Abstract

In this paper we propose a design procedure based on comprehensive integer linear programing (ILP) for translucent optical transport networks (OTNs), exploiting an extended version of the so-called “connectivity graph.” For the first time to the best of our knowledge, we propose a mathematical approach that covers the manifold challenges of a realistic optical layer OTN design, jointly solving the regenerator placement problem (RPP) and the routing, fiber and wavelength assignment with regenerator problem (RFWA-RP). As a first contribution, we extend the concept of the connectivity graph to a k-path (kp) connectivity graph. Second, the formulation addresses the problem of planning the number of dense wavelength division multiplexing systems, jointly solving the RPP and placing transponders. Third, we consider regeneration devices as wavelength converters also, showing the benefits arising from that aspect disregarded in the existing impairment-aware (IA) ILP formulations based on the connectivity graph. Finally we compare over different networks the results of our design procedure with those achieved by a hybrid method that combines a simplified IA-ILP formulation with a greedy heuristic. Moreover, an analytical framework to evaluate the network cost in terms of capital expenditure and operational expenditure is also presented. We show that the kp connectivity graph represents a cost-effective tool for network design, as it allows one to greatly reduce the number of resources needed in both the protected and the unprotected scenarios.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.
  2. S. Tibuleac and M. Filer, “Transmission impairments in DWDM networks with reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexers,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, pp. 557–598, Feb.2010.
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Ramamurthy, H. Feng, D. Datta, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Transparent vs. opaque vs. translucent wavelength-routed optical networks,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 1999, and Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication. OFC/IOOC ’99, San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, vol. 1, pp. 59–61.
  4. X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in a translucent WDM optical network,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4585, pp. 61–70, 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Shen and R. S. Tucker, “Translucent optical networks: the way forward,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, pp. 48–54, Feb.2007.
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Ramamurthy, S. Yaragorla, and X. Yang, “Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2001. GLOBECOM ’01, San Antonio, TX, USA, 2001, vol. 1, pp. 60–64.
  7. A. Morea and J. Poirrier, “A critical analysis of the possible cost savings of translucent networks,” in Proc. 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks, 2005. (DRCN 2005), Island of Ischia, Italy, 2005, pp. 311–317.
  8. L. Ceuppens, L. Sardella, and A. Kharitonov, “Power saving strategies and technologies in network equipment opportunities and challenges, risk and rewards,” in Int. Symp. Applications and the Internet, 2008. SAINT 2008, Turku, 2008, pp. 381–384.
  9. M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Regenerator placement with guaranteed connectivity in optical networks,” in ONDM’07 Proc. 11th Int. IFIP TC6 Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, Athens, Greece, 2007, pp. 438–447.
  10. G. Rizzelli, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Translucent optical network design: a novel two-step method,” in 2010 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Torino, Italy, 2010, pp. 1–3.
  11. “DICONET,” http://www.diconet.eu/.
  12. “PHOSPHORUS,” http://www.ist-phosphorus.eu/.
  13. “NOBEL,” http://www.ist-nobel.org/.
  14. M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Trading network management complexity for blocking probability when placing optical regenerators,” in Int. Conf. High Performance Switching and Routing, 2008. HSPR 2008, Shanghai, China, 2008, pp. 291–296.
  15. X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: Architecture, network design and wavelength routing,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 10, pp. 39–53, July2005.
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. N. Patel, C. Gao, J. P. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naitoet, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM network,” in 2010 14th Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), Kyoto, Japan, 2010, pp. 1–6.
  17. D. Lucerna, N. Gatti, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “On the efficiency of a game theoretic approach to sparse regenerator placement in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.
  18. K. Katrinis, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, “Impairment-aware WDM network dimensioning with optimized regenerator placement,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, NThE4.
  19. A. Nag and M. Tornatore, “Transparent vs. translucent optical network design with mixed line rates,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, OWI7.
  20. C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, R. Fedrizzi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Martinelli, and O. Gerstel, “A framework for regenerator site selection based on multiple paths,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, OTuG7.
  21. W. Zhang, J. Tang, K. Nygard, and C. Wang, “REPARE: Regenerator placement and routing establishment in translucent networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–7.
  22. A. A. M. Saleh, “Islands of transparency—an emerging reality in multiwavelength optical networking,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Broadband Opt. Net. and Tech., July 1998, p. 36.
  23. A. Saleh, “Transparent optical networking in backbone networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Baltimore, MD, USA, 2000, ThD7.
  24. G. Rizzelli, F. Musumeci, M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Wavelength-aware translucent network design,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, OThAA2.
  25. J. Y. Yen, “Finding the K shortest loopless paths in a network,” Manage. Sci., vol. 17, pp. 712–716, July1971.
    [CrossRef]
  26. S. D. Personick, “Receiver design for digital fiber optic communication systems, I,” Bell Syst. Tech. J, vol. 52, pp. 843–874, July–Aug.1973.
  27. Deliverable D2.6 of Nobel Project, Phase 1. Network Simulation Ready for Dynamic Transparent Optical Network (A7.1 part).
  28. M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6
  29. O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, and S. Bigo, “Insertion of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels over legacy optical networks relying on low chromatic dispersion fibres,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.
  30. M. Lefrancois, F. Houndonougbo, T. Fauconnier, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Cross comparison of the nonlinear impairments caused by 10 Gbit/s neighboring channels on a 40 Gbit/s channel modulated with various formats and over various fiber types,” in Conf. Optical Fiber Communication and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, pp. 1–3.
  31. B. Garcia-Manrubia, P. Pavon-Marino, R. Aparicio-Pardo, M. Klinkowski, and D. Careglio, “Offline impairment-aware RWA and regenerator placement in translucent optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 265–277, Feb.2011.
    [CrossRef]
  32. K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Manousakis, and E. Varvarigos, “Offline routing and wavelength assignment in transparent WDM networks,” IEEE Trans. Netw., vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1557–1570, Oct.2010.
    [CrossRef]
  33. M. Murakami and K. Oda, “Power consumption analysis of optical cross-connect equipment for future large capacity optical networks,” in 11th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, 2009. ICTON ’09, Azores, Portugal, 2009, pp. 1–4.

