Abstract

The large bandwidth of multimode fiber (MMF) makes it a very attractive medium for multiservice transmission in building networks at low cost. The mode group diversity multiplexing (MGDM) technique in graded-index multimode fiber (GI-MMF) has been shown to be less expensive with simpler transmitters and receivers, keeping the same information capacity. However, the classic transmission in MGDM complicates the integration of radio-over-fiber (RoF) services. In this paper, we propose a wired and a RoF model dedicated to broadband indoor applications. This model is based on a modified MGDM where we employ a variation of the transmission power technique and a selection algorithm for the optimal transmitter. To evaluate our system, the bit error rate and symbol error rate have been computed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. Dayoub, A. Zaouche, J.-M. Rouvaen, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, “Radio-optic demonstrator for distributed antenna system indoor wireless applications using low-cost VCSELs,” Eur. Trans. Telecommun., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 811–814, 2007.
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. B. Aronson, B. E. Lemoff, L. A. Buckman, D. W. Dolfi, “Low-cost multimode WDM for local area networks up to 10 Gb∕s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 1489–1491, 1998.
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. J. Gu, M. Waleed, P. W. Smith, “Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 244–246, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Okassa-M’foubat, I. Dayoub, J. M. Rouvean, “Impact of modal dispersion on the parallel interference cancellation in DS-CDMA optical networks,” in the 7th IASTED Int. Conf. on Communication Systems and Networks, Spain, 2008, pp. 102–106.
  5. B. K. Kim, S. Park, Y. Yeon, B. W. Kim, “Radio-over-fiber system using fiber-grating-based optical CDMA with modified PN codes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1485–1487, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Stohr, K. Kitayama, D. Jager, “Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subscarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1338–1341, 1999.
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. D. Golden, C. J. Foschini, R. A. Valenzuela, P. W. Wolniansky, “Detection algorithm and initial laboratory results using V-BLAST space-time communication architecture,” Electron. Lett, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 14–16, 1999.
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, “An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fibre links,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 324–331, 1998.
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Koonen, H. van den Boom, I. T. Monroy, G.-D. Khoe, “High capacity multi-service in-house networks using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, 2004, pp. 22–27.
  10. A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. Ng’oma, M. Garcia Larrode, J. Zeng, G.-D. Khoe, “POF application in home systems and local systems,” in Conf. on Polymer Optical Fibre, Hong Kong, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 165–168.
  11. D. A. Gore, R. W. Heath, “Transmit selection in spatial multiplexing systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 491–493, 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, B. Jalali, “Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO),” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 2410–2419, 2005.
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, A. M. J. Koonen, “Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,” in 31st European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2005, vol. 3, pp. 727–728.
  14. C. P. Tsekrekos, R. W. Smink, B. P. de Hon, A. G. Tijhuis, A. M. Koonen, “Near-field intensity pattern at the output of silica-based graded-index multimode fibers under selective excitation with a single-mode fiber,” vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 3656–3664, 2007.
    [PubMed]
  15. M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa-M’foubat, J.-M. Rouvaen, “The inter-modes mixing effects in mode group diversity multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 282, no. 19, pp. 3908–3917, 2009.
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa, J.-M. Rouvaen, J.-P. Vilcot, “Radio on optical fiber and multi-sevices in single-MMF LAN using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in 3rd Int. Conf. on Information and Communication Technologies, 2008.
  17. R. W. Heath, S. Sandhu, A. J. Paulraj, “Antenna selection for spatial multiplexing systems with linear receivers,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 142–144, 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. P. Tsekrekos, M. de Boer, A. Martinez, F. M. J. Willems, A. M. J. Koonen, “Temporal stability of a transparent mode group diversity multiplexing link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 23, pp. 2484–2486, 2006.
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa-M’foubat, J.-M. Rouvaen, “The inter-modes mixing effects in mode group diversity multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 282, no. 19, pp. 3908–3917, 2009.
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

I. Dayoub, A. Zaouche, J.-M. Rouvaen, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, “Radio-optic demonstrator for distributed antenna system indoor wireless applications using low-cost VCSELs,” Eur. Trans. Telecommun., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 811–814, 2007.
[CrossRef]

C. P. Tsekrekos, R. W. Smink, B. P. de Hon, A. G. Tijhuis, A. M. Koonen, “Near-field intensity pattern at the output of silica-based graded-index multimode fibers under selective excitation with a single-mode fiber,” vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 3656–3664, 2007.
[PubMed]

