Abstract

The integration of Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) and broadband wireless access (BWA) networks, such as LTE and WiMAX, provides a promising solution for fixed mobile convergence architectures. The complementary features of these two network systems provide high bandwidth and mobility together with a low deployment cost. However, even though many hardware architectures have been proposed for integrated EPON/BWA networks, the problem of achieving an effective bandwidth division among the EPON and wireless traffic remains unresolved. Accordingly, the present study proposes a novel frame-based dynamic bandwidth allocation (FB-DBA) scheme to accommodate the different protocols of EPON and BWA networks, respectively, in an efficient manner. The proposed scheme adopts a framed approach, in which the time domains of the optical and wireless access networks are partitioned into contiguous frames of a fixed length. Within each frame, wireless traffic is transmitted in a pipeline fashion between the optical and wireless domains, which significantly reduces the delay of wireless traffic. Furthermore, sufficient network resources are provided to ensure the respective quality-of-service requirements of the EPON and wireless traffic. The performance of the proposed FB-DBA scheme is evaluated by means of a series of simulations based on an N-user M/G/1 queuing model. The numerical results confirm the efficiency and effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (4)

K. Togashi, H. Nishiyama, N. Kato, H. Ujikawa, K.-I. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Cross layer analysis on ONU energy consumption in smart FiWi networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett., vol.  2, no. 6, pp. 695–698, Dec. 2013.
[CrossRef]

S. Thota, P. Bhaumik, P. Chowdhury, B. Mukherjee, and S. Sarkar, “Exploiting wireless connectivity for robustness in WOBAN,” IEEE Netw., vol.  27, no. 4, pp. 72–79, July–Aug. 2013.
[CrossRef]

H.-T. Lin, Y.-Y. Lin, W.-R. Chang, and S.-M. Chen, “Intra-ONU bandwidth allocation games in integrated EPON/WiMAX networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 6, pp. 609–620, June 2013.
[CrossRef]

A. Barradas, N. Correia, J. Coimbra, and G. Schutz, “Load adaptive and fault tolerant framework for energy saving in fiber wireless access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 9, pp. 957–967, Sept. 2013.
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

G. Schutz and N. Correia, “Design of QoS-aware energy-efficient fiber-wireless access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 8, pp. 586–594, Aug. 2012.
[CrossRef]

B. Kantarci and H. T. Mouftah, “Energy efficiency in the extended-reach fiber-wireless access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 28–35, Mar.–Apr. 2012.

2011 (5)

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: Challenges and opportunities,” IEEE Netw., vol.  25, no. 1, pp. 36–42, Jan.–Feb. 2011.

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Hierarchical frame aggregation techniques for hybrid fiber-wireless access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 9, pp. 64–73, Sept. 2011.
[CrossRef]

A. R. Dhaini and P.-H. Ho, “MC-FiWiBAN: An emergency-aware mission-critical fiber-wireless broadband access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 1, pp. 134–142, Jan. 2011.
[CrossRef]

A. R. Dhaini, P.-H. Ho, and X. Jiang, “QoS control for guaranteed service bundles over fiber-wireless (Fi-Wi) broadband access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 10, pp. 1500–1513, May 2011.
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, N. Ghazisaidi, L. Ivanescu, R. Kang, and M. Maier, “On the tradeoff between energy saving and QoS support for video delivery in EEE-based FiWi networks using real-world traffic traces,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 18, pp. 2670–2676, Sept. 2011.
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

P. Chowdhury, M. Tornatore, S. Sarkar, and B. Mukherjee, “Building a green wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2219–2229, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

B. Jung, J. Y. Choi, Y.-T. Han, M.-G. Kim, and M. Kang, “Centralized scheduling mechanism for enhanced end-to-end delay and QoS support in integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2277–2288, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

S. Bharati and P. Saengudomlert, “Analysis of mean packet delay for dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms in EPONs,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 23, pp. 3454–3462, Dec. 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next-generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 3, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, Aug. 2009.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. H. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

H. Ikeda and K. Kitayama, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with adaptive polling cycle for maximized TCP throughput in 10G-EPON,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  27, no. 23, pp. 5508–5516, Dec. 2009.
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. Sarkar, H.-H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel delay-aware routing algorithm (DARA) for a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” IEEE Netw., vol.  2, no. 3, pp. 20–28, May/June 2008.

