Abstract

We propose an automatic wavelength control method using Rayleigh backscattering in a feeder fiber for tunable lasers employed in a wavelength-division multiplexing passive optical network. We demonstrate two realization methods, maximizing backscattered power and maximizing the second harmonic component with wavelength modulation. We analyze their limiting factors and impacts on the system performance. We use a VCSEL as a low-cost tunable light source.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, “Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  24, no. 12, pp. 4568–4583, Dec. 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1956–1958, Sept. 2005.
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Tunable VCSEL,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  6, no. 6, pp. 978–987, Nov./Dec. 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backborn, and T. Klinga, “74 nm wavelength tuning range of an InGaAsP/InP vertical grating assisted codirectional coupler laser with rear sampled grating reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 735–737, July 1993.
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwarea, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, and T. Imai, “A remote wavelength setting procedure based on wavelength sense random access (λ-RA) for power-splitter-based WDM-PON,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2007, paper We3.
  7. S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, I. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. J. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Nov. 2010, paper Mo.1.B.2.
  8. J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “An automatic wavelength control method of a tunable laser for a WDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 325–327, Mar. 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. R. Moon, J.-H. Moon, S.-M. Oh, and C.-H. Lee, “Self wavelength tracking method using Rayleigh backscattering in WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, paper OWG7.
  10. S.-R. Moon, H.-K. Lee, and C.-H. Lee, “Automatic wavelength control method using Rayleigh backscattering for WDM-PON with tunable lasers,” in Conf. Lasers and Electro Optics, May 2011, paper CFH1.
  11. R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, “Statistical properties of single-mode fiber Rayleigh backscattered intensity and resulting detector current,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  40, no. 6, pp. 1091–1097, June 1992.
    [CrossRef]

2009

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “An automatic wavelength control method of a tunable laser for a WDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 325–327, Mar. 2009.
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1956–1958, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

2003

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

2000

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Tunable VCSEL,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  6, no. 6, pp. 978–987, Nov./Dec. 2000.
[CrossRef]

1993

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backborn, and T. Klinga, “74 nm wavelength tuning range of an InGaAsP/InP vertical grating assisted codirectional coupler laser with rear sampled grating reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 735–737, July 1993.
[CrossRef]

1992

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, “Statistical properties of single-mode fiber Rayleigh backscattered intensity and resulting detector current,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  40, no. 6, pp. 1091–1097, June 1992.
[CrossRef]

Ae, S.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Backborn, L.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backborn, and T. Klinga, “74 nm wavelength tuning range of an InGaAsP/InP vertical grating assisted codirectional coupler laser with rear sampled grating reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 735–737, July 1993.
[CrossRef]

Busico, G.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, I. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. J. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Nov. 2010, paper Mo.1.B.2.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Tunable VCSEL,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  6, no. 6, pp. 978–987, Nov./Dec. 2000.
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. H.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1956–1958, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Choi, K.-M.

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “An automatic wavelength control method of a tunable laser for a WDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 325–327, Mar. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Cush, R.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, I. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. J. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Nov. 2010, paper Mo.1.B.2.

Fujiwarea, M.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwarea, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, and T. Imai, “A remote wavelength setting procedure based on wavelength sense random access (λ-RA) for power-splitter-based WDM-PON,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2007, paper We3.

Gysel, P.

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, “Statistical properties of single-mode fiber Rayleigh backscattered intensity and resulting detector current,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  40, no. 6, pp. 1091–1097, June 1992.
[CrossRef]

Hatakeyama, H.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Imai, T.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwarea, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, and T. Imai, “A remote wavelength setting procedure based on wavelength sense random access (λ-RA) for power-splitter-based WDM-PON,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2007, paper We3.

Iwatsuki, K.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwarea, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, and T. Imai, “A remote wavelength setting procedure based on wavelength sense random access (λ-RA) for power-splitter-based WDM-PON,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2007, paper We3.

