Abstract

The routing problem for shared path protection in multidomain optical mesh networks is more difficult than that in single-domain mesh networks due to the lack of complete and global knowledge of the network topology and bandwidth allocation. To overcome this difficulty, we propose an aggregated network modeling by underestimation with a two-step routing strategy. In the first step, a rough routing solution is sketched in a virtual network that is the topology aggregation of the multidomain network. A complete routing is then determined by solving routing problems within the original single-domain networks. The first step can be solved by either using an exact mathematical program or a heuristic, whereas the second step is always solved by heuristics. Computational results show the relevance of the aggregated network modeling. They also prove the scalability of the proposed routing for multidomain networks and its efficiency in comparison with the optimal solution obtained by use of the complete information scenario. In addition, we believe that short working paths lead to a higher possibility of sharing backup resources between backup paths. Our mathematical program model minimizes the total requested resources and at the same time provides a short working path, resulting in a further overall saving of resources.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Ramamurthy, L. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, "Survivable WDM mesh networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 870-883.
  2. C. Qiao and D. Xu, "Distributed partial information management (DPIM) schemes for survivable networks--Part I," in Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2001), pp. 302-311.
  3. E. Bouillet and J.-F. Labourdette, "Distributed computation of shared backup path in mesh optical networks using probabilistic methods," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 920-930 (2004).
  4. W. D. Grover and D. Stamatelakis, "Cycle-oriented distributed preconfiguration: ring-like speed with mesh-like capacity for self-plaining network restoration," in 1998 IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 1998), pp. 537-543.
  5. H. Huang and J. A. Copeland, "Multi-domain mesh optical network protection using Hamiltonian cycles," High Performance Switching and Routing, Workshop on Merging Optical and IP Technologies (IEEE, 2002), pp. 26-29.
  6. C. Li, S. T. McCornick, and D. Simchi-Levi, "Finding disjoint paths with different path costs: complexity and algorithms," Networks 22, 653-667 (1992).
  7. M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, "Dynamic routing of bandwidth guaranteed tunnels with restoration," in Nineteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2000), pp. 902-911.
  8. J. Tapolcai and T. Cinkler, "On-line routing algorithm with shared protection in WDM networks," presented at Optical Network Design and Modeling, Budapest, Hungary, 3-5 February 2003, pp. 351-364.
  9. M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, "Dynamic routing of restorable bandwidth-guaranteed tunnels using aggregated network resource usage information," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 399-410 (2003).
  10. D. Xu, C. Chunming, and Y. Xiong, "An ultra-fast shared path protection scheme distributed partial information management, Part II," in 10th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (IEEE, 2002), pp. 344-353.
  11. G. Bernstein, V. Sharma, and L. Ong, "Interdomain optical routing," J. Opt. Netw. 1, 80-92 (2002).
  12. J. L. Le Roux, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Boyle, "Requirements for inter-area MPLS traffic engineering," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-ietf-tewg-interareampls-te-req-02.txt.
  13. A. D'Achille, M. Listanti, U. Monaco, F. Ricciato, and V. Sharma, "Diverse inter-region path setup/establishment," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-dachille-diverse-inter-region-path-setup-00.txt.
  14. C. Ou, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, "Sub-path protection for scalability and fast recovery in WDM mesh networks," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), ThO6.
  15. A. A. Akyamac, S. Sengupta, and J.-F. Labourdette, "Reliability in single-domain vs. multi-domain optical mesh networks," presented at the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Dallas, Texas, September 15-19, 2002.
  16. T. Miyamura, T. Kurimoto, M. Aoku, and A. Misawa, "An inter-area SRLG-disjoint routing algorithm for multi-segment protection in GMPLS networks," presented at the International Conference on Broadband Networking (ICBN), Kobe, Japan, April 7--9, 2004.
  17. F. Hao and E. W. Zegura, "On scalable QoS routing: performance evaluation of topology aggregation," in Nineteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2000), pp. 147-156.
  18. R. K. Ahuja, T. L. Magnanti, and J. B. Orlin, Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, And Applications ( Prentice-Hall, 1993).
  19. M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidu, A. Yu, and J. Zhou, "The design of the European optical network," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 817-828 (1995).
  20. http://www.rediris.es.
  21. http://www.garr.it.
  22. http://www.renater.fr.
  23. http://www.surfnet.nl.

