Abstract

We propose an optical method for non-invasive characterisation of wood samples based on two optical techniques: time-resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy and gas in scattering media absorption spectroscopy. While the latter is sensitive to gases present inside wood pores, the former extracts information on the bulk material regarding light scattering and absorption. Measurements on spruce samples, cut along different wood fibre directions, are presented to show an example of the advantages of this combined approach: by applying these two non-destructive techniques together, in fact, relevant information on wood such as porosity, permeability and moisture content can be assessed. Furthermore, the chemical composition, internal structure and the anisotropy due to the wood fibres can be investigated.

© 2013 IM Publications LLP

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2013 (1)

S. Tsuchikawa, and M. Schwanninger, , “A review of recent near-infrared research for wood and paper (Part 2)”, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev.  48(7), 560 (2013). doi: 10.1080/05704928.2011.621079

S. Tsuchikawa, and M. Schwanninger, , “A review of recent near-infrared research for wood and paper (Part 2)”, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev.  48(7), 560 (2013). doi: 10.1080/05704928.2011.621079

2012 (6)

M. Lewander, S. Lindberg, T. Svensson, R. Siemund, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Non-invasive diagnostics of the maxillary and frontal sinuses based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Rhinology  50(1), 26 (2012).

M. Lewander, S. Lindberg, T. Svensson, R. Siemund, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Non-invasive diagnostics of the maxillary and frontal sinuses based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Rhinology  50(1), 26 (2012).

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, S. Andersson-Engels, L. Spinelli, D. Contini, Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, and F. Zappa, and A. Pifferi, , “Single-fiber diffuse optical time-of-flight spectroscopy”, Opt. Lett.  37(14), 2877 (2012). doi: 10.1364/OL.37.002877

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, S. Andersson-Engels, L. Spinelli, D. Contini, Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, and F. Zappa, and A. Pifferi, , “Single-fiber diffuse optical time-of-flight spectroscopy”, Opt. Lett.  37(14), 2877 (2012). doi: 10.1364/OL.37.002877

D. Contini, L. Zucchelli, L. Spinelli, M. Caffini, R. Re, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Review: Brain and muscle near infrared spectroscopy/imaging techniques”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 15 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.977

D. Contini, L. Zucchelli, L. Spinelli, M. Caffini, R. Re, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Review: Brain and muscle near infrared spectroscopy/imaging techniques”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 15 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.977

A. Pifferi, A. Farina, A. Torricelli, G. Quarto, and R. Cubeddu, and P. Taronia, , “Review: Time-domain broadband near infrared spectroscopy of the female breast: A focused review from basic principles to future perspectives”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 223 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.980

A. Pifferi, A. Farina, A. Torricelli, G. Quarto, and R. Cubeddu, and P. Taronia, , “Review: Time-domain broadband near infrared spectroscopy of the female breast: A focused review from basic principles to future perspectives”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 223 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.980

F. Martelli, , “Review: An ABC of near infrared photon migration in tissues: The diffusive regime of propagation”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 29 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.974

2011 (4)

A. Tosi, Dalla A. Mora, F. Zappa, A. Gulinatti, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon counting technique widens dynamic range and speeds up acquisition time in time-resolved measurements”, Opt. Express  19(11), 10735 (2011). doi: 10.1364/OE.19.010735

A. Tosi, Dalla A. Mora, F. Zappa, A. Gulinatti, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon counting technique widens dynamic range and speeds up acquisition time in time-resolved measurements”, Opt. Express  19(11), 10735 (2011). doi: 10.1364/OE.19.010735

C.T. Xu, M. Lewander, S. Andersson-Engels, E. Adolfsson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Wall-collision line broadening of molecular oxygen within nanoporous materials”, Phys. Rev. A  84(4), 42705 (2011). doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevA.84.042705

C.T. Xu, M. Lewander, S. Andersson-Engels, E. Adolfsson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Wall-collision line broadening of molecular oxygen within nanoporous materials”, Phys. Rev. A  84(4), 42705 (2011). doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevA.84.042705