2006 (2)

C. P. Tsekrekos, M. de Boer, A. Martinez, F. M. J. Willems, A. M. J. Koonen, “Temporal stability of a transparent mode group diversity multiplexing link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 23, pp. 2484–2486, 2006.
[CrossRef]

X. J. Gu, M. Waleed, P. W. Smith, “Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 244–246, 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

B. K. Kim, S. Park, Y. Yeon, B. W. Kim, “Radio-over-fiber system using fiber-grating-based optical CDMA with modified PN codes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1485–1487, 2003.
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

D. A. Gore, R. W. Heath, “Transmit selection in spatial multiplexing systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 491–493, 2002.
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. W. Heath, S. Sandhu, A. J. Paulraj, “Antenna selection for spatial multiplexing systems with linear receivers,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 142–144, 2001.
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. Stohr, K. Kitayama, D. Jager, “Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subscarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1338–1341, 1999.
[CrossRef]

G. D. Golden, C. J. Foschini, R. A. Valenzuela, P. W. Wolniansky, “Detection algorithm and initial laboratory results using V-BLAST space-time communication architecture,” Electron. Lett, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 14–16, 1999.
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

L. B. Aronson, B. E. Lemoff, L. A. Buckman, D. W. Dolfi, “Low-cost multimode WDM for local area networks up to 10 Gb∕s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 1489–1491, 1998.
[CrossRef]

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, “An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fibre links,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 324–331, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Aronson, L. B.

L. B. Aronson, B. E. Lemoff, L. A. Buckman, D. W. Dolfi, “Low-cost multimode WDM for local area networks up to 10 Gb∕s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 1489–1491, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Awad, M.

M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa-M’foubat, J.-M. Rouvaen, “The inter-modes mixing effects in mode group diversity multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 282, no. 19, pp. 3908–3917, 2009.
[CrossRef]

M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa, J.-M. Rouvaen, J.-P. Vilcot, “Radio on optical fiber and multi-sevices in single-MMF LAN using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in 3rd Int. Conf. on Information and Communication Technologies, 2008.

Buckman, L. A.

L. B. Aronson, B. E. Lemoff, L. A. Buckman, D. W. Dolfi, “Low-cost multimode WDM for local area networks up to 10 Gb∕s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 1489–1491, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, D. G.

Dayoub, I.

M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa-M’foubat, J.-M. Rouvaen, “The inter-modes mixing effects in mode group diversity multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 282, no. 19, pp. 3908–3917, 2009.
[CrossRef]

I. Dayoub, A. Zaouche, J.-M. Rouvaen, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, “Radio-optic demonstrator for distributed antenna system indoor wireless applications using low-cost VCSELs,” Eur. Trans. Telecommun., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 811–814, 2007.
[CrossRef]

A. Okassa-M’foubat, I. Dayoub, J. M. Rouvean, “Impact of modal dispersion on the parallel interference cancellation in DS-CDMA optical networks,” in the 7th IASTED Int. Conf. on Communication Systems and Networks, Spain, 2008, pp. 102–106.

M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa, J.-M. Rouvaen, J.-P. Vilcot, “Radio on optical fiber and multi-sevices in single-MMF LAN using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in 3rd Int. Conf. on Information and Communication Technologies, 2008.

de Boer, M.

C. P. Tsekrekos, M. de Boer, A. Martinez, F. M. J. Willems, A. M. J. Koonen, “Temporal stability of a transparent mode group diversity multiplexing link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 23, pp. 2484–2486, 2006.
[CrossRef]

de Hon, B. P.

C. P. Tsekrekos, R. W. Smink, B. P. de Hon, A. G. Tijhuis, A. M. Koonen, “Near-field intensity pattern at the output of silica-based graded-index multimode fibers under selective excitation with a single-mode fiber,” vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 3656–3664, 2007.
[PubMed]

Decoster, D.

I. Dayoub, A. Zaouche, J.-M. Rouvaen, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, “Radio-optic demonstrator for distributed antenna system indoor wireless applications using low-cost VCSELs,” Eur. Trans. Telecommun., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 811–814, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D. W.

L. B. Aronson, B. E. Lemoff, L. A. Buckman, D. W. Dolfi, “Low-cost multimode WDM for local area networks up to 10 Gb∕s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 1489–1491, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Foschini, C. J.

