Abstract

A performance comparison between a recently proposed novel technique known as fast orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (FOFDM) and conventional orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) is undertaken over unamplified, intensity-modulated, and direct-detected directly modulated laser-based optical signals. Key transceiver parameters, such as the maximum achievable transmission capacity and the digital-to-analog/analog-to-digital converter (DAC/ADC) effects are explored thoroughly. It is shown that, similarly to conventional OFDM, the least complex and bandwidth efficient FOFDM can support up to ∼20 Gb/s over 500 m worst-case multimode fiber (MMF) links having 3 dB effective bandwidths of ∼200 MHz × km. For compensation of the DAC/ADC roll-off, a power-loading (PL) algorithm is adopted, leading to an FOFDM system improvement of ∼4 dB. FOFDM and conventional OFDM give similar optimum DAC/ADC parameters over 500 m worst-case MMF, while over 50 km single-mode fiber a maximum deviation of only ∼1 dB in clipping ratio is observed due to the imperfect chromatic dispersion compensation caused by one-tap equalizers.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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  21. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, pp. 6–15, 2008.
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2012 (1)

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 52–54, 2012.

2011 (2)

2010 (4)

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, pp. 1051–1059, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Real-time digital signal processing for the generation of optical orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, pp. 1235–1244, 2010.
[CrossRef]

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. M. Hussain, “Power efficient OFDM signals with reduced symbol’s aperiodic autocorrelation,” WASET Int. J. Comput. Inf. Eng., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Sept.2010.

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

X. Fuqin, “M-ary amplitude shift keying OFDM system,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 1638–1642, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Adhikari, S.

B. Inan, O. Karakaya, P. Kainzmaier, S. Adhikari, S. Calabro, V. A. Sleiffer, N. Hanik, and S. L. Jansen, “Realization of a 23.9 Gb/s real time optical-OFDM transmitter with a 1024 point IFFT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OMS2.

Bao, H.

Becker, J.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

Benlachtar, Y.

Berger, C. R.

Bouziane, R.

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Real-time digital signal processing for the generation of optical orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, pp. 1235–1244, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, D. Rangaraj, A. Cartolano, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Generation of optical OFDM signals using 21.4 GS/s real time digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, pp. 17658–17668, 2009.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calabro, S.

B. Inan, O. Karakaya, P. Kainzmaier, S. Adhikari, S. Calabro, V. A. Sleiffer, N. Hanik, and S. L. Jansen, “Realization of a 23.9 Gb/s real time optical-OFDM transmitter with a 1024 point IFFT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OMS2.

Cartolano, A.

Chen, H.

Chen, M.

Dreschmann, M.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

Ellis, A. D.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 52–54, 2012.

J. Zhao, S. K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel method for precise symbol synchronization in double-side band optical fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, 2011, JWA23.

J. Zhao and A. D. Ellis, “Discrete-Fourier transform based implementation for optical fast OFDM,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), Torino, Italy, 2010, Tu.4.A.3.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 2010, PD3.4.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Effect of ADC on the performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF/SMF-based links,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp. (PIERS), 2011, Suzhou, China.

Freude, W.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

Fuqin, X.

X. Fuqin, “M-ary amplitude shift keying OFDM system,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 1638–1642, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Giacoumidis, E.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 52–54, 2012.

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, pp. 1051–1059, 2010.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, and J. M. Tang, “Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, pp. 9480–9494, 2008.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Giacoumidis, I. Tomkos, and J. M. Tang, “Performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF-based links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2011, OWU3.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Effect of ADC on the performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF/SMF-based links,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp. (PIERS), 2011, Suzhou, China.

Giddings, R. P.

Glick, M.

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Real-time digital signal processing for the generation of optical orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, pp. 1235–1244, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, D. Rangaraj, A. Cartolano, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Generation of optical OFDM signals using 21.4 GS/s real time digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, pp. 17658–17668, 2009.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gunning, P.

J. Zhao, S. K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel method for precise symbol synchronization in double-side band optical fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, 2011, JWA23.

Hanik, N.

B. Inan, O. Karakaya, P. Kainzmaier, S. Adhikari, S. Calabro, V. A. Sleiffer, N. Hanik, and S. L. Jansen, “Realization of a 23.9 Gb/s real time optical-OFDM transmitter with a 1024 point IFFT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OMS2.

Heiskala, J.

J. Heiskala and J. Terry, OFDM Wireless LANs: a Theoretical and Practical Guide. Indianapolis, IN, Sams Publishing, 2002.

Hillerkuss, D.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

Hoe, J.

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Real-time digital signal processing for the generation of optical orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, pp. 1235–1244, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, D. Rangaraj, A. Cartolano, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Generation of optical OFDM signals using 21.4 GS/s real time digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, pp. 17658–17668, 2009.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huebner, M.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

Hugues-Salas, E.

Hussain, I. M.

I. M. Hussain, “Power efficient OFDM signals with reduced symbol’s aperiodic autocorrelation,” WASET Int. J. Comput. Inf. Eng., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Sept.2010.

Ibrahim, S. K.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 52–54, 2012.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 2010, PD3.4.

