S. Aleksic, “Energy efficiency of electronic and optical network elements,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 296–308, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

S. M. Mitani, M. S. Alias, M. F. Maulud, M. R. Yahya, and A. F. A. Ma, “Design and fabrication of power-efficient VCSEL-based optical transceiver,” in Int. Conf. on Advanced Technologies for Communications, Hanoi, Vietnam, Oct. 2008, pp. 117–119.

W. Hofmann, E. Wong, G. Bohm, M. Ortsiefer, N. H. Zhu, and M. C. Amann, “1.55-µm VCSEL arrays for high-bandwidth WDM-PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 291–293, Feb.2008.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 275–284, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

J. Baliga, R. Ayre, K. Hinton, and R. S. Tucker, “Energy consumption in wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 70–77, June2011.

[CrossRef]

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

J. Baliga, R. Ayre, K. Hinton, and R. S. Tucker, “Energy consumption in wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 70–77, June2011.

[CrossRef]

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 275–284, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

[CrossRef]

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

W. Hofmann, E. Wong, G. Bohm, M. Ortsiefer, N. H. Zhu, and M. C. Amann, “1.55-µm VCSEL arrays for high-bandwidth WDM-PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 291–293, Feb.2008.

[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

[CrossRef]

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proc. of European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Italy, Sept. 2010.

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in IEEE Globcom Workshops 2009, Stanford, CA, Nov. 2009, pp. 1–6.

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

B. Sedighi, K.-L. Lee, R. S. Tucker, H. Chow, and P. Vetter, “Energy efficiency in future 40-Gb/s fiber access networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, JTh2A.59.

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

[CrossRef]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proc. of European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Italy, Sept. 2010.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

[CrossRef]

C. T. DeRose, M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, D. L. Luck, G. N. Nielson, and R. W. Yong, “Silicon microring modulator with integrated heater and temperature sensor for thermal control,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010, CThJ3.

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

[CrossRef]

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Knochenhauer, B. Sedighi, and F. Ellinger, “40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier with high linearity range in 0.13 µm SiGe BiCMOS,” Electron. Lett., vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 605–606, May2011.

[CrossRef]

C. Knochenhauer, S. Hauptmann, C. J. Scheytt, and F. Ellinger, “A jitter optimized differential 40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier in SiGe BiCMOS,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 2538–2548, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

E. Trojer and P. Eriksson, “Power saving modes for GPON and VDSL,” in Proc. 13th European Conf. on Networks Optical Communication, Austria, June 2008.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

E. Sackinger, Y. Ota, T. J. Gabara, and W. C. Fischer, “15 mW, 155 Mb/s CMOS burst-mode laser driver with automatic power control and end-of-life detection,” IEEE. J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 386–387, 1999.

[CrossRef]

E. Sackinger, Y. Ota, T. J. Gabara, and W. C. Fischer, “15 mW, 155 Mb/s CMOS burst-mode laser driver with automatic power control and end-of-life detection,” IEEE. J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 386–387, 1999.

[CrossRef]

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 275–284, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

K. Hooghe and M. Guenach, “Toward green copper broadband access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 87–93, Aug.2011.

[CrossRef]

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

C. Knochenhauer, S. Hauptmann, C. J. Scheytt, and F. Ellinger, “A jitter optimized differential 40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier in SiGe BiCMOS,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 2538–2548, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

J. Baliga, R. Ayre, K. Hinton, and R. S. Tucker, “Energy consumption in wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 70–77, June2011.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

W. Hofmann, E. Wong, G. Bohm, M. Ortsiefer, N. H. Zhu, and M. C. Amann, “1.55-µm VCSEL arrays for high-bandwidth WDM-PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 291–293, Feb.2008.

[CrossRef]

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

K. Hooghe and M. Guenach, “Toward green copper broadband access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 87–93, Aug.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

[CrossRef]

E. Kapon and A. Sirbu, “Long wavelength VCSELs: power-efficient answer,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 3, pp. 27–29, Jan.2009.

[CrossRef]

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in IEEE Globcom Workshops 2009, Stanford, CA, Nov. 2009, pp. 1–6.

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 275–284, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

C. Knochenhauer, B. Sedighi, and F. Ellinger, “40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier with high linearity range in 0.13 µm SiGe BiCMOS,” Electron. Lett., vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 605–606, May2011.

