Abstract

We demonstrate multihop optical code labeled packet switching with agile and phase-preserved wavelength conversion. The wavelength converter consists of a highly-nonlinear fiber (HNLF) and a multiwavelength distributed feedback laser-diode (DFB-LD) array module. We obtained a switching time of less than 1 ns, and the tolerance of the optical encoder for wavelength shift of the DFB-LD was 0.08 nm. The relative phases of each chip pulse in eight-chip-long binary phase shift keying (BPSK) optical code after the wavelength conversion by four-wave mixing (FWM) is preserved. We simulate the performance of packet-loss probability with the wavelength conversion in a limited wavelength range of the wavelength converter. The numerical simulations show that the packet-loss probability degrades only 3.1% under the link utilization of 0.4, in comparison to that with the wavelength conversion having an unlimited wavelength range of conversion.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  2. J. McGeehan, S. Kumar, A. Wilner, J. Bannister, and J. Touch, "Optical time-to-live decrementing and subsequent dropping of an optical packet," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2003) (Optical Society of America, Washington D. C., 2003), Vol. 2, paper FS5, pp. 798-801.
  3. Y. Shun, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 84-94 (2000).
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  5. A. Ding, S. Tan, and G. Poo, "Blocking performance analysis on adaptive routing over WDM networks with sparse wavelength conversion," in Local Computer Networks (LCN 2003) (IEEE, 2003), pp. 187-193.
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  7. M. Kauer, J. Leuthold, M. Duelk, and M. Girault, "Rapidly tunable all-optical wavelength converter based on single semiconductor optical amplifier delay interferometer," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 139-146 (2003).
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  14. M. Matsumoto, "Analysis of optical regeneration utilizing self-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 319-321 (2002).
  15. K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation (Invited)," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).
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  20. K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, "Dynamic wavelength conversion by using highly-nonlinear fiber for optical code labeled packets," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical∕International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO∕IQEC 2004) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CThT41, p. 143.
  21. R. Ramaswami and G. Sasaki, "Multiwavelength optical networks with limited wavelength conversion," IEEE∕ACM Trans. Netw. 6, 744-754 (1998).
  22. T. Tripathi and K. N. Sivarajan, "Computing approximate blocking probabilites in wavelength routed all-optical networks with limited-range wavelength conversion," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2123-2129 (2000).
  23. G. Shen, S. K. Bose, T. H. Cheng, C. Lu, and T. Y. Chai, "Performance study on a WDM packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 432-434 (2001).
  24. K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, "Performance evaluation of optical code labeled packet switch with wavelength conversion in a limited spectral range," in 9th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference∕3rd International Conference on Optical Internet (OECC∕COIN 2004) (IEICE), paper 13P-5, pp. 122-123.

CLEO/IQEC 2004

K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, "Dynamic wavelength conversion by using highly-nonlinear fiber for optical code labeled packets," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optical∕International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO∕IQEC 2004) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), paper CThT41, p. 143.

Electron. Lett.

H. Yasaka, H. Ishii, K. Takahata, K. Oe, Y. Yoshikuni, and H. Tsuchiya, "Broad-range wavelength conversion of 10 Gbit∕s signal using a superstructure grating distributed Bragg reflector laser," Electron. Lett. 30, 133-134 (1994).

ICT 2003

A. Teixeira, R. Nogueira, M. Lima, P. Andre, J. Pinto, and J. Rocha, "Multi-wavelength conversion based on a semiconductor optical amplifier self pumped converter," in International Conference on Telecommunications (ICT 2003), (IEEE, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 661-664.

IEE Electron. Lett.

M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and H. Suzuki, "Parametric wavelength conversion and amplification using damage-resistant Zn:LiNbO3 waveguide," IEE Electron. Lett. 37, 962 (2001).

IEEE Commun. Lett.

G. Shen, S. K. Bose, T. H. Cheng, C. Lu, and T. Y. Chai, "Performance study on a WDM packet switch with limited-range wavelength converters," IEEE Commun. Lett. 5, 432-434 (2001).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

Y. Shun, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, "Advances in photonic packet switching: an overview," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 84-94 (2000).

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

S. J. B. Yoo, "Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 956-966 (1996).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Suhara and H. Nishihara, "Theoretical analysis of waveguide second-harmonic generation phase matched with uniform and chirped gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1265 (1990).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

T. Tripathi and K. N. Sivarajan, "Computing approximate blocking probabilites in wavelength routed all-optical networks with limited-range wavelength conversion," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2123-2129 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. Nishimura, R. Inohara, M. Usami, and S. Akiba, "All-optical wavelength conversion by electroabsorption modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 278-284 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical 3R regenerator using wavelength converters based on electroabsorption modulator for all-optical network applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 431-433 (2000).

M. Matsumoto, "Analysis of optical regeneration utilizing self-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 319-321 (2002).

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).

H. Sotobayashi and K. Kitayama, "Observation of phase conservation in a pulse sequence at 10 Gb∕s in a semiconductor optical amplifier wavelength converter by four-wave mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 45-47 (1999).

K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, "Agile and highly efficient wavelength conversion using highly nonlinear fiber for optical code-labeled packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 627-629 (2005).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.

R. Ramaswami and G. Sasaki, "Multiwavelength optical networks with limited wavelength conversion," IEEE∕ACM Trans. Netw. 6, 744-754 (1998).

J. Lightwave Technol.

K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation (Invited)," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).

K. Inoue, "Four-wave mixing in an optical fiber in the zero-dispersion wavelength region," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1553-1561 (1992).

Local Computer Networks 2003

A. Ding, S. Tan, and G. Poo, "Blocking performance analysis on adaptive routing over WDM networks with sparse wavelength conversion," in Local Computer Networks (LCN 2003) (IEEE, 2003), pp. 187-193.

OECC/COIN 2004

K. Onohara, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, F. Kubota, and K. Kitayama, "Performance evaluation of optical code labeled packet switch with wavelength conversion in a limited spectral range," in 9th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference∕3rd International Conference on Optical Internet (OECC∕COIN 2004) (IEICE), paper 13P-5, pp. 122-123.

OFC 2003

S. B. Yoo, "Optical-packet switching and optical-label switching technologies for the next generation optical Internet," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2003) (Optical Society of America, Washington D. C., 2003), Vol. 2, paper FS5, pp. 797-798.

J. McGeehan, S. Kumar, A. Wilner, J. Bannister, and J. Touch, "Optical time-to-live decrementing and subsequent dropping of an optical packet," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2003) (Optical Society of America, Washington D. C., 2003), Vol. 2, paper FS5, pp. 798-801.

N. Wada, H. Harai, and F. Kubota, "40 Gbit∕s interface, optical code based photonic packet switch prototype," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2003) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), Vol. 2, paper FS7, pp. 801-802.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

M. Kauer, J. Leuthold, M. Duelk, and M. Girault, "Rapidly tunable all-optical wavelength converter based on single semiconductor optical amplifier delay interferometer," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 139-146 (2003).

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