2004 (1)

E. Bouillet and J.-F. Labourdette, "Distributed computation of shared backup path in mesh optical networks using probabilistic methods," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 920-930 (2004).

2003 (1)

M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, "Dynamic routing of restorable bandwidth-guaranteed tunnels using aggregated network resource usage information," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 399-410 (2003).

2002 (1)

1995 (1)

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidu, A. Yu, and J. Zhou, "The design of the European optical network," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 817-828 (1995).

Ahuja, R. K.

R. K. Ahuja, T. L. Magnanti, and J. B. Orlin, Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, And Applications ( Prentice-Hall, 1993).

Akyamac, A. A.

A. A. Akyamac, S. Sengupta, and J.-F. Labourdette, "Reliability in single-domain vs. multi-domain optical mesh networks," presented at the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Dallas, Texas, September 15-19, 2002.

Aoku, M.

T. Miyamura, T. Kurimoto, M. Aoku, and A. Misawa, "An inter-area SRLG-disjoint routing algorithm for multi-segment protection in GMPLS networks," presented at the International Conference on Broadband Networking (ICBN), Kobe, Japan, April 7--9, 2004.

Bernstein, G.

Bouillet, E.

E. Bouillet and J.-F. Labourdette, "Distributed computation of shared backup path in mesh optical networks using probabilistic methods," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 920-930 (2004).

Boyle, J.

J. L. Le Roux, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Boyle, "Requirements for inter-area MPLS traffic engineering," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-ietf-tewg-interareampls-te-req-02.txt.

Chunming, C.

D. Xu, C. Chunming, and Y. Xiong, "An ultra-fast shared path protection scheme distributed partial information management, Part II," in 10th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (IEEE, 2002), pp. 344-353.

Cinkler, T.

J. Tapolcai and T. Cinkler, "On-line routing algorithm with shared protection in WDM networks," presented at Optical Network Design and Modeling, Budapest, Hungary, 3-5 February 2003, pp. 351-364.

Copeland, J. A.

H. Huang and J. A. Copeland, "Multi-domain mesh optical network protection using Hamiltonian cycles," High Performance Switching and Routing, Workshop on Merging Optical and IP Technologies (IEEE, 2002), pp. 26-29.

D'Achille, A.

A. D'Achille, M. Listanti, U. Monaco, F. Ricciato, and V. Sharma, "Diverse inter-region path setup/establishment," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-dachille-diverse-inter-region-path-setup-00.txt.

Grover, W. D.

W. D. Grover and D. Stamatelakis, "Cycle-oriented distributed preconfiguration: ring-like speed with mesh-like capacity for self-plaining network restoration," in 1998 IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 1998), pp. 537-543.

Hao, F.

F. Hao and E. W. Zegura, "On scalable QoS routing: performance evaluation of topology aggregation," in Nineteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2000), pp. 147-156.

Huang, H.

H. Huang and J. A. Copeland, "Multi-domain mesh optical network protection using Hamiltonian cycles," High Performance Switching and Routing, Workshop on Merging Optical and IP Technologies (IEEE, 2002), pp. 26-29.

Kodialam, M.

M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, "Dynamic routing of restorable bandwidth-guaranteed tunnels using aggregated network resource usage information," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 399-410 (2003).

M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, "Dynamic routing of bandwidth guaranteed tunnels with restoration," in Nineteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2000), pp. 902-911.

Kurimoto, T.

T. Miyamura, T. Kurimoto, M. Aoku, and A. Misawa, "An inter-area SRLG-disjoint routing algorithm for multi-segment protection in GMPLS networks," presented at the International Conference on Broadband Networking (ICBN), Kobe, Japan, April 7--9, 2004.

Labourdette, J.-F.

E. Bouillet and J.-F. Labourdette, "Distributed computation of shared backup path in mesh optical networks using probabilistic methods," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 920-930 (2004).

A. A. Akyamac, S. Sengupta, and J.-F. Labourdette, "Reliability in single-domain vs. multi-domain optical mesh networks," presented at the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Dallas, Texas, September 15-19, 2002.

Lakshman, T. V.

M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, "Dynamic routing of restorable bandwidth-guaranteed tunnels using aggregated network resource usage information," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 399-410 (2003).

M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, "Dynamic routing of bandwidth guaranteed tunnels with restoration," in Nineteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2000), pp. 902-911.

Le Roux, J. L.

