Abstract

In this paper, we report our progress on the development of a simulation framework for optical local area networks, which enables a multi-layer network simulation and hence bridges the gap between the traditional signal-level and traffic-level simulators. The framework, called DRAGON (discrete-model register for Artifex-based general-purpose optical local area network simulation), is built upon the Artifex modeling platform, and it models a wide register of fiber-optic components, emulating features at multiple network layers, spanning over signal and noise power monitoring, bit error rate (BER) estimation, packet collision detection, and propagation/transmission delay emulation. We demonstrate the effectiveness of DRAGON by modeling a novel two-tier fault-tolerant wavelength division multiplexing local area network (WDM LAN) architecture, and we show the impact of the proposed WDM LAN architecture on the quality of service requirements of WDM traffic.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. F. Karinou, I. Roudas, K. Vlachos, C. S. Petrou, A. Vgenis, and B. R. Hemenway, “Wavelength-space permutation switch with coherent PDM QPSK transmission for supercomputer optical interconnects,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 21–25 Mar. 2010, JWA62.
  2. D. Wang and J. Y. McNair, “A torus-based 4-way fault-tolerant backbone network architecture for avionic WDM LANs,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 335–346, Apr.2011.
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. F. Habiby and R. Vaidyanathan, “WDM optical backbone networks in aircraft applications: Networking challenges and standards progress,” in IEEE Military Communications Conf. (MILCOM) 2009, 18–21 Oct. 2009, pp. 1–6.
  4. G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.
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    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Chan, G. Hendry, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “PhoenixSim: A simulator for physical-layer analysis of chip-scale photonic interconnection networks,” in Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conf. & Exhibition (DATE), 8–12 Mar. 2010, pp. 691–696.
  9. A. Gholami, D. Molin, and P. Sillard, “Physical modeling of 10 GbE optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 115–123, Jan.2011.
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, N. M. Garcia, M. M. Freire, and P. Lorenz, “Object-oriented modeling and simulation of optical burst switching networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf. Workshops, 29 Nov.–3 Dec. 2004, pp. 288–292.
  11. M. C. Yu, H. J. Tsai, C. Y. Huang, and S. Y. Wang, “Supporting optical network simulations (OBS) on the NCTUns network simulator and emulator,” NCTU Tech. Rep., National Chiao Tung University, 2004, pp. 1–106.
  12. J. Teng and G. N. Rouskas, “A detailed analysis and performance comparison of wavelength reservation schemes for optical burst switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 311–335, May2005.
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Wen, N. M. Bhide, R. K. Shenai, and K. M. Sivalingam, “Optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) network simulator (OWns): Architecture and performance studies,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 16–26, Sept./Oct.2001.
  14. N. M. Din and N. Fisal, “Modeling of IP-GMPLS multimedia traffic and network for admission control using ns-2,” in Second Asia Int. Conf. on Modeling & Simulation (AICMS), 13–15 May 2008, pp. 678–683.
  15. M. Baldassari, R. Benso, and R. Pane, “Modeling WDM protocols and networks using the Artifex environment,” in Photonics East’99 Proc.—Technical Session: All-Optical Networking: Architecture, Control, and Management Issues 1999 (VV04), pp. 1–12.
  16. ARTIS Software Corporation, Artifex User Manual, 2001, pp. 1–342.
  17. J. L. Peterson, “Petri Nets,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 223–252, Sept.1977.
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. Reardon, J. Profumo, and A. D. George, “Comparative simulative analysis of WDM lans for avionics platforms,” in IEEE Military Communications Conf. (MILCOM), 23–25 Oct. 2006, pp. 1–7.
  19. A. Kumar, M. Sivakumar, D. Wang, and J. Y. McNair, “Effect of traffic patterns on optical time-division-multiplexed/WDM networks for avionics,” in IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conf., 30 Sept.–2 Oct. 2008, pp. 73–74.

