Abstract

We have studied the resource requirements and capacity of a continental-scale backbone network supporting shared mesh restoration (SMR) and service velocity (a rapid provisioning method). Network simulations of wavelength routing by colorless, nondirectional reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexers (CN-ROADMs) show that performance depends on the routing scheme (minimum distance or minimum regenerator) and on whether or not regeneration is limited to a selected subset of sites. Comparing SMR with dedicated protection, we find that up to 27% fewer regenerators are required for the shared mesh case, while capacity is increased by approximately 40%. Regenerator site concentration and minimum-regenerator routing provide the best results.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, “ROADMS and their system applications,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VB, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. Willner, Eds. New York: Academic, 2008, Chap. 8.
  2. S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July 2010.
  3. A. L. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, M. Feuer, J. W. Gannett, J. Jackel, G. Kim, J. Klincewicz, T. Kwon, G. Li, P. Magill, J. M. Simmons, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Lehmen, B. J. Wilson, S. L. Woodward, and D. Xu, “Architectures and protocols for capacity efficient, highly dynamic and highly resilient core networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 1–14, Jan. 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Woodward, M. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in a dynamic colorless, non-directional ROADM,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2010, paper PDPC8.
  5. M. Feuer, S. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 4, pp. 529–535, 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Blocking performance in dynamic optical networks based on colorless, non-directional ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2011, paper JWA8.
  7. S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, and D. Bihon, “Service velocity: Rapid provisioning strategies in optical ROADM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 92–98, Feb. 2012.
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.
  9. I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, D. Bihon, S. Woodward, and M. Feuer, “Shared mesh restoration in ROADM based service velocity network,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2013, paper NW4I.3.
  10. B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.
  11. C. V. Saradhi, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Marinelli, and O. Gerstel, “Regenerator sites selection based on multiple paths considering impairments and protection requirements,” in European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), July 2011, paper CPI-1.
  12. The DARPA CORONET Topology for the Contiguous United States (CONUS) [Online]. Available: http://monarchna.com/topology.html .
  13. D. Mazzarese, “Minimizing latency in long-haul networks,” Lightwave Magazine, vol.  28, no. 5, pp. 11–16, Sept. 2011 [Online]. Available: http://www.lightwaveonline.com/articles/print/volume-28/issue-5/applications/strategies-for-reducing-latency-in-optical-networks.html .
  14. X. Li, X. Chen, G. Goldfarb, E. Mateo, I. Kim, F. Yaman, and G. Li, “Electronic post-compensation of WDM transmission impairments using coherent detection and digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol.  16, no. 2, pp. 880–888, Jan. 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. A. Tse, “AT&Ts photonic backbone design options,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2010, paper NThF3.

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

D. Mazzarese, “Minimizing latency in long-haul networks,” Lightwave Magazine, vol.  28, no. 5, pp. 11–16, Sept. 2011 [Online]. Available: http://www.lightwaveonline.com/articles/print/volume-28/issue-5/applications/strategies-for-reducing-latency-in-optical-networks.html .

M. Feuer, S. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 4, pp. 529–535, 2011.
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July 2010.

2008 (1)

Basch, B.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July 2010.

Bathula, B. G.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

Bergman, K.

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

Bihon, D.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, and D. Bihon, “Service velocity: Rapid provisioning strategies in optical ROADM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 92–98, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Feuer, S. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 4, pp. 529–535, 2011.
[CrossRef]

S. Woodward, M. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in a dynamic colorless, non-directional ROADM,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2010, paper PDPC8.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, D. Bihon, S. Woodward, and M. Feuer, “Shared mesh restoration in ROADM based service velocity network,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2013, paper NW4I.3.

P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Blocking performance in dynamic optical networks based on colorless, non-directional ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2011, paper JWA8.

Chen, X.

Chiu, A.

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

Chiu, A. L.

Choudhury, G.

Clapp, G.

Doverspike, R.

Egorov, R.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July 2010.

Fedrizzi, R.

C. V. Saradhi, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Marinelli, and O. Gerstel, “Regenerator sites selection based on multiple paths considering impairments and protection requirements,” in European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), July 2011, paper CPI-1.

Feuer, M.

Feuer, M. D.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, and D. Bihon, “Service velocity: Rapid provisioning strategies in optical ROADM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 92–98, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Blocking performance in dynamic optical networks based on colorless, non-directional ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2011, paper JWA8.

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, “ROADMS and their system applications,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VB, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. Willner, Eds. New York: Academic, 2008, Chap. 8.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

Galimberti, G. M.

C. V. Saradhi, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Marinelli, and O. Gerstel, “Regenerator sites selection based on multiple paths considering impairments and protection requirements,” in European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), July 2011, paper CPI-1.

Gannett, J. W.

