Abstract

We review our recent research activities on the applications and technical issues of WDM passive optical networks (WDM-PONs). First, we describe our focus on two candidate applications of WDM-PON: one is a long-reach WDM-PON based on wavelength routing for metro–access integration, and the other is a short-reach WDM-PON for coexistence with current PON systems. We identify that the realization of colorless optical network units (ONUs) is an important technical issue for both applications, and an effective protection function is another important issue, especially for the long-reach WDM-PON. We compare several colorless-ONU approaches as well as introduce our recent research results to resolve the issues raised by some colorless-ONU approaches. We also describe two demonstrations: one is the long-reach WDM-PON with a wavelength-shifted protection scheme as well as loop-back-type colorless ONUs, and the other is a WDM-PON coexisting with a current PON system with tunable-type colorless ONUs.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  21. E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper OFI4.
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    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Fujiwara, M. Teshima, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, “Optical carrier supply module using flattened optical multicarrier generation based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2705–2714, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “SNR degradation due to spectrum sliced effect in carrier-distributed WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 179–181, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Multiwavelength monitoring by dithering temperature of directly-modulated laser diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 13, pp. 770–771, 2006.
    [CrossRef]
  26. H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, “Wavelength-tunable DWDM-SFP transceiver with a signal monitoring interface and its application to coexistence-type colorless WDM-PON,” presented at 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, Sept. 16–20, 2007, Post-deadline paper PD3.4.

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

2006 (6)

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “SNR degradation due to spectrum sliced effect in carrier-distributed WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 179–181, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Multiwavelength monitoring by dithering temperature of directly-modulated laser diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 13, pp. 770–771, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Sugo, “Noise characteristics of signal reflected from ASE-injected FP-LD in loopback access networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 111–112, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loop back access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 786–796, 2006.
[CrossRef]

S. Kaneko, J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, A. Ohki, M. Sugo, S. Kamei, “Scalability of spectrum sliced DWDM transmission and its expansion using forward error correction,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 1295–1301, 2006.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network accommodating gigabit Ethernet and 10 gigabit Ethernet services,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 2045–2051, 2006.
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

2003 (3)

M. Fujiwara, M. Teshima, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, “Optical carrier supply module using flattened optical multicarrier generation based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2705–2714, 2003.
[CrossRef]

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, 2003.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, Feb. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Akimoto, K.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, Feb. 2003.
[CrossRef]

K. Akimoto, J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Iwatsuki, “Gigabit WDM-PON system using spectrum-slicing technologies,” presented at 29th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC 2003), Rimini, Italy, Sept. 21–25, 2003, paper Th2.4.6.

An, F. T.

Brenot, R.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, R. Brenot, “WDM PON with a single SLED seeding colorless RSOA-based OLT and ONUs,” presented at European Conf. on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24–28, 2006, paper Tu4.5.1.

Chan, C. K.

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Chan, T. J.

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Chanclou, P.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, R. Brenot, “WDM PON with a single SLED seeding colorless RSOA-based OLT and ONUs,” presented at European Conf. on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24–28, 2006, paper Tu4.5.1.

Chang, G. K.

Chen, L. K.

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper OFI4.

Ellinas, G.

Fujiwara, M.

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, “Loss budget expansion technique using gain-saturated SOA in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 72–77, 2007.
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Colorless and plug-and-play technologies for WDM access over existing power-splitter-based infrastructure,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 830–839, 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Multiwavelength monitoring by dithering temperature of directly-modulated laser diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 13, pp. 770–771, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Sugo, “Noise characteristics of signal reflected from ASE-injected FP-LD in loopback access networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 111–112, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loop back access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 786–796, 2006.
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2623–2630, 2004.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, M. Teshima, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, “Optical carrier supply module using flattened optical multicarrier generation based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2705–2714, 2003.
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, “Wavelength-tunable DWDM-SFP transceiver with a signal monitoring interface and its application to coexistence-type colorless WDM-PON,” presented at 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, Sept. 16–20, 2007, Post-deadline paper PD3.4.

Gutierrez, D.