J. L. Le Roux, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Boyle, "Requirements for inter-area MPLS traffic engineering," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-ietf-tewg-interareampls-te-req-02.txt.

Li, C.

C. Li, S. T. McCornick, and D. Simchi-Levi, "Finding disjoint paths with different path costs: complexity and algorithms," Networks 22, 653-667 (1992).

Listanti, M.

A. D'Achille, M. Listanti, U. Monaco, F. Ricciato, and V. Sharma, "Diverse inter-region path setup/establishment," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-dachille-diverse-inter-region-path-setup-00.txt.

Magnanti, T. L.

R. K. Ahuja, T. L. Magnanti, and J. B. Orlin, Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, And Applications ( Prentice-Hall, 1993).

McCornick, S. T.

C. Li, S. T. McCornick, and D. Simchi-Levi, "Finding disjoint paths with different path costs: complexity and algorithms," Networks 22, 653-667 (1992).

Misawa, A.

T. Miyamura, T. Kurimoto, M. Aoku, and A. Misawa, "An inter-area SRLG-disjoint routing algorithm for multi-segment protection in GMPLS networks," presented at the International Conference on Broadband Networking (ICBN), Kobe, Japan, April 7--9, 2004.

Miyamura, T.

T. Miyamura, T. Kurimoto, M. Aoku, and A. Misawa, "An inter-area SRLG-disjoint routing algorithm for multi-segment protection in GMPLS networks," presented at the International Conference on Broadband Networking (ICBN), Kobe, Japan, April 7--9, 2004.

Monaco, U.

A. D'Achille, M. Listanti, U. Monaco, F. Ricciato, and V. Sharma, "Diverse inter-region path setup/establishment," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-dachille-diverse-inter-region-path-setup-00.txt.

Mukherjee, B.

S. Ramamurthy, L. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, "Survivable WDM mesh networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 870-883.

C. Ou, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, "Sub-path protection for scalability and fast recovery in WDM mesh networks," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), ThO6.

O'Mahony, M. J.

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidu, A. Yu, and J. Zhou, "The design of the European optical network," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 817-828 (1995).

Ong, L.

Orlin, J. B.

R. K. Ahuja, T. L. Magnanti, and J. B. Orlin, Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, And Applications ( Prentice-Hall, 1993).

Ou, C.

C. Ou, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, "Sub-path protection for scalability and fast recovery in WDM mesh networks," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), ThO6.

Qiao, C.

C. Qiao and D. Xu, "Distributed partial information management (DPIM) schemes for survivable networks--Part I," in Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2001), pp. 302-311.

Ramamurthy, S.

Ricciato, F.

A. D'Achille, M. Listanti, U. Monaco, F. Ricciato, and V. Sharma, "Diverse inter-region path setup/establishment," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-dachille-diverse-inter-region-path-setup-00.txt.

Sahasrabuddhe, L.

Sengupta, S.

A. A. Akyamac, S. Sengupta, and J.-F. Labourdette, "Reliability in single-domain vs. multi-domain optical mesh networks," presented at the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Dallas, Texas, September 15-19, 2002.

Sharma, V.

G. Bernstein, V. Sharma, and L. Ong, "Interdomain optical routing," J. Opt. Netw. 1, 80-92 (2002).

A. D'Achille, M. Listanti, U. Monaco, F. Ricciato, and V. Sharma, "Diverse inter-region path setup/establishment," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-dachille-diverse-inter-region-path-setup-00.txt.

Simchi-Levi, D.

C. Li, S. T. McCornick, and D. Simchi-Levi, "Finding disjoint paths with different path costs: complexity and algorithms," Networks 22, 653-667 (1992).

Simeonidu, D.

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidu, A. Yu, and J. Zhou, "The design of the European optical network," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 817-828 (1995).

Stamatelakis, D.

W. D. Grover and D. Stamatelakis, "Cycle-oriented distributed preconfiguration: ring-like speed with mesh-like capacity for self-plaining network restoration," in 1998 IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 1998), pp. 537-543.

Tapolcai, J.

J. Tapolcai and T. Cinkler, "On-line routing algorithm with shared protection in WDM networks," presented at Optical Network Design and Modeling, Budapest, Hungary, 3-5 February 2003, pp. 351-364.

Vasseur, J. P.

J. L. Le Roux, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Boyle, "Requirements for inter-area MPLS traffic engineering," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-ietf-tewg-interareampls-te-req-02.txt.

