Abstract

This paper proposes a burst-mode optical fiber amplifier (OFA) that consists of a combination of an automatic gain controlled praseodymium-doped fiber amplifier (AGC-PDFA), a fast automatic level controlled circuit (ALC), and a PDFA with just forward pumping. The second PDFA is used as a booster to achieve high gain, over 20 dB. The combination of AGC and ALC techniques suppresses optical surge generation against strong burst signal inputs and also prevents overloading of the burst-mode receivers; it provides OFA-based passive optical network (PON) repeaters with wide input dynamic range and solves the near–far problem in upstream transmission in long-reach PONs. We experimentally compare the operating range of the proposed burst-mode PDFA with that of a conventional burst-mode PDFA. Experiments show that the proposed PDFA achieves a much wider operating area than a conventional PDFA; a wide dynamic range in an access span of 17.5 dB, which is equivalent to the input dynamic range of the burst-mode receiver used in 10 gigabit Ethernet PON (10G-EPON), is obtained with an allowable loss margin of 14 dB in a trunk span. A maximum link budget of 55 dB is achievable.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. J. Stern, J. Balance, D. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, “Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 24, pp. 1244–1257, 1987.
  2. D. Payne and R. Davey, “The future of fibre access systems?” BT Technol. J., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 104–114, 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. Voorde and C. Martin, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 74–82, 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Shinohara, “FTTH experiences in Japan,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 616–623, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Finn, “PON technology in the Verizon network,” in GLOBECOM’2008, New Orleans, LA, 2008.
  6. N. Suzuki and J. Nakagawa, “First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended system budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58 km reach,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.3.
  7. R. Davey, D. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. Payne, D. Nesset, A. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S. Yang, “Long-reach passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 273–291, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Nesset and P. Wright, “Raman extended GPON using 1240 nm semiconductor quantum-dot lasers,” in OFC/NFOCE’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, OThW6.
  9. K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, D. Nesset, and R. Davey, “Amplified gigabit PON systems,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 422–433, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Fukada, K.-I. Suauki, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and M. Tsubokawa, “First demonstration of fast automatic-gain-control (AGC) PDFA for amplifying burst-mode PON upstream signal,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, We.2.F.4.
  11. Z. Belfqih, F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, and N. Genay, “Bidirectional amplifier for standard PON architecture in burst mode configuration with class B+ attenuation range,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS1.
  12. S. Appathurai, D. Nesset, and R. Davey, “Measurement of tolerance to non-uniform burst powers in SOA amplified GPON systems,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS2.
  13. F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, F. Laurent, N. Genay, J. Lazaro, F. Bonada, and J. Prat, “Reach extension strategies for passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. C51–C60, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Lee, J. Riding, A. Tran, and R. Tucker, “Extended-reach gigabit passive optical network for rural areas using distributed Raman amplifiers,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, NME3.
  15. K.-I. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Imai, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “128 × 8 split and 60 km long-reach PON transmission using 27 dB-gain hybrid burst-mode optical fiber amplifier and commercial giga-bit PON system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, NWB3.
  16. S. Jain, F. Effenberger, A. Szabo, Z. Feng, A. Forcucci, W. Guo, Y. Luo, R. Mapes, Y. Zhang, and V. O’Byrne, “World’s first XG-PON field trial,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 524–528, 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R receiver,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, PDPD10.
  18. D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.
  19. Z. Belfqih, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, N. Genay, and B. Landousies, “Enhanced optical budget system performance of a burst extended PON at 10.7 Gbit/s over 60 km of fibre,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, Th.2.F.4.
  20. C. Antony, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “SOA based upstream packet equalizer in 10 Gb/s extended-reach PONs,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OThA5.
  21. K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, N. Yoshimoto, K. Kumozaki, and M. Tsubokawa, “Automatic level controlled burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for 10 Gbit/s PON application,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OTuH1.
  22. J. Olmos, D. Mashimo, H. Ikeda, and K. Sakamoto, “Expanded power budget of a 10G-EPON prototype for highly scalable access networks,” in OECC’2010, Sapporo, Japan, 2010, 8A4-5.
  23. M. Fujiwara, K.-I. Suzuki, K. Hara, T. Imai, K. Taguchi, H. Ishii, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Burst-mode compound optical amplifier with automatic level control circuit that offers enhanced setting flexibility in a 10 Gb/s-class PON,” in ECOC’2010, Torino, Italy, 2010, PD3.2.
  24. K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “New AC-coupled burst-mode optical receiver using transient-phenomena cancellation techniques for 10 Gbit/s-class high-speed TDM-PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 2775–2782, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  25. H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, K. Hara, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, M. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, A. Okada, and Y. Ohtomo, “AC-coupled burst-mode transmitter using baseline-wander common-mode-rejection technique for 10-Gbit/s-class PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 336–342, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  26. T. Myouraku, S. Takahashi, and A. Tajima, “AC-coupled reset-less 10 Gbps burst-mode 3R receiver using an interval scrambling scheme,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD3.
  27. D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, “10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.1.