2007 (5)

C. Cicconetti, A. Erta, L. Lenzini, and E. Mingozzi, “Performance evaluation of the IEEE 802.16 MAC for QoS support,” IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 26–38, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

G. Shen, R. S. Tuchker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architecture for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug. 2007.
[CrossRef]

C. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Toward quality-of-service protection in Ethernet passive optical networks: Challenges and solutions,” IEEE Netw., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 12–19, Sept.–Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

B. Lannoo, L. Verslegers, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, M. Gagnaire, and P. Demeester, “Analytical model for the IPACT dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm for EPONs,” J. Opt. Netw., vol.  6, no. 6, pp. 677–688, June 2007.
[CrossRef]

A. R. Dhaini, C. M. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Per-stream QoS and admission control in Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 1659–1669, July 2007.
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

H. Naser and H. T. Nouftah, “A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 889–899, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Ahmed, J.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next-generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 3, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[CrossRef]

Ali, M. A.

R. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, and M. A. Ali, “A novel decentralized Ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  22, no. 11, pp. 2483–2497, Nov. 2004.
[CrossRef]

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Assi, C.

C. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Toward quality-of-service protection in Ethernet passive optical networks: Challenges and solutions,” IEEE Netw., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 12–19, Sept.–Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

R. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, and M. A. Ali, “A novel decentralized Ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  22, no. 11, pp. 2483–2497, Nov. 2004.
[CrossRef]

Assi, C. M.

A. R. Dhaini, C. M. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Per-stream QoS and admission control in Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 1659–1669, July 2007.
[CrossRef]

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Baker, M.

S. Sesia, I. Toufik, and M. Baker, LTE—The UMTS Long Term Evolution, From Theory to Practice. Wiley, 2009.

Barradas, A.

Bartos, R.

S. Bhatia, D. Garbuzov, and R. Bartos, “Analysis of the gated IPACT scheme for EPONs,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June 2006, pp. 2693–2698.

Bertsekas, D. P.

D. P. Bertsekas and R. G. Gallager, Data Network, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1992.

Bharati, S.

S. Bharati and P. Saengudomlert, “Analysis of mean packet delay for dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms in EPONs,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 23, pp. 3454–3462, Dec. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, S.

S. Bhatia, D. Garbuzov, and R. Bartos, “Analysis of the gated IPACT scheme for EPONs,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June 2006, pp. 2693–2698.

Bhaumik, P.

S. Thota, P. Bhaumik, P. Chowdhury, B. Mukherjee, and S. Sarkar, “Exploiting wireless connectivity for robustness in WOBAN,” IEEE Netw., vol.  27, no. 4, pp. 72–79, July–Aug. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Black, D.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

Blake, S.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

Carlson, M.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

Chae, C.-J.

G. Shen, R. S. Tuchker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architecture for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.-R.

Chen, H.-H.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. H. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next-generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 3, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-M.

Cheng, T. H.

Y. Zhu, M. Ma, and T. H. Cheng, “Differentiated services supported by bandwidth guarantee polling (BGP) scheme in Ethernet passive optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications Systems (ICCS), Sept. 2004, pp. 371–375.

Choi, J. Y.

B. Jung, J. Y. Choi, Y.-T. Han, M.-G. Kim, and M. Kang, “Centralized scheduling mechanism for enhanced end-to-end delay and QoS support in integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2277–2288, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, P.

S. Thota, P. Bhaumik, P. Chowdhury, B. Mukherjee, and S. Sarkar, “Exploiting wireless connectivity for robustness in WOBAN,” IEEE Netw., vol.  27, no. 4, pp. 72–79, July–Aug. 2013.
[CrossRef]

P. Chowdhury, M. Tornatore, S. Sarkar, and B. Mukherjee, “Building a green wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2219–2229, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Cicconetti, C.

C. Cicconetti, A. Erta, L. Lenzini, and E. Mingozzi, “Performance evaluation of the IEEE 802.16 MAC for QoS support,” IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 26–38, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Coimbra, J.

Colle, D.

Correia, N.

Davies, E.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

Demeester, P.

Dhaini, A. R.

Dixit, S.

S. Sarkar, H.-H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel delay-aware routing algorithm (DARA) for a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” IEEE Netw., vol.  2, no. 3, pp. 20–28, May/June 2008.

