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J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

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M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

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W. Hofmann, E. Wong, G. Bohm, M. Ortsiefer, N. H. Zhu, and M. C. Amann, “1.55-µm VCSEL arrays for high-bandwidth WDM-PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 291–293, Feb.2008.

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A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

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I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

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S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proc. of European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Italy, Sept. 2010.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

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C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

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Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

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C. Knochenhauer, S. Hauptmann, C. J. Scheytt, and F. Ellinger, “A jitter optimized differential 40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier in SiGe BiCMOS,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 2538–2548, Oct.2010.

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A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 275–284, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

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Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
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C. Knochenhauer, S. Hauptmann, C. J. Scheytt, and F. Ellinger, “A jitter optimized differential 40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier in SiGe BiCMOS,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 2538–2548, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

J. Baliga, R. Ayre, K. Hinton, and R. S. Tucker, “Energy consumption in wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 70–77, June2011.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

W. Hofmann, E. Wong, G. Bohm, M. Ortsiefer, N. H. Zhu, and M. C. Amann, “1.55-µm VCSEL arrays for high-bandwidth WDM-PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 291–293, Feb.2008.

[CrossRef]

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

K. Hooghe and M. Guenach, “Toward green copper broadband access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 87–93, Aug.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

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C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

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F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in IEEE Globcom Workshops 2009, Stanford, CA, Nov. 2009, pp. 1–6.

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 275–284, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

C. Knochenhauer, B. Sedighi, and F. Ellinger, “40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier with high linearity range in 0.13 µm SiGe BiCMOS,” Electron. Lett., vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 605–606, May2011.

[CrossRef]

C. Knochenhauer, S. Hauptmann, C. J. Scheytt, and F. Ellinger, “A jitter optimized differential 40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier in SiGe BiCMOS,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 2538–2548, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

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G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

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M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

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S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proc. of European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Italy, Sept. 2010.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

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A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

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G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

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I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

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S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

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[CrossRef]

C.-F. Liao and S.-L. Liu, “40 Gb/s transimpedance-AGC amplifier and CDR circuit for broadband data receivers in 90 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 642–655, Mar.2008.

[CrossRef]

C. T. DeRose, M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, D. L. Luck, G. N. Nielson, and R. W. Yong, “Silicon microring modulator with integrated heater and temperature sensor for thermal control,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010, CThJ3.

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

S. M. Mitani, M. S. Alias, M. F. Maulud, M. R. Yahya, and A. F. A. Ma, “Design and fabrication of power-efficient VCSEL-based optical transceiver,” in Int. Conf. on Advanced Technologies for Communications, Hanoi, Vietnam, Oct. 2008, pp. 117–119.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

[CrossRef]
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W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

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A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

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S. M. Mitani, M. S. Alias, M. F. Maulud, M. R. Yahya, and A. F. A. Ma, “Design and fabrication of power-efficient VCSEL-based optical transceiver,” in Int. Conf. on Advanced Technologies for Communications, Hanoi, Vietnam, Oct. 2008, pp. 117–119.

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

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M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

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I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

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M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

[CrossRef]

C. T. DeRose, M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, D. L. Luck, G. N. Nielson, and R. W. Yong, “Silicon microring modulator with integrated heater and temperature sensor for thermal control,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010, CThJ3.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, S. Tsuji, T. Saito, and S. Nishimura, “A 25 Gb/s × 4-channel 74 mW/ch transimpedance amplifier in 65 nm CMOS,” in IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (CICC), 2010.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

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A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

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S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proc. of European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Italy, Sept. 2010.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

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S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

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G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

E. Sackinger, Y. Ota, T. J. Gabara, and W. C. Fischer, “15 mW, 155 Mb/s CMOS burst-mode laser driver with automatic power control and end-of-life detection,” IEEE. J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 386–387, 1999.

[CrossRef]

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, S. Tsuji, T. Saito, and S. Nishimura, “A 25 Gb/s × 4-channel 74 mW/ch transimpedance amplifier in 65 nm CMOS,” in IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (CICC), 2010.

C. Knochenhauer, S. Hauptmann, C. J. Scheytt, and F. Ellinger, “A jitter optimized differential 40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier in SiGe BiCMOS,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 2538–2548, Oct.2010.

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C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

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S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

[CrossRef]
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M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

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