2011 (2)

2005 (1)

J. Teng and G. N. Rouskas, “A detailed analysis and performance comparison of wavelength reservation schemes for optical burst switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 311–335, May2005.
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

B. Wen, N. M. Bhide, R. K. Shenai, and K. M. Sivalingam, “Optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) network simulator (OWns): Architecture and performance studies,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 16–26, Sept./Oct.2001.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

2000 (1)

I. Roudas, N. Antoniades, D. H. Richards, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Jackel, S. F. Habiby, T. E. Stern, and A. E. Elrefaie, “Wavelength-domain simulation of multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 348–362, Mar./Apr.2000.
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

J. L. Peterson, “Petri Nets,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 223–252, Sept.1977.
[CrossRef]

Antoniades, N.

I. Roudas, N. Antoniades, D. H. Richards, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Jackel, S. F. Habiby, T. E. Stern, and A. E. Elrefaie, “Wavelength-domain simulation of multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 348–362, Mar./Apr.2000.
[CrossRef]

Baldassari, M.

M. Baldassari, R. Benso, and R. Pane, “Modeling WDM protocols and networks using the Artifex environment,” in Photonics East’99 Proc.—Technical Session: All-Optical Networking: Architecture, Control, and Management Issues 1999 (VV04), pp. 1–12.

Benso, R.

M. Baldassari, R. Benso, and R. Pane, “Modeling WDM protocols and networks using the Artifex environment,” in Photonics East’99 Proc.—Technical Session: All-Optical Networking: Architecture, Control, and Management Issues 1999 (VV04), pp. 1–12.

Bergman, K.

J. Chan, G. Hendry, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “PhoenixSim: A simulator for physical-layer analysis of chip-scale photonic interconnection networks,” in Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conf. & Exhibition (DATE), 8–12 Mar. 2010, pp. 691–696.

Bhide, N. M.

B. Wen, N. M. Bhide, R. K. Shenai, and K. M. Sivalingam, “Optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) network simulator (OWns): Architecture and performance studies,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 16–26, Sept./Oct.2001.

Biberman, A.

J. Chan, G. Hendry, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “PhoenixSim: A simulator for physical-layer analysis of chip-scale photonic interconnection networks,” in Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conf. & Exhibition (DATE), 8–12 Mar. 2010, pp. 691–696.

Boggio, G.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

Burzio, M.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

Cai, J.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

Carena, A.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

Carloni, L. P.

J. Chan, G. Hendry, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “PhoenixSim: A simulator for physical-layer analysis of chip-scale photonic interconnection networks,” in Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conf. & Exhibition (DATE), 8–12 Mar. 2010, pp. 691–696.

Cerutti, I.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

Chan, J.

J. Chan, G. Hendry, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “PhoenixSim: A simulator for physical-layer analysis of chip-scale photonic interconnection networks,” in Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conf. & Exhibition (DATE), 8–12 Mar. 2010, pp. 691–696.

Din, N. M.

N. M. Din and N. Fisal, “Modeling of IP-GMPLS multimedia traffic and network for admission control using ns-2,” in Second Asia Int. Conf. on Modeling & Simulation (AICMS), 13–15 May 2008, pp. 678–683.

Elrefaie, A. E.

I. Roudas, N. Antoniades, D. H. Richards, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Jackel, S. F. Habiby, T. E. Stern, and A. E. Elrefaie, “Wavelength-domain simulation of multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 348–362, Mar./Apr.2000.
[CrossRef]

Fisal, N.

N. M. Din and N. Fisal, “Modeling of IP-GMPLS multimedia traffic and network for admission control using ns-2,” in Second Asia Int. Conf. on Modeling & Simulation (AICMS), 13–15 May 2008, pp. 678–683.

Freire, M. M.

J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, N. M. Garcia, M. M. Freire, and P. Lorenz, “Object-oriented modeling and simulation of optical burst switching networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf. Workshops, 29 Nov.–3 Dec. 2004, pp. 288–292.

Fumagalli, A.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

Garcia, N. M.

J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, N. M. Garcia, M. M. Freire, and P. Lorenz, “Object-oriented modeling and simulation of optical burst switching networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf. Workshops, 29 Nov.–3 Dec. 2004, pp. 288–292.

Gaudino, R.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

George, A. D.

C. Reardon, J. Profumo, and A. D. George, “Comparative simulative analysis of WDM lans for avionics platforms,” in IEEE Military Communications Conf. (MILCOM), 23–25 Oct. 2006, pp. 1–7.

Gholami, A.

Habiby, S. F.