2011

2010

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “New AC-coupled burst-mode optical receiver using transient-phenomena cancellation techniques for 10 Gbit/s-class high-speed TDM-PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 2775–2782, 2010.
[CrossRef]

2009

2007

2002

D. Payne and R. Davey, “The future of fibre access systems?” BT Technol. J., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 104–114, 2002.
[CrossRef]

2000

I. Voorde and C. Martin, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 74–82, 2000.
[CrossRef]

1987

J. Stern, J. Balance, D. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, “Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 24, pp. 1244–1257, 1987.

Antony, C.

C. Antony, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “SOA based upstream packet equalizer in 10 Gb/s extended-reach PONs,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OThA5.

Appathurai, S.

R. Davey, D. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. Payne, D. Nesset, A. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S. Yang, “Long-reach passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 273–291, 2009.
[CrossRef]

S. Appathurai, D. Nesset, and R. Davey, “Measurement of tolerance to non-uniform burst powers in SOA amplified GPON systems,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS2.

Balance, J.

J. Stern, J. Balance, D. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, “Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 24, pp. 1244–1257, 1987.

Belfqih, Z.

Z. Belfqih, F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, and N. Genay, “Bidirectional amplifier for standard PON architecture in burst mode configuration with class B+ attenuation range,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS1.

Z. Belfqih, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, N. Genay, and B. Landousies, “Enhanced optical budget system performance of a burst extended PON at 10.7 Gbit/s over 60 km of fibre,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, Th.2.F.4.

Bonada, F.

Bouchard, J.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Chanclou, P.

F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, F. Laurent, N. Genay, J. Lazaro, F. Bonada, and J. Prat, “Reach extension strategies for passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. C51–C60, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Z. Belfqih, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, N. Genay, and B. Landousies, “Enhanced optical budget system performance of a burst extended PON at 10.7 Gbit/s over 60 km of fibre,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, Th.2.F.4.

Z. Belfqih, F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, and N. Genay, “Bidirectional amplifier for standard PON architecture in burst mode configuration with class B+ attenuation range,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS1.

Christensen, B.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, “10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.1.

Corteselli, S.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Davey, R.

R. Davey, D. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. Payne, D. Nesset, A. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S. Yang, “Long-reach passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 273–291, 2009.
[CrossRef]

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, D. Nesset, and R. Davey, “Amplified gigabit PON systems,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 422–433, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. Payne and R. Davey, “The future of fibre access systems?” BT Technol. J., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 104–114, 2002.
[CrossRef]

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, “10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.1.

S. Appathurai, D. Nesset, and R. Davey, “Measurement of tolerance to non-uniform burst powers in SOA amplified GPON systems,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS2.

Dungee, J.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Eckard, D.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Effenberger, F.

Farah, B.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Faulkner, D.

J. Stern, J. Balance, D. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, “Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 24, pp. 1244–1257, 1987.

Feng, Z.

Finn, J.

J. Finn, “PON technology in the Verizon network,” in GLOBECOM’2008, New Orleans, LA, 2008.

Forcucci, A.

Fujiwara, M.

K.-I. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Imai, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “128 × 8 split and 60 km long-reach PON transmission using 27 dB-gain hybrid burst-mode optical fiber amplifier and commercial giga-bit PON system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, NWB3.

M. Fujiwara, K.-I. Suzuki, K. Hara, T. Imai, K. Taguchi, H. Ishii, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Burst-mode compound optical amplifier with automatic level control circuit that offers enhanced setting flexibility in a 10 Gb/s-class PON,” in ECOC’2010, Torino, Italy, 2010, PD3.2.

