Abstract

Wavelength remodulation schemes reuse the optical carrier received in a downstream signal for the upstream link and are cost-effective in eliminating the need for specific wavelength sources at the optical networking units (ONUs). We describe a study comparing the performance of a wavelength-remodulated wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) passive optical network (PON) using amplitude modulation [amplitude-shift keying (ASK)] downstream and phase modulation [differential phase-shift keying (DPSK)] upstream with a system using DPSK downstream and ASK upstream based on nonreciprocal modulators. We measured the conditions needed for both downstream and upstream signals to achieve a high extinction ratio (ER) and error-free operation at 10Gbs. Both schemes can give error-free operation. ASK downstream with orthogonally remodulated DPSK upstream (ASK/DPSK) may potentially be more cost-effective because it can use a common decoder in the central office instead of requiring individual DPSK decoders at each ONU. However, DPSK downstream with orthogonally remodulated ASK upstream (DPSK/ASK) is more suitable for long-reach access networks since it has a better power budget for long-reach PON.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (1)

2008 (2)

L. Xu, H. K. Tsang, “Colorless WDM-PON optical network unit (ONU) based on integrated nonreciprocal optical phase modulator and optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9–12, pp. 863–865, 2008.
[CrossRef]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, S. Itabashi, “Silicon photonic circuit with polarization diversity,” Opt. Express, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 4872–4880, 2008.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, I. L. Gheorma, “Simultaneous, bidirectional modulation of two channels in a single optical modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 9–12, pp. 886–888, 2007.
[CrossRef]

D. P. Shea, J. E. Mitchell, “Long-reach optical access technologies,” IEEE Network, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 5–11, 2007.
[CrossRef]

A. S. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, M. Paniccia, “High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 660–668, 2007.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Wavelength filter detuning for improved carrier reuse in loop-back WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 596–597, 2006.
[CrossRef]

C. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, “Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 4568–4583, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Optical multiplexing technologies for access area applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 661–668, 2006.
[CrossRef]

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, Y. Zuiderveld, “DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 29–31, 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (3)

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhuang, Y. Wu, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, S. Mathai, M. Wu, D. Tishinin, K. Y. Liou, “Peripheral coupled waveguide traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., vol. 2, pp. 1367–1370, 2003.

A. Loayssa, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Benito, “Design and performance of the bidirectional optical single-sideband modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 1071–1082, 2003.
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1983 (1)

A. X. Widmer, P. A. Franaszek, “A DC-balanced, partitioned-block, 8b/10b, transmission code,” IBM J. Res. Dev., vol. 27, pp. 440–451, 1983.
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.

Akimoto, K.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Benito, D.

Bodeep, G. E.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

Chang, W. S. C.

Y. Zhuang, Y. Wu, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, S. Mathai, M. Wu, D. Tishinin, K. Y. Liou, “Peripheral coupled waveguide traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., vol. 2, pp. 1367–1370, 2003.

Chetrit, Y.

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, K. R. Oh, Y. C. Chung, “Operating wavelength range of 1.25-Gb∕s WDM PON implemented by using uncooled RSOA’s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, paper OTuH3.

Cho, S. H.

W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Wavelength filter detuning for improved carrier reuse in loop-back WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 596–597, 2006.
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, K. R. Oh, Y. C. Chung, “Operating wavelength range of 1.25-Gb∕s WDM PON implemented by using uncooled RSOA’s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, paper OTuH3.

Ciftcioglu, B.

Darcie, T. E.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

Davey, R. P.

Desai, B. N.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

Downs, M. M.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

Franaszek, P. A.

A. X. Widmer, P. A. Franaszek, “A DC-balanced, partitioned-block, 8b/10b, transmission code,” IBM J. Res. Dev., vol. 27, pp. 440–451, 1983.
[CrossRef]

Frigo, N. J.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, H.

Gheorma, I. L.

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, I. L. Gheorma, “Simultaneous, bidirectional modulation of two channels in a single optical modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 9–12, pp. 886–888, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Gopalakrishnan, G. K.

G. K. Gopalakrishnan, I. L. Gheorma, “Simultaneous, bidirectional modulation of two channels in a single optical modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 19, no. 9–12, pp. 886–888, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Healey, P.

Hope, I.

Iannone, P. P.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, “A physical layer perspective on current and next generation passive optical networks,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conf. and Photonics Applications Systems Technologies, 2008, paper CTuLL1.

Imai, T.

J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Optical multiplexing technologies for access area applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 661–668, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Ishii, M.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S.

Iwatsuki, K.

K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, “Applications and technical issues of wavelength-division multiplexing passive optical networks with colorless optical network units,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. C17–C24, 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Optical multiplexing technologies for access area applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 661–668, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Izhaky, N.

Jeong, G.

W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Wavelength filter detuning for improved carrier reuse in loop-back WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 596–597, 2006.
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Jeong, K.

Kani, J.

K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, “Applications and technical issues of wavelength-division multiplexing passive optical networks with colorless optical network units,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. C17–C24, 2009.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Optical multiplexing technologies for access area applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 661–668, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. W.