I. Roudas, N. Antoniades, D. H. Richards, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Jackel, S. F. Habiby, T. E. Stern, and A. E. Elrefaie, “Wavelength-domain simulation of multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 348–362, Mar./Apr.2000.
[CrossRef]

S. F. Habiby and R. Vaidyanathan, “WDM optical backbone networks in aircraft applications: Networking challenges and standards progress,” in IEEE Military Communications Conf. (MILCOM) 2009, 18–21 Oct. 2009, pp. 1–6.

Hemenway, B. R.

F. Karinou, I. Roudas, K. Vlachos, C. S. Petrou, A. Vgenis, and B. R. Hemenway, “Wavelength-space permutation switch with coherent PDM QPSK transmission for supercomputer optical interconnects,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 21–25 Mar. 2010, JWA62.

Hendry, G.

J. Chan, G. Hendry, A. Biberman, K. Bergman, and L. P. Carloni, “PhoenixSim: A simulator for physical-layer analysis of chip-scale photonic interconnection networks,” in Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conf. & Exhibition (DATE), 8–12 Mar. 2010, pp. 691–696.

Huang, C. Y.

M. C. Yu, H. J. Tsai, C. Y. Huang, and S. Y. Wang, “Supporting optical network simulations (OBS) on the NCTUns network simulator and emulator,” NCTU Tech. Rep., National Chiao Tung University, 2004, pp. 1–106.

Jackel, J. L.

I. Roudas, N. Antoniades, D. H. Richards, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Jackel, S. F. Habiby, T. E. Stern, and A. E. Elrefaie, “Wavelength-domain simulation of multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 348–362, Mar./Apr.2000.
[CrossRef]

Karinou, F.

F. Karinou, I. Roudas, K. Vlachos, C. S. Petrou, A. Vgenis, and B. R. Hemenway, “Wavelength-space permutation switch with coherent PDM QPSK transmission for supercomputer optical interconnects,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 21–25 Mar. 2010, JWA62.

Kumar, A.

A. Kumar, M. Sivakumar, D. Wang, and J. Y. McNair, “Effect of traffic patterns on optical time-division-multiplexed/WDM networks for avionics,” in IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conf., 30 Sept.–2 Oct. 2008, pp. 73–74.

Lorenz, P.

J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, N. M. Garcia, M. M. Freire, and P. Lorenz, “Object-oriented modeling and simulation of optical burst switching networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf. Workshops, 29 Nov.–3 Dec. 2004, pp. 288–292.

McNair, J. Y.

D. Wang and J. Y. McNair, “A torus-based 4-way fault-tolerant backbone network architecture for avionic WDM LANs,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 335–346, Apr.2011.
[CrossRef]

A. Kumar, M. Sivakumar, D. Wang, and J. Y. McNair, “Effect of traffic patterns on optical time-division-multiplexed/WDM networks for avionics,” in IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conf., 30 Sept.–2 Oct. 2008, pp. 73–74.

Molin, D.

Pane, R.

M. Baldassari, R. Benso, and R. Pane, “Modeling WDM protocols and networks using the Artifex environment,” in Photonics East’99 Proc.—Technical Session: All-Optical Networking: Architecture, Control, and Management Issues 1999 (VV04), pp. 1–12.

Peterson, J. L.

J. L. Peterson, “Petri Nets,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 223–252, Sept.1977.
[CrossRef]

Petrou, C. S.

F. Karinou, I. Roudas, K. Vlachos, C. S. Petrou, A. Vgenis, and B. R. Hemenway, “Wavelength-space permutation switch with coherent PDM QPSK transmission for supercomputer optical interconnects,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 21–25 Mar. 2010, JWA62.

Portinaro, N.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

Profumo, J.

C. Reardon, J. Profumo, and A. D. George, “Comparative simulative analysis of WDM lans for avionics platforms,” in IEEE Military Communications Conf. (MILCOM), 23–25 Oct. 2006, pp. 1–7.

Reardon, C.

C. Reardon, J. Profumo, and A. D. George, “Comparative simulative analysis of WDM lans for avionics platforms,” in IEEE Military Communications Conf. (MILCOM), 23–25 Oct. 2006, pp. 1–7.

Richards, D. H.