M. Lewander, P. Lundin, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, and A. Olsson, , “Non-intrusive measurements of headspace gas composition in liquid food packages made of translucent materials”, Packag. Technol. Sci.  24(5), 271 (2011). doi: 10.1002/pts.934

M. Lewander, P. Lundin, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, and A. Olsson, , “Non-intrusive measurements of headspace gas composition in liquid food packages made of translucent materials”, Packag. Technol. Sci.  24(5), 271 (2011). doi: 10.1002/pts.934

M. Plötze, and P. Niemz, , “Porosity and pore size distribution of different wood types as determined by mercury intrusion porosimetry”, Eur. J. Woods Woods Prod.  69(4), 649 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s00107-010-0504-0

M. Plötze, and P. Niemz, , “Porosity and pore size distribution of different wood types as determined by mercury intrusion porosimetry”, Eur. J. Woods Woods Prod.  69(4), 649 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s00107-010-0504-0

2010 (7)

A. Sandak, J. Sandak, and M. Zborowska, and W. Prądzyński, , “Near infrared spectroscopy as a tool for archaeological wood characterization”, J. Archaeol. Sci.  37(9), 2093 (2010). doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.005

A. Sandak, J. Sandak, and M. Zborowska, and W. Prądzyński, , “Near infrared spectroscopy as a tool for archaeological wood characterization”, J. Archaeol. Sci.  37(9), 2093 (2010). doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.005

S. Svanberg, , “Optical analysis of trapped gas—gas in scattering media absorption spectroscopy”, Laser Phys.  20(1), 68 (2010). doi: 10.1134/S1054660X09170198

T. Svensson, and Z. Shen, , “Laser spectroscopy of gas confined in nanoporous materials”, Appl. Phys. Lett.  96(2), 021107 (2010). doi: 10.1063/1.3292210

T. Svensson, and Z. Shen, , “Laser spectroscopy of gas confined in nanoporous materials”, Appl. Phys. Lett.  96(2), 021107 (2010). doi: 10.1063/1.3292210

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

G. Hodge, and W. Woodbridge, , “Global near infrared models to predict lignin and cellulose content of pine wood”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  18(6), 367 (2010). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.902

G. Hodge, and W. Woodbridge, , “Global near infrared models to predict lignin and cellulose content of pine wood”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  18(6), 367 (2010). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.902

J. Dahlbacka, and T. Lillhonga, , “Moisture measurement in timber utilising a multi-layer partial least squares calibration approach”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  18(6), 425 (2010). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.906

J. Dahlbacka, and T. Lillhonga, , “Moisture measurement in timber utilising a multi-layer partial least squares calibration approach”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  18(6), 425 (2010). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.906

C. Li and G.S. Mitchell, and S.R. Cherry, , “Cerenkov luminescence tomography for small-animal imaging”, Opt. Lett.  35(7), 1109 (2010). doi: 10.1364/OL.35.001109

C. Li and G.S. Mitchell, and S.R. Cherry, , “Cerenkov luminescence tomography for small-animal imaging”, Opt. Lett.  35(7), 1109 (2010). doi: 10.1364/OL.35.001109

2009 (4)

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

C. D'Andrea, A. Nevin, A. Farina, and A. Bassi, and R. Cubeddu, , “Assessment of variations in moisture content of wood using time-resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy”, Appl. Opt.  48(4), B87 (2009). doi: 10.1364/AO.48.000B87

C. D'Andrea, A. Nevin, A. Farina, and A. Bassi, and R. Cubeddu, , “Assessment of variations in moisture content of wood using time-resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy”, Appl. Opt.  48(4), B87 (2009). doi: 10.1364/AO.48.000B87

M. Lewander, Z. Guan, K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, and T. Svensson, , “Clinical system for non-invasive in situ monitoring of gases in the human paranasal sinuses”, Opt. Express  17(13), 10849 (2009). doi: 10.1364/OE.17.010849

M. Lewander, Z. Guan, K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, and T. Svensson, , “Clinical system for non-invasive in situ monitoring of gases in the human paranasal sinuses”, Opt. Express  17(13), 10849 (2009). doi: 10.1364/OE.17.010849

S. Yao, and J.-W. Pu, , “Application of near infrared spectroscopy in analysis of wood properties”, Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.  29(4), 974 (2009).

