Abstract

We provide models for evaluating the performance, cost and power consumption of different architectures suitable for a metropolitan area network (MAN). We then apply these models to compare today’s synchronous optical network/synchronous digital hierarchy metro rings with different alternatives envisaged for next-generation MAN: an Ethernet carrier grade ring, an optical hub-based architecture and an optical time-slotted wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) ring. Our results indicate that the optical architectures are likely to decrease power consumption by up to 75% when compared with present day MANs. Moreover, by allowing the capacity of each wavelength to be dynamically shared among all nodes, a transparent slotted WDM yields throughput performance that is practically equivalent to that of today’s electronic architectures, for equal capacity.

© 2013 OSA

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References

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  1. Metro Ethernet Network, “The business case for optical Ethernet vs. legacy SONET/SDH in a metro service provider data network,” Tech. Rep., 2003.
  2. Sorrento Networks, “Ethernet in the MAN: New technology creates new revenue opportunities,” Tech. Rep., 2003.
  3. H. Schmidtke and A. Gibbemeyer, “Five reasons to adopt layer 2 Ethernet switching over DWDM networks now,” Tech. Rep., 2006.
  4. M. Maier, Optical Switching Networks. Cambridge University Press, 2008.
  5. N. Le Sauze, A. Dupas, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, M. Nizam, A. Ge, and L. Dembeck, “A novel, low cost optical packet metropolitan ring architecture,” in 27th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2001.
  6. I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov.2003.
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Jelger and J. Elmirghani, “A slotted MAC protocol for efficient bandwidth utilization in WDM metropolitan access ring networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1295–1305, Oct.2003.
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Bianco, J. Finochietto, G. Giarratana, F. Neri, and C. Piglione, “Measurement-based reconfiguration in optical ring metro networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 3156–3166, Oct.2005.
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Yuang, I.-F. Chao, and B. Lo, “HOPSMAN: An experimental optical packet-switched metro WDM ring network with high-performance medium access control,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 91–101, Feb.2010.
    [CrossRef]
  10. Intune networks [Online]. Available: http://www.intunenetworks.com/.
  11. D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.
  12. T. Bonald, R.-M. Indre, S. Oueslati, and C. Rolland, “Throughput delay trade-offs in slotted WDM ring networks,” in BROADNETS, 2010.
  13. D. Chiaroni, G. B. Santamaria, C. Simonneau, S. Etienne, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. E. Simsarian, “Packet OADMs for the next generation of ring networks,” Bell Lab. Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 265–283, Feb.2010.
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks. New York: Springer-Verlag, Inc., 2006.
  15. CISCO Systems, “Business case for carrier Ethernet services,” Tech. Rep., 2005.
  16. IST NOBEL Project, “Deliverable d2.4: Migration guidelines with economic assessment and new business opportunities generated by NOBEL phase 2,” Mar.2008.
  17. R. Huelsermann, M. Gunkel, C. Meusburger, and D. Schupke, “Cost modeling and evaluation of capital expenditures in optical multilayer networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 814–833, Sept.2008.
    [CrossRef]
  18. “Cisco data sheets” [Online]. Available: http://www.cisco.com.
  19. Data sheets taken from http://www.oequest.com.
  20. Data taken from http://www.router-switch.com.
  21. K. Grobe, M. Roppelt, A. Autenrieth, and M. Eiselt, “Cost and energy consumption analysis of advanced WDM-PONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 25–32, Feb.2011.
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

K. Grobe, M. Roppelt, A. Autenrieth, and M. Eiselt, “Cost and energy consumption analysis of advanced WDM-PONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 25–32, Feb.2011.
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

M. Yuang, I.-F. Chao, and B. Lo, “HOPSMAN: An experimental optical packet-switched metro WDM ring network with high-performance medium access control,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 91–101, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, G. B. Santamaria, C. Simonneau, S. Etienne, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. E. Simsarian, “Packet OADMs for the next generation of ring networks,” Bell Lab. Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 265–283, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

C. Jelger and J. Elmirghani, “A slotted MAC protocol for efficient bandwidth utilization in WDM metropolitan access ring networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1295–1305, Oct.2003.
[CrossRef]

Adamiecki, A.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Antona, J. C.

D. Chiaroni, G. B. Santamaria, C. Simonneau, S. Etienne, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. E. Simsarian, “Packet OADMs for the next generation of ring networks,” Bell Lab. Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 265–283, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Austin, G.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Autenrieth, A.

K. Grobe, M. Roppelt, A. Autenrieth, and M. Eiselt, “Cost and energy consumption analysis of advanced WDM-PONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 25–32, Feb.2011.
[CrossRef]

Bianco, A.

Bigo, S.

D. Chiaroni, G. B. Santamaria, C. Simonneau, S. Etienne, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. E. Simsarian, “Packet OADMs for the next generation of ring networks,” Bell Lab. Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 265–283, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Bonald, T.

T. Bonald, R.-M. Indre, S. Oueslati, and C. Rolland, “Throughput delay trade-offs in slotted WDM ring networks,” in BROADNETS, 2010.