J. Zhao, S. K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel method for precise symbol synchronization in double-side band optical fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, 2011, JWA23.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Effect of ADC on the performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF/SMF-based links,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp. (PIERS), 2011, Suzhou, China.

Inan, B.

B. Inan, O. Karakaya, P. Kainzmaier, S. Adhikari, S. Calabro, V. A. Sleiffer, N. Hanik, and S. L. Jansen, “Realization of a 23.9 Gb/s real time optical-OFDM transmitter with a 1024 point IFFT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OMS2.

Jansen, S. L.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, “Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMF,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, pp. 6–15, 2008.
[CrossRef]

B. Inan, O. Karakaya, P. Kainzmaier, S. Adhikari, S. Calabro, V. A. Sleiffer, N. Hanik, and S. L. Jansen, “Realization of a 23.9 Gb/s real time optical-OFDM transmitter with a 1024 point IFFT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OMS2.

Jin, X. Q.

Kainzmaier, P.

B. Inan, O. Karakaya, P. Kainzmaier, S. Adhikari, S. Calabro, V. A. Sleiffer, N. Hanik, and S. L. Jansen, “Realization of a 23.9 Gb/s real time optical-OFDM transmitter with a 1024 point IFFT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OMS2.

Karakaya, O.

B. Inan, O. Karakaya, P. Kainzmaier, S. Adhikari, S. Calabro, V. A. Sleiffer, N. Hanik, and S. L. Jansen, “Realization of a 23.9 Gb/s real time optical-OFDM transmitter with a 1024 point IFFT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OMS2.

Killey, R.

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Real-time digital signal processing for the generation of optical orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, pp. 1235–1244, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, D. Rangaraj, A. Cartolano, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Generation of optical OFDM signals using 21.4 GS/s real time digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, pp. 17658–17668, 2009.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Killey, R. I.

Koos, C.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

Koutsoyannis, R.

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Real-time digital signal processing for the generation of optical orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, pp. 1235–1244, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, D. Rangaraj, A. Cartolano, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Generation of optical OFDM signals using 21.4 GS/s real time digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, pp. 17658–17668, 2009.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lane, P. M.

Lei, C.

Leuthold, J.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

Meyer, J.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

Milder, P.

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Real-time digital signal processing for the generation of optical orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, pp. 1235–1244, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, D. Rangaraj, A. Cartolano, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Generation of optical OFDM signals using 21.4 GS/s real time digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, pp. 17658–17668, 2009.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milder, P. A.

Morita, I.

Nebendahl, B.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

O’Dowd, J. A.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 2010, PD3.4.

Puschel, M.

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Real-time digital signal processing for the generation of optical orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, pp. 1235–1244, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, D. Rangaraj, A. Cartolano, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Generation of optical OFDM signals using 21.4 GS/s real time digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, pp. 17658–17668, 2009.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rafique, D.

J. Zhao, S. K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel method for precise symbol synchronization in double-side band optical fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, 2011, JWA23.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 2010, PD3.4.

Rangaraj, D.

Schenk, T. C. W.

Schmogrow, R.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

Shieh, W.

Shore, K. A.

Sleiffer, V. A.

B. Inan, O. Karakaya, P. Kainzmaier, S. Adhikari, S. Calabro, V. A. Sleiffer, N. Hanik, and S. L. Jansen, “Realization of a 23.9 Gb/s real time optical-OFDM transmitter with a 1024 point IFFT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OMS2.

Takeda, N.

Tanaka, H.

Tang, J. M.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 52–54, 2012.

R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, E. Hugues-Salas, E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Experimental demonstration of a record high 11.25 Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transceiver supporting 25 km SMF end-to-end transmission in simple IMDD systems,” Opt. Express, vol. 18, pp. 5541–5555, 2010.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, pp. 1051–1059, 2010.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, and J. M. Tang, “Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, pp. 9480–9494, 2008.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, pp. 787–798, 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, “High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibers using directly modulated DFBs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 429–441, 2006.
[CrossRef]

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Effect of ADC on the performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF/SMF-based links,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp. (PIERS), 2011, Suzhou, China.

E. Giacoumidis, I. Tomkos, and J. M. Tang, “Performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF-based links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2011, OWU3.

Tang, Y.

Terry, J.

J. Heiskala and J. Terry, OFDM Wireless LANs: a Theoretical and Practical Guide. Indianapolis, IN, Sams Publishing, 2002.

Tomkos, I.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 52–54, 2012.

E. Giacoumidis, I. Tomkos, and J. M. Tang, “Performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF-based links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2011, OWU3.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Effect of ADC on the performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF/SMF-based links,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp. (PIERS), 2011, Suzhou, China.

Tsokanos, A.

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, pp. 1051–1059, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Watts, P.

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Real-time digital signal processing for the generation of optical orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, pp. 1235–1244, 2010.
[CrossRef]

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, D. Rangaraj, A. Cartolano, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Generation of optical OFDM signals using 21.4 GS/s real time digital signal processing,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, pp. 17658–17668, 2009.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, J. L.

Wei, J. L.