S. Yao, and J.-W. Pu, , “Application of near infrared spectroscopy in analysis of wood properties”, Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.  29(4), 974 (2009).

2008 (4)

Y.-M. Gong, and W. Zhang, , “Recent progress in NIR spectroscopy technology and its application to the field of forestry”, Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.  28(7), 1544 (2008).

Y.-M. Gong, and W. Zhang, , “Recent progress in NIR spectroscopy technology and its application to the field of forestry”, Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.  28(7), 1544 (2008).

D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

M. Lewander, Z.G. Guan, L. Persson, and A. Olsson, and S. Svanberg, , “Food monitoring based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  93(2–3), 619 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s00340-008-3192-2

M. Lewander, Z.G. Guan, L. Persson, and A. Olsson, and S. Svanberg, , “Food monitoring based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  93(2–3), 619 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s00340-008-3192-2

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Time-resolved optical spectroscopy of wood”, Appl. Spectrosc.  62(5), 569 (2008). doi: 10.1366/000370208784344424

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Time-resolved optical spectroscopy of wood”, Appl. Spectrosc.  62(5), 569 (2008). doi: 10.1366/000370208784344424

2007 (5)

L. Persson, M. Andersson, M. Cassel-Engquist, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Gas monitoring in human sinuses using tunable diode laser spectroscopy”, J. Biomed. Opt.  12(5), 54001 (2007). doi: 10.1117/1.2777189

L. Persson, M. Andersson, M. Cassel-Engquist, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Gas monitoring in human sinuses using tunable diode laser spectroscopy”, J. Biomed. Opt.  12(5), 54001 (2007). doi: 10.1117/1.2777189

S. Tsuchikawa, , “A review of recent near infrared research for wood and paper”, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev.  42(1), 43 (2007). doi: 10.1080/05704920601036707

A. Bassi, A. Farina, C. D'Andrea, A. Pifferi, and G. Valentini, and R. Cubeddu, , “Portable, large-bandwidth time-resolved system for diffuse optical spectroscopy”, Opt. Express  15(22), 14482 (2007). doi: 10.1364/OE.15.014482

A. Bassi, A. Farina, C. D'Andrea, A. Pifferi, and G. Valentini, and R. Cubeddu, , “Portable, large-bandwidth time-resolved system for diffuse optical spectroscopy”, Opt. Express  15(22), 14482 (2007). doi: 10.1364/OE.15.014482

M. Andersson, L. Persson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Flexible lock-in detection system based on synchronized computer plug-in boards applied in sensitive gas spectroscopy”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  78(11), 113107 (2007). doi: 10.1063/1.2813346

M. Andersson, L. Persson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Flexible lock-in detection system based on synchronized computer plug-in boards applied in sensitive gas spectroscopy”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  78(11), 113107 (2007). doi: 10.1063/1.2813346

L. Persson, F. Andersson, and M. Andersson, and S. Svanberg, , “Approach to optical interference fringes reduction in diode laser absorption spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  87(3), 523 (2007). doi: 10.1007/s00340-007-2593-y

L. Persson, F. Andersson, and M. Andersson, and S. Svanberg, , “Approach to optical interference fringes reduction in diode laser absorption spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  87(3), 523 (2007). doi: 10.1007/s00340-007-2593-y

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

C. Abrahamsson, J. Johansson, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, and S. Folestad, , “Time-resolved NIR spectroscopy for quantitative analysis of intact pharmaceutical tablets”, Anal. Chem.  77(4), 1055 (2005). doi: 10.1021/ac0487754

C. Abrahamsson, J. Johansson, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, and S. Folestad, , “Time-resolved NIR spectroscopy for quantitative analysis of intact pharmaceutical tablets”, Anal. Chem.  77(4), 1055 (2005). doi: 10.1021/ac0487754

2004 (1)