Fukada, Y.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, D. Nesset, and R. Davey, “Amplified gigabit PON systems,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 422–433, 2007.
[CrossRef]

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, N. Yoshimoto, K. Kumozaki, and M. Tsubokawa, “Automatic level controlled burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for 10 Gbit/s PON application,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OTuH1.

Y. Fukada, K.-I. Suauki, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and M. Tsubokawa, “First demonstration of fast automatic-gain-control (AGC) PDFA for amplifying burst-mode PON upstream signal,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, We.2.F.4.

Galaro, J.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Genay, N.

F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, F. Laurent, N. Genay, J. Lazaro, F. Bonada, and J. Prat, “Reach extension strategies for passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. C51–C60, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Z. Belfqih, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, N. Genay, and B. Landousies, “Enhanced optical budget system performance of a burst extended PON at 10.7 Gbit/s over 60 km of fibre,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, Th.2.F.4.

Z. Belfqih, F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, and N. Genay, “Bidirectional amplifier for standard PON architecture in burst mode configuration with class B+ attenuation range,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS1.

Grossman, D.

Guo, W.

Hadama, H.

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “New AC-coupled burst-mode optical receiver using transient-phenomena cancellation techniques for 10 Gbit/s-class high-speed TDM-PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 2775–2782, 2010.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, K.-I. Suzuki, K. Hara, T. Imai, K. Taguchi, H. Ishii, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Burst-mode compound optical amplifier with automatic level control circuit that offers enhanced setting flexibility in a 10 Gb/s-class PON,” in ECOC’2010, Torino, Italy, 2010, PD3.2.

K.-I. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Imai, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “128 × 8 split and 60 km long-reach PON transmission using 27 dB-gain hybrid burst-mode optical fiber amplifier and commercial giga-bit PON system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, NWB3.

Hara, K.

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “New AC-coupled burst-mode optical receiver using transient-phenomena cancellation techniques for 10 Gbit/s-class high-speed TDM-PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 2775–2782, 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, K. Hara, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, M. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, A. Okada, and Y. Ohtomo, “AC-coupled burst-mode transmitter using baseline-wander common-mode-rejection technique for 10-Gbit/s-class PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 336–342, 2009.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, K.-I. Suzuki, K. Hara, T. Imai, K. Taguchi, H. Ishii, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Burst-mode compound optical amplifier with automatic level control circuit that offers enhanced setting flexibility in a 10 Gb/s-class PON,” in ECOC’2010, Torino, Italy, 2010, PD3.2.

Hornung, S.

J. Stern, J. Balance, D. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, “Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 24, pp. 1244–1257, 1987.

Ikeda, H.

J. Olmos, D. Mashimo, H. Ikeda, and K. Sakamoto, “Expanded power budget of a 10G-EPON prototype for highly scalable access networks,” in OECC’2010, Sapporo, Japan, 2010, 8A4-5.

Imai, T.

K.-I. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Imai, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “128 × 8 split and 60 km long-reach PON transmission using 27 dB-gain hybrid burst-mode optical fiber amplifier and commercial giga-bit PON system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, NWB3.

M. Fujiwara, K.-I. Suzuki, K. Hara, T. Imai, K. Taguchi, H. Ishii, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Burst-mode compound optical amplifier with automatic level control circuit that offers enhanced setting flexibility in a 10 Gb/s-class PON,” in ECOC’2010, Torino, Italy, 2010, PD3.2.

Ishii, H.

M. Fujiwara, K.-I. Suzuki, K. Hara, T. Imai, K. Taguchi, H. Ishii, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Burst-mode compound optical amplifier with automatic level control circuit that offers enhanced setting flexibility in a 10 Gb/s-class PON,” in ECOC’2010, Torino, Italy, 2010, PD3.2.

Jain, S.

Kelly, A.

Kimura, S.

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “New AC-coupled burst-mode optical receiver using transient-phenomena cancellation techniques for 10 Gbit/s-class high-speed TDM-PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 2775–2782, 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, K. Hara, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, M. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, A. Okada, and Y. Ohtomo, “AC-coupled burst-mode transmitter using baseline-wander common-mode-rejection technique for 10-Gbit/s-class PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 336–342, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Kirkpatrick, P.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, “10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.1.

Kotch, J.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Krimmel, H.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Kumozaki, K.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, N. Yoshimoto, K. Kumozaki, and M. Tsubokawa, “Automatic level controlled burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for 10 Gbit/s PON application,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OTuH1.