Chao, I.-F.

Chiaroni, D.

D. Chiaroni, G. B. Santamaria, C. Simonneau, S. Etienne, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. E. Simsarian, “Packet OADMs for the next generation of ring networks,” Bell Lab. Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 265–283, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Ciavaglia, L.

N. Le Sauze, A. Dupas, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, M. Nizam, A. Ge, and L. Dembeck, “A novel, low cost optical packet metropolitan ring architecture,” in 27th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2001.

Dembeck, L.

N. Le Sauze, A. Dupas, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, M. Nizam, A. Ge, and L. Dembeck, “A novel, low cost optical packet metropolitan ring architecture,” in 27th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2001.

Dotaro, E.

N. Le Sauze, A. Dupas, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, M. Nizam, A. Ge, and L. Dembeck, “A novel, low cost optical packet metropolitan ring architecture,” in 27th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2001.

Dupas, A.

N. Le Sauze, A. Dupas, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, M. Nizam, A. Ge, and L. Dembeck, “A novel, low cost optical packet metropolitan ring architecture,” in 27th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2001.

Eiselt, M.

K. Grobe, M. Roppelt, A. Autenrieth, and M. Eiselt, “Cost and energy consumption analysis of advanced WDM-PONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 25–32, Feb.2011.
[CrossRef]

Elmirghani, J.

C. Jelger and J. Elmirghani, “A slotted MAC protocol for efficient bandwidth utilization in WDM metropolitan access ring networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1295–1305, Oct.2003.
[CrossRef]

Etienne, S.

D. Chiaroni, G. B. Santamaria, C. Simonneau, S. Etienne, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. E. Simsarian, “Packet OADMs for the next generation of ring networks,” Bell Lab. Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 265–283, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Finochietto, J.

Ge, A.

N. Le Sauze, A. Dupas, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, M. Nizam, A. Ge, and L. Dembeck, “A novel, low cost optical packet metropolitan ring architecture,” in 27th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2001.

Giarratana, G.

Gibbemeyer, A.

H. Schmidtke and A. Gibbemeyer, “Five reasons to adopt layer 2 Ethernet switching over DWDM networks now,” Tech. Rep., 2006.

Gripp, J.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Grobe, K.

K. Grobe, M. Roppelt, A. Autenrieth, and M. Eiselt, “Cost and energy consumption analysis of advanced WDM-PONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 25–32, Feb.2011.
[CrossRef]

Gunkel, M.

Huelsermann, R.

Indre, R.-M.

T. Bonald, R.-M. Indre, S. Oueslati, and C. Rolland, “Throughput delay trade-offs in slotted WDM ring networks,” in BROADNETS, 2010.

Jelger, C.

C. Jelger and J. Elmirghani, “A slotted MAC protocol for efficient bandwidth utilization in WDM metropolitan access ring networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1295–1305, Oct.2003.
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L.

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

Le Sauze, N.

N. Le Sauze, A. Dupas, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, M. Nizam, A. Ge, and L. Dembeck, “A novel, low cost optical packet metropolitan ring architecture,” in 27th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2001.

Lo, B.

Maier, M.

M. Maier, Optical Switching Networks. Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Meusburger, C.

Mukherjee, B.

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks. New York: Springer-Verlag, Inc., 2006.

Nakahara, T.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Neilson, D.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Neri, F.

Nizam, M.

N. Le Sauze, A. Dupas, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, M. Nizam, A. Ge, and L. Dembeck, “A novel, low cost optical packet metropolitan ring architecture,” in 27th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2001.

Oueslati, S.

T. Bonald, R.-M. Indre, S. Oueslati, and C. Rolland, “Throughput delay trade-offs in slotted WDM ring networks,” in BROADNETS, 2010.

Piglione, C.

Pointurier, Y.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Radoaca, V.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Rogge, M.

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

Rolland, C.

T. Bonald, R.-M. Indre, S. Oueslati, and C. Rolland, “Throughput delay trade-offs in slotted WDM ring networks,” in BROADNETS, 2010.

Roppelt, M.

K. Grobe, M. Roppelt, A. Autenrieth, and M. Eiselt, “Cost and energy consumption analysis of advanced WDM-PONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 25–32, Feb.2011.
[CrossRef]

Santamaria, G. B.

D. Chiaroni, G. B. Santamaria, C. Simonneau, S. Etienne, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. E. Simsarian, “Packet OADMs for the next generation of ring networks,” Bell Lab. Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 265–283, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

Schmidtke, H.

H. Schmidtke and A. Gibbemeyer, “Five reasons to adopt layer 2 Ethernet switching over DWDM networks now,” Tech. Rep., 2006.

Schupke, D.

Segawa, T.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Shrikhande, K.

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

Simonneau, C.

D. Chiaroni, G. B. Santamaria, C. Simonneau, S. Etienne, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. E. Simsarian, “Packet OADMs for the next generation of ring networks,” Bell Lab. Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 265–283, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Simsarian, J. E.