S. Kelley, T. Rials, R. Snell, and L. Groom, and A. Sluiter, , “Use of near infrared spectroscopy to measure the chemical and mechanical properties of solid wood”, Wood Sci. Technol.  38(4), 257 (2004). doi: 10.1007/s00226-003-0213-5

S. Kelley, T. Rials, R. Snell, and L. Groom, and A. Sluiter, , “Use of near infrared spectroscopy to measure the chemical and mechanical properties of solid wood”, Wood Sci. Technol.  38(4), 257 (2004). doi: 10.1007/s00226-003-0213-5

2003 (3)

V. Bucur, , “Techniques for high resolution imaging of wood structure: A review”, Meas. Sci. Technol.  14(12), R91 (2003). doi: 10.1088/0957-0233/14/12/R01

R. Weissleder, and V. Ntziachristos, , “Shedding light onto live molecular targets”, Nat. Med.  9(1), 123 (2003). doi: 10.1038/nm0103-123

R. Weissleder, and V. Ntziachristos, , “Shedding light onto live molecular targets”, Nat. Med.  9(1), 123 (2003). doi: 10.1038/nm0103-123

J. Alnis, B. Anderson, M. Sjöholm, and G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, , “Laser spectroscopy of free molecular oxygen dispersed in wood materials”, Appl. Phys. B  77(6–7), 691 (2003). doi: 10.1007/s00340-003-1299-z

J. Alnis, B. Anderson, M. Sjöholm, and G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, , “Laser spectroscopy of free molecular oxygen dispersed in wood materials”, Appl. Phys. B  77(6–7), 691 (2003). doi: 10.1007/s00340-003-1299-z

2001 (2)

1999 (1)

S.R. Arridge, , “Optical tomography in medical imaging”, Inverse Probl.  15(2), R41 (1999). doi: 10.1088/0266-5611/15/2/022

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

B.W. Pogue, and M.S. Patterson, , “Frequency-domain optical absorption spectroscopy of finite tissue volumes using diffusion theory”, Phys. Med. Biol.  39(7), 1157 (1994). doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/39/7/008

B.W. Pogue, and M.S. Patterson, , “Frequency-domain optical absorption spectroscopy of finite tissue volumes using diffusion theory”, Phys. Med. Biol.  39(7), 1157 (1994). doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/39/7/008

1992 (1)

T.J. Farrell and M.S. Patterson, and B. Wilson, , “A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the noninvasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo”, Med. Phys.  19(4), 879 (1992). doi: 10.1118/1.596777

T.J. Farrell and M.S. Patterson, and B. Wilson, , “A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the noninvasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo”, Med. Phys.  19(4), 879 (1992). doi: 10.1118/1.596777

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

Abrahamsson, C.

C. Abrahamsson, J. Johansson, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, and S. Folestad, , “Time-resolved NIR spectroscopy for quantitative analysis of intact pharmaceutical tablets”, Anal. Chem.  77(4), 1055 (2005). doi: 10.1021/ac0487754

Adolfsson, E.

C.T. Xu, M. Lewander, S. Andersson-Engels, E. Adolfsson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Wall-collision line broadening of molecular oxygen within nanoporous materials”, Phys. Rev. A  84(4), 42705 (2011). doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevA.84.042705

Alerstam, E.

Alnis, J.

J. Alnis, B. Anderson, M. Sjöholm, and G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, , “Laser spectroscopy of free molecular oxygen dispersed in wood materials”, Appl. Phys. B  77(6–7), 691 (2003). doi: 10.1007/s00340-003-1299-z

M. Sjöholm, G. Somesfalean, J. Alnis, and S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, , “Analysis of gas dispersed in scattering media”, Opt. Lett.  26(1), 16 (2001). doi: 10.1364/OL.26.000016

Anderson, B.

J. Alnis, B. Anderson, M. Sjöholm, and G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, , “Laser spectroscopy of free molecular oxygen dispersed in wood materials”, Appl. Phys. B  77(6–7), 691 (2003). doi: 10.1007/s00340-003-1299-z

Andersson, F.