[CrossRef]

C. Knochenhauer, S. Hauptmann, C. J. Scheytt, and F. Ellinger, “A jitter optimized differential 40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier in SiGe BiCMOS,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 2538–2548, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 275–284, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

[CrossRef]

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

B. Sedighi, K.-L. Lee, R. S. Tucker, H. Chow, and P. Vetter, “Energy efficiency in future 40-Gb/s fiber access networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, JTh2A.59.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proc. of European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Italy, Sept. 2010.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

C.-F. Liao and S.-L. Liu, “40 Gb/s transimpedance-AGC amplifier and CDR circuit for broadband data receivers in 90 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 642–655, Mar.2008.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

C.-F. Liao and S.-L. Liu, “40 Gb/s transimpedance-AGC amplifier and CDR circuit for broadband data receivers in 90 nm CMOS,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 642–655, Mar.2008.

[CrossRef]

C. T. DeRose, M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, D. L. Luck, G. N. Nielson, and R. W. Yong, “Silicon microring modulator with integrated heater and temperature sensor for thermal control,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010, CThJ3.

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

S. M. Mitani, M. S. Alias, M. F. Maulud, M. R. Yahya, and A. F. A. Ma, “Design and fabrication of power-efficient VCSEL-based optical transceiver,” in Int. Conf. on Advanced Technologies for Communications, Hanoi, Vietnam, Oct. 2008, pp. 117–119.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

[CrossRef]

S. M. Mitani, M. S. Alias, M. F. Maulud, M. R. Yahya, and A. F. A. Ma, “Design and fabrication of power-efficient VCSEL-based optical transceiver,” in Int. Conf. on Advanced Technologies for Communications, Hanoi, Vietnam, Oct. 2008, pp. 117–119.

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. A. A. Miller, “Device requirements for optical interconnects to silicon chips,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 97, no. 7, pp. 1166–1185, July2009.

[CrossRef]

S. M. Mitani, M. S. Alias, M. F. Maulud, M. R. Yahya, and A. F. A. Ma, “Design and fabrication of power-efficient VCSEL-based optical transceiver,” in Int. Conf. on Advanced Technologies for Communications, Hanoi, Vietnam, Oct. 2008, pp. 117–119.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

[CrossRef]

C. T. DeRose, M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, D. L. Luck, G. N. Nielson, and R. W. Yong, “Silicon microring modulator with integrated heater and temperature sensor for thermal control,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010, CThJ3.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, S. Tsuji, T. Saito, and S. Nishimura, “A 25 Gb/s × 4-channel 74 mW/ch transimpedance amplifier in 65 nm CMOS,” in IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (CICC), 2010.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

[CrossRef]

W. Hofmann, E. Wong, G. Bohm, M. Ortsiefer, N. H. Zhu, and M. C. Amann, “1.55-µm VCSEL arrays for high-bandwidth WDM-PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 291–293, Feb.2008.

[CrossRef]

E. Sackinger, Y. Ota, T. J. Gabara, and W. C. Fischer, “15 mW, 155 Mb/s CMOS burst-mode laser driver with automatic power control and end-of-life detection,” IEEE. J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 386–387, 1999.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proc. of European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Italy, Sept. 2010.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

[CrossRef]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, E. Rönneberg, and M. Martinell, “1.3-µm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gb/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 221, no. 12, pp. 778–780, June2009.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

E. Sackinger, Y. Ota, T. J. Gabara, and W. C. Fischer, “15 mW, 155 Mb/s CMOS burst-mode laser driver with automatic power control and end-of-life detection,” IEEE. J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 386–387, 1999.

[CrossRef]

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, S. Tsuji, T. Saito, and S. Nishimura, “A 25 Gb/s × 4-channel 74 mW/ch transimpedance amplifier in 65 nm CMOS,” in IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (CICC), 2010.

C. Knochenhauer, S. Hauptmann, C. J. Scheytt, and F. Ellinger, “A jitter optimized differential 40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier in SiGe BiCMOS,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 2538–2548, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. L. Schow, F. E. Doany, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, C. V. Jahnes, Y. H. Kwark, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, and J. A. Kash, “A 24-channel, 300 Gb/s, 8.2 pJ/bit, full-duplex fiber-coupled optical transceiver module based on a single holey CMOS IC,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 542–553, Feb.2011.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

C. Knochenhauer, B. Sedighi, and F. Ellinger, “40 Gbit/s transimpedance amplifier with high linearity range in 0.13 µm SiGe BiCMOS,” Electron. Lett., vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 605–606, May2011.