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.

K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Manousakis, and E. Varvarigos, “Offline routing and wavelength assignment in transparent WDM networks,” IEEE Trans. Netw., vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1557–1570, Oct.2010.
[CrossRef]

S. Tibuleac and M. Filer, “Transmission impairments in DWDM networks with reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexers,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, pp. 557–598, Feb.2010.
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

G. Shen and R. S. Tucker, “Translucent optical networks: the way forward,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, pp. 48–54, Feb.2007.
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: Architecture, network design and wavelength routing,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 10, pp. 39–53, July2005.
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in a translucent WDM optical network,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4585, pp. 61–70, 2001.
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

S. D. Personick, “Receiver design for digital fiber optic communication systems, I,” Bell Syst. Tech. J, vol. 52, pp. 843–874, July–Aug.1973.

1971 (1)

J. Y. Yen, “Finding the K shortest loopless paths in a network,” Manage. Sci., vol. 17, pp. 712–716, July1971.
[CrossRef]

Aparicio-Pardo, R.

Basch, B.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.

Bertolini, M.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, and S. Bigo, “Insertion of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels over legacy optical networks relying on low chromatic dispersion fibres,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

Bertran-Pardo, O.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, and S. Bigo, “Insertion of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels over legacy optical networks relying on low chromatic dispersion fibres,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

Bigo, S.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, and S. Bigo, “Insertion of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels over legacy optical networks relying on low chromatic dispersion fibres,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

M. Lefrancois, F. Houndonougbo, T. Fauconnier, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Cross comparison of the nonlinear impairments caused by 10 Gbit/s neighboring channels on a 40 Gbit/s channel modulated with various formats and over various fiber types,” in Conf. Optical Fiber Communication and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, pp. 1–3.

Careglio, D.

Ceuppens, L.

L. Ceuppens, L. Sardella, and A. Kharitonov, “Power saving strategies and technologies in network equipment opportunities and challenges, risk and rewards,” in Int. Symp. Applications and the Internet, 2008. SAINT 2008, Turku, 2008, pp. 381–384.

Charlet, G.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, and S. Bigo, “Insertion of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels over legacy optical networks relying on low chromatic dispersion fibres,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

M. Lefrancois, F. Houndonougbo, T. Fauconnier, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Cross comparison of the nonlinear impairments caused by 10 Gbit/s neighboring channels on a 40 Gbit/s channel modulated with various formats and over various fiber types,” in Conf. Optical Fiber Communication and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, pp. 1–3.

Christodoulopoulos, K.

