Abstract

Filterless optical networks based on advanced transmission technologies and passive optical interconnections between nodes offer a lower-cost alternative to optical networks based on active photonic switching. A design and simulation platform is proposed for studying these novel network architectures and looking at their performance characteristics. Simulation results are presented for three reference network topologies, along with a comparative cost and performance study of active photonic and passive filterless optical network solutions.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Tremblay, F. Gagnon, B. Châtelain, É. Bernier, M. Bélanger, “Filterless optical networks: a unique and novel passive WAN network solution,” in Technical Digest: 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conf., 16th Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Kanagawa, Japan, 2007, paper 12P-7, pp. 466–467.
  2. J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, paper OThJ3.
  3. B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks, New York: Springer Verlag, 2006, chap. 13.
  4. A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, “Mesh implementation of light-trails: a solution to IP-centric communication,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Computer Communication and Networks, 2003. ICCCN Proc., 2003, pp. 178–183.
  5. A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.
  6. D. O’Brien, B. Châtelain, F. Gagnon, C. Tremblay, M. P. Bélanger, É. Bernier, “A dual metaheuristic solution for the min-RWA problem,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008, paper JThA80.
  7. M. Ali, “Routing of 40-Gb∕s streams in wavelength-routed heterogeneous optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1632–1642, Aug. 2005.
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. A. M. Saleh, J. M. Simmons, “Evolution toward the next-generation core optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 3303–3321, 2006.
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

M. Ali, “Routing of 40-Gb∕s streams in wavelength-routed heterogeneous optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1632–1642, Aug. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Ali, M.

M. Ali, “Routing of 40-Gb∕s streams in wavelength-routed heterogeneous optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1632–1642, Aug. 2005.
[CrossRef]

Barry, M.

A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.

Bélanger, M.

C. Tremblay, F. Gagnon, B. Châtelain, É. Bernier, M. Bélanger, “Filterless optical networks: a unique and novel passive WAN network solution,” in Technical Digest: 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conf., 16th Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Kanagawa, Japan, 2007, paper 12P-7, pp. 466–467.

Bélanger, M. P.

D. O’Brien, B. Châtelain, F. Gagnon, C. Tremblay, M. P. Bélanger, É. Bernier, “A dual metaheuristic solution for the min-RWA problem,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008, paper JThA80.

Bernier, É.

D. O’Brien, B. Châtelain, F. Gagnon, C. Tremblay, M. P. Bélanger, É. Bernier, “A dual metaheuristic solution for the min-RWA problem,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008, paper JThA80.

C. Tremblay, F. Gagnon, B. Châtelain, É. Bernier, M. Bélanger, “Filterless optical networks: a unique and novel passive WAN network solution,” in Technical Digest: 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conf., 16th Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Kanagawa, Japan, 2007, paper 12P-7, pp. 466–467.

Betker, A.

A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.

Bodamer, S.

A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.

Châtelain, B.

C. Tremblay, F. Gagnon, B. Châtelain, É. Bernier, M. Bélanger, “Filterless optical networks: a unique and novel passive WAN network solution,” in Technical Digest: 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conf., 16th Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Kanagawa, Japan, 2007, paper 12P-7, pp. 466–467.

D. O’Brien, B. Châtelain, F. Gagnon, C. Tremblay, M. P. Bélanger, É. Bernier, “A dual metaheuristic solution for the min-RWA problem,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008, paper JThA80.

Chlamtac, I.

A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, “Mesh implementation of light-trails: a solution to IP-centric communication,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Computer Communication and Networks, 2003. ICCCN Proc., 2003, pp. 178–183.

Comeau, A.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, paper OThJ3.

Gagnon, F.

D. O’Brien, B. Châtelain, F. Gagnon, C. Tremblay, M. P. Bélanger, É. Bernier, “A dual metaheuristic solution for the min-RWA problem,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008, paper JThA80.

C. Tremblay, F. Gagnon, B. Châtelain, É. Bernier, M. Bélanger, “Filterless optical networks: a unique and novel passive WAN network solution,” in Technical Digest: 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conf., 16th Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Kanagawa, Japan, 2007, paper 12P-7, pp. 466–467.