L. Persson, F. Andersson, and M. Andersson, and S. Svanberg, , “Approach to optical interference fringes reduction in diode laser absorption spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  87(3), 523 (2007). doi: 10.1007/s00340-007-2593-y

Andersson, M.

L. Persson, F. Andersson, and M. Andersson, and S. Svanberg, , “Approach to optical interference fringes reduction in diode laser absorption spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  87(3), 523 (2007). doi: 10.1007/s00340-007-2593-y

M. Andersson, L. Persson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Flexible lock-in detection system based on synchronized computer plug-in boards applied in sensitive gas spectroscopy”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  78(11), 113107 (2007). doi: 10.1063/1.2813346

L. Persson, M. Andersson, M. Cassel-Engquist, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Gas monitoring in human sinuses using tunable diode laser spectroscopy”, J. Biomed. Opt.  12(5), 54001 (2007). doi: 10.1117/1.2777189

M. Andersson, L. Persson, and M. Sjöholm, and S. Svanberg, , “Spectroscopic studies of wood-drying processes”, Opt. Express  14(8), 3641 (2006). doi: 10.1364/OE.14.003641

Andersson-Engels, S.

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, S. Andersson-Engels, L. Spinelli, D. Contini, Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, and F. Zappa, and A. Pifferi, , “Single-fiber diffuse optical time-of-flight spectroscopy”, Opt. Lett.  37(14), 2877 (2012). doi: 10.1364/OL.37.002877

C.T. Xu, M. Lewander, S. Andersson-Engels, E. Adolfsson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Wall-collision line broadening of molecular oxygen within nanoporous materials”, Phys. Rev. A  84(4), 42705 (2011). doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevA.84.042705

C. Abrahamsson, J. Johansson, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, and S. Folestad, , “Time-resolved NIR spectroscopy for quantitative analysis of intact pharmaceutical tablets”, Anal. Chem.  77(4), 1055 (2005). doi: 10.1021/ac0487754

M. Sjöholm, G. Somesfalean, J. Alnis, and S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, , “Analysis of gas dispersed in scattering media”, Opt. Lett.  26(1), 16 (2001). doi: 10.1364/OL.26.000016

Arridge, S.R.

S.R. Arridge, , “Optical tomography in medical imaging”, Inverse Probl.  15(2), R41 (1999). doi: 10.1088/0266-5611/15/2/022

Athanasiou, T.

D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

Baselli, G.

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

Bassi, A.

Bianchi, A.M.

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

Bonner, R.F.

Bucur, V.

V. Bucur, , “Techniques for high resolution imaging of wood structure: A review”, Meas. Sci. Technol.  14(12), R91 (2003). doi: 10.1088/0957-0233/14/12/R01

Butti, M.

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

Caffini, M.

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

D. Contini, L. Zucchelli, L. Spinelli, M. Caffini, R. Re, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Review: Brain and muscle near infrared spectroscopy/imaging techniques”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 15 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.977

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

Cassel-Engquist, M.

L. Persson, M. Andersson, M. Cassel-Engquist, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Gas monitoring in human sinuses using tunable diode laser spectroscopy”, J. Biomed. Opt.  12(5), 54001 (2007). doi: 10.1117/1.2777189

Cerutti, S.

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

Chance, B.

Cherry, S.R.

Comelli, D.

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Time-resolved optical spectroscopy of wood”, Appl. Spectrosc.  62(5), 569 (2008). doi: 10.1366/000370208784344424

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Wood characterization by diffuse time-resolved optical spectroscopy”, in Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis. Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA, p. LTuC5 (2008). doi: 10.1364/LACSEA.2008.LTuC5

Contini, D.