Landousies, B.

Z. Belfqih, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, N. Genay, and B. Landousies, “Enhanced optical budget system performance of a burst extended PON at 10.7 Gbit/s over 60 km of fibre,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, Th.2.F.4.

Lau, M.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Laurent, F.

Lazaro, J.

Lee, K.

K. Lee, J. Riding, A. Tran, and R. Tucker, “Extended-reach gigabit passive optical network for rural areas using distributed Raman amplifiers,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, NME3.

Lobel, M.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, “10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.1.

Luo, Y.

Mapes, R.

Martin, C.

I. Voorde and C. Martin, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 74–82, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Mashimo, D.

J. Olmos, D. Mashimo, H. Ikeda, and K. Sakamoto, “Expanded power budget of a 10G-EPON prototype for highly scalable access networks,” in OECC’2010, Sapporo, Japan, 2010, 8A4-5.

Myouraku, T.

T. Myouraku, S. Takahashi, and A. Tajima, “AC-coupled reset-less 10 Gbps burst-mode 3R receiver using an interval scrambling scheme,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD3.

Nakagawa, J.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R receiver,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, PDPD10.

N. Suzuki and J. Nakagawa, “First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended system budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58 km reach,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.3.

Nakamura, H.

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “New AC-coupled burst-mode optical receiver using transient-phenomena cancellation techniques for 10 Gbit/s-class high-speed TDM-PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 2775–2782, 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, K. Hara, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, M. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, A. Okada, and Y. Ohtomo, “AC-coupled burst-mode transmitter using baseline-wander common-mode-rejection technique for 10-Gbit/s-class PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 336–342, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Y. Fukada, K.-I. Suauki, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and M. Tsubokawa, “First demonstration of fast automatic-gain-control (AGC) PDFA for amplifying burst-mode PON upstream signal,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, We.2.F.4.

Nakamura, M.

Nakura, K.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R receiver,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, PDPD10.

Nesset, D.

R. Davey, D. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. Payne, D. Nesset, A. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S. Yang, “Long-reach passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 273–291, 2009.
[CrossRef]

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, D. Nesset, and R. Davey, “Amplified gigabit PON systems,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 422–433, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. Nesset and P. Wright, “Raman extended GPON using 1240 nm semiconductor quantum-dot lasers,” in OFC/NFOCE’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, OThW6.

S. Appathurai, D. Nesset, and R. Davey, “Measurement of tolerance to non-uniform burst powers in SOA amplified GPON systems,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS2.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, “10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.1.

Nishimura, K.

Noda, M.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R receiver,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, PDPD10.

Nogami, M.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R receiver,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, PDPD10.

O’Byrne, V.

Oakley, K.

J. Stern, J. Balance, D. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, “Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 24, pp. 1244–1257, 1987.

Ohtomo, Y.

Okada, A.

Olmos, J.

J. Olmos, D. Mashimo, H. Ikeda, and K. Sakamoto, “Expanded power budget of a 10G-EPON prototype for highly scalable access networks,” in OECC’2010, Sapporo, Japan, 2010, 8A4-5.

Payne, D.

R. Davey, D. Grossman, M. Rasztovits-Wiech, D. Payne, D. Nesset, A. Kelly, A. Rafel, S. Appathurai, and S. Yang, “Long-reach passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 273–291, 2009.
[CrossRef]

D. Payne and R. Davey, “The future of fibre access systems?” BT Technol. J., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 104–114, 2002.
[CrossRef]

J. Stern, J. Balance, D. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, “Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 24, pp. 1244–1257, 1987.

Prat, J.

Rafel, A.

Rasztovits-Wiech, M.

Riding, J.

K. Lee, J. Riding, A. Tran, and R. Tucker, “Extended-reach gigabit passive optical network for rural areas using distributed Raman amplifiers,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, NME3.

Sakamoto, K.

J. Olmos, D. Mashimo, H. Ikeda, and K. Sakamoto, “Expanded power budget of a 10G-EPON prototype for highly scalable access networks,” in OECC’2010, Sapporo, Japan, 2010, 8A4-5.

Saliou, F.