Han, K. H.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper OFI4.

Hu, E.

Hwang, S. H.

S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. H. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Imai, T.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Colorless and plug-and-play technologies for WDM access over existing power-splitter-based infrastructure,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 830–839, 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Multiwavelength monitoring by dithering temperature of directly-modulated laser diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 13, pp. 770–771, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Ishii, M.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, Feb. 2003.
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, “Loss budget expansion technique using gain-saturated SOA in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 72–77, 2007.
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Colorless and plug-and-play technologies for WDM access over existing power-splitter-based infrastructure,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 830–839, 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Multiwavelength monitoring by dithering temperature of directly-modulated laser diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 13, pp. 770–771, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Sugo, “Noise characteristics of signal reflected from ASE-injected FP-LD in loopback access networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 111–112, 2006.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network accommodating gigabit Ethernet and 10 gigabit Ethernet services,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 2045–2051, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loop back access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 786–796, 2006.
[CrossRef]

S. Kaneko, J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, A. Ohki, M. Sugo, S. Kamei, “Scalability of spectrum sliced DWDM transmission and its expansion using forward error correction,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 1295–1301, 2006.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “SNR degradation due to spectrum sliced effect in carrier-distributed WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 179–181, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, “A wavelength-tunable optical transmitter using semiconductor optical amplifiers and an optical tunable filter for metro/access DWDM applications,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1164–1169, 2005.
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2623–2630, 2004.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, M. Teshima, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, “Optical carrier supply module using flattened optical multicarrier generation based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2705–2714, 2003.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, Feb. 2003.
[CrossRef]

K. Akimoto, J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Iwatsuki, “Gigabit WDM-PON system using spectrum-slicing technologies,” presented at 29th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC 2003), Rimini, Italy, Sept. 21–25, 2003, paper Th2.4.6.

Jia, Z.

Jung, D. K.

S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. H. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Kamei, S.

Kaneko, S.

Kani, J.

S. Kaneko, J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, A. Ohki, M. Sugo, S. Kamei, “Scalability of spectrum sliced DWDM transmission and its expansion using forward error correction,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 1295–1301, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loop back access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 786–796, 2006.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network accommodating gigabit Ethernet and 10 gigabit Ethernet services,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 2045–2051, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, “A wavelength-tunable optical transmitter using semiconductor optical amplifiers and an optical tunable filter for metro/access DWDM applications,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1164–1169, 2005.
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2623–2630, 2004.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, M. Teshima, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, “Optical carrier supply module using flattened optical multicarrier generation based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2705–2714, 2003.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, Feb. 2003.
[CrossRef]

K. Akimoto, J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Iwatsuki, “Gigabit WDM-PON system using spectrum-slicing technologies,” presented at 29th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC 2003), Rimini, Italy, Sept. 21–25, 2003, paper Th2.4.6.

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, C.-H. Lee, “Wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network using Fabry–Perot laser diodes,” presented at 7th Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. (OECC 2002), Kanagawa, Japan, July 8–12, 2002, paper 10P-15.

Kim, K. S.

Kimura, H.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, “Wavelength-tunable DWDM-SFP transceiver with a signal monitoring interface and its application to coexistence-type colorless WDM-PON,” presented at 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, Sept. 16–20, 2007, Post-deadline paper PD3.4.

Koo, S. G.

Lee, C. H.

K. Y. Park, C. H. Lee, “Noise characteristics of a wavelength-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 44, no. 11, pp. 995–1002, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

H. D. Kim, C.-H. Lee, “Wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network using Fabry–Perot laser diodes,” presented at 7th Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. (OECC 2002), Kanagawa, Japan, July 8–12, 2002, paper 10P-15.

Lee, D.

Lee, J. H.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper OFI4.

Nakamura, H.

Oh, J. M.

Oh, Y. J.

S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. H. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Ohki, A.

Park, K. Y.

K. Y. Park, C. H. Lee, “Noise characteristics of a wavelength-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 44, no. 11, pp. 995–1002, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Park, S. B.

S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. H. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Park, S. J.

