Abstract

Elastic optical networking is attracting much attention as a promising solution to achieve spectrum-efficient transport of higher data rates at 100Gbits/s and beyond. If we draw an analogy to virtualization in cloud computing, it can be seen as network level resource virtualization of optical networks where spectrum resources in optical links are segmented as shareable resources and adaptively aggregated to create a wide variety of optical channels (OChs). In this paper, we discuss the benefits of introducing virtualization into the optical domain from the viewpoints of the network level and the hardware level. In elastic optical networks, a frequency slot through which an OCh is transported and the OCh itself are explicitly decoupled. While the adaptability in the frequency slot is brought about by bandwidth variable wavelength-selective switches, the adaptability in an OCh is yielded by digital coherent technology that is employed in transponders and regenerators. It is emphasized that in order to achieve transponders and regenerators that accommodate heterogeneous traffic demands in an economical manner, simply being adaptive is not enough, and being shareable is essential. We refer to this concept as hardware level virtualization. As examples, we describe a multiflow transponder and an elastic regenerator with results that show proof of concept. Based on the hardware virtualization concept, we propose an elastic optical transport system (EOTS) architecture that enables cost- and energy-efficient IP traffic offloading to the optical domain and improves programmability and automation of optical networks.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. M. M. K. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “A survey of network virtualization,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, pp. 862–876, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  5. O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. S12–S20, 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Jinno and Y. Tsukishima, “Virtualized optical network (VON) for agile cloud computing environment,” in Conf. on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), 2009, paper OMG1.
  7. R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011, pp. 1–5.
  8. F. Cugini, M. Secondini, N. Sambo, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull technique for defragmentation in flexible optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper JTh2A.40.
  9. K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.
  10. R. Proietti, C. Qin, B. Guan, Y. Yin, R. Scott, R. Yu, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid and complete hitless defragmentation method using a coherent RX LO with fast wavelength tracking in elastic optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 26958–26968, Nov. 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: Possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 10, pp. 164–172, 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Takagi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, and M. Jinno, “Disruption minimized spectrum defragmentation in elastic optical path networks that adopt distance adaptive modulation,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Mo.2.K.3.
  13. O. Gerstel, “Flexible use of spectrum and photonic grooming,” in Proc. Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano-Photonics and Photonics in Switching Conf., 2010, paper PMD3.
  14. M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multi-flow optical transponder for efficient multi-layer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.
  16. T. Watanabe, K. Suzuki, and T. Takahashi, “Silica-based PLC transponder aggregators for colorless, directionless, and contentionless ROADM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper OTh3D.1.
  17. E. Yamazaki, S. Yamanaka, Y. Kisaka, T. Nakagawa, K. Murata, E. Yoshida, T. Sakano, M. Tomizawa, Y. Miyamoto, S. Matsuoka, J. Matsui, A. Shibayama, J. Abe, Y. Nakamura, H. Noguchi, K. Fukuchi, H. Onaka, K. Fukumitsu, K. Komaki, O. Takeuchi, Y. Sakamoto, H. Nakashima, T. Mizuochi, K. Kubo, Y. Miyata, H. Nishimoto, S. Hirano, and K. Onohara, “Fast optical channel recovery in field demonstration of 100  Gbit/s Ethernet over OTN using real-time DSP,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, pp. 13179–13184, 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Miyata, K. Sugihara, W. Matsumoto, K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “A triple-concatenated FEC using soft-decision decoding for 100  Gb/s optical transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper OThL3.
  19. “Software-defined networking: The new norm for networks,” Open Networking Foundation (ONF) White Paper [Online]. Available: www.opennetworking.org .
  20. L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks: A proof-of-concept demonstration,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Tu.5.K.2.

2012

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. S12–S20, 2012.
[CrossRef]

R. Proietti, C. Qin, B. Guan, Y. Yin, R. Scott, R. Yu, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Rapid and complete hitless defragmentation method using a coherent RX LO with fast wavelength tracking in elastic optical networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  20, no. 24, pp. 26958–26968, Nov. 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multi-flow optical transponder for efficient multi-layer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

N. M. M. K. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “A survey of network virtualization,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, pp. 862–876, 2010.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.
[CrossRef]

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Abe, J.