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “On supporting differentiated classes of service in EPON-based access networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol.  1, no. 9, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

Ellinas, G.

Erramilli, A.

W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, and A. Erramilli, “A bibliographical guide to self-similar traffic and performance modeling for modem high-speed networks,” in Stochastic Networks. Oxford, UK: Oxford University, 1996, pp. 339–366.

Erta, A.

C. Cicconetti, A. Erta, L. Lenzini, and E. Mingozzi, “Performance evaluation of the IEEE 802.16 MAC for QoS support,” IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 26–38, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Gagnaire, M.

Gallager, R. G.

D. P. Bertsekas and R. G. Gallager, Data Network, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1992.

Garbuzov, D.

S. Bhatia, D. Garbuzov, and R. Bartos, “Analysis of the gated IPACT scheme for EPONs,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June 2006, pp. 2693–2698.

Ghazisaidi, N.

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: Challenges and opportunities,” IEEE Netw., vol.  25, no. 1, pp. 36–42, Jan.–Feb. 2011.

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Hierarchical frame aggregation techniques for hybrid fiber-wireless access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 9, pp. 64–73, Sept. 2011.
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, N. Ghazisaidi, L. Ivanescu, R. Kang, and M. Maier, “On the tradeoff between energy saving and QoS support for video delivery in EEE-based FiWi networks using real-world traffic traces,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 18, pp. 2670–2676, Sept. 2011.
[CrossRef]

Guild, K. H.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. H. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Hadjiantonis, A.

Han, Y.-T.

B. Jung, J. Y. Choi, Y.-T. Han, M.-G. Kim, and M. Kang, “Centralized scheduling mechanism for enhanced end-to-end delay and QoS support in integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2277–2288, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Hirth, R.

Ho, P.-H.

A. R. Dhaini and P.-H. Ho, “MC-FiWiBAN: An emergency-aware mission-critical fiber-wireless broadband access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 1, pp. 134–142, Jan. 2011.
[CrossRef]

A. R. Dhaini, P.-H. Ho, and X. Jiang, “QoS control for guaranteed service bundles over fiber-wireless (Fi-Wi) broadband access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 10, pp. 1500–1513, May 2011.
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.-C.

H.-T. Lin, C.-L. Lai, and Y.-C. Huang, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with QoS support for integrated EPON/WiMAX networks,” in Proc. of IEEE High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR), July 2013, pp. 8–11.

Ikeda, H.

Ivanescu, L.

Jiang, S.

J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, Aug. 2009.

Jiang, X.

Jiang, Y.

J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, Aug. 2009.

Jung, B.

B. Jung, J. Y. Choi, Y.-T. Han, M.-G. Kim, and M. Kang, “Centralized scheduling mechanism for enhanced end-to-end delay and QoS support in integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2277–2288, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Kang, M.

B. Jung, J. Y. Choi, Y.-T. Han, M.-G. Kim, and M. Kang, “Centralized scheduling mechanism for enhanced end-to-end delay and QoS support in integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2277–2288, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Kang, R.

Kantarci, B.

B. Kantarci and H. T. Mouftah, “Energy efficiency in the extended-reach fiber-wireless access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 28–35, Mar.–Apr. 2012.

Kato, N.

K. Togashi, H. Nishiyama, N. Kato, H. Ujikawa, K.-I. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Cross layer analysis on ONU energy consumption in smart FiWi networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett., vol.  2, no. 6, pp. 695–698, Dec. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.-G.

B. Jung, J. Y. Choi, Y.-T. Han, M.-G. Kim, and M. Kang, “Centralized scheduling mechanism for enhanced end-to-end delay and QoS support in integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2277–2288, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

Kramer, G.

Lai, C.-L.

H.-T. Lin, C.-L. Lai, and Y.-C. Huang, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with QoS support for integrated EPON/WiMAX networks,” in Proc. of IEEE High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR), July 2013, pp. 8–11.

Lannoo, B.

Lenzini, L.

C. Cicconetti, A. Erta, L. Lenzini, and E. Mingozzi, “Performance evaluation of the IEEE 802.16 MAC for QoS support,” IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 26–38, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.-T.

