Abstract

We experimentally investigate the impact of chromatic dispersion (CD), post-filtering effects (PFEs), and backreflection-induced penalties on intensity-remodulation topologies based on self-seeded directly modulated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers (RSOAs) acting as downstream carriers. Optical eye diagrams and power penalties as a function of link reach and reflection tolerances, as well as optical spectra and bit error rate (BER) performance up to 100 km, are measured and directly compared to a conventional prespectrum slicing light (PSSL) injection topology, in order to highlight the advantages and drawbacks of the self-seeding scheme. Downstream and bidirectional reaches up to 80 and 60 km, respectively, with a maximum 2 dB power penalty (for a BER of 1012) at 1.25 Gb/s operation are demonstrated in our self-seeding configuration, which enables enhanced resilience to CD and PFE effects while surpassing the conventional PSSL scheme in about 40 km.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. S.-H. Cho, J. H. Lee, H. H. Lee, S. I. Myong, J. H. Lee, and S. S. Lee, “Loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s capacity using spectrally sliced ASE injected RSOA,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 5, pp. 447–456, May 2013.
    [CrossRef]
  2. S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.
  3. J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, J.-H. Yu, B.-W. Kim, S.-H. Lee, J.-S. Koh, B.-H. Sung, S.-J. Kang, J.-H. Kim, K.-T. Jeong, and S. S. Lee, “First commercial deployment of a colorless gigabit WDM/TDM hybrid PON system using remote protocol terminator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 344–351, Feb. 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  4. S.-H. Cho, S.-S. Lee, and D.-W. Shin, “Improving upstream transmission performance using a receiver with decision threshold level adjustment in a loopback WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol.  16, no. 3, pp. 129–134, June 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  5. H.-K. Lee, J.-H. Moon, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “Decision threshold control method for the optical receiver of a WDM-PON,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  2, no. 6, pp. 381–388, June 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, and S. S. Lee, “Efficient excess intensity noise suppression of 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with a narrow-bandwidth seed light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  22, no. 20, pp. 1542–1544, Oct. 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, J. H. Lee, and S. S. Lee, “Excess intensity noise suppressed 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with pre-spectrum-sliced seed light source,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper P6.06.
  8. U. R. Duarte, R. S. Penze, F. R. Pereira, F. F. Padela, J. B. Rosolem, and M. A. Romero, “Combined self-seeding and carrier remodulation scheme for WDM-PON,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 8, pp. 1323–1330, Apr. 2013.
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. S. Jang, and S.-S. Lee, “Enhancement of power budget in RSOA based-loopback type WDM-PON by using cascade RSOAs,” in Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON Technical Digest, 2010, paper Tu.B1.5.
  10. F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, M. Zhu, H. Kim, Z. Xu, and D. Liu, “Characterization of directly modulated self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers utilized as colorless transmitters in WDM-PONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 11, pp. 1727–1733, June 2013.
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Brenot, G. de Valicourt, and M. Martinelli, “Network-embedded self-tuning cavity WDM-PON transmitter,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 4, pp. 3781–3786, Feb. 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Y. Cho, J. H. Chang, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of 25.78-Gb/s, 20-km reach WDM PON using directly-modulated bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2011, paper OMP2.
  13. P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.
  14. A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Effective architecture for 10  Gb/s upstream WDM-PONs exploiting self-seeding and external modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2012, paper JTh2A.
  15. P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM-PON utilizing remodulation technique,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  27, no. 10, pp. 1286–1295, May 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. C. Jeon, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “High reflection tolerance of 1.25-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing spectrum-sliced ASE source,” Proc. SPIE, vol.  7136, 71360N, Nov. 2008.
    [CrossRef]

2014

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

2013

2012

2010

J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, J.-H. Yu, B.-W. Kim, S.-H. Lee, J.-S. Koh, B.-H. Sung, S.-J. Kang, J.-H. Kim, K.-T. Jeong, and S. S. Lee, “First commercial deployment of a colorless gigabit WDM/TDM hybrid PON system using remote protocol terminator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 344–351, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

H.-K. Lee, J.-H. Moon, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “Decision threshold control method for the optical receiver of a WDM-PON,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  2, no. 6, pp. 381–388, June 2010.
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Cho, S.-S. Lee, and D.-W. Shin, “Improving upstream transmission performance using a receiver with decision threshold level adjustment in a loopback WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol.  16, no. 3, pp. 129–134, June 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, and S. S. Lee, “Efficient excess intensity noise suppression of 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with a narrow-bandwidth seed light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  22, no. 20, pp. 1542–1544, Oct. 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

H. C. Jeon, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “High reflection tolerance of 1.25-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing spectrum-sliced ASE source,” Proc. SPIE, vol.  7136, 71360N, Nov. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Agata, A.