G. D. Golden, C. J. Foschini, R. A. Valenzuela, P. W. Wolniansky, “Detection algorithm and initial laboratory results using V-BLAST space-time communication architecture,” Electron. Lett, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 14–16, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Garcia Larrode, M.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. Ng’oma, M. Garcia Larrode, J. Zeng, G.-D. Khoe, “POF application in home systems and local systems,” in Conf. on Polymer Optical Fibre, Hong Kong, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 165–168.

Golden, G. D.

G. D. Golden, C. J. Foschini, R. A. Valenzuela, P. W. Wolniansky, “Detection algorithm and initial laboratory results using V-BLAST space-time communication architecture,” Electron. Lett, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 14–16, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Gore, D. A.

D. A. Gore, R. W. Heath, “Transmit selection in spatial multiplexing systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 491–493, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Gu, X. J.

X. J. Gu, M. Waleed, P. W. Smith, “Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 244–246, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Heath, R. W.

D. A. Gore, R. W. Heath, “Transmit selection in spatial multiplexing systems,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 491–493, 2002.
[CrossRef]

R. W. Heath, S. Sandhu, A. J. Paulraj, “Antenna selection for spatial multiplexing systems with linear receivers,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 142–144, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Hsu, R. C. J.

Huijskens, F. M.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, A. M. J. Koonen, “Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,” in 31st European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2005, vol. 3, pp. 727–728.

Jager, D.

A. Stohr, K. Kitayama, D. Jager, “Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subscarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1338–1341, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

Khoe, G.-D.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. Ng’oma, M. Garcia Larrode, J. Zeng, G.-D. Khoe, “POF application in home systems and local systems,” in Conf. on Polymer Optical Fibre, Hong Kong, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 165–168.

T. Koonen, H. van den Boom, I. T. Monroy, G.-D. Khoe, “High capacity multi-service in-house networks using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, 2004, pp. 22–27.

Kim, B. K.

B. K. Kim, S. Park, Y. Yeon, B. W. Kim, “Radio-over-fiber system using fiber-grating-based optical CDMA with modified PN codes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1485–1487, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. W.

B. K. Kim, S. Park, Y. Yeon, B. W. Kim, “Radio-over-fiber system using fiber-grating-based optical CDMA with modified PN codes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1485–1487, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

A. Stohr, K. Kitayama, D. Jager, “Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subscarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1338–1341, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M.

C. P. Tsekrekos, R. W. Smink, B. P. de Hon, A. G. Tijhuis, A. M. Koonen, “Near-field intensity pattern at the output of silica-based graded-index multimode fibers under selective excitation with a single-mode fiber,” vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 3656–3664, 2007.
[PubMed]

Koonen, A. M. J.

C. P. Tsekrekos, M. de Boer, A. Martinez, F. M. J. Willems, A. M. J. Koonen, “Temporal stability of a transparent mode group diversity multiplexing link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 23, pp. 2484–2486, 2006.
[CrossRef]

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. Ng’oma, M. Garcia Larrode, J. Zeng, G.-D. Khoe, “POF application in home systems and local systems,” in Conf. on Polymer Optical Fibre, Hong Kong, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 165–168.

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, A. M. J. Koonen, “Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,” in 31st European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2005, vol. 3, pp. 727–728.

Koonen, T.

T. Koonen, H. van den Boom, I. T. Monroy, G.-D. Khoe, “High capacity multi-service in-house networks using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, 2004, pp. 22–27.

Lemoff, B. E.

L. B. Aronson, B. E. Lemoff, L. A. Buckman, D. W. Dolfi, “Low-cost multimode WDM for local area networks up to 10 Gb∕s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 1489–1491, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Lethien, C.

I. Dayoub, A. Zaouche, J.-M. Rouvaen, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, “Radio-optic demonstrator for distributed antenna system indoor wireless applications using low-cost VCSELs,” Eur. Trans. Telecommun., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 811–814, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

C. P. Tsekrekos, M. de Boer, A. Martinez, F. M. J. Willems, A. M. J. Koonen, “Temporal stability of a transparent mode group diversity multiplexing link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 23, pp. 2484–2486, 2006.
[CrossRef]

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, A. M. J. Koonen, “Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,” in 31st European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2005, vol. 3, pp. 727–728.

Monroy, I. T.

