Abstract

A detailed study on the effectiveness of three proposed optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OOFDM) adaptive loading algorithms (ALAs) is conducted, addressing, for the first time, a number of crucial issues related to OOFDM directly modulated laser-based intensity-modulated and direct-detected passive optical networks (PONs). The ALAs include the power loading (PL), bit loading, and bit-and-power loading (BPL) algorithms. It is shown that in comparison with the most sophisticated BPL algorithm, the simplest PL algorithm is effective in escalating a single-channel OOFDM PON performance to its maximum potential. On the other hand, for multi-channel OOFDM PON and when employing a large number of subcarriers and high digital-to-analog/analog-to-digital converter sampling speed, the BPL algorithm should be adopted. The utilization of the three ALAs can also extend the optimum clipping ratio range up to at least 3 dB compared to a conventional identical modulation scheme.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Z. Zheng, Z. Qian, G. Shou, and Y. Hu, “OFDMA system with dynamic bandwidth allocation in passive optical networks,” in Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), Sept. 2009, pp. 1–4.
  2. R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Li and W. E. Ryan, “Mutual-information-based adaptive bit-loading algorithms for LDPC-coded OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 1670–1680, May2007.
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. George and O. Armani, “Bit loading algorithms for OFDM,” in ISIT 2004, Chicago, IL, 2004, p. 388.
  6. E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1051–1059, Dec.2010.
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. S. Park and K. B. Lee, “Transmit power allocation for BER performance improvement in multicarrier systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 2049–2053, 2004.
  8. B. S. Krongold, K. Ramchandran, and D. L. Jones, “Computationally efficient optimal power allocation algorithms for multicarrier communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 23–27, 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Yang, S. C. J. Lee, E. Tangdiongga, C. Okonkow, H. P. A. van den Boom, F. Breyer, S. Randel, and A. M. J. Koonen, “47.4 Gb/s transmission over 100 m graded-index plastic optical fibre based on rate-adaptive discrete multitone modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 352–359, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, D. Cárdenas, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Discrete multitone modulation for high-speed data transmission over multimode fibres using 850-nm VCSEL,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2009.
  11. Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Mapp, “Bit and power loading for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 15, pp. 1305–1307, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive bit and/or power loading for maximising real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission performance,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2011, JWA029.
  13. E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. L. Yang, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Adaptive-modulation-enabled WDM impairment reduction in multichannel optical OFDM transmission systems for next-generation PONs,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 130–140, 2010.
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibres using directly modulated DFBs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 429–441, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Xia, C. Guo, and S. He, “Impact of ADC bandwidth and clipping ratio on COF-PON systems based on spatial coding and subcarrier multiplexing,” in IEEE Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 2011, pp. 1–4.
  16. J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 787–798, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, A. Tsokanos, A. Kavatzikidis, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Performance optimization of adaptive loading algorithms for SMF-based optical OFDM transceivers,” in IEEE 16th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC) and 6th Conf. on Optical Cabling and Infrastructure (OC&I), Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 2011, pp. 56–59.
  18. J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “30-Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based singlemode-fibre links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 2318–2327, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, and J. M. Tang, “Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, pp. 9480–9494, 2008.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fibre Optics. 2nd ed.Academic, New York, 1995.

2011 (1)

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1051–1059, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. L. Yang, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Adaptive-modulation-enabled WDM impairment reduction in multichannel optical OFDM transmission systems for next-generation PONs,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 130–140, 2010.
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, S. C. J. Lee, E. Tangdiongga, C. Okonkow, H. P. A. van den Boom, F. Breyer, S. Randel, and A. M. J. Koonen, “47.4 Gb/s transmission over 100 m graded-index plastic optical fibre based on rate-adaptive discrete multitone modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 352–359, 2010.
[CrossRef]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

C. S. Park and K. B. Lee, “Transmit power allocation for BER performance improvement in multicarrier systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 2049–2053, 2004.