Barbet, S.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
[CrossRef]

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.

Brenot, R.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Brenot, G. de Valicourt, and M. Martinelli, “Network-embedded self-tuning cavity WDM-PON transmitter,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 4, pp. 3781–3786, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.

Brunero, M.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
[CrossRef]

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.

Chanclou, P.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

Chang, J. H.

K. Y. Cho, J. H. Chang, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of 25.78-Gb/s, 20-km reach WDM PON using directly-modulated bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2011, paper OMP2.

Chiuchiarelli, A.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Effective architecture for 10  Gb/s upstream WDM-PONs exploiting self-seeding and external modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2012, paper JTh2A.

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM-PON utilizing remodulation technique,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  27, no. 10, pp. 1286–1295, May 2009.
[CrossRef]

H. C. Jeon, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “High reflection tolerance of 1.25-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing spectrum-sliced ASE source,” Proc. SPIE, vol.  7136, 71360N, Nov. 2008.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, J. H. Chang, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of 25.78-Gb/s, 20-km reach WDM PON using directly-modulated bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2011, paper OMP2.

Cho, S. H.

H. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, J. H. Lee, and S. S. Lee, “Excess intensity noise suppressed 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with pre-spectrum-sliced seed light source,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper P6.06.

Cho, S.-H.

S.-H. Cho, J. H. Lee, H. H. Lee, S. I. Myong, J. H. Lee, and S. S. Lee, “Loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s capacity using spectrally sliced ASE injected RSOA,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 5, pp. 447–456, May 2013.
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, J.-H. Yu, B.-W. Kim, S.-H. Lee, J.-S. Koh, B.-H. Sung, S.-J. Kang, J.-H. Kim, K.-T. Jeong, and S. S. Lee, “First commercial deployment of a colorless gigabit WDM/TDM hybrid PON system using remote protocol terminator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 344–351, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, and S. S. Lee, “Efficient excess intensity noise suppression of 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with a narrow-bandwidth seed light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  22, no. 20, pp. 1542–1544, Oct. 2010.
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Cho, S.-S. Lee, and D.-W. Shin, “Improving upstream transmission performance using a receiver with decision threshold level adjustment in a loopback WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol.  16, no. 3, pp. 129–134, June 2010.
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. S. Jang, and S.-S. Lee, “Enhancement of power budget in RSOA based-loopback type WDM-PON by using cascade RSOAs,” in Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON Technical Digest, 2010, paper Tu.B1.5.

Choi, B. S.

K. Y. Cho, J. H. Chang, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of 25.78-Gb/s, 20-km reach WDM PON using directly-modulated bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2011, paper OMP2.

Choi, B.-S.

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

Choi, H. Y.

Choi, K.-M.

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM-PON utilizing remodulation technique,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  27, no. 10, pp. 1286–1295, May 2009.
[CrossRef]

H. C. Jeon, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “High reflection tolerance of 1.25-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing spectrum-sliced ASE source,” Proc. SPIE, vol.  7136, 71360N, Nov. 2008.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, J. H. Chang, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of 25.78-Gb/s, 20-km reach WDM PON using directly-modulated bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2011, paper OMP2.

Ciaramella, E.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Effective architecture for 10  Gb/s upstream WDM-PONs exploiting self-seeding and external modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2012, paper JTh2A.

de Valicourt, G.

Duarte, U. R.

Galli, P.

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
[CrossRef]

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.

Gatto, A.

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
[CrossRef]

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.

Gavioli, G.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
[CrossRef]

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.

Jang, Y. S.

J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. S. Jang, and S.-S. Lee, “Enhancement of power budget in RSOA based-loopback type WDM-PON by using cascade RSOAs,” in Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON Technical Digest, 2010, paper Tu.B1.5.

Jeon, H. C.

H. C. Jeon, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “High reflection tolerance of 1.25-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing spectrum-sliced ASE source,” Proc. SPIE, vol.  7136, 71360N, Nov. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Jeong, K.-T.

Jung, E.-S.

J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, J.-H. Yu, B.-W. Kim, S.-H. Lee, J.-S. Koh, B.-H. Sung, S.-J. Kang, J.-H. Kim, K.-T. Jeong, and S. S. Lee, “First commercial deployment of a colorless gigabit WDM/TDM hybrid PON system using remote protocol terminator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 344–351, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

Kang, S.-J.

Kim, B.-W.

Kim, D.-C.

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

Kim, H.

Kim, J.-H.

Koh, J.-S.

Kwon, O.-K.

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

Lee, C.-H.

Lee, E.-G.

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

Lee, H. H.