D. Chiaroni, G. B. Santamaria, C. Simonneau, S. Etienne, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. E. Simsarian, “Packet OADMs for the next generation of ring networks,” Bell Lab. Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 265–283, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Suzaki, Y.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Takahashi, R.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Thottan, M.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

Urata, R.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

White, I.

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

Yuang, M.

Bell Lab. Tech. J. (1)

D. Chiaroni, G. B. Santamaria, C. Simonneau, S. Etienne, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, and J. E. Simsarian, “Packet OADMs for the next generation of ring networks,” Bell Lab. Tech. J., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 265–283, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

K. Grobe, M. Roppelt, A. Autenrieth, and M. Eiselt, “Cost and energy consumption analysis of advanced WDM-PONs,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 25–32, Feb.2011.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

I. White, M. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, and L. Kazovsky, “A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1478–1494, Nov.2003.
[CrossRef]

C. Jelger and J. Elmirghani, “A slotted MAC protocol for efficient bandwidth utilization in WDM metropolitan access ring networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1295–1305, Oct.2003.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Other (14)

“Cisco data sheets” [Online]. Available: http://www.cisco.com.

Data sheets taken from http://www.oequest.com.

Data taken from http://www.router-switch.com.

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks. New York: Springer-Verlag, Inc., 2006.

CISCO Systems, “Business case for carrier Ethernet services,” Tech. Rep., 2005.

IST NOBEL Project, “Deliverable d2.4: Migration guidelines with economic assessment and new business opportunities generated by NOBEL phase 2,” Mar.2008.

Intune networks [Online]. Available: http://www.intunenetworks.com/.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. Neilson, J. C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, and V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Commun. (ECOC), Sept. 2010.

T. Bonald, R.-M. Indre, S. Oueslati, and C. Rolland, “Throughput delay trade-offs in slotted WDM ring networks,” in BROADNETS, 2010.

Metro Ethernet Network, “The business case for optical Ethernet vs. legacy SONET/SDH in a metro service provider data network,” Tech. Rep., 2003.

Sorrento Networks, “Ethernet in the MAN: New technology creates new revenue opportunities,” Tech. Rep., 2003.

H. Schmidtke and A. Gibbemeyer, “Five reasons to adopt layer 2 Ethernet switching over DWDM networks now,” Tech. Rep., 2006.

M. Maier, Optical Switching Networks. Cambridge University Press, 2008.

N. Le Sauze, A. Dupas, E. Dotaro, L. Ciavaglia, M. Nizam, A. Ge, and L. Dembeck, “A novel, low cost optical packet metropolitan ring architecture,” in 27th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2001.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) An opaque architecture with one hub, N = 3 access nodes and W = 3 wavelength channels.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) A hub-based transparent optical ring with N = 4 access nodes and W = N = 4 wavelength channels.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) A time-slotted WDM ring with N = 3 access nodes and W = 2 wavelength channels.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Building blocks of an opaque network node.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) The structure of an OPADM receiving on two distinct wavelength channels.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Considered traffic scenarios (from right to left): local, transit and hybrid (hub station represented in black and access nodes in white).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Maximum offered traffic for a congestion rate of 1% under the local and hybrid scenarios.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Maximum offered traffic for congestion rates of 1% and 10% under the transit traffic scenario.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Normalized cost and power consumption per Gbit/s for each architecture in the local, transit and hybrid scenarios.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Normalized network cost due to transceivers as a function of N and W.

Tables (5)

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Table I Traffic Capacity of Each Architecture Under the Local, Transit and Hybrid Traffic Scenarios

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Table II Normalized Component Costs and Power Consumption for SONET/SDH Nodes

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Table III Normalized Component Costs and Power Consumption for Ethernet Carrier Grade Nodes

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Table IV Normalized Component Costs and Power Consumption for an OADM

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Table V Normalized Component Costs and Power Consumption for OPADM

Equations (21)

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i , a i < | t i | R
i , j a i j < | r i | R ,
l , ( i , j ) : l [ i , j ] a i j < W R .
w , l , ( i , j ) : l [ i , j ] , r j = w a i j < R .
ρ = A C = α m .
π ( x ) = π ( 0 ) α x x ! , if  x m ,
π ( x ) = π ( m ) ρ x m , if  x > m .
π ( 0 ) = 1 1 + α + α 2 2 + + α m m ! + α m m ! ρ 1 ρ .
G = P ( x r > C ) = P ( x > m ) = x > m π ( x ) .
π ( x ) = e α α x x ! .
G = x > m π ( x ) .
W 1 R 1 = W 2 R 2 .
i , j 0 , i j , a i j = A N ( N 1 ) .
i 0 , a 0 i = A ( 1 β ) N , a i 0 = A β N .
i 0 , a 0 i = a i 0 = A ( 1 η ) 2 N ,
i , j 0 , i j , a i j = A η N ( N 1 ) .
j = 1 N 1 i > j N a i j < W 1 R 1 .
a i = ( N 1 ) a i j = 2 W 1 R 1 N .
2 W 1 R 1 ( N 1 ) N + W 1 2 .
i = 1 N a 0 i < W 1 R 1 .
W 1 R 1 β .