Abstract

An experimental study of the Resilient Packet Ring (RPR) media access control (MAC) technology that is optimized for IP traffic in the metropolitan-area-network (MAN) environment is described. The study involved the deployment and trials of a RPR testbed encompassing a public optical fiber infrastructure in which Cisco Systems’ Dynamic Packet Transport (DPT) Ring Technology—a prestandard RPR implementation—was used. We focus on a number of important RPR protocol features that are vital to the future success of RPR as a MAN/wide-area-network (WAN) network technology. Related research on RPR/DPT has been done so far through simulation studies only. Standardization of RPR is currently being performed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.17 working group and is expected to be completed in 2003. Also, we present and discuss the experiments and tests performed to investigate the key features of RPR, along with the results obtained.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. “Positioning RPR in the technology universe,” White Paper (Resilient Packet Ring Alliance, 2001), <a href="http://www.rpralliance.org/articles/Positioning_RPR.pdf">http://www.rpralliance.org/articles/Positioning_RPR.pdf</a>.
  2. N. Cole, J. Hawkins, M. Green, R. Sharma, and K. Vasani, “Resilient Packet Rings for metro networks,” White Paper (Resilient Packet Ring Alliance, 2001), <a href="http://www.rpralliance.com/articles/RPR_AllianceGOC.pdf">http://www.rpralliance.com/articles/RPR_AllianceGOC.pdf</a>.
  3. J. Kao, ed., “Proposed draft standard for Resilient Packet Ring access method and physical layer specifications,” submitted to IEEE 802.17 as the proposal Darwin, 29 January 2002, <a href="http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/Darwin_v1_0.pdf">http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/Darwin_v1_0.pdf</a>.
  4. J. Kao, ed., “Proposed draft standard for Resilient Packet Ring access method and physical layer specifications,” submitted to IEEE as the proposal Gandalf, draft 0.4 8 November 2001, <a href="http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/gandalf_04Plus.pdf">http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/gandalf_04Plus.pdf</a>.
  5. A. Mekkittikul, H. Peng, R. Sharma, and I. Busi, “The Alladin proposal,” <a href="http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/zz_draft_04.zip">http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/zz_draft_04.zip</a>.
  6. D. Xie and B. J. Lee, “Cisco DPT/SRP technology and performance evaluation,” <a href="http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/cc/techno/wnty/dpty/tech/dptm_wp.htm">http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/cc/techno/wnty/dpty/tech/dptm_wp.htm</a>.
  7. “An introduction to Resilient Packet Ring technology,” White Paper (Resilient Packet Ring Alliance, 2001), <a href="http://www.rpralliance.com/articles/RPRWhitePaper10-01.pdf">http://www.rpralliance.com/articles/RPRWhitePaper10-01.pdf</a>.
  8. D. Tsang and G. Suwala, “The Cisco SRP Mac Layer Protocol,” <a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2892.html">http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2892.html</a>.
  9. “Iperf: a TCP/UDP bandwidth measurement tool,” <a href="http://dast.nlanr.net/Projects/Iperf">http://dast.nlanr.net/Projects/Iperf</a>.
  10. “Spatial reuse protocol technology,” White Paper (Cisco Systems, 2002), <a href="http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/cc/techno/wnty/dpty/tech/srpmc_wp.htm">http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/cc/techno/wnty/dpty/tech/srpmc_wp.htm</a>.

Other (10)

“Positioning RPR in the technology universe,” White Paper (Resilient Packet Ring Alliance, 2001), <a href="http://www.rpralliance.org/articles/Positioning_RPR.pdf">http://www.rpralliance.org/articles/Positioning_RPR.pdf</a>.

N. Cole, J. Hawkins, M. Green, R. Sharma, and K. Vasani, “Resilient Packet Rings for metro networks,” White Paper (Resilient Packet Ring Alliance, 2001), <a href="http://www.rpralliance.com/articles/RPR_AllianceGOC.pdf">http://www.rpralliance.com/articles/RPR_AllianceGOC.pdf</a>.

J. Kao, ed., “Proposed draft standard for Resilient Packet Ring access method and physical layer specifications,” submitted to IEEE 802.17 as the proposal Darwin, 29 January 2002, <a href="http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/Darwin_v1_0.pdf">http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/Darwin_v1_0.pdf</a>.

J. Kao, ed., “Proposed draft standard for Resilient Packet Ring access method and physical layer specifications,” submitted to IEEE as the proposal Gandalf, draft 0.4 8 November 2001, <a href="http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/gandalf_04Plus.pdf">http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/gandalf_04Plus.pdf</a>.

A. Mekkittikul, H. Peng, R. Sharma, and I. Busi, “The Alladin proposal,” <a href="http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/zz_draft_04.zip">http://grouper.ieee.org/groups/802/17/documents/drafts/zz_draft_04.zip</a>.

D. Xie and B. J. Lee, “Cisco DPT/SRP technology and performance evaluation,” <a href="http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/cc/techno/wnty/dpty/tech/dptm_wp.htm">http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/cc/techno/wnty/dpty/tech/dptm_wp.htm</a>.

“An introduction to Resilient Packet Ring technology,” White Paper (Resilient Packet Ring Alliance, 2001), <a href="http://www.rpralliance.com/articles/RPRWhitePaper10-01.pdf">http://www.rpralliance.com/articles/RPRWhitePaper10-01.pdf</a>.

D. Tsang and G. Suwala, “The Cisco SRP Mac Layer Protocol,” <a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2892.html">http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc2892.html</a>.

“Iperf: a TCP/UDP bandwidth measurement tool,” <a href="http://dast.nlanr.net/Projects/Iperf">http://dast.nlanr.net/Projects/Iperf</a>.

“Spatial reuse protocol technology,” White Paper (Cisco Systems, 2002), <a href="http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/cc/techno/wnty/dpty/tech/srpmc_wp.htm">http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/cc/techno/wnty/dpty/tech/srpmc_wp.htm</a>.

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