T. Koonen, H. van den Boom, I. T. Monroy, G.-D. Khoe, “High capacity multi-service in-house networks using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, 2004, pp. 22–27.

Ng’oma, A.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. Ng’oma, M. Garcia Larrode, J. Zeng, G.-D. Khoe, “POF application in home systems and local systems,” in Conf. on Polymer Optical Fibre, Hong Kong, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 165–168.

Nowell, M. C.

Okassa, A.

M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa, J.-M. Rouvaen, J.-P. Vilcot, “Radio on optical fiber and multi-sevices in single-MMF LAN using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in 3rd Int. Conf. on Information and Communication Technologies, 2008.

Okassa-M’foubat, A.

M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa-M’foubat, J.-M. Rouvaen, “The inter-modes mixing effects in mode group diversity multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 282, no. 19, pp. 3908–3917, 2009.
[CrossRef]

A. Okassa-M’foubat, I. Dayoub, J. M. Rouvean, “Impact of modal dispersion on the parallel interference cancellation in DS-CDMA optical networks,” in the 7th IASTED Int. Conf. on Communication Systems and Networks, Spain, 2008, pp. 102–106.

Park, S.

B. K. Kim, S. Park, Y. Yeon, B. W. Kim, “Radio-over-fiber system using fiber-grating-based optical CDMA with modified PN codes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1485–1487, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Paulraj, A. J.

R. W. Heath, S. Sandhu, A. J. Paulraj, “Antenna selection for spatial multiplexing systems with linear receivers,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 142–144, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Raddatz, L.

Rouvaen, J.-M.

M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa-M’foubat, J.-M. Rouvaen, “The inter-modes mixing effects in mode group diversity multiplexing,” J. Opt. Commun., vol. 282, no. 19, pp. 3908–3917, 2009.
[CrossRef]

I. Dayoub, A. Zaouche, J.-M. Rouvaen, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, “Radio-optic demonstrator for distributed antenna system indoor wireless applications using low-cost VCSELs,” Eur. Trans. Telecommun., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 811–814, 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa, J.-M. Rouvaen, J.-P. Vilcot, “Radio on optical fiber and multi-sevices in single-MMF LAN using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in 3rd Int. Conf. on Information and Communication Technologies, 2008.

Rouvean, J. M.

A. Okassa-M’foubat, I. Dayoub, J. M. Rouvean, “Impact of modal dispersion on the parallel interference cancellation in DS-CDMA optical networks,” in the 7th IASTED Int. Conf. on Communication Systems and Networks, Spain, 2008, pp. 102–106.

Sandhu, S.

R. W. Heath, S. Sandhu, A. J. Paulraj, “Antenna selection for spatial multiplexing systems with linear receivers,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 142–144, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Sayed, A. H.

Shah, A. R.

Smink, R. W.

C. P. Tsekrekos, R. W. Smink, B. P. de Hon, A. G. Tijhuis, A. M. Koonen, “Near-field intensity pattern at the output of silica-based graded-index multimode fibers under selective excitation with a single-mode fiber,” vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 3656–3664, 2007.
[PubMed]

Smith, P. W.

X. J. Gu, M. Waleed, P. W. Smith, “Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 244–246, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Stohr, A.

A. Stohr, K. Kitayama, D. Jager, “Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subscarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 7, pp. 1338–1341, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Tarighat, A.

Tijhuis, A. G.

C. P. Tsekrekos, R. W. Smink, B. P. de Hon, A. G. Tijhuis, A. M. Koonen, “Near-field intensity pattern at the output of silica-based graded-index multimode fibers under selective excitation with a single-mode fiber,” vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 3656–3664, 2007.
[PubMed]

Tsekrekos, C. P.

C. P. Tsekrekos, R. W. Smink, B. P. de Hon, A. G. Tijhuis, A. M. Koonen, “Near-field intensity pattern at the output of silica-based graded-index multimode fibers under selective excitation with a single-mode fiber,” vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 3656–3664, 2007.
[PubMed]

C. P. Tsekrekos, M. de Boer, A. Martinez, F. M. J. Willems, A. M. J. Koonen, “Temporal stability of a transparent mode group diversity multiplexing link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 23, pp. 2484–2486, 2006.
[CrossRef]

C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, F. M. Huijskens, A. M. J. Koonen, “Mode group diversity multiplexing transceiver design for graded-index multimode fibres,” in 31st European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2005, vol. 3, pp. 727–728.