S.-H. Cho, J. H. Lee, H. H. Lee, S. I. Myong, J. H. Lee, and S. S. Lee, “Loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s capacity using spectrally sliced ASE injected RSOA,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 5, pp. 447–456, May 2013.
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, and S. S. Lee, “Efficient excess intensity noise suppression of 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with a narrow-bandwidth seed light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  22, no. 20, pp. 1542–1544, Oct. 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, J. H. Lee, and S. S. Lee, “Excess intensity noise suppressed 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with pre-spectrum-sliced seed light source,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper P6.06.

Lee, H.-H.

J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, J.-H. Yu, B.-W. Kim, S.-H. Lee, J.-S. Koh, B.-H. Sung, S.-J. Kang, J.-H. Kim, K.-T. Jeong, and S. S. Lee, “First commercial deployment of a colorless gigabit WDM/TDM hybrid PON system using remote protocol terminator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 344–351, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

Lee, H.-K.

Lee, J. H.

Lee, J.-H.

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

Lee, S. S.

S.-H. Cho, J. H. Lee, H. H. Lee, S. I. Myong, J. H. Lee, and S. S. Lee, “Loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s capacity using spectrally sliced ASE injected RSOA,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 5, pp. 447–456, May 2013.
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, J.-H. Yu, B.-W. Kim, S.-H. Lee, J.-S. Koh, B.-H. Sung, S.-J. Kang, J.-H. Kim, K.-T. Jeong, and S. S. Lee, “First commercial deployment of a colorless gigabit WDM/TDM hybrid PON system using remote protocol terminator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 344–351, Feb. 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, and S. S. Lee, “Efficient excess intensity noise suppression of 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with a narrow-bandwidth seed light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  22, no. 20, pp. 1542–1544, Oct. 2010.
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

H. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, J. H. Lee, and S. S. Lee, “Excess intensity noise suppressed 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with pre-spectrum-sliced seed light source,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper P6.06.

Lee, S.-H.

Lee, S.-S.

S.-H. Cho, S.-S. Lee, and D.-W. Shin, “Improving upstream transmission performance using a receiver with decision threshold level adjustment in a loopback WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol.  16, no. 3, pp. 129–134, June 2010.
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. S. Jang, and S.-S. Lee, “Enhancement of power budget in RSOA based-loopback type WDM-PON by using cascade RSOAs,” in Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON Technical Digest, 2010, paper Tu.B1.5.

Lee, Y. J.

Liu, D.

Maho, A.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

Marazzi, L.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Brenot, G. de Valicourt, and M. Martinelli, “Network-embedded self-tuning cavity WDM-PON transmitter,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 4, pp. 3781–3786, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.

Martinelli, M.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Brenot, G. de Valicourt, and M. Martinelli, “Network-embedded self-tuning cavity WDM-PON transmitter,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 4, pp. 3781–3786, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.

Moon, J.-H.

Mun, S.-G.

Murakami, A.

Myong, S. I.

Padela, F. F.

Parolari, P.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Brenot, G. de Valicourt, and M. Martinelli, “Network-embedded self-tuning cavity WDM-PON transmitter,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 4, pp. 3781–3786, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.

Penze, R. S.

Pereira, F. R.

Presi, M.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Effective architecture for 10  Gb/s upstream WDM-PONs exploiting self-seeding and external modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2012, paper JTh2A.

Romero, M. A.

Rosolem, J. B.

Saliou, F.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

Shin, D.-W.

S.-H. Cho, S.-S. Lee, and D.-W. Shin, “Improving upstream transmission performance using a receiver with decision threshold level adjustment in a loopback WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol.  16, no. 3, pp. 129–134, June 2010.
[CrossRef]

Simon, G.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

Sung, B.-H.

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM-PON utilizing remodulation technique,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  27, no. 10, pp. 1286–1295, May 2009.
[CrossRef]

H. C. Jeon, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “High reflection tolerance of 1.25-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing spectrum-sliced ASE source,” Proc. SPIE, vol.  7136, 71360N, Nov. 2008.
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, J. H. Chang, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of 25.78-Gb/s, 20-km reach WDM PON using directly-modulated bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2011, paper OMP2.

Xiong, F.

Xu, Z.

Yu, J.-H.

Zhong, W.-D.

Zhu, M.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, and S. S. Lee, “Efficient excess intensity noise suppression of 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with a narrow-bandwidth seed light source,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  22, no. 20, pp. 1542–1544, Oct. 2010.
[CrossRef]

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, A. Maho, S. Barbet, G. Gavioli, G. Simon, F. Saliou, and P. Chanclou, “10-Gb/s operation of a colorless self-seeded transmitter over more than 70  km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  26, no. 6, pp. 599–602, Mar. 2014.
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “Up to 10.7-Gb/s high-PDG RSOA-based colorless transmitter for WDM networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 637–640, Apr. 2013.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Commun. Netw.