W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Wavelength filter detuning for improved carrier reuse in loop-back WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 596–597, 2006.
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, C.

W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Wavelength filter detuning for improved carrier reuse in loop-back WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 596–597, 2006.
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Koch, T. L.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.

Lee, J.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Wavelength filter detuning for improved carrier reuse in loop-back WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 596–597, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Wavelength filter detuning for improved carrier reuse in loop-back WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 596–597, 2006.
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Liao, L.

Lim, C.

Liou, K. Y.

Y. Zhuang, Y. Wu, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, S. Mathai, M. Wu, D. Tishinin, K. Y. Liou, “Peripheral coupled waveguide traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., vol. 2, pp. 1367–1370, 2003.

Liu, A. S.

Loayssa, A.

Magill, P. D.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

Marmur, O.

Mathai, S.

Y. Zhuang, Y. Wu, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, S. Mathai, M. Wu, D. Tishinin, K. Y. Liou, “Peripheral coupled waveguide traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., vol. 2, pp. 1367–1370, 2003.

Mitchell, J. E.

D. P. Shea, J. E. Mitchell, “Long-reach optical access technologies,” IEEE Network, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 5–11, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H.

Nirmalathas, A.

Oh, K. R.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, K. R. Oh, Y. C. Chung, “Operating wavelength range of 1.25-Gb∕s WDM PON implemented by using uncooled RSOA’s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, paper OTuH3.

Paniccia, M.

Park, H.

Park, M. Y.

W. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. H. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Wavelength filter detuning for improved carrier reuse in loop-back WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 596–597, 2006.
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460–2462, 2005.
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

Payne, D. B.

Presby, H. M.

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, “A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 1365–1367, 1994.
[CrossRef]

Reichmann, K. C.

K. C. Reichmann, P. P. Iannone, “A physical layer perspective on current and next generation passive optical networks,” in Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conf. and Photonics Applications Systems Technologies, 2008, paper CTuLL1.

Rubin, D.

Ruhmann, J.

Shea, D. P.

D. P. Shea, J. E. Mitchell, “Long-reach optical access technologies,” IEEE Network, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 5–11, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Shinojima, H.

Song, K.

Sorin, W. V.

Suzuki, H.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Takachio, N.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, K. R. Oh, Y. C. Chung, “Operating wavelength range of 1.25-Gb∕s WDM PON implemented by using uncooled RSOA’s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, paper OTuH3.

Teshima, M.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Tishinin, D.

Y. Zhuang, Y. Wu, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, S. Mathai, M. Wu, D. Tishinin, K. Y. Liou, “Peripheral coupled waveguide traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., vol. 2, pp. 1367–1370, 2003.

Tsang, H. K.

L. Xu, H. K. Tsang, “Colorless WDM-PON optical network unit (ONU) based on integrated nonreciprocal optical phase modulator and optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9–12, pp. 863–865, 2008.
[CrossRef]

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Y. Zhuang, Y. Wu, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, S. Mathai, M. Wu, D. Tishinin, K. Y. Liou, “Peripheral coupled waveguide traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., vol. 2, pp. 1367–1370, 2003.

Wu, Y.

Y. Zhuang, Y. Wu, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, S. Mathai, M. Wu, D. Tishinin, K. Y. Liou, “Peripheral coupled waveguide traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., vol. 2, pp. 1367–1370, 2003.

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L. Xu, H. K. Tsang, “Colorless WDM-PON optical network unit (ONU) based on integrated nonreciprocal optical phase modulator and optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, no. 9–12, pp. 863–865, 2008.
[CrossRef]

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Yu, P. K. L.

Y. Zhuang, Y. Wu, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, S. Mathai, M. Wu, D. Tishinin, K. Y. Liou, “Peripheral coupled waveguide traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., vol. 2, pp. 1367–1370, 2003.

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Y. Zhuang, Y. Wu, W. S. C. Chang, P. K. L. Yu, S. Mathai, M. Wu, D. Tishinin, K. Y. Liou, “Peripheral coupled waveguide traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., vol. 2, pp. 1367–1370, 2003.

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Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, K. R. Oh, Y. C. Chung, “Operating wavelength range of 1.25-Gb∕s WDM PON implemented by using uncooled RSOA’s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2008, paper OTuH3.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Illustration of the traveling-wave modulation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency response of the electro-optic amplitude modulator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency response of electro-optic phase modulator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical optical loop mirror configuration.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Plot of the received power against the NRZ extinction ratio.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

DPSK BER measurements modulated on CW light and 2.7 dB low-ER NRZ, respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

NRZ BER measurements with conventional ER and 2.7 dB low ER.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Nonreciprocal amplitude modulator. AM, amplitude modulator; PM, phase modulator; O, output port of AM; I, input port of AM; SMF, single-mode fiber; PIN, p–i–n detector; PC, polarization controller (not needed in integrated version); OLT, optical line terminal; ONU, optical network unit.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

BER measurement of (a) downstream DPSK and (b) upstream NRZ. Inset top and bottom are eye diagrams of back-to-back and after transmission, respectively.

Equations (1)

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T = 1 4 a ( 1 a ) .