K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Manousakis, and E. Varvarigos, “Offline routing and wavelength assignment in transparent WDM networks,” IEEE Trans. Netw., vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1557–1570, Oct.2010.
[CrossRef]

Datta, D.

B. Ramamurthy, H. Feng, D. Datta, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Transparent vs. opaque vs. translucent wavelength-routed optical networks,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 1999, and Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication. OFC/IOOC ’99, San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, vol. 1, pp. 59–61.

Egorov, R.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.

Erangoli, W.

M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6

Fauconnier, T.

M. Lefrancois, F. Houndonougbo, T. Fauconnier, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Cross comparison of the nonlinear impairments caused by 10 Gbit/s neighboring channels on a 40 Gbit/s channel modulated with various formats and over various fiber types,” in Conf. Optical Fiber Communication and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, pp. 1–3.

Fedrizzi, R.

C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, R. Fedrizzi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Martinelli, and O. Gerstel, “A framework for regenerator site selection based on multiple paths,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, OTuG7.

Feng, H.

B. Ramamurthy, H. Feng, D. Datta, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Transparent vs. opaque vs. translucent wavelength-routed optical networks,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 1999, and Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication. OFC/IOOC ’99, San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, vol. 1, pp. 59–61.

Filer, M.

Fumagalli, A.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Regenerator placement with guaranteed connectivity in optical networks,” in ONDM’07 Proc. 11th Int. IFIP TC6 Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, Athens, Greece, 2007, pp. 438–447.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Trading network management complexity for blocking probability when placing optical regenerators,” in Int. Conf. High Performance Switching and Routing, 2008. HSPR 2008, Shanghai, China, 2008, pp. 291–296.

Galimberti, G. M.

C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, R. Fedrizzi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Martinelli, and O. Gerstel, “A framework for regenerator site selection based on multiple paths,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, OTuG7.

Gao, C.

A. N. Patel, C. Gao, J. P. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naitoet, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM network,” in 2010 14th Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), Kyoto, Japan, 2010, pp. 1–6.

Garcia-Manrubia, B.

Gatti, N.

D. Lucerna, N. Gatti, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “On the efficiency of a game theoretic approach to sparse regenerator placement in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

Gerstel, O.

C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, R. Fedrizzi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Martinelli, and O. Gerstel, “A framework for regenerator site selection based on multiple paths,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, OTuG7.

Gringeri, S.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.

Heritage, J. P.

B. Ramamurthy, H. Feng, D. Datta, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Transparent vs. opaque vs. translucent wavelength-routed optical networks,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 1999, and Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication. OFC/IOOC ’99, San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, vol. 1, pp. 59–61.

Houndonougbo, F.

M. Lefrancois, F. Houndonougbo, T. Fauconnier, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Cross comparison of the nonlinear impairments caused by 10 Gbit/s neighboring channels on a 40 Gbit/s channel modulated with various formats and over various fiber types,” in Conf. Optical Fiber Communication and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, pp. 1–3.

Jue, J. P.

A. N. Patel, C. Gao, J. P. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naitoet, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM network,” in 2010 14th Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), Kyoto, Japan, 2010, pp. 1–6.

Katrinis, K.

K. Katrinis, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, “Impairment-aware WDM network dimensioning with optimized regenerator placement,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, NThE4.

Kharitonov, A.

L. Ceuppens, L. Sardella, and A. Kharitonov, “Power saving strategies and technologies in network equipment opportunities and challenges, risk and rewards,” in Int. Symp. Applications and the Internet, 2008. SAINT 2008, Turku, 2008, pp. 381–384.

Klinkowski, M.

Lefrancois, M.

M. Lefrancois, F. Houndonougbo, T. Fauconnier, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Cross comparison of the nonlinear impairments caused by 10 Gbit/s neighboring channels on a 40 Gbit/s channel modulated with various formats and over various fiber types,” in Conf. Optical Fiber Communication and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, pp. 1–3.

Lucerna, D.

D. Lucerna, N. Gatti, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “On the efficiency of a game theoretic approach to sparse regenerator placement in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

Maier, G.

D. Lucerna, N. Gatti, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “On the efficiency of a game theoretic approach to sparse regenerator placement in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

G. Rizzelli, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Translucent optical network design: a novel two-step method,” in 2010 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Torino, Italy, 2010, pp. 1–3.

