Abstract

For the first time to our knowledge, power transient control in hybrid amplifier (HA) cascades is analyzed by means of numerical simulation. Four hybrid configurations are investigated, considering distributed fiber Raman amplifiers (DFRAs) in both backward and forward pumping schemes, in front of and behind an erbium doped fiber amplifier (EDFA). The link control technique was applied to the best and the worst configurations in terms of power excursion. When 17 out of 20 channels were dropped/added, the steady-state power excursions of the surviving channels were reduced from 4.21 dB and 6.25 dB to 0.01 dB and 0 dB, for a single HA under configurations EDFA + backward DFRA and forward DFRA + EDFA, respectively. For a cascade of 12 HAs (1800 km), the steady-state output power excursions were mitigated from 8.66 dB to 0.07 dB and 0.60 dB, for the same hybrid configurations, respectively.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (6)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription