Abstract

Multiple-token-based media access control (MAC) protocols are investigated for an efficient optical-burst-switching (OBS) ring network with nodes using a tunable transmitter, tunable receiver (TT-TR), since it suffers from resource contention due to the limited network resources. As tokens manipulate the wavelength accessibility and destination queues decide the burst scheduling, token-releasing discipline (TRD) and queue-scheduling discipline (QSD) are crucial. Two TRD schemes that were proposed to avoid source and wavelength contention are reviewed. Three QSD schemes differing in how to group round-robin queues are proposed to avoid or reduce the receiver contention. The performance for different TRD and QSD protocols are simulated and evaluated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Network, vol. 8, pp. 69–84, 1999.
  2. Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, March 2004.
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Gauger, K. Dolzer, J. Späth, S. Badamer, “Service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” Proc. ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Dresden, Germany, 12–13 March 2001, pp. 124–132.
  4. L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. N. Rouskas, “A simulation study of optical burst switching access protocols for WDM ring network,” Comput. Netw., vol. 41, pp. 143–160, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Arakawa, N. Yamanaka, I. Sasase, “Performanc of optical burst switched WDM ring network with TTFR system,” in 1st IFIP Optical Networks & Technologies Conf. (OpNeTec), Pisa, Italy, Oct. 2004, pp. 95–102.
  6. H.-T. Lin, W.-R. Chang, “CORNet: an OBS metro ring network with QoS support and fairness control,” Comput. Netw., vol. 52, pp. 2045–2064, 2008.
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance evaluation of token-based MAC protocols in WDM burst switched ring networks,” in 2nd Int. Conf. Distributed Computing and Internet Technologies, Bhubaneswar, India, Dec. 2005, pp. 21–26.
  8. L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance comparison of multiple-token based MAC protocols for optical burst switched ring networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 15, pp. 213–225, 2008.
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

H.-T. Lin, W.-R. Chang, “CORNet: an OBS metro ring network with QoS support and fairness control,” Comput. Netw., vol. 52, pp. 2045–2064, 2008.
[CrossRef]

L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance comparison of multiple-token based MAC protocols for optical burst switched ring networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 15, pp. 213–225, 2008.
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, March 2004.
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. N. Rouskas, “A simulation study of optical burst switching access protocols for WDM ring network,” Comput. Netw., vol. 41, pp. 143–160, 2003.
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Network, vol. 8, pp. 69–84, 1999.

Arakawa, Y.

Y. Arakawa, N. Yamanaka, I. Sasase, “Performanc of optical burst switched WDM ring network with TTFR system,” in 1st IFIP Optical Networks & Technologies Conf. (OpNeTec), Pisa, Italy, Oct. 2004, pp. 95–102.

Badamer, S.

C. Gauger, K. Dolzer, J. Späth, S. Badamer, “Service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” Proc. ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Dresden, Germany, 12–13 March 2001, pp. 124–132.

Chang, W.-R.

H.-T. Lin, W.-R. Chang, “CORNet: an OBS metro ring network with QoS support and fairness control,” Comput. Netw., vol. 52, pp. 2045–2064, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, March 2004.
[CrossRef]

Dolzer, K.

C. Gauger, K. Dolzer, J. Späth, S. Badamer, “Service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” Proc. ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Dresden, Germany, 12–13 March 2001, pp. 124–132.

Gauger, C.

C. Gauger, K. Dolzer, J. Späth, S. Badamer, “Service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” Proc. ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Dresden, Germany, 12–13 March 2001, pp. 124–132.

Kim, Y. C.

L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance comparison of multiple-token based MAC protocols for optical burst switched ring networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 15, pp. 213–225, 2008.
[CrossRef]

L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance evaluation of token-based MAC protocols in WDM burst switched ring networks,” in 2nd Int. Conf. Distributed Computing and Internet Technologies, Bhubaneswar, India, Dec. 2005, pp. 21–26.

Lin, H.-T.

H.-T. Lin, W.-R. Chang, “CORNet: an OBS metro ring network with QoS support and fairness control,” Comput. Netw., vol. 52, pp. 2045–2064, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Peng, L. M.