M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6

G. Rizzelli, F. Musumeci, M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Wavelength-aware translucent network design,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, OThAA2.

Manousakis, K.

K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Manousakis, and E. Varvarigos, “Offline routing and wavelength assignment in transparent WDM networks,” IEEE Trans. Netw., vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1557–1570, Oct.2010.
[CrossRef]

Mardoyan, H.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, and S. Bigo, “Insertion of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels over legacy optical networks relying on low chromatic dispersion fibres,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

Marin-Tordera, E.

M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6

Markidis, G.

K. Katrinis, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, “Impairment-aware WDM network dimensioning with optimized regenerator placement,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, NThE4.

Martinelli, G.

C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, R. Fedrizzi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Martinelli, and O. Gerstel, “A framework for regenerator site selection based on multiple paths,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, OTuG7.

Masip-Bruin, X.

M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6

Monti, P.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Trading network management complexity for blocking probability when placing optical regenerators,” in Int. Conf. High Performance Switching and Routing, 2008. HSPR 2008, Shanghai, China, 2008, pp. 291–296.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Regenerator placement with guaranteed connectivity in optical networks,” in ONDM’07 Proc. 11th Int. IFIP TC6 Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, Athens, Greece, 2007, pp. 438–447.

Morea, A.

A. Morea and J. Poirrier, “A critical analysis of the possible cost savings of translucent networks,” in Proc. 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks, 2005. (DRCN 2005), Island of Ischia, Italy, 2005, pp. 311–317.

Mukherjee, B.

B. Ramamurthy, H. Feng, D. Datta, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Transparent vs. opaque vs. translucent wavelength-routed optical networks,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 1999, and Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication. OFC/IOOC ’99, San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, vol. 1, pp. 59–61.

Murakami, M.

M. Murakami and K. Oda, “Power consumption analysis of optical cross-connect equipment for future large capacity optical networks,” in 11th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, 2009. ICTON ’09, Azores, Portugal, 2009, pp. 1–4.

Musumeci, F.

G. Rizzelli, F. Musumeci, M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Wavelength-aware translucent network design,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, OThAA2.

Nag, A.

A. Nag and M. Tornatore, “Transparent vs. translucent optical network design with mixed line rates,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, OWI7.

Naitoet, T.

A. N. Patel, C. Gao, J. P. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naitoet, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM network,” in 2010 14th Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), Kyoto, Japan, 2010, pp. 1–6.

Nygard, K.

W. Zhang, J. Tang, K. Nygard, and C. Wang, “REPARE: Regenerator placement and routing establishment in translucent networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–7.

Oda, K.

M. Murakami and K. Oda, “Power consumption analysis of optical cross-connect equipment for future large capacity optical networks,” in 11th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, 2009. ICTON ’09, Azores, Portugal, 2009, pp. 1–4.

Palacharla, P.

A. N. Patel, C. Gao, J. P. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naitoet, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM network,” in 2010 14th Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), Kyoto, Japan, 2010, pp. 1–6.

Patel, A. N.

A. N. Patel, C. Gao, J. P. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naitoet, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM network,” in 2010 14th Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), Kyoto, Japan, 2010, pp. 1–6.

Pattavina, A.

D. Lucerna, N. Gatti, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “On the efficiency of a game theoretic approach to sparse regenerator placement in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

G. Rizzelli, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Translucent optical network design: a novel two-step method,” in 2010 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Torino, Italy, 2010, pp. 1–3.

G. Rizzelli, F. Musumeci, M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Wavelength-aware translucent network design,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, OThAA2.

Pavon-Marino, P.

Personick, S. D.

S. D. Personick, “Receiver design for digital fiber optic communication systems, I,” Bell Syst. Tech. J, vol. 52, pp. 843–874, July–Aug.1973.

Poirrier, J.

A. Morea and J. Poirrier, “A critical analysis of the possible cost savings of translucent networks,” in Proc. 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks, 2005. (DRCN 2005), Island of Ischia, Italy, 2005, pp. 311–317.

Quagliotti, M.

M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6

Ramamurthy, B.

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: Architecture, network design and wavelength routing,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 10, pp. 39–53, July2005.
[CrossRef]

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in a translucent WDM optical network,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4585, pp. 61–70, 2001.
[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, S. Yaragorla, and X. Yang, “Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2001. GLOBECOM ’01, San Antonio, TX, USA, 2001, vol. 1, pp. 60–64.

