Feature Issue on High Availability in Optical NetworksWe define new quality-of-service (QoS) routing schemes with protection in Internet Protocol (IP)/Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) over optical networks. The novelty of the proposed routing schemes is the use of the knowledge of the logical links already protected by the optical layer. The logical topology defined by the optical layer is given and fixed, and we assume that it is partially protected. Thereby, at the IP/MPLS layer, spare capacity is reserved to protect only those links that are unprotected. Moreover, we also characterize the traffic services based on their level of reliability and QoS requirements. In order to guarantee fast protection, segment protection and shared backups are combined, resulting in suitable fault recovery time and resource consumption. A complete set of experiments proves that the proposed schemes are more efficient than the previous ones in terms of resources used to protect the network, failure impact, and blocking probability.
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