D. Monoyios, K. Vlachos, M. Aggelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the use of multi-objective optimization algorithms for solving the impairment aware-RWA problem,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Communications, 2009, pp. 1–6.

G. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems. Wiley, New York, ch. 4, pp. 162–164.

G. Agrawal and D. Medhi, “Lightpath topology configuration for wavelength-routed IP/MPLS networks for time-dependent traffic,” in Proc. IEEE Globecom, 2006, pp. 1–5.

M. Ezzahdi, S. Al Zahr, M. Koubàa, N. Puech, and M. Gagnaire, “LERP: a quality of transmission dependent heuristic for routing and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM networks,” in Proc. ICCCN, 2006, pp. 125–136.

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Angelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the offline physical layer impairment aware RWA algorithms in transparent optical networks: State of the art and beyond,” in Proc. ONDM, 2009, pp. 13–18.

P. Pavon-Marino, R. Aparicio-Pardo, B. Garcia-Manrubia, and N. Skorin-Kapov, “Virtual topology design and flow routing in optical networks under multihour traffic demand,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 42–54, 2010.

[CrossRef]

N. Skorin-Kapov, P. Pavon-Marino, B. Garcia-Manrubia, and R. Aparicio-Pardo, “Scheduled virtual topology design under periodic traffic in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2009, pp. 1–8.

J. E. Gabeiras, V. Lopez, J. Aracil, J. Palacious, C. Argos, O. Dios, F. Chico, and J. Hernandez, “Is multilayer networking feasible?” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 129–140, 2009.

[CrossRef]

M. Lima, A. Cesar, and A. Araujo, “Optical network optimization with transmission impairments based on genetic algorithm,” in Proc. SBMO/IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave and Optoelectronics Conf., 2003, vol. 1, pp. 361–365.

J. E. Gabeiras, V. Lopez, J. Aracil, J. Palacious, C. Argos, O. Dios, F. Chico, and J. Hernandez, “Is multilayer networking feasible?” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 129–140, 2009.

[CrossRef]

B. Rajagopalan, J. Luciani, and D. Awduche, “IP over optical networks: A framework,” IETF RFC 3717, Mar.2004.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, 2009.

[CrossRef]

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Angelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the offline physical layer impairment aware RWA algorithms in transparent optical networks: State of the art and beyond,” in Proc. ONDM, 2009, pp. 13–18.

D. Banerjee and B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-routed optical networks: Linear formulation, resource budgeting tradeoffs, and a reconfiguration study,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 598–607, 2000.

[CrossRef]

F. Ricciato, S. Salsano, A. Belmonte, and M. Listanti, “Off-line configuration of a MPLS over WDM network under time-varying offered traffic,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2002, vol. 1, pp. 57–65.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, 2009.

[CrossRef]

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Angelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the offline physical layer impairment aware RWA algorithms in transparent optical networks: State of the art and beyond,” in Proc. ONDM, 2009, pp. 13–18.

M. Lima, A. Cesar, and A. Araujo, “Optical network optimization with transmission impairments based on genetic algorithm,” in Proc. SBMO/IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave and Optoelectronics Conf., 2003, vol. 1, pp. 361–365.

J. E. Gabeiras, V. Lopez, J. Aracil, J. Palacious, C. Argos, O. Dios, F. Chico, and J. Hernandez, “Is multilayer networking feasible?” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 129–140, 2009.

[CrossRef]

K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Manousakis, and E. Varvarigos, “Considering physical layer impairments in offline RWA,” IEEE Network, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 26–33, 2009.

[CrossRef]

K. Manousakis, K. Christodoulopoulos, and E. Varvarigos, “Impairment-aware offline RWA for transparent optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2009, pp. 1557–1565.

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

L. Gouveia, P. Patrício, A. de Sousa, and R. Valadas, “MPLS over WDM network design with packet level QoS constraints based on ILP models,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 576–586.

J. E. Gabeiras, V. Lopez, J. Aracil, J. Palacious, C. Argos, O. Dios, F. Chico, and J. Hernandez, “Is multilayer networking feasible?” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 129–140, 2009.

[CrossRef]

R. Dutta and G. Rouskas, “A survey of virtual topology design algorithms for wavelength routed optical networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 73–89, 2000.

M. Ezzahdi, S. Al Zahr, M. Koubàa, N. Puech, and M. Gagnaire, “LERP: a quality of transmission dependent heuristic for routing and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM networks,” in Proc. ICCCN, 2006, pp. 125–136.