B. Ramamurthy, H. Feng, D. Datta, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Transparent vs. opaque vs. translucent wavelength-routed optical networks,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 1999, and Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication. OFC/IOOC ’99, San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, vol. 1, pp. 59–61.

Renaudier, J.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, and S. Bigo, “Insertion of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels over legacy optical networks relying on low chromatic dispersion fibres,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

Rizzelli, G.

G. Rizzelli, F. Musumeci, M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Wavelength-aware translucent network design,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, OThAA2.

G. Rizzelli, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Translucent optical network design: a novel two-step method,” in 2010 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Torino, Italy, 2010, pp. 1–3.

Saleh, A.

A. Saleh, “Transparent optical networking in backbone networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Baltimore, MD, USA, 2000, ThD7.

Saleh, A. A. M.

A. A. M. Saleh, “Islands of transparency—an emerging reality in multiwavelength optical networking,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Broadband Opt. Net. and Tech., July 1998, p. 36.

Salsi, M.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, and S. Bigo, “Insertion of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels over legacy optical networks relying on low chromatic dispersion fibres,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

Salvadori, E.

C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, R. Fedrizzi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Martinelli, and O. Gerstel, “A framework for regenerator site selection based on multiple paths,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, OTuG7.

Sanchez-Lopez, S.

M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6

Saradhi, C. V.

C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, R. Fedrizzi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Martinelli, and O. Gerstel, “A framework for regenerator site selection based on multiple paths,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, OTuG7.

Sardella, L.

L. Ceuppens, L. Sardella, and A. Kharitonov, “Power saving strategies and technologies in network equipment opportunities and challenges, risk and rewards,” in Int. Symp. Applications and the Internet, 2008. SAINT 2008, Turku, 2008, pp. 381–384.

Savasini, M. S.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Regenerator placement with guaranteed connectivity in optical networks,” in ONDM’07 Proc. 11th Int. IFIP TC6 Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, Athens, Greece, 2007, pp. 438–447.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Trading network management complexity for blocking probability when placing optical regenerators,” in Int. Conf. High Performance Switching and Routing, 2008. HSPR 2008, Shanghai, China, 2008, pp. 291–296.

Shen, G.

G. Shen and R. S. Tucker, “Translucent optical networks: the way forward,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, pp. 48–54, Feb.2007.
[CrossRef]

Shukla, V.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.

Sole-Pareta, J.

M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6

Tacca, M.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Trading network management complexity for blocking probability when placing optical regenerators,” in Int. Conf. High Performance Switching and Routing, 2008. HSPR 2008, Shanghai, China, 2008, pp. 291–296.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Regenerator placement with guaranteed connectivity in optical networks,” in ONDM’07 Proc. 11th Int. IFIP TC6 Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, Athens, Greece, 2007, pp. 438–447.

Tamiri, G.

M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6

Tang, J.

W. Zhang, J. Tang, K. Nygard, and C. Wang, “REPARE: Regenerator placement and routing establishment in translucent networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–7.

Tanzi, A.

C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, R. Fedrizzi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Martinelli, and O. Gerstel, “A framework for regenerator site selection based on multiple paths,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, OTuG7.

Tibuleac, S.

Tornatore, M.

A. Nag and M. Tornatore, “Transparent vs. translucent optical network design with mixed line rates,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, OWI7.

G. Rizzelli, F. Musumeci, M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Wavelength-aware translucent network design,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, OThAA2.

Tran, P.

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, and S. Bigo, “Insertion of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels over legacy optical networks relying on low chromatic dispersion fibres,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

Tucker, R. S.

G. Shen and R. S. Tucker, “Translucent optical networks: the way forward,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, pp. 48–54, Feb.2007.
[CrossRef]

Tzanakaki, A.

K. Katrinis, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, “Impairment-aware WDM network dimensioning with optimized regenerator placement,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, NThE4.

Varvarigos, E.

K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Manousakis, and E. Varvarigos, “Offline routing and wavelength assignment in transparent WDM networks,” IEEE Trans. Netw., vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1557–1570, Oct.2010.
[CrossRef]

Waldman, H.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Trading network management complexity for blocking probability when placing optical regenerators,” in Int. Conf. High Performance Switching and Routing, 2008. HSPR 2008, Shanghai, China, 2008, pp. 291–296.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Regenerator placement with guaranteed connectivity in optical networks,” in ONDM’07 Proc. 11th Int. IFIP TC6 Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, Athens, Greece, 2007, pp. 438–447.