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

S.-H. Cho, S.-S. Lee, and D.-W. Shin, “Improving upstream transmission performance using a receiver with decision threshold level adjustment in a loopback WDM-PON,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol.  16, no. 3, pp. 129–134, June 2010.
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

H. C. Jeon, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “High reflection tolerance of 1.25-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing spectrum-sliced ASE source,” Proc. SPIE, vol.  7136, 71360N, Nov. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Other

S.-H. Cho, J.-H. Lee, J.-H. Lee, E.-G. Lee, H.-H. Lee, E.-S. Jung, B.-S. Choi, D.-C. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, and S. S. Lee, “Demonstrations of RSOA based loop-back WDM-PON with 100  Gb/s (80 × 1.25  Gb/s) capacity employing spectrum sliced in incoherent light injection,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper Th.10.B.1.

H. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, J. H. Lee, and S. S. Lee, “Excess intensity noise suppressed 100-GHz spectrum-sliced WDM-PON with pre-spectrum-sliced seed light source,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications, ECOC Technical Digest, 2010, paper P6.06.

J. H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. S. Jang, and S.-S. Lee, “Enhancement of power budget in RSOA based-loopback type WDM-PON by using cascade RSOAs,” in Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON Technical Digest, 2010, paper Tu.B1.5.

K. Y. Cho, J. H. Chang, B. S. Choi, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of 25.78-Gb/s, 20-km reach WDM PON using directly-modulated bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2011, paper OMP2.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Brunero, A. Gatto, M. Martinelli, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, P. Galli, and G. Gavioli, “10-Gb/s polarization-insensitive RSOA-based self tuning transmitter for WDM-PON bridging up to 52  km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2013, paper OW1A.1.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, and E. Ciaramella, “Effective architecture for 10  Gb/s upstream WDM-PONs exploiting self-seeding and external modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., OFC Technical Digest, 2012, paper JTh2A.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Wavelength-reuse topologies: (a) PSSL topology and (b) our self-seeded (SS) configuration. The optical spectra measurements for post-filtering effects analysis were taken over 0.03 nm resolution in the following set of points: A–B–C (downstream) and C–D–E (upstream). The backreflection emulators R1 and R2 are set at points B and C, respectively. FRM, Rx Up, and Rx Dw represent the Faraday rotator mirror, the receiver for the downstream detection, and the receiver for the upstream detection, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

PFE analysis for the downstream path: (a) optical spectra measurements at points A, B, and C for PSSL topology and our SS configuration; (b) measurement of optical spectral width at point A (ΔλA); and (c) evaluation of the optical spectral content change between points C and A (ΔλCΔλA). The spectral reference (dB) is associated with the signal spectral bandwidth at a given (dB) value below the maximum of the normalized optical power curve of (a).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Downstream BER performance evaluation for link lengths up to 100 km: (a) PSSL topology and (b) our SS configuration.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparison of the downstream power penalty as a function of link reach for PSSL topology and our SS configuration. The optical eye diagrams were measured at point C.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

PFE analysis for the upstream path: (a) optical spectra measurements at points C, D, and E for PSSL topology and our SS configuration; (b) measurement of optical spectral width at point C (ΔλC); and (c) evaluation of the optical spectral content change between points E and C (ΔλEΔλC). The spectral reference (dB) is associated with the signal spectral bandwidth at a given (dB) value below the maximum of the normalized optical power curve of (a).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Upstream BER performance evaluation for link extensions up to 60 km: (a) PSSL topology and (b) our SS configuration.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Comparison of upstream optical eye diagrams for link extensions of 20, 40, and 60 km. The measurements for both the PSSL topology and our SS configuration were taken at point E of Fig. 1.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Reflection setups for measurement of the optical spectra and reflection tolerance: (a) backreflection emulator at the OLT front end (point B) and (b) backreflection emulator at the ONT front end (point C). VOA, PC, and FRM represent the variable optical attenuator, polarization controller, and Faraday rotator mirror, respectively.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Optical spectra measurements for backreflection analysis: (a) PSSL topology and (b) our SS configuration. RI, RII, TDC, TUC, TUE, λD, and λU represent reflection I, reflection II, the transmitted downstream signal reaching point C, the transmitted upstream signal emerging at point C, the transmitted upstream signal reaching point E, the peak wavelength of the downstream signal, and the peak wavelength of the upstream signal, respectively, in the geometry of Fig. 1. The reflection ratio was set to 30dB.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Power penalty as a function of the parameter R for the PSSL topology.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Power penalty as a function of the parameter R for our SS configuration.