Abstract

The architecture, applications, and experimental verification of a simple neighbor discovery method are presented. The method follows the recent International Telecommunication Union—Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) and Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standardization, automatically switched optical network (ASON)/generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS), on automatically switched optical networks. The method needs no specific hardware components but claims to be so simple that virtually any equipment with common optical ports can support it. It eliminates the need for costly and complex synchronous optical network/synchronous digital hierarchy/optical transport network (SONET/SDH/OTN) overhead read–write functionality in optical elements such as optical cross connects (OXCs). The method thus offers a fast track to automated optical networks.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. N. Larsson, S. Hubendick, H. Carldén, C. Wickman, and E. Almström, “Wavelength label switched IP backbone: architecture and field trial,” in <emph type="italic">Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2000)</emph>, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper ThE4-1/71.
  2. L. Raptis, G. Chatzilias, A. Manzalini, C. Cavazzoni, G. Ricucci, G. Lehr, U. Hartmer, R. Geerdsen, M. Jaeger, A. Gladisch, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalk, I. Lievens, P. Demeester, and L. Piergiovanni, “Design and experiments of an automated switched optical network (ASON),” in <emph type="italic">Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2001)</emph> (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2001), paper We.B.1.1.
  3. ITU-T Recommendation G.807, “Requirements for the automatic switched transport network (ASTN),” (International Telecommunication Union—Telecommunication Standardization Sector, July 2001), <a href="http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/">http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/</url>.
  4. ITU-T Recommendation G.8080/Y.1304, “Architecture of the automatically switched optical network (ASON)” (International Telecommunication Union—Telecommunication Standardization Sector, November 2001), <a href="http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/">http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/</url>
  5. Internet Engineering Task Force, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching architecture,” Internet Draft, work in progress (IETF, May 2003), <a href="http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-gmpls-architecture-07.txt">http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-gmpls-architecture-07.txt</url>.
  6. C. Hamilton, R. Ward, and M. Wendel, “Deployment of intelligent optical switches in North America,” in <emph type="italic">Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002)</emph>, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThP1.
  7. On <a href="http://www.schelto.com/">http://www.schelto.com/</a> several industry specifications on transceivers can be found.
  8. J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, <emph type="italic">Communications Systems Engineering</emph> (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1994).
  9. A. S. Tanenbaum, <emph type="italic">Computer Networks</emph>, 3rd ed. (Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J., 1996).
  10. Internet Engineering Task Force, “Link management protocol (LMP),” Internet Draft, work in progress (IETF, June 2003), <a href="http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-lmp-09.txt">http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-lmp-09.txt</url>.
  11. ITU-T Recommendation G.7714/Y.1304, “Generalized automatic discovery techniques<?Pub Caret?>” (International Telecommunication Union—Telecommunication Standardization Sector, November 2001), <a href="http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/">http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/</url>.
  12. Internet Engineering Task Force, “Link management protocol (LMP) for dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) optical line systems,” Internet Draft, work in progress (IETF, March 2003), <a href="http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-lmp-wdm-02.txt">http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-lmp-wdm-02.txt</url>.
  13. See Chap. 47, IEEE std 802.3 (Ethernet), “Part 3: Carrier sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) access method and physical layer specifications,” 2000 ed., ISBN 0-7381-2674-8 SS94892 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000).
  14. A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and J. W. Sulhoff, “EDFA transient response to channel loss in WDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. <emph type="bold">9,</emph> 386–388 (1997).

ECOC 2001 (1)

L. Raptis, G. Chatzilias, A. Manzalini, C. Cavazzoni, G. Ricucci, G. Lehr, U. Hartmer, R. Geerdsen, M. Jaeger, A. Gladisch, D. Colle, S. De Maesschalk, I. Lievens, P. Demeester, and L. Piergiovanni, “Design and experiments of an automated switched optical network (ASON),” in <emph type="italic">Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2001)</emph> (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2001), paper We.B.1.1.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, and J. W. Sulhoff, “EDFA transient response to channel loss in WDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. <emph type="bold">9,</emph> 386–388 (1997).

OSA TOPS Series (2)

S. N. Larsson, S. Hubendick, H. Carldén, C. Wickman, and E. Almström, “Wavelength label switched IP backbone: architecture and field trial,” in <emph type="italic">Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2000)</emph>, Vol. 37 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2000), paper ThE4-1/71.

C. Hamilton, R. Ward, and M. Wendel, “Deployment of intelligent optical switches in North America,” in <emph type="italic">Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC 2002)</emph>, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThP1.

Other (10)

On <a href="http://www.schelto.com/">http://www.schelto.com/</a> several industry specifications on transceivers can be found.

J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, <emph type="italic">Communications Systems Engineering</emph> (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1994).

A. S. Tanenbaum, <emph type="italic">Computer Networks</emph>, 3rd ed. (Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J., 1996).

Internet Engineering Task Force, “Link management protocol (LMP),” Internet Draft, work in progress (IETF, June 2003), <a href="http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-lmp-09.txt">http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-lmp-09.txt</url>.

ITU-T Recommendation G.7714/Y.1304, “Generalized automatic discovery techniques<?Pub Caret?>” (International Telecommunication Union—Telecommunication Standardization Sector, November 2001), <a href="http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/">http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/</url>.

Internet Engineering Task Force, “Link management protocol (LMP) for dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) optical line systems,” Internet Draft, work in progress (IETF, March 2003), <a href="http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-lmp-wdm-02.txt">http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-lmp-wdm-02.txt</url>.

See Chap. 47, IEEE std 802.3 (Ethernet), “Part 3: Carrier sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) access method and physical layer specifications,” 2000 ed., ISBN 0-7381-2674-8 SS94892 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2000).

ITU-T Recommendation G.807, “Requirements for the automatic switched transport network (ASTN),” (International Telecommunication Union—Telecommunication Standardization Sector, July 2001), <a href="http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/">http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/</url>.

ITU-T Recommendation G.8080/Y.1304, “Architecture of the automatically switched optical network (ASON)” (International Telecommunication Union—Telecommunication Standardization Sector, November 2001), <a href="http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/">http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/</url>

Internet Engineering Task Force, “Generalized multi-protocol label switching architecture,” Internet Draft, work in progress (IETF, May 2003), <a href="http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-gmpls-architecture-07.txt">http://www.ietf.org/internet-drafts/draft-ietf-ccamp-gmpls-architecture-07.txt</url>.

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