Gauger, C.

A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.

Gerlach, C.

A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.

Gumaste, A.

A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, “Mesh implementation of light-trails: a solution to IP-centric communication,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Computer Communication and Networks, 2003. ICCCN Proc., 2003, pp. 178–183.

Hülsermann, R.

A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.

Jäger, M.

A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.

Köhn, M.

A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.

McGhan, D.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, paper OThJ3.

McNicol, J.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, paper OThJ3.

Mukherjee, B.

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks, New York: Springer Verlag, 2006, chap. 13.

O’Brien, D.

D. O’Brien, B. Châtelain, F. Gagnon, C. Tremblay, M. P. Bélanger, É. Bernier, “A dual metaheuristic solution for the min-RWA problem,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008, paper JThA80.

O’Sullivan, M.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, paper OThJ3.

Roberts, K.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, paper OThJ3.

Saleh, A. A. M.

Simmons, J. M.

Späth, J.

A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.

Strawczynski, L.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, paper OThJ3.

Tremblay, C.

D. O’Brien, B. Châtelain, F. Gagnon, C. Tremblay, M. P. Bélanger, É. Bernier, “A dual metaheuristic solution for the min-RWA problem,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008, paper JThA80.

C. Tremblay, F. Gagnon, B. Châtelain, É. Bernier, M. Bélanger, “Filterless optical networks: a unique and novel passive WAN network solution,” in Technical Digest: 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conf., 16th Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Kanagawa, Japan, 2007, paper 12P-7, pp. 466–467.

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

M. Ali, “Routing of 40-Gb∕s streams in wavelength-routed heterogeneous optical networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1632–1642, Aug. 2005.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (6)

C. Tremblay, F. Gagnon, B. Châtelain, É. Bernier, M. Bélanger, “Filterless optical networks: a unique and novel passive WAN network solution,” in Technical Digest: 12th OptoElectronics and Communications Conf., 16th Int. Conf. on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, Kanagawa, Japan, 2007, paper 12P-7, pp. 466–467.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, paper OThJ3.

B. Mukherjee, Optical WDM Networks, New York: Springer Verlag, 2006, chap. 13.

A. Gumaste, I. Chlamtac, “Mesh implementation of light-trails: a solution to IP-centric communication,” in 12th Int. Conf. on Computer Communication and Networks, 2003. ICCCN Proc., 2003, pp. 178–183.

A. Betker, C. Gerlach, R. Hülsermann, M. Jäger, M. Barry, S. Bodamer, J. Späth, C. Gauger, M. Köhn, “Reference transport network scenarios,” Tech. Rep. BMBF MultiTeraNet Project, July 2003, http://www.ikr.uni-stuttgart.de/IKRSimLib/Usage/Referenz_Netze_v14_full.pdf.

D. O’Brien, B. Châtelain, F. Gagnon, C. Tremblay, M. P. Bélanger, É. Bernier, “A dual metaheuristic solution for the min-RWA problem,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008, paper JThA80.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A subset of the German network [5]: (a) Network topology (7 nodes, 11 links, 690 km diameter); (b) three-fiber-tree filterless network solution. Each fiber tree is represented by a different line pattern. The longest fiber tree is 1214 km . A total of 16 passive optical splitters and combiners are used for link interconnection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The Italian network [7]: (a) Network topology (10 nodes, 15 links, 830 km diameter); (b) two-fiber-tree filterless network solution. The longest fiber tree is 1230 km . A total of 18 passive optical splitters and combiners are used for link interconnection.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The German network [5]: (a) Network topology (17 nodes, 26 links, 951 km diameter); (b) 2 fiber-tree filterless network solution. The longest fiber-tree is 1468 km . A total of 52 passive optical splitters and combiners are used for link interconnection.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cost comparison of filterless and active photonic switching solutions.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparative Study: Added Cost (17-Node German Network)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Network Parameters for Filterless and Active Photonic Solutions