Jeong, G.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1956–1958, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. W.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1956–1958, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, C. Y.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1956–1958, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Klinga, T.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backborn, and T. Klinga, “74 nm wavelength tuning range of an InGaAsP/InP vertical grating assisted codirectional coupler laser with rear sampled grating reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 735–737, July 1993.
[CrossRef]

Kudo, K.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “An automatic wavelength control method of a tunable laser for a WDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 325–327, Mar. 2009.
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, “Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  24, no. 12, pp. 4568–4583, Dec. 2006.
[CrossRef]

S. R. Moon, J.-H. Moon, S.-M. Oh, and C.-H. Lee, “Self wavelength tracking method using Rayleigh backscattering in WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, paper OWG7.

S.-R. Moon, H.-K. Lee, and C.-H. Lee, “Automatic wavelength control method using Rayleigh backscattering for WDM-PON with tunable lasers,” in Conf. Lasers and Electro Optics, May 2011, paper CFH1.

Lee, H.-K.

S.-R. Moon, H.-K. Lee, and C.-H. Lee, “Automatic wavelength control method using Rayleigh backscattering for WDM-PON with tunable lasers,” in Conf. Lasers and Electro Optics, May 2011, paper CFH1.

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1956–1958, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, I. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. J. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Nov. 2010, paper Mo.1.B.2.

Lee, W.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1956–1958, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Moon, J.-H.

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “An automatic wavelength control method of a tunable laser for a WDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 325–327, Mar. 2009.
[CrossRef]

S. R. Moon, J.-H. Moon, S.-M. Oh, and C.-H. Lee, “Self wavelength tracking method using Rayleigh backscattering in WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, paper OWG7.

Moon, S. R.

S. R. Moon, J.-H. Moon, S.-M. Oh, and C.-H. Lee, “Self wavelength tracking method using Rayleigh backscattering in WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, paper OWG7.

Moon, S.-R.

S.-R. Moon, H.-K. Lee, and C.-H. Lee, “Automatic wavelength control method using Rayleigh backscattering for WDM-PON with tunable lasers,” in Conf. Lasers and Electro Optics, May 2011, paper CFH1.

Mori, K.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, T.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Mun, S.-G.

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “An automatic wavelength control method of a tunable laser for a WDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 325–327, Mar. 2009.
[CrossRef]

Muroya, Y.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Naniwae, K.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, S.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backborn, and T. Klinga, “74 nm wavelength tuning range of an InGaAsP/InP vertical grating assisted codirectional coupler laser with rear sampled grating reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 735–737, July 1993.
[CrossRef]

Oberg, M.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backborn, and T. Klinga, “74 nm wavelength tuning range of an InGaAsP/InP vertical grating assisted codirectional coupler laser with rear sampled grating reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 735–737, July 1993.
[CrossRef]

Oh, S.-M.

S. R. Moon, J.-H. Moon, S.-M. Oh, and C.-H. Lee, “Self wavelength tracking method using Rayleigh backscattering in WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, paper OWG7.

Park, M. Y.

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1956–1958, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Penty, R.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, I. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. J. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Nov. 2010, paper Mo.1.B.2.

Sasaki, T.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Satoh, K.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

Staubli, R. K.

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, “Statistical properties of single-mode fiber Rayleigh backscattered intensity and resulting detector current,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  40, no. 6, pp. 1091–1097, June 1992.
[CrossRef]

Streubel, K.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backborn, and T. Klinga, “74 nm wavelength tuning range of an InGaAsP/InP vertical grating assisted codirectional coupler laser with rear sampled grating reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 735–737, July 1993.
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwarea, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, and T. Imai, “A remote wavelength setting procedure based on wavelength sense random access (λ-RA) for power-splitter-based WDM-PON,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2007, paper We3.

Suzuki, N.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwarea, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, and T. Imai, “A remote wavelength setting procedure based on wavelength sense random access (λ-RA) for power-splitter-based WDM-PON,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2007, paper We3.

Wale, M. J.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, I. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. J. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Nov. 2010, paper Mo.1.B.2.

Wallin, J.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backborn, and T. Klinga, “74 nm wavelength tuning range of an InGaAsP/InP vertical grating assisted codirectional coupler laser with rear sampled grating reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 735–737, July 1993.
[CrossRef]

White, I.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, I. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. J. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Nov. 2010, paper Mo.1.B.2.