[CrossRef]

B. Sedighi, K.-L. Lee, R. S. Tucker, H. Chow, and P. Vetter, “Energy efficiency in future 40-Gb/s fiber access networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, JTh2A.59.

S. Manipatruni, R. K. Dokania, B. Schmidt, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, A. B. Apsel, and M. Lipson, “Wide temperature range operation of micrometer-scale silicon electro-optic modulators,” Opt. Lett., vol. 33, no. 19, pp. 2185–2187, Oct.2008.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

E. Kapon and A. Sirbu, “Long wavelength VCSELs: power-efficient answer,” Nat. Photonics, vol. 3, pp. 27–29, Jan.2009.

[CrossRef]

B. Skubic, “Evaluation of ONU power saving modes for gigabit-capable passive optical networks,” IEEE Network, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 20–24, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

F. Gan, T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovic, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kartner, “Maximizing the thermo-optic tuning range of silicon photonic structures,” in Proc. of IEEE Photonics in Switching, Cambridge, UK, Aug. 2007, TuB3.3.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 275–284, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, S. Tsuji, T. Saito, and S. Nishimura, “A 25 Gb/s × 4-channel 74 mW/ch transimpedance amplifier in 65 nm CMOS,” in IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (CICC), 2010.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

E. Trojer and P. Eriksson, “Power saving modes for GPON and VDSL,” in Proc. 13th European Conf. on Networks Optical Communication, Austria, June 2008.

C. T. DeRose, M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, D. L. Luck, G. N. Nielson, and R. W. Yong, “Silicon microring modulator with integrated heater and temperature sensor for thermal control,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010, CThJ3.

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, S. Tsuji, T. Saito, and S. Nishimura, “A 25 Gb/s × 4-channel 74 mW/ch transimpedance amplifier in 65 nm CMOS,” in IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (CICC), 2010.

R. S. Tucker, “Green optical communications-part I: energy limitations in transport,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 261–274, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

R. S. Tucker, “Green optical communications-part II: energy limitations in networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 261–274, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

J. Baliga, R. Ayre, K. Hinton, and R. S. Tucker, “Energy consumption in wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 70–77, June2011.

[CrossRef]

B. Sedighi, K.-L. Lee, R. S. Tucker, H. Chow, and P. Vetter, “Energy efficiency in future 40-Gb/s fiber access networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, JTh2A.59.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in IEEE Globcom Workshops 2009, Stanford, CA, Nov. 2009, pp. 1–6.

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

[CrossRef]

W. Vereecken, W. Van Heddeghem, M. Deruyck, B. Puype, B. Lannoo, W. Joseph, D. Colle, L. Martens, and P. Demeester, “Power consumption in telecommunication in telecommunication networks: overview and reduction strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 62–69, June2011.

[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 275–284, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

B. Sedighi, K.-L. Lee, R. S. Tucker, H. Chow, and P. Vetter, “Energy efficiency in future 40-Gb/s fiber access networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 2012, JTh2A.59.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proc. of European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Italy, Sept. 2010.

C.-Y. Wang, C.-S. Wang, and C.-K. Wang, “An 18-mW two-stage CMOS transimpedance amplifier for 10 Gb/s optical application,” in IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuit Conf., Nov. 2007, pp. 412–415.

C.-Y. Wang, C.-S. Wang, and C.-K. Wang, “An 18-mW two-stage CMOS transimpedance amplifier for 10 Gb/s optical application,” in IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuit Conf., Nov. 2007, pp. 412–415.

C.-Y. Wang, C.-S. Wang, and C.-K. Wang, “An 18-mW two-stage CMOS transimpedance amplifier for 10 Gb/s optical application,” in IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuit Conf., Nov. 2007, pp. 412–415.

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. T. DeRose, M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, D. L. Luck, G. N. Nielson, and R. W. Yong, “Silicon microring modulator with integrated heater and temperature sensor for thermal control,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010, CThJ3.

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proc. of European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Italy, Sept. 2010.

M. Muller, W. Hofmann, T. Grundl, M. Horn, P. Wolf, R. D. Nagel, E. Ronneberg, G. Bohm, D. Bimberg, and M.-C. Amann, “1550-nm high-speed short-cavity VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1158–1166, Sept./Oct.2011.

[CrossRef]

S. H. Lee, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, G. Busico, R. Cush, and M. Wale, “Athermal colourless C-band optical transmitter for passive optical networks,” in Proc. of European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Italy, Sept. 2010.