F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, F. Laurent, N. Genay, J. Lazaro, F. Bonada, and J. Prat, “Reach extension strategies for passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. C51–C60, 2009.
[CrossRef]

Z. Belfqih, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, N. Genay, and B. Landousies, “Enhanced optical budget system performance of a burst extended PON at 10.7 Gbit/s over 60 km of fibre,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, Th.2.F.4.

Z. Belfqih, F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, and N. Genay, “Bidirectional amplifier for standard PON architecture in burst mode configuration with class B+ attenuation range,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS1.

Shang, S.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, “10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.1.

Shea, D.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, “10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.1.

Shinohara, H.

Smith, J.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Soret, T.

Z. Belfqih, F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, and N. Genay, “Bidirectional amplifier for standard PON architecture in burst mode configuration with class B+ attenuation range,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS1.

Stern, J.

J. Stern, J. Balance, D. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, “Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 24, pp. 1244–1257, 1987.

Suauki, K.-I.

Y. Fukada, K.-I. Suauki, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and M. Tsubokawa, “First demonstration of fast automatic-gain-control (AGC) PDFA for amplifying burst-mode PON upstream signal,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, We.2.F.4.

Suvakovic, D.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Suzuki, K.-I.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, D. Nesset, and R. Davey, “Amplified gigabit PON systems,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 422–433, 2007.
[CrossRef]

K.-I. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Imai, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “128 × 8 split and 60 km long-reach PON transmission using 27 dB-gain hybrid burst-mode optical fiber amplifier and commercial giga-bit PON system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, NWB3.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, N. Yoshimoto, K. Kumozaki, and M. Tsubokawa, “Automatic level controlled burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for 10 Gbit/s PON application,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OTuH1.

M. Fujiwara, K.-I. Suzuki, K. Hara, T. Imai, K. Taguchi, H. Ishii, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Burst-mode compound optical amplifier with automatic level control circuit that offers enhanced setting flexibility in a 10 Gb/s-class PON,” in ECOC’2010, Torino, Italy, 2010, PD3.2.

Suzuki, N.

N. Suzuki and J. Nakagawa, “First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended system budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58 km reach,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.3.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R receiver,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, PDPD10.

Szabo, A.

Taguchi, K.

M. Fujiwara, K.-I. Suzuki, K. Hara, T. Imai, K. Taguchi, H. Ishii, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Burst-mode compound optical amplifier with automatic level control circuit that offers enhanced setting flexibility in a 10 Gb/s-class PON,” in ECOC’2010, Torino, Italy, 2010, PD3.2.

Tajima, A.

T. Myouraku, S. Takahashi, and A. Tajima, “AC-coupled reset-less 10 Gbps burst-mode 3R receiver using an interval scrambling scheme,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD3.

Takahashi, S.

T. Myouraku, S. Takahashi, and A. Tajima, “AC-coupled reset-less 10 Gbps burst-mode 3R receiver using an interval scrambling scheme,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD3.

Talli, G.

C. Antony, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “SOA based upstream packet equalizer in 10 Gb/s extended-reach PONs,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OThA5.

Tebbe, R.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Townsend, P.

C. Antony, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “SOA based upstream packet equalizer in 10 Gb/s extended-reach PONs,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OThA5.

Tran, A.

K. Lee, J. Riding, A. Tran, and R. Tucker, “Extended-reach gigabit passive optical network for rural areas using distributed Raman amplifiers,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, NME3.

Tsubokawa, M.

H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, K. Hara, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, M. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, A. Okada, and Y. Ohtomo, “AC-coupled burst-mode transmitter using baseline-wander common-mode-rejection technique for 10-Gbit/s-class PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 336–342, 2009.
[CrossRef]

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, N. Yoshimoto, K. Kumozaki, and M. Tsubokawa, “Automatic level controlled burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for 10 Gbit/s PON application,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OTuH1.

Y. Fukada, K.-I. Suauki, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and M. Tsubokawa, “First demonstration of fast automatic-gain-control (AGC) PDFA for amplifying burst-mode PON upstream signal,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, We.2.F.4.

Tucker, R.

K. Lee, J. Riding, A. Tran, and R. Tucker, “Extended-reach gigabit passive optical network for rural areas using distributed Raman amplifiers,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, NME3.

Veen, D.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Vetter, P.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Voorde, I.

I. Voorde and C. Martin, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 74–82, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Weeber, B.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Wijngaarden, A.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Wright, P.