Payoux, F.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, R. Brenot, “WDM PON with a single SLED seeding colorless RSOA-based OLT and ONUs,” presented at European Conf. on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24–28, 2006, paper Tu4.5.1.

Shim, C. S.

S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. H. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Shin, D. J.

S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. H. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Shin, H. S.

S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. H. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

Shrikhande, K.

Son, E. S.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper OFI4.

Sugo, M.

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Sugo, “Noise characteristics of signal reflected from ASE-injected FP-LD in loopback access networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 111–112, 2006.
[CrossRef]

S. Kaneko, J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, A. Ohki, M. Sugo, S. Kamei, “Scalability of spectrum sliced DWDM transmission and its expansion using forward error correction,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 1295–1301, 2006.
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, “Loss budget expansion technique using gain-saturated SOA in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 72–77, 2007.
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Colorless and plug-and-play technologies for WDM access over existing power-splitter-based infrastructure,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 830–839, 2007.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Multiwavelength monitoring by dithering temperature of directly-modulated laser diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 13, pp. 770–771, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Sugo, “Noise characteristics of signal reflected from ASE-injected FP-LD in loopback access networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 111–112, 2006.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network accommodating gigabit Ethernet and 10 gigabit Ethernet services,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 2045–2051, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loop back access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 786–796, 2006.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “SNR degradation due to spectrum sliced effect in carrier-distributed WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 179–181, 2006.
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2623–2630, 2004.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, M. Teshima, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, “Optical carrier supply module using flattened optical multicarrier generation based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2705–2714, 2003.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, Feb. 2003.
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, “Wavelength-tunable DWDM-SFP transceiver with a signal monitoring interface and its application to coexistence-type colorless WDM-PON,” presented at 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, Sept. 16–20, 2007, Post-deadline paper PD3.4.

Suzuki, T.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Colorless and plug-and-play technologies for WDM access over existing power-splitter-based infrastructure,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 830–839, 2007.
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, “Wavelength-tunable DWDM-SFP transceiver with a signal monitoring interface and its application to coexistence-type colorless WDM-PON,” presented at 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, Sept. 16–20, 2007, Post-deadline paper PD3.4.

Takachio, N.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, Feb. 2003.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, M. Teshima, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, “Optical carrier supply module using flattened optical multicarrier generation based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2705–2714, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Teshima, M.

M. Fujiwara, M. Teshima, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, “Optical carrier supply module using flattened optical multicarrier generation based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2705–2714, 2003.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, Feb. 2003.
[CrossRef]

K. Akimoto, J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Iwatsuki, “Gigabit WDM-PON system using spectrum-slicing technologies,” presented at 29th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC 2003), Rimini, Italy, Sept. 21–25, 2003, paper Th2.4.6.

Tong, F.

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Tsubokawa, M.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, “Wavelength-tunable DWDM-SFP transceiver with a signal monitoring interface and its application to coexistence-type colorless WDM-PON,” presented at 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, Sept. 16–20, 2007, Post-deadline paper PD3.4.

Yam, S.

Yoshimoto, N.

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, “Loss budget expansion technique using gain-saturated SOA in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 72–77, 2007.
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Colorless and plug-and-play technologies for WDM access over existing power-splitter-based infrastructure,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 830–839, 2007.
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, “Wavelength-tunable DWDM-SFP transceiver with a signal monitoring interface and its application to coexistence-type colorless WDM-PON,” presented at 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, Sept. 16–20, 2007, Post-deadline paper PD3.4.

Yu, J.