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

K. Frazer, NSFNET: A partnership for high-speed networking, Final Report. 1987–1995, Merit Network, 1995.

J. E. Gabeiras, V. Lopez, J. Aracil, J. Palacious, C. Argos, O. Dios, F. Chico, and J. Hernandez, “Is multilayer networking feasible?” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 129–140, 2009.

[CrossRef]

M. Ezzahdi, S. Al Zahr, M. Koubàa, N. Puech, and M. Gagnaire, “LERP: a quality of transmission dependent heuristic for routing and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM networks,” in Proc. ICCCN, 2006, pp. 125–136.

P. Pavon-Marino, R. Aparicio-Pardo, B. Garcia-Manrubia, and N. Skorin-Kapov, “Virtual topology design and flow routing in optical networks under multihour traffic demand,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 42–54, 2010.

[CrossRef]

N. Skorin-Kapov, P. Pavon-Marino, B. Garcia-Manrubia, and R. Aparicio-Pardo, “Scheduled virtual topology design under periodic traffic in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2009, pp. 1–8.

L. Gouveia, P. Patrício, A. de Sousa, and R. Valadas, “MPLS over WDM network design with packet level QoS constraints based on ILP models,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 576–586.

Y. Huang, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 982–993, 2005.

[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, W. Wen, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Signal-quality consideration for dynamic connection provisioning in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 5285, pp. 163–173, 2003.

[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

J. E. Gabeiras, V. Lopez, J. Aracil, J. Palacious, C. Argos, O. Dios, F. Chico, and J. Hernandez, “Is multilayer networking feasible?” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 129–140, 2009.

[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 982–993, 2005.

[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, W. Wen, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Signal-quality consideration for dynamic connection provisioning in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 5285, pp. 163–173, 2003.

[CrossRef]

N. Sengezer and E. Karasan, “Static lightpath establishment in multilayer traffic engineering under physical layer impairments,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 662–677, 2010.

[CrossRef]

N. Sengezer and E. Karasan, “An efficient virtual topology design and traffic engineering scheme for IP/WDM networks,” in Proc. ONDM, 2007, pp. 319–328.

N. Sengezer, B. Puype, E. Karasan, and M. Pickavet, “A comparative study of single-layer and multi-layer traffic engineering approaches on transparent optical networks,” in Proc. ICTON, 2007, vol. 4.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, 2009.

[CrossRef]

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Angelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the offline physical layer impairment aware RWA algorithms in transparent optical networks: State of the art and beyond,” in Proc. ONDM, 2009, pp. 13–18.

J. Milbrandt, M. Menth, and S. Kopf, “Adaptive bandwidth allocation: Impact of traffic demand models for wide area networks,” in 19th Int. Teletraffic Congress (ITC19), Beijing, China, 2005.

M. Ezzahdi, S. Al Zahr, M. Koubàa, N. Puech, and M. Gagnaire, “LERP: a quality of transmission dependent heuristic for routing and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM networks,” in Proc. ICCCN, 2006, pp. 125–136.

R. Krishnaswamy and K. Sivarajan, “Design of logical topologies: A linear formulation for wavelength-routed optical networks with no wavelength changers,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 186–198, 2001.

[CrossRef]

M. Lima, A. Cesar, and A. Araujo, “Optical network optimization with transmission impairments based on genetic algorithm,” in Proc. SBMO/IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave and Optoelectronics Conf., 2003, vol. 1, pp. 361–365.

F. Ricciato, S. Salsano, A. Belmonte, and M. Listanti, “Off-line configuration of a MPLS over WDM network under time-varying offered traffic,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2002, vol. 1, pp. 57–65.

J. E. Gabeiras, V. Lopez, J. Aracil, J. Palacious, C. Argos, O. Dios, F. Chico, and J. Hernandez, “Is multilayer networking feasible?” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 129–140, 2009.

[CrossRef]

B. Rajagopalan, J. Luciani, and D. Awduche, “IP over optical networks: A framework,” IETF RFC 3717, Mar.2004.

K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Manousakis, and E. Varvarigos, “Considering physical layer impairments in offline RWA,” IEEE Network, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 26–33, 2009.

[CrossRef]

K. Manousakis, K. Christodoulopoulos, and E. Varvarigos, “Impairment-aware offline RWA for transparent optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2009, pp. 1557–1565.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, 2009.