Aoki, Y.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Basch, B.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Behnia, B.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Bostak, J.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Bottari, G.

F. Cugini, M. Secondini, N. Sambo, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull technique for defragmentation in flexible optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper JTh2A.40.

Boutaba, R.

N. M. M. K. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “A survey of network virtualization,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, pp. 862–876, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Bruno, G.

F. Cugini, M. Secondini, N. Sambo, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull technique for defragmentation in flexible optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper JTh2A.40.

Butrie, T.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Castoldi, P.

F. Cugini, M. Secondini, N. Sambo, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull technique for defragmentation in flexible optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper JTh2A.40.

Chowdhury, N. M. M. K.

N. M. M. K. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “A survey of network virtualization,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, pp. 862–876, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Corzine, S.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Cugini, F.

F. Cugini, M. Secondini, N. Sambo, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull technique for defragmentation in flexible optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper JTh2A.40.

Dentai, A.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Dominic, V.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Egorov, R.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Escalona, E.

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011, pp. 1–5.

Evans, P.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Fisher, M.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Fukuchi, K.

Fukumitsu, K.

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. S12–S20, 2012.
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, “Flexible use of spectrum and photonic grooming,” in Proc. Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano-Photonics and Photonics in Switching Conf., 2010, paper PMD3.

Goldfarb, G.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Gringeri, S.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Guan, B.

Guo, H.

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks: A proof-of-concept demonstration,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Tu.5.K.2.

Hasegawa, H.

T. Takagi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, and M. Jinno, “Disruption minimized spectrum defragmentation in elastic optical path networks that adopt distance adaptive modulation,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Mo.2.K.3.

Hirano, A.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multi-flow optical transponder for efficient multi-layer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: Possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 10, pp. 164–172, 2011.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.
[CrossRef]

T. Takagi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, and M. Jinno, “Disruption minimized spectrum defragmentation in elastic optical path networks that adopt distance adaptive modulation,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Mo.2.K.3.

Hirano, S.

Hoshida, T.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Iovanna, P.

F. Cugini, M. Secondini, N. Sambo, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull technique for defragmentation in flexible optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper JTh2A.40.

Ishida, O.

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: Possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 10, pp. 164–172, 2011.
[CrossRef]

James, A.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multi-flow optical transponder for efficient multi-layer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. S12–S20, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: Possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 10, pp. 164–172, 2011.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno and Y. Tsukishima, “Virtualized optical network (VON) for agile cloud computing environment,” in Conf. on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), 2009, paper OMG1.

T. Takagi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, and M. Jinno, “Disruption minimized spectrum defragmentation in elastic optical path networks that adopt distance adaptive modulation,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Mo.2.K.3.

Joyner, C.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Kato, M.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Kim, I.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Kisaka, Y.

Kish, F.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Komaki, K.

Kozicki, B.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Kubo, K.

Kuntz, M.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Lal, V.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Lambert, D.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Liu, L.

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks: A proof-of-concept demonstration,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Tu.5.K.2.

Lord, A.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. S12–S20, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Malendevich, R.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Matsui, J.

Matsumoto, W.

Y. Miyata, K. Sugihara, W. Matsumoto, K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “A triple-concatenated FEC using soft-decision decoding for 100  Gb/s optical transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper OThL3.

Matsuoka, S.

Missey, M.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Miyamoto, Y.

Miyata, Y.

Mizuochi, T.

Morita, I.

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks: A proof-of-concept demonstration,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Tu.5.K.2.

Murata, K.

Muthiah, R.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Nagarajan, R.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Nakagawa, G.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Nakagawa, T.

Nakamura, Y.

Nakashima, H.

Nejabati, R.

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011, pp. 1–5.

