Abstract

This work proposes and devises a self-healing hybrid tree/ring-based 10G-EPON architecture that enables the support of a converged PON–4G LTE access networking transport infrastructure to seamlessly backhaul both mobile and wireline business and residential services. The salient feature of the proposed architecture is that it supports a fully distributed control plane that enables intercommunication among the access nodes (optical network units—ONUs) as well as signaling, scheduling algorithms, and fault detection and recovery mechanisms. The distributed control plane enables each and every ONU to independently detect, manage, and recover most of the networking failure scenarios. This paper outlines and addresses the key technical requirements and differences between a PON-based converged architecture that utilizes a typically centralized architecture as the wireless segment of the hybrid architecture (e.g., Wi-Fi) versus one which utilizes a fully distributed architecture (e.g., 4G LTE). Physical layer performance simulations for the proposed architecture are also presented that show error free performance for the scalable architecture.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) networks: challenges and opportunities,” IEEE Netw., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 36–42, Jan./Feb.2011.
[CrossRef]

X. Tang, J. Liao, H. Li, L. Zhang, R. Lu, and Y. Liu, “Design and analysis of a novel tunable optical power splitter,” Chin. Opt. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 012301–012303, 2011.

2010

2009

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-Part I: Technology road-map and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

F. J. Effenberger, H. Mukai, S. Park, and T. Pfeiffer, “Next-generation PON-Part II: Candidate systems for next-generation PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 50–57, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

I. Ali, A. Casati, K. Chowdhury, K. Nishida, E. Parsons, S. Schmid, and R. Vaidya, “Network-based mobility management in the evolved 3GPP core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb.2009.

H. Ekstrom, “QoS control in the 3GPP evolved packet system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 76–83, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, and C. M. Assi, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 160–167, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2002

S. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Wang, H. Zhao, H. Chi, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and X. Zhu, “Tunable optical splitter technology,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4870, pp. 532–540, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Agata, A.

Ali, I.

I. Ali, A. Casati, K. Chowdhury, K. Nishida, E. Parsons, S. Schmid, and R. Vaidya, “Network-based mobility management in the evolved 3GPP core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb.2009.

Ali, M. A.

Assi, C.

Assi, C. M.

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, and C. M. Assi, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 160–167, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

Bourgart, F.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-Part I: Technology road-map and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Campbell, M.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-Part I: Technology road-map and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Casati, A.

I. Ali, A. Casati, K. Chowdhury, K. Nishida, E. Parsons, S. Schmid, and R. Vaidya, “Network-based mobility management in the evolved 3GPP core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb.2009.

Chae, C.-J.

G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug.2007.
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

Chen, H.-H.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.

Cheng, N.

Chi, H.

S. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Wang, H. Zhao, H. Chi, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and X. Zhu, “Tunable optical splitter technology,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4870, pp. 532–540, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, K.

I. Ali, A. Casati, K. Chowdhury, K. Nishida, E. Parsons, S. Schmid, and R. Vaidya, “Network-based mobility management in the evolved 3GPP core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb.2009.

Cui, A.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-Part I: Technology road-map and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Davey, R.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-Part I: Technology road-map and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Delowar, A.

Dixit, S.

Dorsinville, R.

Effenberger, F. J.

F. J. Effenberger, H. Mukai, S. Park, and T. Pfeiffer, “Next-generation PON-Part II: Candidate systems for next-generation PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 50–57, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Ekstrom, H.

H. Ekstrom, “QoS control in the 3GPP evolved packet system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 76–83, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

Ellinas, G.

Erkan, H.

Ghazisaidi, N.

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) networks: challenges and opportunities,” IEEE Netw., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 36–42, Jan./Feb.2011.
[CrossRef]

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, and C. M. Assi, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 160–167, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

Guild, K.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.

Gutierrez, D.

Hadjiantonis, A.

Henry, P. S.

P. S. Henry, “Integrated optical/wireless alternatives for the metropolitan environment,” IEEE Communications Society Webinar, Apr.2007 [Online]. Available: http://www.comsoc.org/webinar.

Horiuchi, Y.

Jianjun, Y.

Kani, J.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-Part I: Technology road-map and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kim, B.

Lee, C.-H.

Li, H.

Liao, J.

Liu, F.

S. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Wang, H. Zhao, H. Chi, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and X. Zhu, “Tunable optical splitter technology,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4870, pp. 532–540, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Lu, R.

Maier, M.

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) networks: challenges and opportunities,” IEEE Netw., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 36–42, Jan./Feb.2011.
[CrossRef]

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, and C. M. Assi, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 160–167, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

Mukai, H.

F. J. Effenberger, H. Mukai, S. Park, and T. Pfeiffer, “Next-generation PON-Part II: Candidate systems for next-generation PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 50–57, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

Nishida, K.

I. Ali, A. Casati, K. Chowdhury, K. Nishida, E. Parsons, S. Schmid, and R. Vaidya, “Network-based mobility management in the evolved 3GPP core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb.2009.

Ou, S.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.

Park, S.

F. J. Effenberger, H. Mukai, S. Park, and T. Pfeiffer, “Next-generation PON-Part II: Candidate systems for next-generation PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 50–57, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Parsons, E.

