Abstract

Elastic optical networks are prone to spectrum fragmentation, resulting in poor resource utilization and often higher blocking probability. To overcome the spectrum fragmentation, a defragmentation (DF) of the spectrum can be applied by reconfiguring some or all active connections. However, reconfiguration is generally not desirable, as it can interrupt the services of the existing connections. In this paper, we propose two novel connection reconfiguration schemes to efficiently address spectrum DF: (i) a reactive–disruptive scheme and (ii) a proactive–non-disruptive scheme. Both schemes utilize the information of holding times of the existing connections in order to reduce fragmentation and thus improve resource utilization and minimize connection blocking. The reactive–disruptive reconfiguration scheme tries to allocate an incoming connection, which could not be accepted otherwise, by reconfiguring some existing connections. The proactive–non-disruptive reconfiguration method, on the other hand, allows us to reconfigure only such connections, which can be shifted without crossing over the spectrum of other connections. This paves the way for a non-disruptive DF when setting up a new connection, which is a desirable feature. Simulation results show that the reconfiguration schemes with holding-time awareness can be effectively utilized to reduce the spectrum fragmentation and, hence, result in better resource utilization and overall lower connection blocking probability.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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