[CrossRef]

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Angelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the offline physical layer impairment aware RWA algorithms in transparent optical networks: State of the art and beyond,” in Proc. ONDM, 2009, pp. 13–18.

I. Tomkos, D. Vogiatzis, C. Mas, I. Zacharopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and E. Varvarigos, “Performance engineering of metropolitan area optical networks through impairment constraint routing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S40–S47, 2004.

[CrossRef]

D. Medhi, “Multi-hour, multi-traffic class network design for virtual path-based dynamically reconfigurable wide-area ATM networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 809–818, 1995.

[CrossRef]

G. Agrawal and D. Medhi, “Lightpath topology configuration for wavelength-routed IP/MPLS networks for time-dependent traffic,” in Proc. IEEE Globecom, 2006, pp. 1–5.

J. Milbrandt, M. Menth, and S. Kopf, “Adaptive bandwidth allocation: Impact of traffic demand models for wide area networks,” in 19th Int. Teletraffic Congress (ITC19), Beijing, China, 2005.

J. Milbrandt, M. Menth, and S. Kopf, “Adaptive bandwidth allocation: Impact of traffic demand models for wide area networks,” in 19th Int. Teletraffic Congress (ITC19), Beijing, China, 2005.

D. Monoyios, K. Vlachos, M. Aggelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the use of multi-objective optimization algorithms for solving the impairment aware-RWA problem,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Communications, 2009, pp. 1–6.

Y. Huang, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 982–993, 2005.

[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, W. Wen, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Signal-quality consideration for dynamic connection provisioning in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 5285, pp. 163–173, 2003.

[CrossRef]

D. Banerjee and B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-routed optical networks: Linear formulation, resource budgeting tradeoffs, and a reconfiguration study,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 598–607, 2000.

[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

J. E. Gabeiras, V. Lopez, J. Aracil, J. Palacious, C. Argos, O. Dios, F. Chico, and J. Hernandez, “Is multilayer networking feasible?” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 129–140, 2009.

[CrossRef]

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, 2009.

[CrossRef]

L. Gouveia, P. Patrício, A. de Sousa, and R. Valadas, “MPLS over WDM network design with packet level QoS constraints based on ILP models,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 576–586.

P. Pavon-Marino, R. Aparicio-Pardo, B. Garcia-Manrubia, and N. Skorin-Kapov, “Virtual topology design and flow routing in optical networks under multihour traffic demand,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 42–54, 2010.

[CrossRef]

N. Skorin-Kapov, P. Pavon-Marino, B. Garcia-Manrubia, and R. Aparicio-Pardo, “Scheduled virtual topology design under periodic traffic in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2009, pp. 1–8.

N. Sengezer, B. Puype, E. Karasan, and M. Pickavet, “A comparative study of single-layer and multi-layer traffic engineering approaches on transparent optical networks,” in Proc. ICTON, 2007, vol. 4.

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Angelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the offline physical layer impairment aware RWA algorithms in transparent optical networks: State of the art and beyond,” in Proc. ONDM, 2009, pp. 13–18.

M. Ezzahdi, S. Al Zahr, M. Koubàa, N. Puech, and M. Gagnaire, “LERP: a quality of transmission dependent heuristic for routing and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM networks,” in Proc. ICCCN, 2006, pp. 125–136.

N. Sengezer, B. Puype, E. Karasan, and M. Pickavet, “A comparative study of single-layer and multi-layer traffic engineering approaches on transparent optical networks,” in Proc. ICTON, 2007, vol. 4.

B. Rajagopalan, J. Luciani, and D. Awduche, “IP over optical networks: A framework,” IETF RFC 3717, Mar.2004.

X. Yang, L. Shen, and B. Ramamurthy, “Survivable lightpath provisioning in WDM mesh networks under shared path protection and signal quality constraints,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1556–1567, 2005.

[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

F. Ricciato, S. Salsano, A. Belmonte, and M. Listanti, “Off-line configuration of a MPLS over WDM network under time-varying offered traffic,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2002, vol. 1, pp. 57–65.

R. Dutta and G. Rouskas, “A survey of virtual topology design algorithms for wavelength routed optical networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 73–89, 2000.

F. Ricciato, S. Salsano, A. Belmonte, and M. Listanti, “Off-line configuration of a MPLS over WDM network under time-varying offered traffic,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2002, vol. 1, pp. 57–65.

N. Sengezer and E. Karasan, “Static lightpath establishment in multilayer traffic engineering under physical layer impairments,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 662–677, 2010.