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Sugo, “Noise characteristics of signal reflected from ASE-injected FP-LD in loopback access networks,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 111–112, 2006.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “SNR degradation due to spectrum sliced effect in carrier-distributed WDM-PON,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 179–181, 2006.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, T. Imai, “Multiwavelength monitoring by dithering temperature of directly-modulated laser diodes,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 13, pp. 770–771, 2006.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, M. Ishii, “A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 2, pp. S43–S48, Feb. 2003.
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Y. Park, C. H. Lee, “Noise characteristics of a wavelength-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., vol. 44, no. 11, pp. 995–1002, 2008.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. J. Chan, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, “A self-protected architecture for wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1660–1662, 2003.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (9)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, “Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3452–3471, 2007.
[CrossRef]

J. M. Oh, S. G. Koo, D. Lee, S. J. Park, “Enhancement of the performance of a reflective SOA-based hybrid WDM/TDM PON system with a remotely pumped erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 144–149, 2008.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, M. Teshima, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, “Optical carrier supply module using flattened optical multicarrier generation based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2705–2714, 2003.
[CrossRef]

F. T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, “SUCCESS: a next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2557–2569, 2004.
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2623–2630, 2004.
[CrossRef]

J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, “A wavelength-tunable optical transmitter using semiconductor optical amplifiers and an optical tunable filter for metro/access DWDM applications,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1164–1169, 2005.
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loop back access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 786–796, 2006.
[CrossRef]

S. Kaneko, J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, A. Ohki, M. Sugo, S. Kamei, “Scalability of spectrum sliced DWDM transmission and its expansion using forward error correction,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 1295–1301, 2006.
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network accommodating gigabit Ethernet and 10 gigabit Ethernet services,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 2045–2051, 2006.
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. Fujiwara, H. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, K. Iwatsuki, “Loss budget expansion technique using gain-saturated SOA in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 72–77, 2007.
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, H. S. Shin, S. H. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, C. S. Shim, “Bidirectional wavelength-division-multiplexing self-healing passive optical network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper JWA57.

E. S. Son, K. H. Han, J. H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, “Survivable network architectures for WDM PON,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and The Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Anaheim, CA, 2005, Technical Digest (CD), Washington, DC: Optical Society of America, March 6, 2005, paper OFI4.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, T. Suzuki, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, M. Tsubokawa, “Wavelength-tunable DWDM-SFP transceiver with a signal monitoring interface and its application to coexistence-type colorless WDM-PON,” presented at 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, Sept. 16–20, 2007, Post-deadline paper PD3.4.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, R. Brenot, “WDM PON with a single SLED seeding colorless RSOA-based OLT and ONUs,” presented at European Conf. on Optical Communication, Cannes, France, Sept. 24–28, 2006, paper Tu4.5.1.

“A broadband optical access system with increased service capability by wavelength allocation,” ITU-T Recommendation G.983.3, March 2001.

IEEE P802.3av Task Force, “10Gb/s Ethernet passive optical network,” http://www.ieee802.org/3/av/.

FSAN, Full Service Access Network, http://www.fsanweb.org/ngpon.asp.

K. Akimoto, J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Iwatsuki, “Gigabit WDM-PON system using spectrum-slicing technologies,” presented at 29th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC 2003), Rimini, Italy, Sept. 21–25, 2003, paper Th2.4.6.

H. D. Kim, C.-H. Lee, “Wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network using Fabry–Perot laser diodes,” presented at 7th Optoelectronics and Communications Conf. (OECC 2002), Kanagawa, Japan, July 8–12, 2002, paper 10P-15.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission speeds of core and access systems.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Applications and issues for two types of WDM-PON.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Approaches to realize colorless ONUs. FEC, forward error; FP-LD, Fabry–Perot laser diode; ASE, amplified spontaneous emission; SNR, signal-to-noise ratio.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tunable transmitter and receiver based on a tunable fiber ring laser with semiconductor optical amplifier.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Effect of backreflection in loop-back approach with one fiber configuration. (a) Path of two-backreflection light; (b) increase in the effect of reflection II with ONU gain.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Long-reach WDM-PON with the wavelength-shifted protection scheme.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Performance of the long-reach WDM-PON: (a) loss budget for GbE and 10 GbE ONUs, (b) bit error rate for the working and protection states with a 10 GbE ONU.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Migration to WDM-PON from current PON system over power-splitter-based ODN. OSU, optical subscriber unit.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Performance of the colorless ONU with tunable DWDM-SFP for the WDM-PON coexisting with a legacy PON: (a) optical spectra, (b) loss budget.