H.-T. Lin, Y.-Y. Lin, W.-R. Chang, and S.-M. Chen, “Intra-ONU bandwidth allocation games in integrated EPON/WiMAX networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 6, pp. 609–620, June 2013.
[CrossRef]

H.-T. Lin, C.-L. Lai, and Y.-C. Huang, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with QoS support for integrated EPON/WiMAX networks,” in Proc. of IEEE High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR), July 2013, pp. 8–11.

Lin, Y.-Y.

Liu, X.

Ma, M.

Y. Zhu, M. Ma, and T. H. Cheng, “Differentiated services supported by bandwidth guarantee polling (BGP) scheme in Ethernet passive optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications Systems (ICCS), Sept. 2004, pp. 371–375.

Maier, M.

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: Challenges and opportunities,” IEEE Netw., vol.  25, no. 1, pp. 36–42, Jan.–Feb. 2011.

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Hierarchical frame aggregation techniques for hybrid fiber-wireless access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 9, pp. 64–73, Sept. 2011.
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, N. Ghazisaidi, L. Ivanescu, R. Kang, and M. Maier, “On the tradeoff between energy saving and QoS support for video delivery in EEE-based FiWi networks using real-world traffic traces,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 18, pp. 2670–2676, Sept. 2011.
[CrossRef]

A. R. Dhaini, C. M. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Per-stream QoS and admission control in Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 1659–1669, July 2007.
[CrossRef]

C. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Toward quality-of-service protection in Ethernet passive optical networks: Challenges and solutions,” IEEE Netw., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 12–19, Sept.–Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Maki, I.

H. Shimonishi, I. Maki, T. Murase, and M. Murata, “Dynamic fair bandwidth allocation for Diffserv classes,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Apr. 2002, pp. 2348–2352.

Mingozzi, E.

C. Cicconetti, A. Erta, L. Lenzini, and E. Mingozzi, “Performance evaluation of the IEEE 802.16 MAC for QoS support,” IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 26–38, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Mouftah, H. T.

B. Kantarci and H. T. Mouftah, “Energy efficiency in the extended-reach fiber-wireless access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 28–35, Mar.–Apr. 2012.

Mukherjee, B.

S. Thota, P. Bhaumik, P. Chowdhury, B. Mukherjee, and S. Sarkar, “Exploiting wireless connectivity for robustness in WOBAN,” IEEE Netw., vol.  27, no. 4, pp. 72–79, July–Aug. 2013.
[CrossRef]

P. Chowdhury, M. Tornatore, S. Sarkar, and B. Mukherjee, “Building a green wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2219–2229, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next-generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 3, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[CrossRef]

S. Sarkar, H.-H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel delay-aware routing algorithm (DARA) for a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” IEEE Netw., vol.  2, no. 3, pp. 20–28, May/June 2008.

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “On supporting differentiated classes of service in EPON-based access networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol.  1, no. 9, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

Murase, T.

H. Shimonishi, I. Maki, T. Murase, and M. Murata, “Dynamic fair bandwidth allocation for Diffserv classes,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Apr. 2002, pp. 2348–2352.

Murata, M.

H. Shimonishi, I. Maki, T. Murase, and M. Murata, “Dynamic fair bandwidth allocation for Diffserv classes,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Apr. 2002, pp. 2348–2352.

Naser, H.

H. Naser and H. T. Nouftah, “A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 889–899, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Nishiyama, H.

K. Togashi, H. Nishiyama, N. Kato, H. Ujikawa, K.-I. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Cross layer analysis on ONU energy consumption in smart FiWi networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett., vol.  2, no. 6, pp. 695–698, Dec. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Nouftah, H. T.

H. Naser and H. T. Nouftah, “A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 889–899, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

Ou, S.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. H. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Pickavet, M.

Saengudomlert, P.

S. Bharati and P. Saengudomlert, “Analysis of mean packet delay for dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms in EPONs,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 23, pp. 3454–3462, Dec. 2010.
[CrossRef]

Sarkar, S.

S. Thota, P. Bhaumik, P. Chowdhury, B. Mukherjee, and S. Sarkar, “Exploiting wireless connectivity for robustness in WOBAN,” IEEE Netw., vol.  27, no. 4, pp. 72–79, July–Aug. 2013.
[CrossRef]

P. Chowdhury, M. Tornatore, S. Sarkar, and B. Mukherjee, “Building a green wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2219–2229, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

S. Sarkar, H.-H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel delay-aware routing algorithm (DARA) for a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” IEEE Netw., vol.  2, no. 3, pp. 20–28, May/June 2008.