I. Ali, A. Casati, K. Chowdhury, K. Nishida, E. Parsons, S. Schmid, and R. Vaidya, “Network-based mobility management in the evolved 3GPP core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb.2009.

Pfeiffer, T.

F. J. Effenberger, H. Mukai, S. Park, and T. Pfeiffer, “Next-generation PON-Part II: Candidate systems for next-generation PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 50–57, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Rafel, A.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-Part I: Technology road-map and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Reading, H.

H. Reading, “Mapping the road to NG-PONs,” White paper, Light Reading, May2011.

Rodrigues, S.

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-Part I: Technology road-map and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

Sarkar, S.

Schmid, S.

I. Ali, A. Casati, K. Chowdhury, K. Nishida, E. Parsons, S. Schmid, and R. Vaidya, “Network-based mobility management in the evolved 3GPP core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb.2009.

Shami, A.

Shaw, W.

Shen, G.

G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug.2007.
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W.

Tanaka, K.

Tang, X.

Tucker, R. S.

G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug.2007.
[CrossRef]

Vaidya, R.

I. Ali, A. Casati, K. Chowdhury, K. Nishida, E. Parsons, S. Schmid, and R. Vaidya, “Network-based mobility management in the evolved 3GPP core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb.2009.

Wang, J.

S. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Wang, H. Zhao, H. Chi, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and X. Zhu, “Tunable optical splitter technology,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4870, pp. 532–540, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

S. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Wang, H. Zhao, H. Chi, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and X. Zhu, “Tunable optical splitter technology,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4870, pp. 532–540, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Wong, S.

Xiao, S.

S. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Wang, H. Zhao, H. Chi, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and X. Zhu, “Tunable optical splitter technology,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4870, pp. 532–540, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Yang, K.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.

Zeng, Q. J.

S. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Wang, H. Zhao, H. Chi, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and X. Zhu, “Tunable optical splitter technology,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4870, pp. 532–540, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhao, H.

S. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Wang, H. Zhao, H. Chi, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and X. Zhu, “Tunable optical splitter technology,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4870, pp. 532–540, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Zhensheng, J.

Zhu, X.

S. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Wang, H. Zhao, H. Chi, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and X. Zhu, “Tunable optical splitter technology,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4870, pp. 532–540, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett.

IEEE Commun. Mag.

I. Ali, A. Casati, K. Chowdhury, K. Nishida, E. Parsons, S. Schmid, and R. Vaidya, “Network-based mobility management in the evolved 3GPP core network,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 58–66, Feb.2009.

H. Ekstrom, “QoS control in the 3GPP evolved packet system,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 76–83, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, and C. M. Assi, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 160–167, Feb.2009.
[CrossRef]

G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, and C.-J. Chae, “Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: Integration of EPON and WiMAX,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 44–50, Aug.2007.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, M. Campbell, R. Davey, and S. Rodrigues, “Next-generation PON-Part I: Technology road-map and general requirements,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 43–49, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

F. J. Effenberger, H. Mukai, S. Park, and T. Pfeiffer, “Next-generation PON-Part II: Candidate systems for next-generation PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 50–57, Nov.2009.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, and H.-H. Chen, “Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 101–116, Feb.2009.

IEEE Netw.

N. Ghazisaidi and M. Maier, “Fiber-wireless (FiWi) networks: challenges and opportunities,” IEEE Netw., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 36–42, Jan./Feb.2011.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Netw.

Proc. SPIE

S. Xiao, Q. J. Zeng, J. Wang, H. Zhao, H. Chi, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and X. Zhu, “Tunable optical splitter technology,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4870, pp. 532–540, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Other

VPIphotonics™, VPIsystmes, Inc. [Online]. Available: www.vpisystems.com,

WDM couplers [Online]. Available: www.ascentta.com.

“Carrier sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) access method and physical layer specification, Amendment 1: Physical layer specifications and management parameters for 10 Gb/s passive optical networks,” IEEE Std 802.3av, 2009.

http://www.dbmoptics.com/products/gpoti/switches.php.

UMTS Evolution, From 3GPP Release 7 to Release 8, HSPA and SAE/LT, June2008 [Online]. Available: http://www.4gamericas.org/documents/3GPPRel-7andRel-8_White_Paper07-08-08.pdf.

“Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (G-PON),” ITU-T Recommendation G. 984 Series, 2004.

IEEE 802.3ah EFM Study Group [Online]. Available: http://www.ieee802.org/3/efm/public/index.html.

H. Reading, “Mapping the road to NG-PONs,” White paper, Light Reading, May2011.

P. S. Henry, “Integrated optical/wireless alternatives for the metropolitan environment,” IEEE Communications Society Webinar, Apr.2007 [Online]. Available: http://www.comsoc.org/webinar.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) The proposed basic topology of the hybrid tree/ring PON architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) (a) ONU node architecture, (b) last ONU node architecture.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) The proposed basic topology of the hybrid tree/ring PON architecture with protection scheme.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) (a) ONU architecture with protection, (b) last ONU node with protection.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Power received at each ONU DS Rx under a fixed tap ratio of 10/90 and the optimized split ratio scheme.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) BER performance at each ONU under the optimized splitting ratio scheme. Only one semi-ring is shown for simplicity.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Contribution to BER degradation due to different impairments for the worst-case scenario.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I ONU1 Failure Detection Table

Tables Icon

Table II Parameters Used in the Model