Wang, C.

W. Zhang, J. Tang, K. Nygard, and C. Wang, “REPARE: Regenerator placement and routing establishment in translucent networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–7.

Wang, X.

A. N. Patel, C. Gao, J. P. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naitoet, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM network,” in 2010 14th Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), Kyoto, Japan, 2010, pp. 1–6.

Xia, T. J.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.

Yang, X.

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: Architecture, network design and wavelength routing,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 10, pp. 39–53, July2005.
[CrossRef]

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in a translucent WDM optical network,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4585, pp. 61–70, 2001.
[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, S. Yaragorla, and X. Yang, “Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2001. GLOBECOM ’01, San Antonio, TX, USA, 2001, vol. 1, pp. 60–64.

Yannuzzi, M.

M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6

Yaragorla, S.

B. Ramamurthy, S. Yaragorla, and X. Yang, “Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2001. GLOBECOM ’01, San Antonio, TX, USA, 2001, vol. 1, pp. 60–64.

Yen, J. Y.

J. Y. Yen, “Finding the K shortest loopless paths in a network,” Manage. Sci., vol. 17, pp. 712–716, July1971.
[CrossRef]

Zanardi, A.

C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, R. Fedrizzi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Martinelli, and O. Gerstel, “A framework for regenerator site selection based on multiple paths,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, OTuG7.

Zhang, Q.

A. N. Patel, C. Gao, J. P. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naitoet, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM network,” in 2010 14th Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), Kyoto, Japan, 2010, pp. 1–6.

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, J. Tang, K. Nygard, and C. Wang, “REPARE: Regenerator placement and routing establishment in translucent networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–7.

Bell Syst. Tech. J (1)

S. D. Personick, “Receiver design for digital fiber optic communication systems, I,” Bell Syst. Tech. J, vol. 52, pp. 843–874, July–Aug.1973.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 40–50, July2010.

G. Shen and R. S. Tucker, “Translucent optical networks: the way forward,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 45, pp. 48–54, Feb.2007.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Netw. (1)

K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Manousakis, and E. Varvarigos, “Offline routing and wavelength assignment in transparent WDM networks,” IEEE Trans. Netw., vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1557–1570, Oct.2010.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Manage. Sci. (1)

J. Y. Yen, “Finding the K shortest loopless paths in a network,” Manage. Sci., vol. 17, pp. 712–716, July1971.
[CrossRef]

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in translucent wavelength-routed optical networks: Architecture, network design and wavelength routing,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 10, pp. 39–53, July2005.
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

X. Yang and B. Ramamurthy, “Sparse regeneration in a translucent WDM optical network,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 4585, pp. 61–70, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Other (24)

B. Ramamurthy, H. Feng, D. Datta, J. P. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Transparent vs. opaque vs. translucent wavelength-routed optical networks,” in Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 1999, and Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication. OFC/IOOC ’99, San Diego, CA, USA, 1999, vol. 1, pp. 59–61.

Deliverable D2.6 of Nobel Project, Phase 1. Network Simulation Ready for Dynamic Transparent Optical Network (A7.1 part).

M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, 2009. ONDM 2009, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009, pp. 1–6

O. Bertran-Pardo, J. Renaudier, G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Salsi, M. Bertolini, and S. Bigo, “Insertion of 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels over legacy optical networks relying on low chromatic dispersion fibres,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

M. Lefrancois, F. Houndonougbo, T. Fauconnier, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Cross comparison of the nonlinear impairments caused by 10 Gbit/s neighboring channels on a 40 Gbit/s channel modulated with various formats and over various fiber types,” in Conf. Optical Fiber Communication and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007, Anaheim, CA, USA, 2007, pp. 1–3.

M. Murakami and K. Oda, “Power consumption analysis of optical cross-connect equipment for future large capacity optical networks,” in 11th Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks, 2009. ICTON ’09, Azores, Portugal, 2009, pp. 1–4.

A. N. Patel, C. Gao, J. P. Jue, X. Wang, Q. Zhang, P. Palacharla, and T. Naitoet, “Traffic grooming and regenerator placement in impairment-aware optical WDM network,” in 2010 14th Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM), Kyoto, Japan, 2010, pp. 1–6.

D. Lucerna, N. Gatti, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “On the efficiency of a game theoretic approach to sparse regenerator placement in WDM networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–6.