2000 (1)

B. S. Krongold, K. Ramchandran, and D. L. Jones, “Computationally efficient optimal power allocation algorithms for multicarrier communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 23–27, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fibre Optics. 2nd ed.Academic, New York, 1995.

Armani, O.

Y. George and O. Armani, “Bit loading algorithms for OFDM,” in ISIT 2004, Chicago, IL, 2004, p. 388.

Breyer, F.

H. Yang, S. C. J. Lee, E. Tangdiongga, C. Okonkow, H. P. A. van den Boom, F. Breyer, S. Randel, and A. M. J. Koonen, “47.4 Gb/s transmission over 100 m graded-index plastic optical fibre based on rate-adaptive discrete multitone modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 352–359, 2010.
[CrossRef]

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, D. Cárdenas, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Discrete multitone modulation for high-speed data transmission over multimode fibres using 850-nm VCSEL,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2009.

Cárdenas, D.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, D. Cárdenas, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Discrete multitone modulation for high-speed data transmission over multimode fibres using 850-nm VCSEL,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2009.

George, Y.

Y. George and O. Armani, “Bit loading algorithms for OFDM,” in ISIT 2004, Chicago, IL, 2004, p. 388.

Giacoumidis, E.

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1051–1059, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. L. Yang, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Adaptive-modulation-enabled WDM impairment reduction in multichannel optical OFDM transmission systems for next-generation PONs,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 130–140, 2010.
[CrossRef]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, and J. M. Tang, “Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, pp. 9480–9494, 2008.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, A. Tsokanos, A. Kavatzikidis, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Performance optimization of adaptive loading algorithms for SMF-based optical OFDM transceivers,” in IEEE 16th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC) and 6th Conf. on Optical Cabling and Infrastructure (OC&I), Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 2011, pp. 56–59.

Giddings, R. P.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.
[CrossRef]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive bit and/or power loading for maximising real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission performance,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2011, JWA029.

Guo, C.

T. Xia, C. Guo, and S. He, “Impact of ADC bandwidth and clipping ratio on COF-PON systems based on spatial coding and subcarrier multiplexing,” in IEEE Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 2011, pp. 1–4.

He, S.

T. Xia, C. Guo, and S. He, “Impact of ADC bandwidth and clipping ratio on COF-PON systems based on spatial coding and subcarrier multiplexing,” in IEEE Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 2011, pp. 1–4.

Hu, Y.

Z. Zheng, Z. Qian, G. Shou, and Y. Hu, “OFDMA system with dynamic bandwidth allocation in passive optical networks,” in Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), Sept. 2009, pp. 1–4.

Hugues-Salas, E.

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, A. Tsokanos, A. Kavatzikidis, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Performance optimization of adaptive loading algorithms for SMF-based optical OFDM transceivers,” in IEEE 16th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC) and 6th Conf. on Optical Cabling and Infrastructure (OC&I), Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 2011, pp. 56–59.

Jin, X. Q.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1051–1059, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, and J. M. Tang, “Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, pp. 9480–9494, 2008.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive bit and/or power loading for maximising real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission performance,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2011, JWA029.

Jones, D. L.

B. S. Krongold, K. Ramchandran, and D. L. Jones, “Computationally efficient optimal power allocation algorithms for multicarrier communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 23–27, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Kavatzikidis, A.

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, A. Tsokanos, A. Kavatzikidis, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Performance optimization of adaptive loading algorithms for SMF-based optical OFDM transceivers,” in IEEE 16th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC) and 6th Conf. on Optical Cabling and Infrastructure (OC&I), Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 2011, pp. 56–59.

Koonen, A. M. J.

H. Yang, S. C. J. Lee, E. Tangdiongga, C. Okonkow, H. P. A. van den Boom, F. Breyer, S. Randel, and A. M. J. Koonen, “47.4 Gb/s transmission over 100 m graded-index plastic optical fibre based on rate-adaptive discrete multitone modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 352–359, 2010.
[CrossRef]

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, D. Cárdenas, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Discrete multitone modulation for high-speed data transmission over multimode fibres using 850-nm VCSEL,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2009.