L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance comparison of multiple-token based MAC protocols for optical burst switched ring networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 15, pp. 213–225, 2008.
[CrossRef]

L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance evaluation of token-based MAC protocols in WDM burst switched ring networks,” in 2nd Int. Conf. Distributed Computing and Internet Technologies, Bhubaneswar, India, Dec. 2005, pp. 21–26.

Perros, H. G.

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. N. Rouskas, “A simulation study of optical burst switching access protocols for WDM ring network,” Comput. Netw., vol. 41, pp. 143–160, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Qiao, C.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, March 2004.
[CrossRef]

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Network, vol. 8, pp. 69–84, 1999.

Rouskas, G. N.

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. N. Rouskas, “A simulation study of optical burst switching access protocols for WDM ring network,” Comput. Netw., vol. 41, pp. 143–160, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Sasase, I.

Y. Arakawa, N. Yamanaka, I. Sasase, “Performanc of optical burst switched WDM ring network with TTFR system,” in 1st IFIP Optical Networks & Technologies Conf. (OpNeTec), Pisa, Italy, Oct. 2004, pp. 95–102.

Späth, J.

C. Gauger, K. Dolzer, J. Späth, S. Badamer, “Service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” Proc. ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Dresden, Germany, 12–13 March 2001, pp. 124–132.

Xu, L.

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. N. Rouskas, “A simulation study of optical burst switching access protocols for WDM ring network,” Comput. Netw., vol. 41, pp. 143–160, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, N.

Y. Arakawa, N. Yamanaka, I. Sasase, “Performanc of optical burst switched WDM ring network with TTFR system,” in 1st IFIP Optical Networks & Technologies Conf. (OpNeTec), Pisa, Italy, Oct. 2004, pp. 95–102.

Yoo, K. M.

L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance comparison of multiple-token based MAC protocols for optical burst switched ring networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 15, pp. 213–225, 2008.
[CrossRef]

L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance evaluation of token-based MAC protocols in WDM burst switched ring networks,” in 2nd Int. Conf. Distributed Computing and Internet Technologies, Bhubaneswar, India, Dec. 2005, pp. 21–26.

Yoo, M.

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Network, vol. 8, pp. 69–84, 1999.

Yu, X.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, March 2004.
[CrossRef]

Comput. Netw. (2)

L. Xu, H. G. Perros, G. N. Rouskas, “A simulation study of optical burst switching access protocols for WDM ring network,” Comput. Netw., vol. 41, pp. 143–160, 2003.
[CrossRef]

H.-T. Lin, W.-R. Chang, “CORNet: an OBS metro ring network with QoS support and fairness control,” Comput. Netw., vol. 52, pp. 2045–2064, 2008.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Network (1)

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Network, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 16–23, March 2004.
[CrossRef]

J. High Speed Network (1)

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, “Optical burst switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical Internet,” J. High Speed Network, vol. 8, pp. 69–84, 1999.

Photonic Network Commun. (1)

L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance comparison of multiple-token based MAC protocols for optical burst switched ring networks,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 15, pp. 213–225, 2008.
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

L. M. Peng, K. M. Yoo, Y. C. Kim, “Design and performance evaluation of token-based MAC protocols in WDM burst switched ring networks,” in 2nd Int. Conf. Distributed Computing and Internet Technologies, Bhubaneswar, India, Dec. 2005, pp. 21–26.

C. Gauger, K. Dolzer, J. Späth, S. Badamer, “Service differentiation in optical burst switching networks,” Proc. ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Dresden, Germany, 12–13 March 2001, pp. 124–132.

Y. Arakawa, N. Yamanaka, I. Sasase, “Performanc of optical burst switched WDM ring network with TTFR system,” in 1st IFIP Optical Networks & Technologies Conf. (OpNeTec), Pisa, Italy, Oct. 2004, pp. 95–102.

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Architecture of an OBS ring network.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Node architecture based on TT-TR.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Token format.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Illustration of TRTB.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Illustration of temporal burst overlap.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Illustration of the TRTC protocol.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Assignments of queue groups in GRR.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Illustration of receiver collision.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Assignments of queue groups in QGRR.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Burst loss rate under GRR.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Average queuing delay under GRR.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Channel utilization under GRR.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Burst loss rate under TRTC.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Average queuing delay under TRTC.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Channel utilization under TRTC.