K. Katrinis, A. Tzanakaki, and G. Markidis, “Impairment-aware WDM network dimensioning with optimized regenerator placement,” in Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, NThE4.

A. Nag and M. Tornatore, “Transparent vs. translucent optical network design with mixed line rates,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2009, OWI7.

C. V. Saradhi, A. Zanardi, R. Fedrizzi, E. Salvadori, G. M. Galimberti, A. Tanzi, G. Martinelli, and O. Gerstel, “A framework for regenerator site selection based on multiple paths,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., San Diego, CA, USA, 2010, OTuG7.

W. Zhang, J. Tang, K. Nygard, and C. Wang, “REPARE: Regenerator placement and routing establishment in translucent networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2009. GLOBECOM 2009, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2009, pp. 1–7.

A. A. M. Saleh, “Islands of transparency—an emerging reality in multiwavelength optical networking,” in Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Broadband Opt. Net. and Tech., July 1998, p. 36.

A. Saleh, “Transparent optical networking in backbone networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Baltimore, MD, USA, 2000, ThD7.

G. Rizzelli, F. Musumeci, M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Wavelength-aware translucent network design,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2011, OThAA2.

B. Ramamurthy, S. Yaragorla, and X. Yang, “Translucent optical WDM networks for the next-generation backbone networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf., 2001. GLOBECOM ’01, San Antonio, TX, USA, 2001, vol. 1, pp. 60–64.

A. Morea and J. Poirrier, “A critical analysis of the possible cost savings of translucent networks,” in Proc. 5th Int. Workshop on Design of Reliable Communication Networks, 2005. (DRCN 2005), Island of Ischia, Italy, 2005, pp. 311–317.

L. Ceuppens, L. Sardella, and A. Kharitonov, “Power saving strategies and technologies in network equipment opportunities and challenges, risk and rewards,” in Int. Symp. Applications and the Internet, 2008. SAINT 2008, Turku, 2008, pp. 381–384.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Regenerator placement with guaranteed connectivity in optical networks,” in ONDM’07 Proc. 11th Int. IFIP TC6 Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling, Athens, Greece, 2007, pp. 438–447.

G. Rizzelli, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Translucent optical network design: a novel two-step method,” in 2010 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Torino, Italy, 2010, pp. 1–3.

“DICONET,” http://www.diconet.eu/.

“PHOSPHORUS,” http://www.ist-phosphorus.eu/.

“NOBEL,” http://www.ist-nobel.org/.

M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Trading network management complexity for blocking probability when placing optical regenerators,” in Int. Conf. High Performance Switching and Routing, 2008. HSPR 2008, Shanghai, China, 2008, pp. 291–296.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Node model and DWDM system for a translucent network.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Mapping of the logical edge 1–3 over k = 3 physical routes.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Mapping of each logical edge between 1–3 over one physical route.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) NSFNET; (b) COST239.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Benefits of wavelength conversion in terms of computational time.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Network-Planning Results With Static Traffic

Tables Icon

Table II Network-Planning Results With Static Traffic for the Protected and Unprotected Scenarios

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Min : α ( l , m ) F l m + β i Y i + γ r ( i , j ) w , q X i j w q r .
w , q , j X i j w q r w , q , j X j i w q r = 1 if  i = s r 1 if  i = d r 0 otherwise r R i N .
w , q , i X i j w q r Y j r R j N | j s r j d r .
r ( i , j ) , q ( l , m ) P i j q X i j w q r F l m ( l , m ) A w W .
w ( i , j ) , q , l ( l , m ) P i j q X i j w q r 1 r R m N | m s r m d r .
q , j X i j w q r q , j X j i w q r = 0 w W r R i ( i , j ) A .
w , q , i r s r , d r j X i j w q r M j j N .
w , q , j X i j w q r w , q , j X j i w q r = 2 if  j = s r 2 if  j = d r 0 otherwise r R i ( i , j ) A .
w , q , i X i j w q r 2 Y j r R j N | j s r j d r .
w ( i , j ) , q ( l , m ) P i j q X i j w q r + X j i w q r 1 ( l , m ) A r R .
C P = i = 1 H L i , P + R P C reg .
Y = C 3 R N nodes + C syst N syst + C txp N txp ,
Y = C 3 R C txp N nodes + C syst N syst C txp + N txp .