Xiong, Y.

D. Xu, C. Chunming, and Y. Xiong, "An ultra-fast shared path protection scheme distributed partial information management, Part II," in 10th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (IEEE, 2002), pp. 344-353.

Xu, D.

D. Xu, C. Chunming, and Y. Xiong, "An ultra-fast shared path protection scheme distributed partial information management, Part II," in 10th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (IEEE, 2002), pp. 344-353.

C. Qiao and D. Xu, "Distributed partial information management (DPIM) schemes for survivable networks--Part I," in Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2001), pp. 302-311.

Yu, A.

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidu, A. Yu, and J. Zhou, "The design of the European optical network," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 817-828 (1995).

Zang, H.

C. Ou, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, "Sub-path protection for scalability and fast recovery in WDM mesh networks," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), ThO6.

Zegura, E. W.

F. Hao and E. W. Zegura, "On scalable QoS routing: performance evaluation of topology aggregation," in Nineteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2000), pp. 147-156.

Zhou, J.

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidu, A. Yu, and J. Zhou, "The design of the European optical network," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 817-828 (1995).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, "Dynamic routing of restorable bandwidth-guaranteed tunnels using aggregated network resource usage information," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 399-410 (2003).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

E. Bouillet and J.-F. Labourdette, "Distributed computation of shared backup path in mesh optical networks using probabilistic methods," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 12, 920-930 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

M. J. O'Mahony, D. Simeonidu, A. Yu, and J. Zhou, "The design of the European optical network," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 817-828 (1995).

S. Ramamurthy, L. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, "Survivable WDM mesh networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 870-883.

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Other (18)

C. Qiao and D. Xu, "Distributed partial information management (DPIM) schemes for survivable networks--Part I," in Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2001), pp. 302-311.

http://www.rediris.es.

http://www.garr.it.

http://www.renater.fr.

http://www.surfnet.nl.

W. D. Grover and D. Stamatelakis, "Cycle-oriented distributed preconfiguration: ring-like speed with mesh-like capacity for self-plaining network restoration," in 1998 IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 1998), pp. 537-543.

H. Huang and J. A. Copeland, "Multi-domain mesh optical network protection using Hamiltonian cycles," High Performance Switching and Routing, Workshop on Merging Optical and IP Technologies (IEEE, 2002), pp. 26-29.

C. Li, S. T. McCornick, and D. Simchi-Levi, "Finding disjoint paths with different path costs: complexity and algorithms," Networks 22, 653-667 (1992).

M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, "Dynamic routing of bandwidth guaranteed tunnels with restoration," in Nineteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2000), pp. 902-911.

J. Tapolcai and T. Cinkler, "On-line routing algorithm with shared protection in WDM networks," presented at Optical Network Design and Modeling, Budapest, Hungary, 3-5 February 2003, pp. 351-364.

D. Xu, C. Chunming, and Y. Xiong, "An ultra-fast shared path protection scheme distributed partial information management, Part II," in 10th IEEE International Conference on Network Protocols (IEEE, 2002), pp. 344-353.

J. L. Le Roux, J. P. Vasseur, and J. Boyle, "Requirements for inter-area MPLS traffic engineering," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-ietf-tewg-interareampls-te-req-02.txt.

A. D'Achille, M. Listanti, U. Monaco, F. Ricciato, and V. Sharma, "Diverse inter-region path setup/establishment," IETF Internet draft (2004), available at draft-dachille-diverse-inter-region-path-setup-00.txt.

C. Ou, H. Zang, and B. Mukherjee, "Sub-path protection for scalability and fast recovery in WDM mesh networks," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), ThO6.

A. A. Akyamac, S. Sengupta, and J.-F. Labourdette, "Reliability in single-domain vs. multi-domain optical mesh networks," presented at the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Dallas, Texas, September 15-19, 2002.

T. Miyamura, T. Kurimoto, M. Aoku, and A. Misawa, "An inter-area SRLG-disjoint routing algorithm for multi-segment protection in GMPLS networks," presented at the International Conference on Broadband Networking (ICBN), Kobe, Japan, April 7--9, 2004.

F. Hao and E. W. Zegura, "On scalable QoS routing: performance evaluation of topology aggregation," in Nineteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2000), pp. 147-156.

R. K. Ahuja, T. L. Magnanti, and J. B. Orlin, Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms, And Applications ( Prentice-Hall, 1993).

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