Gerstel, O.

C. V. Saradhi, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Marinelli, and O. Gerstel, “Regenerator sites selection based on multiple paths considering impairments and protection requirements,” in European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), July 2011, paper CPI-1.

Goldfarb, G.

Gringeri, S.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July 2010.

Jackel, J.

Kilper, D. C.

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, “ROADMS and their system applications,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VB, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. Willner, Eds. New York: Academic, 2008, Chap. 8.

Kim, G.

Kim, I.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, and D. Bihon, “Service velocity: Rapid provisioning strategies in optical ROADM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 92–98, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Feuer, S. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 4, pp. 529–535, 2011.
[CrossRef]

X. Li, X. Chen, G. Goldfarb, E. Mateo, I. Kim, F. Yaman, and G. Li, “Electronic post-compensation of WDM transmission impairments using coherent detection and digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol.  16, no. 2, pp. 880–888, Jan. 2008.
[CrossRef]

P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Blocking performance in dynamic optical networks based on colorless, non-directional ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2011, paper JWA8.

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

S. Woodward, M. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in a dynamic colorless, non-directional ROADM,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2010, paper PDPC8.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, D. Bihon, S. Woodward, and M. Feuer, “Shared mesh restoration in ROADM based service velocity network,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2013, paper NW4I.3.

Klincewicz, J.

Kwon, T.

Lehmen, A.

Li, G.

A. L. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, M. Feuer, J. W. Gannett, J. Jackel, G. Kim, J. Klincewicz, T. Kwon, G. Li, P. Magill, J. M. Simmons, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Lehmen, B. J. Wilson, S. L. Woodward, and D. Xu, “Architectures and protocols for capacity efficient, highly dynamic and highly resilient core networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 1–14, Jan. 2012.
[CrossRef]

X. Li, X. Chen, G. Goldfarb, E. Mateo, I. Kim, F. Yaman, and G. Li, “Electronic post-compensation of WDM transmission impairments using coherent detection and digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol.  16, no. 2, pp. 880–888, Jan. 2008.
[CrossRef]

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

Li, X.

Magill, P.

Marinelli, G.

C. V. Saradhi, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Marinelli, and O. Gerstel, “Regenerator sites selection based on multiple paths considering impairments and protection requirements,” in European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), July 2011, paper CPI-1.

Mateo, E.

Mazzarese, D.

D. Mazzarese, “Minimizing latency in long-haul networks,” Lightwave Magazine, vol.  28, no. 5, pp. 11–16, Sept. 2011 [Online]. Available: http://www.lightwaveonline.com/articles/print/volume-28/issue-5/applications/strategies-for-reducing-latency-in-optical-networks.html .

Palacharla, P.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, and D. Bihon, “Service velocity: Rapid provisioning strategies in optical ROADM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 92–98, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Feuer, S. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 4, pp. 529–535, 2011.
[CrossRef]

S. Woodward, M. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in a dynamic colorless, non-directional ROADM,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2010, paper PDPC8.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, D. Bihon, S. Woodward, and M. Feuer, “Shared mesh restoration in ROADM based service velocity network,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2013, paper NW4I.3.

P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Blocking performance in dynamic optical networks based on colorless, non-directional ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2011, paper JWA8.

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

Salvadori, E.

C. V. Saradhi, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Marinelli, and O. Gerstel, “Regenerator sites selection based on multiple paths considering impairments and protection requirements,” in European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), July 2011, paper CPI-1.

Saradhi, C. V.

C. V. Saradhi, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Marinelli, and O. Gerstel, “Regenerator sites selection based on multiple paths considering impairments and protection requirements,” in European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), July 2011, paper CPI-1.

Shukla, V.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July 2010.

Simmons, J. M.

Sinha, R.

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

Skoog, R. A.

Strand, J.

Tanzi, A.

C. V. Saradhi, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Marinelli, and O. Gerstel, “Regenerator sites selection based on multiple paths considering impairments and protection requirements,” in European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), July 2011, paper CPI-1.

Tse, K. A.

K. A. Tse, “AT&Ts photonic backbone design options,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2010, paper NThF3.

Wang, X.

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, and D. Bihon, “Service velocity: Rapid provisioning strategies in optical ROADM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 92–98, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. Feuer, S. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 4, pp. 529–535, 2011.
[CrossRef]

S. Woodward, M. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in a dynamic colorless, non-directional ROADM,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2010, paper PDPC8.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, D. Bihon, S. Woodward, and M. Feuer, “Shared mesh restoration in ROADM based service velocity network,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2013, paper NW4I.3.

P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Blocking performance in dynamic optical networks based on colorless, non-directional ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2011, paper JWA8.

Wilson, B. J.

Woodward, S.