Nilsson, A.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Nishimoto, H.

Noguchi, H.

Oda, S.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Ohara, T.

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: Possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 10, pp. 164–172, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Onaka, H.

Onohara, K.

Palacharla, P.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Pavinski, D.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Pleumeekers, J.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Proietti, R.

Qin, C.

Rahn, J.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Rasmussen, J.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Reffle, M.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Sakamoto, Y.

Sakano, T.

Salvatore, R.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Sambo, N.

F. Cugini, M. Secondini, N. Sambo, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull technique for defragmentation in flexible optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper JTh2A.40.

Samra, P.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Sanders, S.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Sato, K.

T. Takagi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, and M. Jinno, “Disruption minimized spectrum defragmentation in elastic optical path networks that adopt distance adaptive modulation,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Mo.2.K.3.

Schneider, R.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Scott, R.

Secondini, M.

F. Cugini, M. Secondini, N. Sambo, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull technique for defragmentation in flexible optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper JTh2A.40.

Sedgwick, F.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Sekiya, M.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Shibayama, A.

Shukla, V.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Shuping, P.

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011, pp. 1–5.

Simeonidou, D.

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011, pp. 1–5.

Sone, K.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Sone, Y.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multi-flow optical transponder for efficient multi-layer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: Possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 10, pp. 164–172, 2011.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.
[CrossRef]

T. Takagi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, and M. Jinno, “Disruption minimized spectrum defragmentation in elastic optical path networks that adopt distance adaptive modulation,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Mo.2.K.3.

Stewart, J.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Strzelecka, E.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Studenkov, P.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Sugihara, K.

Y. Miyata, K. Sugihara, W. Matsumoto, K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “A triple-concatenated FEC using soft-decision decoding for 100  Gb/s optical transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper OThL3.

Sugihara, T.

Y. Miyata, K. Sugihara, W. Matsumoto, K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “A triple-concatenated FEC using soft-decision decoding for 100  Gb/s optical transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper OThL3.

Sun, H.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Suzuki, K.

T. Watanabe, K. Suzuki, and T. Takahashi, “Silica-based PLC transponder aggregators for colorless, directionless, and contentionless ROADM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper OTh3D.1.

Takagi, T.

T. Takagi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, and M. Jinno, “Disruption minimized spectrum defragmentation in elastic optical path networks that adopt distance adaptive modulation,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Mo.2.K.3.

Takahashi, T.

T. Watanabe, K. Suzuki, and T. Takahashi, “Silica-based PLC transponder aggregators for colorless, directionless, and contentionless ROADM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper OTh3D.1.

Takara, H.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multi-flow optical transponder for efficient multi-layer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, O.

Tanaka, T.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Taylor, B.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Tomizawa, M.

Tsukishima, Y.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno and Y. Tsukishima, “Virtualized optical network (VON) for agile cloud computing environment,” in Conf. on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), 2009, paper OMG1.

Tsuritani, T.

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks: A proof-of-concept demonstration,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Tu.5.K.2.

Vallaitis, T.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Wang, X.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Watanabe, A.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

T. Watanabe, K. Suzuki, and T. Takahashi, “Silica-based PLC transponder aggregators for colorless, directionless, and contentionless ROADM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper OTh3D.1.

Welch, D.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Wu, J.

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks: A proof-of-concept demonstration,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Tu.5.K.2.

Wu, K.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Xia, T. J.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, S.

Yamazaki, E.

Yin, Y.

Yonenaga, K.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multi-flow optical transponder for efficient multi-layer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

Yoshida, E.

Yoshida, H.

Y. Miyata, K. Sugihara, W. Matsumoto, K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “A triple-concatenated FEC using soft-decision decoding for 100  Gb/s optical transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper OThL3.

Yu, R.

Ziari, M.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

Comput. Netw.