Krongold, B. S.

B. S. Krongold, K. Ramchandran, and D. L. Jones, “Computationally efficient optimal power allocation algorithms for multicarrier communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 23–27, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Lane, P. M.

Lee, K. B.

C. S. Park and K. B. Lee, “Transmit power allocation for BER performance improvement in multicarrier systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 2049–2053, 2004.

Lee, S. C. J.

H. Yang, S. C. J. Lee, E. Tangdiongga, C. Okonkow, H. P. A. van den Boom, F. Breyer, S. Randel, and A. M. J. Koonen, “47.4 Gb/s transmission over 100 m graded-index plastic optical fibre based on rate-adaptive discrete multitone modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 352–359, 2010.
[CrossRef]

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, D. Cárdenas, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Discrete multitone modulation for high-speed data transmission over multimode fibres using 850-nm VCSEL,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2009.

Li, Y.

Y. Li and W. E. Ryan, “Mutual-information-based adaptive bit-loading algorithms for LDPC-coded OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 1670–1680, May2007.
[CrossRef]

Mapp, Y.

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Mapp, “Bit and power loading for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 15, pp. 1305–1307, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Okonkow, C.

Park, C. S.

C. S. Park and K. B. Lee, “Transmit power allocation for BER performance improvement in multicarrier systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 2049–2053, 2004.

Qian, Z.

Z. Zheng, Z. Qian, G. Shou, and Y. Hu, “OFDMA system with dynamic bandwidth allocation in passive optical networks,” in Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), Sept. 2009, pp. 1–4.

Quinlan, T.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Ramchandran, K.

B. S. Krongold, K. Ramchandran, and D. L. Jones, “Computationally efficient optimal power allocation algorithms for multicarrier communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 23–27, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Randel, S.

H. Yang, S. C. J. Lee, E. Tangdiongga, C. Okonkow, H. P. A. van den Boom, F. Breyer, S. Randel, and A. M. J. Koonen, “47.4 Gb/s transmission over 100 m graded-index plastic optical fibre based on rate-adaptive discrete multitone modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 352–359, 2010.
[CrossRef]

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, D. Cárdenas, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Discrete multitone modulation for high-speed data transmission over multimode fibres using 850-nm VCSEL,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2009.

Ryan, W. E.

Y. Li and W. E. Ryan, “Mutual-information-based adaptive bit-loading algorithms for LDPC-coded OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 1670–1680, May2007.
[CrossRef]

Shieh, W.

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Mapp, “Bit and power loading for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 15, pp. 1305–1307, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

Shou, G.

Z. Zheng, Z. Qian, G. Shou, and Y. Hu, “OFDMA system with dynamic bandwidth allocation in passive optical networks,” in Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), Sept. 2009, pp. 1–4.

Tang, J. M.

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. L. Yang, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Adaptive-modulation-enabled WDM impairment reduction in multichannel optical OFDM transmission systems for next-generation PONs,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 130–140, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Tang, J. M.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1051–1059, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, and J. M. Tang, “Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, pp. 9480–9494, 2008.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 787–798, 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “30-Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based singlemode-fibre links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 2318–2327, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibres using directly modulated DFBs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 429–441, 2006.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, A. Tsokanos, A. Kavatzikidis, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Performance optimization of adaptive loading algorithms for SMF-based optical OFDM transceivers,” in IEEE 16th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC) and 6th Conf. on Optical Cabling and Infrastructure (OC&I), Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 2011, pp. 56–59.

X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive bit and/or power loading for maximising real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission performance,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2011, JWA029.

Tangdiongga, E.

Tomkos, I.

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, A. Tsokanos, A. Kavatzikidis, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Performance optimization of adaptive loading algorithms for SMF-based optical OFDM transceivers,” in IEEE 16th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC) and 6th Conf. on Optical Cabling and Infrastructure (OC&I), Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 2011, pp. 56–59.