[CrossRef]

N. Sengezer, B. Puype, E. Karasan, and M. Pickavet, “A comparative study of single-layer and multi-layer traffic engineering approaches on transparent optical networks,” in Proc. ICTON, 2007, vol. 4.

N. Sengezer and E. Karasan, “An efficient virtual topology design and traffic engineering scheme for IP/WDM networks,” in Proc. ONDM, 2007, pp. 319–328.

R. Krishnaswamy and K. Sivarajan, “Design of logical topologies: A linear formulation for wavelength-routed optical networks with no wavelength changers,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 186–198, 2001.

[CrossRef]

P. Pavon-Marino, R. Aparicio-Pardo, B. Garcia-Manrubia, and N. Skorin-Kapov, “Virtual topology design and flow routing in optical networks under multihour traffic demand,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 42–54, 2010.

[CrossRef]

N. Skorin-Kapov, P. Pavon-Marino, B. Garcia-Manrubia, and R. Aparicio-Pardo, “Scheduled virtual topology design under periodic traffic in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2009, pp. 1–8.

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Angelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the offline physical layer impairment aware RWA algorithms in transparent optical networks: State of the art and beyond,” in Proc. ONDM, 2009, pp. 13–18.

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, 2009.

[CrossRef]

I. Tomkos, D. Vogiatzis, C. Mas, I. Zacharopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and E. Varvarigos, “Performance engineering of metropolitan area optical networks through impairment constraint routing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S40–S47, 2004.

[CrossRef]

D. Monoyios, K. Vlachos, M. Aggelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the use of multi-objective optimization algorithms for solving the impairment aware-RWA problem,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Communications, 2009, pp. 1–6.

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Angelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the offline physical layer impairment aware RWA algorithms in transparent optical networks: State of the art and beyond,” in Proc. ONDM, 2009, pp. 13–18.

I. Tomkos, D. Vogiatzis, C. Mas, I. Zacharopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and E. Varvarigos, “Performance engineering of metropolitan area optical networks through impairment constraint routing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S40–S47, 2004.

[CrossRef]

L. Gouveia, P. Patrício, A. de Sousa, and R. Valadas, “MPLS over WDM network design with packet level QoS constraints based on ILP models,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 576–586.

K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Manousakis, and E. Varvarigos, “Considering physical layer impairments in offline RWA,” IEEE Network, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 26–33, 2009.

[CrossRef]

I. Tomkos, D. Vogiatzis, C. Mas, I. Zacharopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and E. Varvarigos, “Performance engineering of metropolitan area optical networks through impairment constraint routing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S40–S47, 2004.

[CrossRef]

K. Manousakis, K. Christodoulopoulos, and E. Varvarigos, “Impairment-aware offline RWA for transparent optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2009, pp. 1557–1565.

D. Monoyios, K. Vlachos, M. Aggelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the use of multi-objective optimization algorithms for solving the impairment aware-RWA problem,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Communications, 2009, pp. 1–6.

I. Tomkos, D. Vogiatzis, C. Mas, I. Zacharopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and E. Varvarigos, “Performance engineering of metropolitan area optical networks through impairment constraint routing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S40–S47, 2004.

[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, W. Wen, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Signal-quality consideration for dynamic connection provisioning in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 5285, pp. 163–173, 2003.

[CrossRef]

W. Winston, Operations Research: Applications and Algorithms. 4th ed., 2004.

I. Tomkos, D. Vogiatzis, C. Mas, I. Zacharopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and E. Varvarigos, “Performance engineering of metropolitan area optical networks through impairment constraint routing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S40–S47, 2004.

[CrossRef]

S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, 2009.

[CrossRef]

I. Tomkos, D. Vogiatzis, C. Mas, I. Zacharopoulos, A. Tzanakaki, and E. Varvarigos, “Performance engineering of metropolitan area optical networks through impairment constraint routing,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S40–S47, 2004.

[CrossRef]

K. Christodoulopoulos, K. Manousakis, and E. Varvarigos, “Considering physical layer impairments in offline RWA,” IEEE Network, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 26–33, 2009.

[CrossRef]

R. Krishnaswamy and K. Sivarajan, “Design of logical topologies: A linear formulation for wavelength-routed optical networks with no wavelength changers,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 186–198, 2001.

[CrossRef]

D. Medhi, “Multi-hour, multi-traffic class network design for virtual path-based dynamically reconfigurable wide-area ATM networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 809–818, 1995.