N. M. M. K. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “A survey of network virtualization,” Comput. Netw., vol.  54, pp. 862–876, 2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, and S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 11, pp. 66–73, 2009.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, and A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 8, pp. 138–145, 2010.
[CrossRef]

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, 2010.
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 2, pp. S12–S20, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, T. Ohara, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, O. Ishida, and M. Tomizawa, “Elastic and adaptive optical networks: Possible adoption scenarios and future standardization aspects,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  49, no. 10, pp. 164–172, 2011.
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, Y. Sone, K. Yonenaga, and A. Hirano, “Multi-flow optical transponder for efficient multi-layer optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  50, no. 5, pp. 56–65, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

Y. Miyata, K. Sugihara, W. Matsumoto, K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “A triple-concatenated FEC using soft-decision decoding for 100  Gb/s optical transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2010, paper OThL3.

“Software-defined networking: The new norm for networks,” Open Networking Foundation (ONF) White Paper [Online]. Available: www.opennetworking.org .

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks: A proof-of-concept demonstration,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Tu.5.K.2.

P. Evans, M. Fisher, R. Malendevich, A. James, P. Studenkov, G. Goldfarb, T. Vallaitis, M. Kato, P. Samra, S. Corzine, E. Strzelecka, R. Salvatore, F. Sedgwick, M. Kuntz, V. Lal, D. Lambert, A. Dentai, D. Pavinski, B. Behnia, J. Bostak, V. Dominic, A. Nilsson, B. Taylor, J. Rahn, S. Sanders, H. Sun, K. Wu, J. Pleumeekers, R. Muthiah, M. Missey, R. Schneider, J. Stewart, M. Reffle, T. Butrie, R. Nagarajan, C. Joyner, M. Ziari, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Multi-channel coherent PM-QPSK InP transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) operating at 112  Gb/s per wavelength,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2011, paper PDPC7.

T. Watanabe, K. Suzuki, and T. Takahashi, “Silica-based PLC transponder aggregators for colorless, directionless, and contentionless ROADM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper OTh3D.1.

T. Takagi, H. Hasegawa, K. Sato, Y. Sone, A. Hirano, and M. Jinno, “Disruption minimized spectrum defragmentation in elastic optical path networks that adopt distance adaptive modulation,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011, paper Mo.2.K.3.

O. Gerstel, “Flexible use of spectrum and photonic grooming,” in Proc. Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nano-Photonics and Photonics in Switching Conf., 2010, paper PMD3.

M. Jinno and Y. Tsukishima, “Virtualized optical network (VON) for agile cloud computing environment,” in Conf. on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), 2009, paper OMG1.

R. Nejabati, E. Escalona, P. Shuping, and D. Simeonidou, “Optical network virtualization,” in 15th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), 2011, pp. 1–5.

F. Cugini, M. Secondini, N. Sambo, G. Bottari, G. Bruno, P. Iovanna, and P. Castoldi, “Push-pull technique for defragmentation in flexible optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2012, paper JTh2A.40.

K. Sone, X. Wang, S. Oda, G. Nakagawa, Y. Aoki, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, T. Hoshida, M. Sekiya, and J. Rasmussen, “First demonstration of hitless spectrum defragmentation using real-time coherent receivers in flexible grid optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2012, paper Th.3.D.1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (14)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Adaptive spectrum allocation in an elastic optical network.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Layered architecture of a transparent elastic optical network.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Possible adaptive transponder designs.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Multiflow transponder.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

ER consisting of an array of spectrum-selective subchannel regenerators (SSRs).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

High-level architecture for a translucent elastic optical network.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Q-factor penalty as a function of number of subchannels simultaneously input into the SSR.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Q-factor penalty as a function of 3 dB bandwidth of input optical signal.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Q-factor penalty as a function of channel spacing of subchannels simultaneously input into the SSR.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Experimental configuration for real-time elastic regeneration in a translucent elastic optical network.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Spectra of superchannels A–F captured at respective points a–f in Fig. 10.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Real-time Q-factor performance of a subchannel traveled through the testbed as a function of elapsed time.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Packet optical transport system (POTS).

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Elastic optical transport system (EOTS).