. Chai, H. Chen, S. K. Bose, C. Lu, “Crosstalk analysis for limited wavelength interchanging cross connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 696–698 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, K.

Majumder, S. P.

S. P. Majumder, S. Dey, “BER performance degradation due to component crosstalk of an arrayed waveguide grating and FBG-OC based WDM cross-connect,” in IEEE, INDICON 2005 International Conference (IEEE, 2005), pp. 97–100.

Morthier, G.

O’Mahony, M. J.

J. Zhou, E. Casaccia Cavazzoni, M. J. O’Mahony, “Crosstalk in multiwavelength OXC networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1423–1435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswami, R.

R. Ramaswami, “Using all-optical crossconnect in the transport network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit, 2001 (OFC 2001), (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. WZ1–WZ1.

Sabella, R.

E. Iannone, R. Sabella, “Optical path technologies: A comparison among different cross-connect architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2184–2195 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Salik, E.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Song, T.

T. Song, H. Zhang, Y. Guo, X. Zheng, “Statistical study of crosstalk accumulation in WDM optical network with different topology,” in Proceedings of 2002 IEEE Region 10 Conference on Computers, Communications, Control and Power Engineering (TENCON ’02) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 1170–1173.

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y.

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

T. Song, H. Zhang, Y. Guo, X. Zheng, “Statistical study of crosstalk accumulation in WDM optical network with different topology,” in Proceedings of 2002 IEEE Region 10 Conference on Computers, Communications, Control and Power Engineering (TENCON ’02) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 1170–1173.

Zheng, X.

T. Song, H. Zhang, Y. Guo, X. Zheng, “Statistical study of crosstalk accumulation in WDM optical network with different topology,” in Proceedings of 2002 IEEE Region 10 Conference on Computers, Communications, Control and Power Engineering (TENCON ’02) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 1170–1173.

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, E. Casaccia Cavazzoni, M. J. O’Mahony, “Crosstalk in multiwavelength OXC networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1423–1435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. W. Song, Z. Pan, D. Starodubov, V. Grubsky, E. Salik, S. A. Havstad, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, “All-optical cross connect using ultrastrong widely tunable FBGs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1103–1105 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Chai, H. Chen, S. K. Bose, C. Lu, “Crosstalk analysis for limited wavelength interchanging cross connects,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 696–698 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Jang, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Effects of crosstalk in WDM systems using spectrum-sliced light sources,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 715–717 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Zhou, E. Casaccia Cavazzoni, M. J. O’Mahony, “Crosstalk in multiwavelength OXC networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1423–1435 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Feldman, “Crosstalk and loss in wavelength division multiplexed systems employing spectral slicing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1823–1831 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, K. Lu, W. Gu, “Coherent and incoherent crosstalk in WDM optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 759–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Gyselings, G. Morthier, R. Baets, “Crosstalk analysis of multiwavelength optical cross connect,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1273–1283 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Iannone, R. Sabella, “Optical path technologies: A comparison among different cross-connect architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2184–2195 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R. Ramaswami, “Using all-optical crossconnect in the transport network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit, 2001 (OFC 2001), (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 3, pp. WZ1–WZ1.

S. P. Majumder, S. Dey, “BER performance degradation due to component crosstalk of an arrayed waveguide grating and FBG-OC based WDM cross-connect,” in IEEE, INDICON 2005 International Conference (IEEE, 2005), pp. 97–100.

T. Song, H. Zhang, Y. Guo, X. Zheng, “Statistical study of crosstalk accumulation in WDM optical network with different topology,” in Proceedings of 2002 IEEE Region 10 Conference on Computers, Communications, Control and Power Engineering (TENCON ’02) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 1170–1173.

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