Wonfor, A.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, I. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. J. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Nov. 2010, paper Mo.1.B.2.

Yashiki, K.

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

Yoshimoto, N.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwarea, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, and T. Imai, “A remote wavelength setting procedure based on wavelength sense random access (λ-RA) for power-splitter-based WDM-PON,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2007, paper We3.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Tunable VCSEL,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol.  6, no. 6, pp. 978–987, Nov./Dec. 2000.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backborn, and T. Klinga, “74 nm wavelength tuning range of an InGaAsP/InP vertical grating assisted codirectional coupler laser with rear sampled grating reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  5, no. 7, pp. 735–737, July 1993.
[CrossRef]

H. Hatakeyama, K. Naniwae, K. Kudo, N. Suzuki, S. Sudo, S. Ae, Y. Muroya, K. Yashiki, K. Satoh, T. Morimoto, K. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Wavelength-selectable microarray light sources for S-, C-, and L-Band WDM systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  15, no. 7, pp. 903–905, July 2003.
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, M. Y. Park, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Cho, W. Lee, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Tunable external cavity laser based on polymer waveguide platform for WDM access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, no. 9, pp. 1956–1958, Sept. 2005.
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, and C.-H. Lee, “An automatic wavelength control method of a tunable laser for a WDM-PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, no. 5, pp. 325–327, Mar. 2009.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun.

R. K. Staubli and P. Gysel, “Statistical properties of single-mode fiber Rayleigh backscattered intensity and resulting detector current,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol.  40, no. 6, pp. 1091–1097, June 1992.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Other

S. R. Moon, J.-H. Moon, S.-M. Oh, and C.-H. Lee, “Self wavelength tracking method using Rayleigh backscattering in WDM-PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Mar. 2010, paper OWG7.

S.-R. Moon, H.-K. Lee, and C.-H. Lee, “Automatic wavelength control method using Rayleigh backscattering for WDM-PON with tunable lasers,” in Conf. Lasers and Electro Optics, May 2011, paper CFH1.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwarea, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, and T. Imai, “A remote wavelength setting procedure based on wavelength sense random access (λ-RA) for power-splitter-based WDM-PON,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Sept. 2007, paper We3.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, I. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. J. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, Nov. 2010, paper Mo.1.B.2.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Proposed automatic wavelength allocation method for a WDM-PON.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experiment setup to demonstrate the proposed method. (b) Measured LI curves of VCSEL and tuning characteristics.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The measured received power as a function of the VCSEL wavelength. The target wavelength was 1551.98 nm. The inset shows details around the target wavelength.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Tuning results over the whole wavelength range. Inset shows the enlarged tuning results after wavelength locking.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Normalized spectrum according to the drop fiber lengths.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Tuning results over (a) whole wavelength range, with drop fiber of (b) 0 km, (c) 10 km, and (d) 20 km.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Power penalty by the mismatch with the power monitoring method.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Experimental setup of the proposed WDM-PON with the wavelength modulation method. (b) Intensity modulation after wavelength modulated light after passing the AWG.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Wavelength dependency of the measured 2f spectrum over the whole wavelength range. The inset shows the normalized spectrum around the peak.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Tuning results over the whole wavelength range. The inset shows the enlarged tuning results after wavelength locking, both at 1550.0 and 1551.98 nm.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Tuning results after wavelength is locked for channel wavelength of 1550.0 nm (middle of LI curve) and 1551.98 nm (around peak of LI curve), with drop fiber length of 0, 10, and 20 km.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Power penalty by the mismatch with 2f detection modulation.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Thermal stability with wavelength modulation methods: (a) power monitoring method, (b) wavelength modulation method.

Equations (2)

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R={3210*log10(20L)(dB),L<20km32(dB),L20km,
PBR(dB)=10·log(1+Power from the feeder fiberPower from the drop fiber)=10·log(1+10RfeederRdrop2LAWG2Ldrop10),