I. Roudas, N. Antoniades, D. H. Richards, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Jackel, S. F. Habiby, T. E. Stern, and A. E. Elrefaie, “Wavelength-domain simulation of multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 348–362, Mar./Apr.2000.
[CrossRef]

Rodrigues, J. J. P. C.

J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, N. M. Garcia, M. M. Freire, and P. Lorenz, “Object-oriented modeling and simulation of optical burst switching networks,” in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf. Workshops, 29 Nov.–3 Dec. 2004, pp. 288–292.

Roudas, I.

I. Roudas, N. Antoniades, D. H. Richards, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Jackel, S. F. Habiby, T. E. Stern, and A. E. Elrefaie, “Wavelength-domain simulation of multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 348–362, Mar./Apr.2000.
[CrossRef]

F. Karinou, I. Roudas, K. Vlachos, C. S. Petrou, A. Vgenis, and B. R. Hemenway, “Wavelength-space permutation switch with coherent PDM QPSK transmission for supercomputer optical interconnects,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 21–25 Mar. 2010, JWA62.

Rouskas, G. N.

J. Teng and G. N. Rouskas, “A detailed analysis and performance comparison of wavelength reservation schemes for optical burst switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 311–335, May2005.
[CrossRef]

Shenai, R. K.

B. Wen, N. M. Bhide, R. K. Shenai, and K. M. Sivalingam, “Optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) network simulator (OWns): Architecture and performance studies,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 16–26, Sept./Oct.2001.

Sillard, P.

Sivakumar, M.

A. Kumar, M. Sivakumar, D. Wang, and J. Y. McNair, “Effect of traffic patterns on optical time-division-multiplexed/WDM networks for avionics,” in IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conf., 30 Sept.–2 Oct. 2008, pp. 73–74.

Sivalingam, K. M.

B. Wen, N. M. Bhide, R. K. Shenai, and K. M. Sivalingam, “Optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) network simulator (OWns): Architecture and performance studies,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 16–26, Sept./Oct.2001.

Stern, T. E.

I. Roudas, N. Antoniades, D. H. Richards, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Jackel, S. F. Habiby, T. E. Stern, and A. E. Elrefaie, “Wavelength-domain simulation of multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 348–362, Mar./Apr.2000.
[CrossRef]

Tacca, M.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

Teng, J.

J. Teng and G. N. Rouskas, “A detailed analysis and performance comparison of wavelength reservation schemes for optical burst switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 311–335, May2005.
[CrossRef]

Tsai, H. J.

M. C. Yu, H. J. Tsai, C. Y. Huang, and S. Y. Wang, “Supporting optical network simulations (OBS) on the NCTUns network simulator and emulator,” NCTU Tech. Rep., National Chiao Tung University, 2004, pp. 1–106.

Vaidyanathan, R.

S. F. Habiby and R. Vaidyanathan, “WDM optical backbone networks in aircraft applications: Networking challenges and standards progress,” in IEEE Military Communications Conf. (MILCOM) 2009, 18–21 Oct. 2009, pp. 1–6.

Valcarenghi, L.

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

Vgenis, A.

F. Karinou, I. Roudas, K. Vlachos, C. S. Petrou, A. Vgenis, and B. R. Hemenway, “Wavelength-space permutation switch with coherent PDM QPSK transmission for supercomputer optical interconnects,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 21–25 Mar. 2010, JWA62.

Vlachos, K.

F. Karinou, I. Roudas, K. Vlachos, C. S. Petrou, A. Vgenis, and B. R. Hemenway, “Wavelength-space permutation switch with coherent PDM QPSK transmission for supercomputer optical interconnects,” in Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 21–25 Mar. 2010, JWA62.

Wagner, R. E.

I. Roudas, N. Antoniades, D. H. Richards, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Jackel, S. F. Habiby, T. E. Stern, and A. E. Elrefaie, “Wavelength-domain simulation of multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 348–362, Mar./Apr.2000.
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

D. Wang and J. Y. McNair, “A torus-based 4-way fault-tolerant backbone network architecture for avionic WDM LANs,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 335–346, Apr.2011.
[CrossRef]

A. Kumar, M. Sivakumar, D. Wang, and J. Y. McNair, “Effect of traffic patterns on optical time-division-multiplexed/WDM networks for avionics,” in IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conf., 30 Sept.–2 Oct. 2008, pp. 73–74.