M. Feuer, S. Woodward, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in dynamic photonic networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  29, no. 4, pp. 529–535, 2011.
[CrossRef]

S. Woodward, M. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in a dynamic colorless, non-directional ROADM,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2010, paper PDPC8.

I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, D. Bihon, S. Woodward, and M. Feuer, “Shared mesh restoration in ROADM based service velocity network,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2013, paper NW4I.3.

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

Woodward, S. L.

A. L. Chiu, G. Choudhury, G. Clapp, R. Doverspike, M. Feuer, J. W. Gannett, J. Jackel, G. Kim, J. Klincewicz, T. Kwon, G. Li, P. Magill, J. M. Simmons, R. A. Skoog, J. Strand, A. Lehmen, B. J. Wilson, S. L. Woodward, and D. Xu, “Architectures and protocols for capacity efficient, highly dynamic and highly resilient core networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 1, pp. 1–14, Jan. 2012.
[CrossRef]

S. L. Woodward, M. D. Feuer, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, and D. Bihon, “Service velocity: Rapid provisioning strategies in optical ROADM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  4, no. 2, pp. 92–98, Feb. 2012.
[CrossRef]

P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Blocking performance in dynamic optical networks based on colorless, non-directional ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2011, paper JWA8.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, “ROADMS and their system applications,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VB, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. Willner, Eds. New York: Academic, 2008, Chap. 8.

Xia, T. J.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July 2010.

Xu, D.

Yaman, F.

Zanardi, A.

C. V. Saradhi, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Marinelli, and O. Gerstel, “Regenerator sites selection based on multiple paths considering impairments and protection requirements,” in European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), July 2011, paper CPI-1.

Zhang, Q.

I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, D. Bihon, S. Woodward, and M. Feuer, “Shared mesh restoration in ROADM based service velocity network,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2013, paper NW4I.3.

Zhang, W.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  48, no. 7, pp. 40–50, July 2010.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

Lightwave Magazine (1)

D. Mazzarese, “Minimizing latency in long-haul networks,” Lightwave Magazine, vol.  28, no. 5, pp. 11–16, Sept. 2011 [Online]. Available: http://www.lightwaveonline.com/articles/print/volume-28/issue-5/applications/strategies-for-reducing-latency-in-optical-networks.html .

Opt. Express (1)

Other (9)

K. A. Tse, “AT&Ts photonic backbone design options,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2010, paper NThF3.

M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, “ROADMS and their system applications,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VB, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. Willner, Eds. New York: Academic, 2008, Chap. 8.

M. D. Feuer, S. L. Woodward, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, D. Bihon, B. G. Bathula, W. Zhang, R. Sinha, G. Li, and A. L. Chiu, “Simulations of a service velocity network employing regenerator site concentration,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NTu2J.5.

I. Kim, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, D. Bihon, S. Woodward, and M. Feuer, “Shared mesh restoration in ROADM based service velocity network,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2013, paper NW4I.3.

B. G. Bathula, R. Sinha, A. Chiu, M. D. Feuer, G. Li, S. Woodward, W. Zhang, K. Bergman, I. Kim, and P. Palacharla, “On concentrating regenerator sites in ROADM networks,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2012, paper NW3F.6.

C. V. Saradhi, R. Fedrizzi, A. Zanardi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Marinelli, and O. Gerstel, “Regenerator sites selection based on multiple paths considering impairments and protection requirements,” in European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC), July 2011, paper CPI-1.

The DARPA CORONET Topology for the Contiguous United States (CONUS) [Online]. Available: http://monarchna.com/topology.html .

S. Woodward, M. Feuer, P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, and D. Bihon, “Intra-node contention in a dynamic colorless, non-directional ROADM,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2010, paper PDPC8.

P. Palacharla, X. Wang, I. Kim, D. Bihon, M. D. Feuer, and S. L. Woodward, “Blocking performance in dynamic optical networks based on colorless, non-directional ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, Mar. 2011, paper JWA8.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

CN-ROADM architecture with regenerator pools (RPs).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Flow chart for regeneration site concentration.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

CORONET network topology and routing examples (squares, regeneration sites for MD; circles, regeneration sites for MR).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Concentrated regeneration sites (squares, regeneration sites for MD-Conc; circles, regeneration sites for MR-Conc, and routing examples).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Histogram of excess latency in working paths.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Histogram of latency imbalance.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Histogram of the additional number of combined regenerators in MD-All/MD-Conc routing with respect to MR-Conc routing.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Histogram of the additional number of regenerators in working/backup paths for (a) MD-All routing and (b) MD-Conc routing with respect to MR-Conc routing.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Counts of total and idle regenerators versus traffic demand.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Backup regenerators per demand versus traffic demand.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Wavelength-km versus traffic demand.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Number of regenerators at 500 demands.