Tsokanos, A.

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. L. Yang, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Adaptive-modulation-enabled WDM impairment reduction in multichannel optical OFDM transmission systems for next-generation PONs,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 130–140, 2010.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1051–1059, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, A. Tsokanos, A. Kavatzikidis, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Performance optimization of adaptive loading algorithms for SMF-based optical OFDM transceivers,” in IEEE 16th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC) and 6th Conf. on Optical Cabling and Infrastructure (OC&I), Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 2011, pp. 56–59.

van den Boom, H. P. A.

H. Yang, S. C. J. Lee, E. Tangdiongga, C. Okonkow, H. P. A. van den Boom, F. Breyer, S. Randel, and A. M. J. Koonen, “47.4 Gb/s transmission over 100 m graded-index plastic optical fibre based on rate-adaptive discrete multitone modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 352–359, 2010.
[CrossRef]

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, D. Cárdenas, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Discrete multitone modulation for high-speed data transmission over multimode fibres using 850-nm VCSEL,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2009.

Walker, S.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.
[CrossRef]

Wei, J. L.

Wei, J. L.

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. L. Yang, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Adaptive-modulation-enabled WDM impairment reduction in multichannel optical OFDM transmission systems for next-generation PONs,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 130–140, 2010.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, and J. M. Tang, “Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, pp. 9480–9494, 2008.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, A. Tsokanos, A. Kavatzikidis, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Performance optimization of adaptive loading algorithms for SMF-based optical OFDM transceivers,” in IEEE 16th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC) and 6th Conf. on Optical Cabling and Infrastructure (OC&I), Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 2011, pp. 56–59.

Xia, T.

T. Xia, C. Guo, and S. He, “Impact of ADC bandwidth and clipping ratio on COF-PON systems based on spatial coding and subcarrier multiplexing,” in IEEE Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 2011, pp. 1–4.

Yang, H.

Yang, Q.

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Mapp, “Bit and power loading for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 15, pp. 1305–1307, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. L.

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. L. Yang, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Adaptive-modulation-enabled WDM impairment reduction in multichannel optical OFDM transmission systems for next-generation PONs,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 130–140, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng, Z. Qian, G. Shou, and Y. Hu, “OFDMA system with dynamic bandwidth allocation in passive optical networks,” in Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), Sept. 2009, pp. 1–4.

IEEE Photon. J. (3)

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 1051–1059, Dec.2010.
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, R. P. Giddings, T. Quinlan, S. Walker, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstrations and extensive comparisons of end-to-end real-time optical OFDM transceivers with adaptive bit and/or power loading,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 500–511, 2011.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. L. Yang, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Adaptive-modulation-enabled WDM impairment reduction in multichannel optical OFDM transmission systems for next-generation PONs,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 130–140, 2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Mapp, “Bit and power loading for coherent optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 15, pp. 1305–1307, 2008.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (2)

C. S. Park and K. B. Lee, “Transmit power allocation for BER performance improvement in multicarrier systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 2049–2053, 2004.

B. S. Krongold, K. Ramchandran, and D. L. Jones, “Computationally efficient optimal power allocation algorithms for multicarrier communication systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 23–27, 2000.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. (1)

Y. Li and W. E. Ryan, “Mutual-information-based adaptive bit-loading algorithms for LDPC-coded OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 1670–1680, May2007.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (2)

Other (7)

Z. Zheng, Z. Qian, G. Shou, and Y. Hu, “OFDMA system with dynamic bandwidth allocation in passive optical networks,” in Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), Sept. 2009, pp. 1–4.

T. Xia, C. Guo, and S. He, “Impact of ADC bandwidth and clipping ratio on COF-PON systems based on spatial coding and subcarrier multiplexing,” in IEEE Symp. on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO), 2011, pp. 1–4.