W. Hofmann, E. Wong, G. Bohm, M. Ortsiefer, N. H. Zhu, and M. C. Amann, “1.55-µm VCSEL arrays for high-bandwidth WDM-PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 291–293, Feb.2008.

[CrossRef]

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in IEEE Globcom Workshops 2009, Stanford, CA, Nov. 2009, pp. 1–6.

S. M. Mitani, M. S. Alias, M. F. Maulud, M. R. Yahya, and A. F. A. Ma, “Design and fabrication of power-efficient VCSEL-based optical transceiver,” in Int. Conf. on Advanced Technologies for Communications, Hanoi, Vietnam, Oct. 2008, pp. 117–119.

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, S. Tsuji, T. Saito, and S. Nishimura, “A 25 Gb/s × 4-channel 74 mW/ch transimpedance amplifier in 65 nm CMOS,” in IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (CICC), 2010.

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in IEEE Globcom Workshops 2009, Stanford, CA, Nov. 2009, pp. 1–6.

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

M. Urano, T. Kawamura, S. Ohteru, H. Suto, K. Kawai, R. Kusaba, N. Miura, J. Kato, A. Miyazaki, T. Hatano, S. Yasuda, N. Tanaka, S. Shigematsu, M. Nakanishi, and T. Shibata, “The 10G-EPON OLT and ONU LSIs for the coexistence of 10G-EPON and GE-PON toward the next FTTH era,” in Symp. on VLSI Circuits, Kyoto, Japan, June 2011, 13-1.

S. Wong, L. Valcarenghi, S. Yen, D. Campelo, S. Yamashita, and L. Kazovsky, “Sleep mode for energy saving PONs: advantages and drawbacks,” in IEEE Globcom Workshops 2009, Stanford, CA, Nov. 2009, pp. 1–6.

C. T. DeRose, M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, D. L. Luck, G. N. Nielson, and R. W. Yong, “Silicon microring modulator with integrated heater and temperature sensor for thermal control,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010, CThJ3.

M. Ichino, S. Yoshikawa, H. Oomori, Y. Maeda, N. Nishiyama, T. Takayama, T. Mizue, I. Tounai, and M. Nishie, “Small form factor pluggable optical transceiver module with extremely low power consumption for dense wavelength division multiplexing applications,” in Proc. of the 55th Electronic Components and Technology Conf., May 2005, pp. 1044–1048.

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical technology for energy efficient I/O in high performance computing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 184–191, Oct.2010.

[CrossRef]

I. A. Young, E. Mohammed, J. T. S. Liao, A. M. Kern, S. Palermo, B. A. Block, M. R. Reshotko, and P. L. D. Chang, “Optical I/O technology for tera-scale computing,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 235–248, Jan.2010.

[CrossRef]

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, S. Tsuji, T. Saito, and S. Nishimura, “A 25 Gb/s × 4-channel 74 mW/ch transimpedance amplifier in 65 nm CMOS,” in IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf. (CICC), 2010.

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

J. Teng, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, H. Zhang, X. Jian, X. Han, M. Zhao, G. Morthier, and R. Baets, “Athermal silicon-on-insulator ring resonators by overlaying a polymer cladding on narrowed waveguides,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 17, pp. 14627–14663, Aug.2009.

[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, W. Jan, X. Zheng, R. Ho, G. Li, R. Rozier, F. Liu, D. Patil, J. Lexau, H. Schwetman, D. Feng, M. Asghari, T. Pinguet, and J. E. Cunningham, “Progress in low-power switched optical interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 357–376, Mar./Apr.2011.

[CrossRef]

G. Li, X. Zheng, J. Yao, H. Thacker, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, K. Raj, J. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High-efficiency 25 Gb/s CMOS ring modulator with integrated thermal tuning,” in IEEE Group IV Photonics 2011, London, UK, Sept. 2011, WA2.

W. Hofmann, E. Wong, G. Bohm, M. Ortsiefer, N. H. Zhu, and M. C. Amann, “1.55-µm VCSEL arrays for high-bandwidth WDM-PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 291–293, Feb.2008.

[CrossRef]

Y. Zuo, F. E. Kiamiley, X. Wang, P. Gui, J. Ekman, X. Wang, M. J. McFadden, and M. W. Haney, “Power-efficient dual-rate optical transceiver,” Appl. Opt., vol. 44, no. 33, pp. 7112–7124, Nov.2005.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]