[CrossRef]

D. Banerjee and B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-routed optical networks: Linear formulation, resource budgeting tradeoffs, and a reconfiguration study,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 598–607, 2000.

[CrossRef]

B. Ramamurthy, D. Datta, H. Feng, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Impact of transmission impairments on the teletraffic performance of wavelength-routed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 1713–1723, 1999.

[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Connection provisioning with transmission impairment consideration in optical WDM networks with high-speed channels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 982–993, 2005.

[CrossRef]

X. Yang, L. Shen, and B. Ramamurthy, “Survivable lightpath provisioning in WDM mesh networks under shared path protection and signal quality constraints,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 1556–1567, 2005.

[CrossRef]

R. Dutta and G. Rouskas, “A survey of virtual topology design algorithms for wavelength routed optical networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 73–89, 2000.

J. E. Gabeiras, V. Lopez, J. Aracil, J. Palacious, C. Argos, O. Dios, F. Chico, and J. Hernandez, “Is multilayer networking feasible?” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 129–140, 2009.

[CrossRef]

P. Pavon-Marino, R. Aparicio-Pardo, B. Garcia-Manrubia, and N. Skorin-Kapov, “Virtual topology design and flow routing in optical networks under multihour traffic demand,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 42–54, 2010.

[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, W. Wen, J. Heritage, and B. Mukherjee, “Signal-quality consideration for dynamic connection provisioning in all-optical wavelength-routed networks,” Proc. SPIE, vol. 5285, pp. 163–173, 2003.

[CrossRef]

G. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems. Wiley, New York, ch. 4, pp. 162–164.

B. Rajagopalan, J. Luciani, and D. Awduche, “IP over optical networks: A framework,” IETF RFC 3717, Mar.2004.

W. Winston, Operations Research: Applications and Algorithms. 4th ed., 2004.

K. Frazer, NSFNET: A partnership for high-speed networking, Final Report. 1987–1995, Merit Network, 1995.

J. Milbrandt, M. Menth, and S. Kopf, “Adaptive bandwidth allocation: Impact of traffic demand models for wide area networks,” in 19th Int. Teletraffic Congress (ITC19), Beijing, China, 2005.

G. Agrawal and D. Medhi, “Lightpath topology configuration for wavelength-routed IP/MPLS networks for time-dependent traffic,” in Proc. IEEE Globecom, 2006, pp. 1–5.

N. Sengezer and E. Karasan, “An efficient virtual topology design and traffic engineering scheme for IP/WDM networks,” in Proc. ONDM, 2007, pp. 319–328.

L. Gouveia, P. Patrício, A. de Sousa, and R. Valadas, “MPLS over WDM network design with packet level QoS constraints based on ILP models,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 576–586.

N. Skorin-Kapov, P. Pavon-Marino, B. Garcia-Manrubia, and R. Aparicio-Pardo, “Scheduled virtual topology design under periodic traffic in transparent optical networks,” in Proc. BROADNETS, 2009, pp. 1–8.

F. Ricciato, S. Salsano, A. Belmonte, and M. Listanti, “Off-line configuration of a MPLS over WDM network under time-varying offered traffic,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2002, vol. 1, pp. 57–65.

N. Sengezer, B. Puype, E. Karasan, and M. Pickavet, “A comparative study of single-layer and multi-layer traffic engineering approaches on transparent optical networks,” in Proc. ICTON, 2007, vol. 4.

K. Manousakis, K. Christodoulopoulos, and E. Varvarigos, “Impairment-aware offline RWA for transparent optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE INFOCOM, 2009, pp. 1557–1565.

M. Lima, A. Cesar, and A. Araujo, “Optical network optimization with transmission impairments based on genetic algorithm,” in Proc. SBMO/IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave and Optoelectronics Conf., 2003, vol. 1, pp. 361–365.

D. Monoyios, K. Vlachos, M. Aggelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the use of multi-objective optimization algorithms for solving the impairment aware-RWA problem,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Communications, 2009, pp. 1–6.

S. Azodolmolky, Y. Pointurier, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Careglio, J. Solé-Pareta, M. Angelou, and I. Tomkos, “On the offline physical layer impairment aware RWA algorithms in transparent optical networks: State of the art and beyond,” in Proc. ONDM, 2009, pp. 13–18.

M. Ezzahdi, S. Al Zahr, M. Koubàa, N. Puech, and M. Gagnaire, “LERP: a quality of transmission dependent heuristic for routing and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM networks,” in Proc. ICCCN, 2006, pp. 125–136.