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, A. Tsokanos, A. Kavatzikidis, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, and I. Tomkos, “Performance optimization of adaptive loading algorithms for SMF-based optical OFDM transceivers,” in IEEE 16th European Conf. on Networks and Optical Communications (NOC) and 6th Conf. on Optical Cabling and Infrastructure (OC&I), Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, 2011, pp. 56–59.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fibre Optics. 2nd ed.Academic, New York, 1995.

Y. George and O. Armani, “Bit loading algorithms for OFDM,” in ISIT 2004, Chicago, IL, 2004, p. 388.

X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of adaptive bit and/or power loading for maximising real-time end-to-end optical OFDM transmission performance,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2011, JWA029.

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, D. Cárdenas, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Discrete multitone modulation for high-speed data transmission over multimode fibres using 850-nm VCSEL,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, 2009.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) The BPL implementation procedure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) An IMDD WDM OOFDM DML-based PON system using the PL, BL and BPL algorithms.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Signal bit rate versus transmission distance over a single-channel SMF PON system at a launched optical power of 5 dBm for PL, BL, and BPL.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Signal bit rate versus launched optical power and received OSNR over a 40 km single-channel SMF PON system for PL, BL, and BPL.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) (a) Transmitted optical spectrum and (b) received electrical spectrum for a single-channel SMF PON system over 20 km for PL. The signal bit rate is 32 Gb/s and the launched optical power is 5 dBm. Inset: the received constellation diagram of 64-QAM for BER T = 0 . 9 × 1 0 3 .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Signal bit rate versus number of subcarriers over a 40 km single-channel SMF PON system for PL, BL, and BPL.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Subcarrier BER distribution over subcarriers for an 80 km single-channel SMF PON system subject to a 5 dBm launched optical power for PL (21.875 Gb/s), BL (22.5 Gb/s), and BPL (22.656 Gb/s).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) Loaded bit distribution over subcarriers for an 80 km single-channel SMF PON system subject to a 5 dBm launched optical power for PL (21.875 Gb/s), BL (22.5 Gb/s), and BPL (22.656 Gb/s).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) Signal bit rate versus sampling speed for PL, BL, and BPL. 64 subcarriers and a 40 km single-channel SMF PON system are considered.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Signal modulation format distribution across all subcarriers of five WDM channels over 40 km, when the BL algorithm is considered [13].

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) Optical spectrum output of the MUX for a DML-based WDM OOFDM PON considering the BL algorithm. The signal bit rate of the central WDM channel is 18.28 Gb/s and the launched optical power per channel is 0 dBm.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

(Color online) Received (a) electrical and (b) optical spectra of a DML-based WDM OOFDM PON over 40 km, considering the BL algorithm. The signal bit rate of the central WDM channel is 18.28 Gb/s and the corresponding BER T = 6 . 2 × 1 0 4 .

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

(Color online) Signal bit rate versus launched optical power and received OSNR of a central wavelength channel after transmitting over a 40 km WDM PON system for PL, BL, and BPL.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(Color online) Received constellation diagrams of single subcarriers of a central wavelength channel after transmitting over a 40 km WDM PON system for BL. The launched optical power is −5 dBm and the signal bit rate is 22 Gb/s: subcarrier-5 (16-QAM with BER = 1 . 0 × 1 0 3 ) , subcarrier-10 (DQPSK with error-free performance), subcarrier-15 (32-QAM with BER = 6 . 6 × 1 0 4 ), subcarrier-20 (64-QAM with BER = 1 . 6 × 1 0 3 ). The total channel BER T is 0 . 93 × 1 0 3 .

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

(Color online) Signal bit rate versus signal clipping ratio for a 40 km DML-based WDM OOFDM PON considering PL, BL, BPL, and an identical modulation scheme.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I Transceiver Parameters

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

BER T = 1 N s 1 k = 1 N S 1 BER k ,
max ( R ) = max ( k = 1 N s R k ) ,
i = 1 N s P i = P 0 ,