Schutz, G.

Sesia, S.

S. Sesia, I. Toufik, and M. Baker, LTE—The UMTS Long Term Evolution, From Theory to Practice. Wiley, 2009.

Shami, A.

C. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Toward quality-of-service protection in Ethernet passive optical networks: Challenges and solutions,” IEEE Netw., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 12–19, Sept.–Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

A. R. Dhaini, C. M. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Per-stream QoS and admission control in Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  25, no. 7, pp. 1659–1669, July 2007.
[CrossRef]

Shen, G.

G. Shen, R. S. Tuchker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architecture for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Sherif, R.

Shimonishi, H.

H. Shimonishi, I. Maki, T. Murase, and M. Murata, “Dynamic fair bandwidth allocation for Diffserv classes,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Apr. 2002, pp. 2348–2352.

Skubic, B.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next-generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 3, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.-I.

K. Togashi, H. Nishiyama, N. Kato, H. Ujikawa, K.-I. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Cross layer analysis on ONU energy consumption in smart FiWi networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett., vol.  2, no. 6, pp. 695–698, Dec. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Taqqu, M. S.

W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, and A. Erramilli, “A bibliographical guide to self-similar traffic and performance modeling for modem high-speed networks,” in Stochastic Networks. Oxford, UK: Oxford University, 1996, pp. 339–366.

Thota, S.

S. Thota, P. Bhaumik, P. Chowdhury, B. Mukherjee, and S. Sarkar, “Exploiting wireless connectivity for robustness in WOBAN,” IEEE Netw., vol.  27, no. 4, pp. 72–79, July–Aug. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Togashi, K.

K. Togashi, H. Nishiyama, N. Kato, H. Ujikawa, K.-I. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Cross layer analysis on ONU energy consumption in smart FiWi networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett., vol.  2, no. 6, pp. 695–698, Dec. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Tornatore, M.

Toufik, I.

S. Sesia, I. Toufik, and M. Baker, LTE—The UMTS Long Term Evolution, From Theory to Practice. Wiley, 2009.

Tuchker, R. S.

G. Shen, R. S. Tuchker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architecture for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug. 2007.
[CrossRef]

Ujikawa, H.

K. Togashi, H. Nishiyama, N. Kato, H. Ujikawa, K.-I. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Cross layer analysis on ONU energy consumption in smart FiWi networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett., vol.  2, no. 6, pp. 695–698, Dec. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Verslegers, L.

Wang, Z.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

Weiss, W.

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

Willinger, W.

W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, and A. Erramilli, “A bibliographical guide to self-similar traffic and performance modeling for modem high-speed networks,” in Stochastic Networks. Oxford, UK: Oxford University, 1996, pp. 339–366.

Wosinska, L.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next-generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 3, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[CrossRef]

Xie, J.

J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, Aug. 2009.

Yang, K.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. H. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Ye, Y.

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, and R. Hirth, “On supporting differentiated classes of service in EPON-based access networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol.  1, no. 9, pp. 280–298, Aug. 2002.

Yen, H.-H.

S. Sarkar, H.-H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel delay-aware routing algorithm (DARA) for a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” IEEE Netw., vol.  2, no. 3, pp. 20–28, May/June 2008.

Yoshimoto, N.

K. Togashi, H. Nishiyama, N. Kato, H. Ujikawa, K.-I. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Cross layer analysis on ONU energy consumption in smart FiWi networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett., vol.  2, no. 6, pp. 695–698, Dec. 2013.
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Y. Zhu, M. Ma, and T. H. Cheng, “Differentiated services supported by bandwidth guarantee polling (BGP) scheme in Ethernet passive optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications Systems (ICCS), Sept. 2004, pp. 371–375.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (5)

G. Shen, R. S. Tuchker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architecture for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug. 2007.
[CrossRef]

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Hierarchical frame aggregation techniques for hybrid fiber-wireless access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 9, pp. 64–73, Sept. 2011.
[CrossRef]

J. Xie, S. Jiang, and Y. Jiang, “A dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for differentiated services in EPONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  42, no. 8, pp. S32–S39, Aug. 2009.