D. Nesset and P. Wright, “Raman extended GPON using 1240 nm semiconductor quantum-dot lasers,” in OFC/NFOCE’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, OThW6.

Yang, S.

Yoshima, S.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R receiver,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, PDPD10.

Yoshimoto, N.

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “New AC-coupled burst-mode optical receiver using transient-phenomena cancellation techniques for 10 Gbit/s-class high-speed TDM-PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 18, no. 19, pp. 2775–2782, 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, K. Hara, N. Yoshimoto, M. Tsubokawa, M. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, A. Okada, and Y. Ohtomo, “AC-coupled burst-mode transmitter using baseline-wander common-mode-rejection technique for 10-Gbit/s-class PON systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 336–342, 2009.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, K.-I. Suzuki, K. Hara, T. Imai, K. Taguchi, H. Ishii, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Burst-mode compound optical amplifier with automatic level control circuit that offers enhanced setting flexibility in a 10 Gb/s-class PON,” in ECOC’2010, Torino, Italy, 2010, PD3.2.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, N. Yoshimoto, K. Kumozaki, and M. Tsubokawa, “Automatic level controlled burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for 10 Gbit/s PON application,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OTuH1.

Y. Fukada, K.-I. Suauki, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and M. Tsubokawa, “First demonstration of fast automatic-gain-control (AGC) PDFA for amplifying burst-mode PON upstream signal,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, We.2.F.4.

K.-I. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Imai, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “128 × 8 split and 60 km long-reach PON transmission using 27 dB-gain hybrid burst-mode optical fiber amplifier and commercial giga-bit PON system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, NWB3.

Zhang, Y.

BT Technol. J.

D. Payne and R. Davey, “The future of fibre access systems?” BT Technol. J., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 104–114, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. Stern, J. Balance, D. Faulkner, S. Hornung, D. Payne, and K. Oakley, “Passive optical local networks for telephony applications and beyond,” Electron. Lett., vol. 23, no. 24, pp. 1244–1257, 1987.

IEEE Commun. Mag.

I. Voorde and C. Martin, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 74–82, 2000.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Commun. Netw.

J. Opt. Netw.

Other

Y. Fukada, K.-I. Suauki, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and M. Tsubokawa, “First demonstration of fast automatic-gain-control (AGC) PDFA for amplifying burst-mode PON upstream signal,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, We.2.F.4.

Z. Belfqih, F. Saliou, P. Chanclou, T. Soret, and N. Genay, “Bidirectional amplifier for standard PON architecture in burst mode configuration with class B+ attenuation range,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS1.

S. Appathurai, D. Nesset, and R. Davey, “Measurement of tolerance to non-uniform burst powers in SOA amplified GPON systems,” in OFC/NFOEC’2007, Anaheim, CA, 2007, OWS2.

K. Lee, J. Riding, A. Tran, and R. Tucker, “Extended-reach gigabit passive optical network for rural areas using distributed Raman amplifiers,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, NME3.

K.-I. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Imai, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “128 × 8 split and 60 km long-reach PON transmission using 27 dB-gain hybrid burst-mode optical fiber amplifier and commercial giga-bit PON system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, NWB3.

T. Myouraku, S. Takahashi, and A. Tajima, “AC-coupled reset-less 10 Gbps burst-mode 3R receiver using an interval scrambling scheme,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD3.

D. Nesset, R. Davey, D. Shea, P. Kirkpatrick, S. Shang, M. Lobel, and B. Christensen, “10 Gbit/s bidirectional transmission in 1024-way split, 110 km reach PON system using commercial transceiver modules, super FEC and EDC,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.1.

J. Finn, “PON technology in the Verizon network,” in GLOBECOM’2008, New Orleans, LA, 2008.

N. Suzuki and J. Nakagawa, “First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended system budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58 km reach,” in ECOC’2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, Tu1.3.3.

D. Nesset and P. Wright, “Raman extended GPON using 1240 nm semiconductor quantum-dot lasers,” in OFC/NFOCE’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, OThW6.

J. Nakagawa, M. Noda, N. Suzuki, S. Yoshima, K. Nakura, and M. Nogami, “First demonstration of 10G-EPON and GE-PON co-existing system employing dual-rate burst-mode 3R receiver,” in OFC/NFOEC’2010, San Diego, CA, 2010, PDPD10.