Valenzuela, R. A.

G. D. Golden, C. J. Foschini, R. A. Valenzuela, P. W. Wolniansky, “Detection algorithm and initial laboratory results using V-BLAST space-time communication architecture,” Electron. Lett, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 14–16, 1999.
[CrossRef]

van den Boom, H.

T. Koonen, H. van den Boom, I. T. Monroy, G.-D. Khoe, “High capacity multi-service in-house networks using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Los Angeles, 2004, pp. 22–27.

van den Boom, H. P. A.

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. Ng’oma, M. Garcia Larrode, J. Zeng, G.-D. Khoe, “POF application in home systems and local systems,” in Conf. on Polymer Optical Fibre, Hong Kong, 2005, vol. 1, pp. 165–168.

Vilcot, J.-P.

I. Dayoub, A. Zaouche, J.-M. Rouvaen, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, “Radio-optic demonstrator for distributed antenna system indoor wireless applications using low-cost VCSELs,” Eur. Trans. Telecommun., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 811–814, 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. Awad, I. Dayoub, A. Okassa, J.-M. Rouvaen, J.-P. Vilcot, “Radio on optical fiber and multi-sevices in single-MMF LAN using mode group diversity multiplexing,” in 3rd Int. Conf. on Information and Communication Technologies, 2008.

Waleed, M.

X. J. Gu, M. Waleed, P. W. Smith, “Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 244–246, 2006.
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

Willems, F. M. J.

C. P. Tsekrekos, M. de Boer, A. Martinez, F. M. J. Willems, A. M. J. Koonen, “Temporal stability of a transparent mode group diversity multiplexing link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 23, pp. 2484–2486, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Wolniansky, P. W.

G. D. Golden, C. J. Foschini, R. A. Valenzuela, P. W. Wolniansky, “Detection algorithm and initial laboratory results using V-BLAST space-time communication architecture,” Electron. Lett, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 14–16, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Yeon, Y.

B. K. Kim, S. Park, Y. Yeon, B. W. Kim, “Radio-over-fiber system using fiber-grating-based optical CDMA with modified PN codes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1485–1487, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Zaouche, A.

I. Dayoub, A. Zaouche, J.-M. Rouvaen, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, “Radio-optic demonstrator for distributed antenna system indoor wireless applications using low-cost VCSELs,” Eur. Trans. Telecommun., vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 811–814, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Zeng, J.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Excitation profile at the input facet of GI-MMF ( 62.5 125 ) for three offsets with w = 4 μ m .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Light intensity distribution for three excitation positions ( F = 0 , 13 , 26 μ m ) .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Crosstalk σ i associated with each receiver ( R i ) for a 4 × 4 system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Partial optical crosstalk for the MGDM ( 3 × 3 ) system.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Emission with various average optical powers and wavelengths.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

M-MGDM model.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Waveform signal: (a) emitted signal (mW), (b) electrical received signal.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

BER according to the factor α for several emitted powers P 2 .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Comparison of BER for two extremity channels.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

SER according to the factor α for several input powers P 2 .

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

BER according to α for 3 × 3 , 4 × 4 , and 5 × 5 systems.

Equations (10)

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( y 1 y 2 y N ) = ( h 11 h 12 h 1 N h 21 h 2 N h N 1 h N 2 h N N ) ( s 1 s 2 s N ) + ( n 1 n 2 n N )
y = H s + n ,
( y 1 y 2 y N ) = ( h 11 h 12 h 1 N h 21 h 2 N h N 1 h N 2 h N N ) ( s 1 s 2 s N ) + ( h 1 r h 2 r h N r ) s r + ( n 1 n 2 n N )
y = H 1 s + H 2 s r + n .
α = P 2 P 1 ,
N th = 4 K T B R .
σ i = 10 log 10 ( ( i j h i , j ) ( h i , i ) ) ,
h i j = I j ( R i , L ) I j ( R , L ) ,
I ( R , L ) = 1 2 μ , ν | a μ , ν ( L ) | 2 R Ψ μ , ν 2 d s + μ μ ν ν [ a μ , ν ( L ) a μ , ν ( L ) × R Ψ μ , ν Ψ μ , υ d s ] cos ( ( β μ , ν β μ , ν ) L ) ,
s ˆ = s + H 2 H 1 1 s r + n H 1 1 .