Wang, S. Y.

M. C. Yu, H. J. Tsai, C. Y. Huang, and S. Y. Wang, “Supporting optical network simulations (OBS) on the NCTUns network simulator and emulator,” NCTU Tech. Rep., National Chiao Tung University, 2004, pp. 1–106.

Wen, B.

B. Wen, N. M. Bhide, R. K. Shenai, and K. M. Sivalingam, “Optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) network simulator (OWns): Architecture and performance studies,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 16–26, Sept./Oct.2001.

Yu, M. C.

M. C. Yu, H. J. Tsai, C. Y. Huang, and S. Y. Wang, “Supporting optical network simulations (OBS) on the NCTUns network simulator and emulator,” NCTU Tech. Rep., National Chiao Tung University, 2004, pp. 1–106.

ACM Comput. Surv. (1)

J. L. Peterson, “Petri Nets,” ACM Comput. Surv., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 223–252, Sept.1977.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. Roudas, N. Antoniades, D. H. Richards, R. E. Wagner, J. L. Jackel, S. F. Habiby, T. E. Stern, and A. E. Elrefaie, “Wavelength-domain simulation of multiwavelength optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 348–362, Mar./Apr.2000.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Networks Mag. (2)

G. Boggio, M. Burzio, N. Portinaro, J. Cai, I. Cerutti, A. Fumagalli, M. Tacca, L. Valcarenghi, A. Carena, and R. Gaudino, “Network designer–Artifex™–OptSim™: a suite of integrated software tools for synthesis and analysis of high speed networks,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 27–41, Sept./Oct.2001.

B. Wen, N. M. Bhide, R. K. Shenai, and K. M. Sivalingam, “Optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) network simulator (OWns): Architecture and performance studies,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 16–26, Sept./Oct.2001.

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

J. Teng and G. N. Rouskas, “A detailed analysis and performance comparison of wavelength reservation schemes for optical burst switched networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 311–335, May2005.
[CrossRef]

Other (12)

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Figures (24)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Simulation software architecture.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pseudocode of the collision detection algorithm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Optical detector.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical amplifier.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Symmetric 2×1 coupler.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Symmetric 1×2 splitter.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Wavelength division multiplexer (16×1).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Wavelength division demultiplexer (1×16).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

2×2 dynamic optical switch.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(Color online) A 4×4 torus backbone connected via optical fibers.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(Color online) M&L priority protective routing.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(Color online) The wheel architecture for the subsystem network.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

(Color online) Bottom-tier torus interconnections.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

(Color online) Top-tier and bottom-tier torus modeling.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

(Color online) Modeling high priority backbone switching logic.

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

(Color online) Modeling the bottom-tier architecture (“wheel”).

Fig. 19
Fig. 19

(Color online) Modeling outlet node structure and protocols.

Fig. 20
Fig. 20

(Color online) BER curves for high priority light paths of different lengths.

Fig. 21
Fig. 21

(Color online) Average packet latency for M&L priority traffic.

Fig. 22
Fig. 22

(Color online) Average latency changes upon occurrence of faults.

Fig. 23
Fig. 23

(Color online) Throughput of M&L priority traffic under network faults.

Fig. 24
Fig. 24

(Color online) Effect of controller failure on high priority inter-subsystem traffic.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Backbone QoS Characteristics for Three Priority Levels

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dP=DF×LF.
tD=lPrBit.
POuti=PIni×10αLF10,
PLaserN=PLaserS×Δf×10RIN10PLaserS×rBit×10RIN10,
Q=I1I0σ1+σ0=(1rex)RPInSσ1+σ0(1rex)RPInS(σT2+σS2+σI2)1/2+σT,
σT2=4kBTΔfFnRL4kBTrBitFnRL,
σS22eRPInSΔf2eRPInSrBit,
σI2RPInN2,
BER=12erfcQ2expQ2/2Q2π,
SNROut=SNRInFn=PInS/PInNFn,
POutS=SNROut1+SNROut×G×PInS+PInN,
POutN=11+SNROut×G×PInS+PInN.
POuti=PIni×10IL10.