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, and J. M. Tang, “Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, pp. 9480–9494, 2008.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Effect of ADC on the performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF/SMF-based links,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp. (PIERS), 2011, Suzhou, China.

Winter, M.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

Xie, S.

Zhao, J.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 52–54, 2012.

J. Zhao and A. D. Ellis, “Discrete-Fourier transform based implementation for optical fast OFDM,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), Torino, Italy, 2010, Tu.4.A.3.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 2010, PD3.4.

J. Zhao, S. K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel method for precise symbol synchronization in double-side band optical fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, 2011, JWA23.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Effect of ADC on the performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF/SMF-based links,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp. (PIERS), 2011, Suzhou, China.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Benlachtar, P. Watts, R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, J. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. Killey, “Real-time digital signal processing for the generation of optical orthogonal frequency-division-multiplexed signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 16, pp. 1235–1244, 2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

E. Giacoumidis, X. Q. Jin, A. Tsokanos, and J. M. Tang, “Statistical performance comparisons of optical OFDM adaptive loading algorithms in multimode fiber-based transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 2, pp. 1051–1059, 2010.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 52–54, 2012.

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

X. Fuqin, “M-ary amplitude shift keying OFDM system,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 1638–1642, 2003.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (6)

WASET Int. J. Comput. Inf. Eng. (1)

I. M. Hussain, “Power efficient OFDM signals with reduced symbol’s aperiodic autocorrelation,” WASET Int. J. Comput. Inf. Eng., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 27–32, Sept.2010.

Other (8)

E. Giacoumidis, I. Tomkos, and J. M. Tang, “Performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF-based links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Anaheim, CA, 2011, OWU3.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Effect of ADC on the performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF/SMF-based links,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp. (PIERS), 2011, Suzhou, China.

B. Inan, O. Karakaya, P. Kainzmaier, S. Adhikari, S. Calabro, V. A. Sleiffer, N. Hanik, and S. L. Jansen, “Realization of a 23.9 Gb/s real time optical-OFDM transmitter with a 1024 point IFFT,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OMS2.

R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, B. Nebendahl, D. Hillerkuss, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “101.5 Gbit/s real-time OFDM transmitter with 16QAM modulated subcarriers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OWE5.

J. Heiskala and J. Terry, OFDM Wireless LANs: a Theoretical and Practical Guide. Indianapolis, IN, Sams Publishing, 2002.

J. Zhao and A. D. Ellis, “Discrete-Fourier transform based implementation for optical fast OFDM,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), Torino, Italy, 2010, Tu.4.A.3.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conf. on Optical Communications (ECOC), 2010, PD3.4.

J. Zhao, S. K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “A novel method for precise symbol synchronization in double-side band optical fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Anaheim, CA, 2011, JWA23.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) MMF/SMF-based FOFDM transmission-link diagram.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Estimated frequency response of a 500 m MMF-link subject to the central launch condition.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) (a) Plot of DAC/ADC power roll-off. (b) BER distribution versus subcarrier index for an ASK-4 FOFDM system when the PL algorithm is excluded over an AWGN channel when the SNR is 14.8 dB, corresponding to a total BER of about 8 × 1 0 4 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Comparisons of the PL algorithm and the common method of distributing identical powers on subcarriers (exclusion of PL algorithm) for an FOFDM system using single-dimensional modulation formats over an AWGN channel.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Comparisons between FOFDM and conventional OFDM when the PL algorithm is included using single-dimensional modulation formats over an AWGN channel.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Received constellation diagrams for an ASK-4 (9.687 Gb/s) FOFDM (including the PL algorithm) system over an AWGN channel when the SNR is 20.5 dB, 18.2 dB and 16.1 dB, corresponding to BERs of (a) 2 . 2 × 1 0 5 , (b) 1 × 1 0 3 and (c) 5 × 1 0 3 .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) BER versus quantization bit for an FOFDM (including the PL algorithm) system using single-dimensional modulation formats over an AWGN channel.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) BER versus clipping ratio for an FOFDM (including the PL algorithm) system using single-dimensional modulation formats over an AWGN channel.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) (a) Comparisons of required BER versus transmission distance between single-dimensional modulation formats (FOFDM) and two-dimensional modulation formats (OFDM) over an MMF-link. (b) BER distribution versus subcarrier index for an FOFDM system over 800 m of MMF-link at 14.53 Gb/s (ASK-8) for a total BER of 1 × 1 0 3 .

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) BER versus launched optical power for (a) an ASK-8 (14.53 Gb/s) FOFDM system over 750 m, 650 m and 500 m of MMF and for (b) an ASK-4 (9.687 Gb/s) FOFDM system over 75 km and 50 km of SMF.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(Color online) (a) BER versus clipping ratio for an FOFDM/OFDM system over 500 m of MMF using the minimum allowed quantization bits identified in Section III. (b) BER versus clipping ratio for an FOFDM/OFDM system over 50 km of SMF using the minimum allowed quantization bits identified in Section III.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table I Transceiver Parameters

Tables Icon

Table II Comparisons of Signal Capacity Between Single-Dimensional Modulation Formats (FOFDM) and Two-Dimensional Modulation Formats (OFDM) Over an MMF-Link