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, S. Andersson-Engels, L. Spinelli, D. Contini, Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, and F. Zappa, and A. Pifferi, , “Single-fiber diffuse optical time-of-flight spectroscopy”, Opt. Lett.  37(14), 2877 (2012). doi: 10.1364/OL.37.002877

D. Contini, L. Zucchelli, L. Spinelli, M. Caffini, R. Re, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Review: Brain and muscle near infrared spectroscopy/imaging techniques”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 15 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.977

A. Tosi, Dalla A. Mora, F. Zappa, A. Gulinatti, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon counting technique widens dynamic range and speeds up acquisition time in time-resolved measurements”, Opt. Express  19(11), 10735 (2011). doi: 10.1364/OE.19.010735

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

D. Contini and F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, , “Photon migration through a turbid slab described by a model based on diffusion approximation. I. Theory”, Appl. Opt.  36(19), 4587 (1997). doi: 10.1364/AO.36.004587

Cova, S.

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

Cubeddu, R.

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

D. Contini, L. Zucchelli, L. Spinelli, M. Caffini, R. Re, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Review: Brain and muscle near infrared spectroscopy/imaging techniques”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 15 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.977

A. Pifferi, A. Farina, A. Torricelli, G. Quarto, and R. Cubeddu, and P. Taronia, , “Review: Time-domain broadband near infrared spectroscopy of the female breast: A focused review from basic principles to future perspectives”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 223 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.980

A. Tosi, Dalla A. Mora, F. Zappa, A. Gulinatti, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon counting technique widens dynamic range and speeds up acquisition time in time-resolved measurements”, Opt. Express  19(11), 10735 (2011). doi: 10.1364/OE.19.010735

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

C. D'Andrea, A. Nevin, A. Farina, and A. Bassi, and R. Cubeddu, , “Assessment of variations in moisture content of wood using time-resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy”, Appl. Opt.  48(4), B87 (2009). doi: 10.1364/AO.48.000B87

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Time-resolved optical spectroscopy of wood”, Appl. Spectrosc.  62(5), 569 (2008). doi: 10.1366/000370208784344424

A. Bassi, A. Farina, C. D'Andrea, A. Pifferi, and G. Valentini, and R. Cubeddu, , “Portable, large-bandwidth time-resolved system for diffuse optical spectroscopy”, Opt. Express  15(22), 14482 (2007). doi: 10.1364/OE.15.014482

R. Cubeddu, C. D'Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, G. Valentini, M. Ruiz-Altisent, C. Valero, C. Ortiz, and C. Dover, and D. Johnson, , “Time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy applied to the nondestructive monitoring of the internal optical properties in apples”, Appl. Spectrosc.  55(10), 1368 (2001). doi: 10.1366/0003702011953496

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Wood characterization by diffuse time-resolved optical spectroscopy”, in Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis. Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA, p. LTuC5 (2008). doi: 10.1364/LACSEA.2008.LTuC5

Dahlbacka, J.

D'Andrea, C.

Darzi, A.

D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

Del Bianco, S.

F. Martelli, S. Del Bianco, and A. Ismaelli, and G. Zaccanti, , Light Propagation Through Biological Tissue and Other Diffusive Media. SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, USA, p. 274 (2009).

Dover, C.

Enfield, L.C.

D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

Farina, A.

Farrell, T.J.

T.J. Farrell and M.S. Patterson, and B. Wilson, , “A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the noninvasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo”, Med. Phys.  19(4), 879 (1992). doi: 10.1118/1.596777

Fellow, L.

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

Folestad, S.

C. Abrahamsson, J. Johansson, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, and S. Folestad, , “Time-resolved NIR spectroscopy for quantitative analysis of intact pharmaceutical tablets”, Anal. Chem.  77(4), 1055 (2005). doi: 10.1021/ac0487754

Forsén, H.

H. Forsén, and V. Tarvainen, , Accuracy and Functionality of Hand Held Wood Moisture Content Meters. VTT Publications, Espoo, Finland, p. 420 (2000).

Gibson, A.

D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

Gong, Y.-M.

Y.-M. Gong, and W. Zhang, , “Recent progress in NIR spectroscopy technology and its application to the field of forestry”, Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.  28(7), 1544 (2008).

Groom, L.

S. Kelley, T. Rials, R. Snell, and L. Groom, and A. Sluiter, , “Use of near infrared spectroscopy to measure the chemical and mechanical properties of solid wood”, Wood Sci. Technol.  38(4), 257 (2004). doi: 10.1007/s00226-003-0213-5

Guan, Z.