B. Skubic, J. Chen, J. Ahmed, L. Wosinska, and B. Mukherjee, “A comparison of dynamic bandwidth allocation for EPON, GPON, and next-generation TDM PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 3, pp. S40–S48, March 2009.
[CrossRef]

A. R. Dhaini and P.-H. Ho, “MC-FiWiBAN: An emergency-aware mission-critical fiber-wireless broadband access network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 1, pp. 134–142, Jan. 2011.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

S. Bharati and P. Saengudomlert, “Analysis of mean packet delay for dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms in EPONs,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 23, pp. 3454–3462, Dec. 2010.
[CrossRef]

B. Jung, J. Y. Choi, Y.-T. Han, M.-G. Kim, and M. Kang, “Centralized scheduling mechanism for enhanced end-to-end delay and QoS support in integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, no. 16, pp. 2277–2288, Aug. 2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. H. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  27, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb. 2009.
[CrossRef]

C. M. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, and M. A. Ali, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol.  21, no. 9, pp. 1467–1477, Nov. 2003.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Netw. (5)

C. Assi, M. Maier, and A. Shami, “Toward quality-of-service protection in Ethernet passive optical networks: Challenges and solutions,” IEEE Netw., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 12–19, Sept.–Oct. 2007.
[CrossRef]

S. Sarkar, H.-H. Yen, S. Dixit, and B. Mukherjee, “A novel delay-aware routing algorithm (DARA) for a hybrid wireless-optical broadband access network (WOBAN),” IEEE Netw., vol.  2, no. 3, pp. 20–28, May/June 2008.

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: Challenges and opportunities,” IEEE Netw., vol.  25, no. 1, pp. 36–42, Jan.–Feb. 2011.

S. Thota, P. Bhaumik, P. Chowdhury, B. Mukherjee, and S. Sarkar, “Exploiting wireless connectivity for robustness in WOBAN,” IEEE Netw., vol.  27, no. 4, pp. 72–79, July–Aug. 2013.
[CrossRef]

B. Kantarci and H. T. Mouftah, “Energy efficiency in the extended-reach fiber-wireless access networks,” IEEE Netw., vol.  26, no. 2, pp. 28–35, Mar.–Apr. 2012.

IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput. (1)

C. Cicconetti, A. Erta, L. Lenzini, and E. Mingozzi, “Performance evaluation of the IEEE 802.16 MAC for QoS support,” IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput., vol.  6, no. 1, pp. 26–38, Jan. 2007.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett. (1)

K. Togashi, H. Nishiyama, N. Kato, H. Ujikawa, K.-I. Suzuki, and N. Yoshimoto, “Cross layer analysis on ONU energy consumption in smart FiWi networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett., vol.  2, no. 6, pp. 695–698, Dec. 2013.
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

H. Naser and H. T. Nouftah, “A joint-ONU interval-based dynamic scheduling algorithm for Ethernet passive optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol.  14, no. 4, pp. 889–899, Aug. 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (6)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (3)

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Other (11)

W. Willinger, M. S. Taqqu, and A. Erramilli, “A bibliographical guide to self-similar traffic and performance modeling for modem high-speed networks,” in Stochastic Networks. Oxford, UK: Oxford University, 1996, pp. 339–366.

H. Shimonishi, I. Maki, T. Murase, and M. Murata, “Dynamic fair bandwidth allocation for Diffserv classes,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Apr. 2002, pp. 2348–2352.

Y. Zhu, M. Ma, and T. H. Cheng, “Differentiated services supported by bandwidth guarantee polling (BGP) scheme in Ethernet passive optical networks,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications Systems (ICCS), Sept. 2004, pp. 371–375.

D. P. Bertsekas and R. G. Gallager, Data Network, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1992.

S. Bhatia, D. Garbuzov, and R. Bartos, “Analysis of the gated IPACT scheme for EPONs,” in Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June 2006, pp. 2693–2698.

IEEE 802.3ah Ethernet in the First Mile Task Force [Online]. Available: http://www.ieee802.org/3/efm/ .

H.-T. Lin, C.-L. Lai, and Y.-C. Huang, “Dynamic bandwidth allocation with QoS support for integrated EPON/WiMAX networks,” in Proc. of IEEE High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR), July 2013, pp. 8–11.