D. Veen, D. Suvakovic, M. Lau, H. Krimmel, A. Wijngaarden, J. Galaro, J. Dungee, B. Farah, S. Corteselli, B. Weeber, R. Tebbe, D. Eckard, J. Smith, J. Bouchard, J. Kotch, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of a symmetrical 10/10 Gbit/s XG-PON2 system,” in OFC/NFOEC’2011, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, NTuD2.

Z. Belfqih, P. Chanclou, F. Saliou, N. Genay, and B. Landousies, “Enhanced optical budget system performance of a burst extended PON at 10.7 Gbit/s over 60 km of fibre,” in ECOC’2008, Brussels, Belgium, 2008, Th.2.F.4.

C. Antony, G. Talli, and P. Townsend, “SOA based upstream packet equalizer in 10 Gb/s extended-reach PONs,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OThA5.

K.-I. Suzuki, Y. Fukada, N. Yoshimoto, K. Kumozaki, and M. Tsubokawa, “Automatic level controlled burst-mode optical fiber amplifier for 10 Gbit/s PON application,” in OFC/NFOEC’2009, San Diego, CA, 2009, OTuH1.

J. Olmos, D. Mashimo, H. Ikeda, and K. Sakamoto, “Expanded power budget of a 10G-EPON prototype for highly scalable access networks,” in OECC’2010, Sapporo, Japan, 2010, 8A4-5.

M. Fujiwara, K.-I. Suzuki, K. Hara, T. Imai, K. Taguchi, H. Ishii, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Burst-mode compound optical amplifier with automatic level control circuit that offers enhanced setting flexibility in a 10 Gb/s-class PON,” in ECOC’2010, Torino, Italy, 2010, PD3.2.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Normal PON system configuration that accommodates ONUs within 20 km. (b) Long-reach PON system configuration using OFAs that accommodates ONUs over 20 km.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Diagrammatic illustration of admissible operating ranges for upstream burst signals in long-reach PON systems. (a) In the case of conventional OFAs (without AGC and ALC). (b) In the case of proposed OFAs (with AGC and ALC).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Configuration of burst-mode OFAs. (a) Hybrid OFA (conventional). (b) ALC-OFA (proposed).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Gain and output power against input power to burst-mode OFA. (a) For hybrid OFA in Fig. 3(a). (b-1) For AGC-PDFA followed by ALC circuit in Fig. 3(b). (b-2) For PDFA in Fig. 3(b). (b-3) For ALC–PDFA in Fig. 3(b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup for BER measurements for 10 Gb/s-class burst signals. Hand-titled blocks show burst-mode components.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Acceptable link loss of the trunk span obtained for the hybrid OFA against the power level of strong burst signals when the power levels of weak burst signals are set to −29.0 dBm. The two insets show the electrical signal waveforms output from the burst-Rx.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Admissible operating ranges that correspond to Case (I) in Fig. 6. In (X) and (Y), the input power levels to the hybrid OFA from dummy ONU2 are fixed to −29.0 dBm and −15.5 dBm, respectively. To estimate the worst case, the launched powers of ONU1 for zones (X) and (Y) are assumed to be 9 dBm and 4 dBm, respectively.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) Measured BERs against link losses of the trunk span (Link loss B) along with (a) Z–Z and (b) W–W sections in Fig. 7.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Admissible operating ranges that correspond to Case (II) in Fig. 6. In (X) and (Y), the input power levels to the hybrid OFA from dummy ONU2 are fixed to −29.0 dBm and −6.5 dBm, respectively. To estimate the worst case, the launched powers of ONU1 for zones (X) and (Y) are assumed to be 9 dBm and 4 dBm, respectively.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Signal traces for the AGC-PDFA followed by ALC circuit inputs and outputs. (a) Input and output signal traces at −27.0 dBm and −6.5 dBm signal inputs. (b) Input and output signal traces at −29.0 dBm and −6.5 dBm signal inputs. The inset shows the electrical signal waveforms output from the burst-Rx.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) Admissible operating ranges obtained by the proposed ALC-OFA. In (X) and (Y), the input power levels to ALC-OFA from dummy ONU2 are fixed to −29.0 dBm and −6.5 dBm, respectively. To estimate the worst case, the launched powers of ONU1 for zones (X) and (Y) are assumed to be 9 dBm and 4 dBm, respectively.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I PMD Characteristics Defined in IEEE 802.3av (PR30)