IEEE Standard 802.16 Working Group, IEEE 802.16e-2005 Standard for Local, and Metropolitan Area Networks: Air interface for fixed broadband wireless access systems-amendment for physical, and medium access control layers for combined fixed, and mobile operation in licensed bands, Dec. 2005.

S. Sesia, I. Toufik, and M. Baker, LTE—The UMTS Long Term Evolution, From Theory to Practice. Wiley, 2009.

3GPP , “UTRA-UTRAN long term evolution (LTE) and 3GPP system architecture evolution (SAE)”, 2010 [Online]. Available: http://www.3gpp.org/article/lte .

S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of EPON/WiMAX network system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

IEEE 802.16 TDD framework structure.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Proposed FB-DBA framework.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Derivation of mean packet delay for Ethernet traffic under various arrival conditions.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Derivation of mean packet delay for WiMAX traffic under various arrival conditions.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Mean packet delay of WiMAX and Ethernet traffic as function of frame size given a DL- to UL-subframe duration ratio of 73 for (a) WiMAX traffic and (b) Ethernet traffic under different frame sizes.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Saturated condition under frame time set to 5 ms.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

WiMAX traffic packet delay versus network load of the FB-DBA, CS-DBA, and SB-DBA protocols and frame sizes of 5, 10, and 20 ms. (a) Tframe=5ms. (b) Tframe=10ms. (c) Tframe=20ms.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Mean packet delay of EF, AF, and BE traffic versus network offered load of the FB-DBA, CS-DBA, and SB-DBA protocols. (a) Tframe=5ms. (b) Tframe=10ms. (c) Tframe=20ms.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Bandwidth utilization of the FB-DBA, CS-DBA, and SB-DBA protocols.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

TABLE I Simulation Settings

Equations (32)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

WEn=Brem×REnRtol_E,
TmaxE=N·TGATE+(N1)·TGUARD+N×WmaxERUp+TRTT+TCompu.,
W¯1,C1E=1ti=1M1(t)12×(TSub,iW)2,
W¯3,C1E=T¯E.
W¯1,C2,BRE=1ti=1M2(t)j=1M3(t)12×(T¯i,jE)2,
W¯3,C2,ARE=T¯E.
W¯1,C2E=12×(W¯1,C2,BRE+W¯1,C2,ARE),
W¯3,C2E=12×(W¯3,C2,BRE+W¯3,C2,ARE).
W¯1,C3,BRE-last-two=1ti=1M4(t)12×(Tlast-two.iE)2,
W¯1,C3,BRE-last-one=1ti=1M4(t)12×(Tlast-one,iE)2,
W¯3,C3,BRE-last-two=0,
W¯3,C3,BRE-last-one=T¯SubW.
W¯1,C3,ARE-last-two=W¯1,C3,BRE-last-two,
W¯1,C3,ARE-last-one=W¯1,C3,BRE-last-one.
W¯3,C3,ARE-last-two=T¯E+T¯SubW,
W¯3,C3,BRE-last-one=T¯SubW+T¯E.
W¯1,C3,BRE=1NE×W¯1,C3,BRE-last-two+1NE×W¯1,C3,BRE-last-one,
W¯1,C3,ARE=1NE×W¯1,C3,ARE-last-two+1NE×W¯1,C3,ARE-last-one,
W¯3,C3,BRE=1NE×W¯3,C3,BRE-last-two+1NE×W¯3,C3,BRE-last-one,
W¯3,C3,ARE=1NE×W¯3,C3,ARE-last-two+1NE×W¯3,C3,ARE-last-one.
W¯1,C3E=12×(W¯1,C3,BRE+W¯1,C3,ARE),
W¯3,C3E=12×(W¯3,C2,BRE+W¯3,C2,ARE).
W¯1E=α×W¯1,C1E+(1α)×[δ×W¯1,C2E+(1δ)×W¯1,C3E],
W¯3E=α×W¯3,C1E+(1α)×[δ×W¯3,C2E+(1δ)×W¯3,C3E].
W¯2E=ρE×W¯E,
W¯E=W¯1E+W¯2E+W¯3E.
W¯1W=1ti=1M5(t)12(Tf,i)2,
W¯3W=Tf.
W¯2W=ρW×W¯W,
W¯W=W¯1W+W¯2W+W¯3W.
WWn=TfUL×RWTf,
UB=jTjDatajTj,