Guan, Z.G.

M. Lewander, Z.G. Guan, L. Persson, and A. Olsson, and S. Svanberg, , “Food monitoring based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  93(2–3), 619 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s00340-008-3192-2

Gulinatti, A.

Havlin, S.

Hebden, J.

D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

Hodge, G.

Ismaelli, A.

F. Martelli, S. Del Bianco, and A. Ismaelli, and G. Zaccanti, , Light Propagation Through Biological Tissue and Other Diffusive Media. SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, USA, p. 274 (2009).

Johansson, J.

C. Abrahamsson, J. Johansson, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, and S. Folestad, , “Time-resolved NIR spectroscopy for quantitative analysis of intact pharmaceutical tablets”, Anal. Chem.  77(4), 1055 (2005). doi: 10.1021/ac0487754

Johnson, D.

Kelley, S.

S. Kelley, T. Rials, R. Snell, and L. Groom, and A. Sluiter, , “Use of near infrared spectroscopy to measure the chemical and mechanical properties of solid wood”, Wood Sci. Technol.  38(4), 257 (2004). doi: 10.1007/s00226-003-0213-5

Kienle, A.

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Time-resolved optical spectroscopy of wood”, Appl. Spectrosc.  62(5), 569 (2008). doi: 10.1366/000370208784344424

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Wood characterization by diffuse time-resolved optical spectroscopy”, in Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis. Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA, p. LTuC5 (2008). doi: 10.1364/LACSEA.2008.LTuC5

Leff, D.R.

D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

Lewander, M.

M. Lewander, S. Lindberg, T. Svensson, R. Siemund, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Non-invasive diagnostics of the maxillary and frontal sinuses based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Rhinology  50(1), 26 (2012).

M. Lewander, P. Lundin, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, and A. Olsson, , “Non-intrusive measurements of headspace gas composition in liquid food packages made of translucent materials”, Packag. Technol. Sci.  24(5), 271 (2011). doi: 10.1002/pts.934

C.T. Xu, M. Lewander, S. Andersson-Engels, E. Adolfsson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Wall-collision line broadening of molecular oxygen within nanoporous materials”, Phys. Rev. A  84(4), 42705 (2011). doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevA.84.042705

M. Lewander, Z. Guan, K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, and T. Svensson, , “Clinical system for non-invasive in situ monitoring of gases in the human paranasal sinuses”, Opt. Express  17(13), 10849 (2009). doi: 10.1364/OE.17.010849

M. Lewander, Z.G. Guan, L. Persson, and A. Olsson, and S. Svanberg, , “Food monitoring based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  93(2–3), 619 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s00340-008-3192-2

Li, C.

Lillhonga, T.

Lindberg, S.

M. Lewander, S. Lindberg, T. Svensson, R. Siemund, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Non-invasive diagnostics of the maxillary and frontal sinuses based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Rhinology  50(1), 26 (2012).

Lundin, P.

M. Lewander, P. Lundin, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, and A. Olsson, , “Non-intrusive measurements of headspace gas composition in liquid food packages made of translucent materials”, Packag. Technol. Sci.  24(5), 271 (2011). doi: 10.1002/pts.934

Martelli, F.

Member, S.

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

Mitchell, G.S.

Molteni, E.

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

Mora, Dalla A.

Nevin, A.

Niemz, P.

M. Plötze, and P. Niemz, , “Porosity and pore size distribution of different wood types as determined by mercury intrusion porosimetry”, Eur. J. Woods Woods Prod.  69(4), 649 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s00107-010-0504-0

Nossal, R.

Ntziachristos, V.

R. Weissleder, and V. Ntziachristos, , “Shedding light onto live molecular targets”, Nat. Med.  9(1), 123 (2003). doi: 10.1038/nm0103-123

Olsson, A.

M. Lewander, P. Lundin, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, and A. Olsson, , “Non-intrusive measurements of headspace gas composition in liquid food packages made of translucent materials”, Packag. Technol. Sci.  24(5), 271 (2011). doi: 10.1002/pts.934

M. Lewander, Z.G. Guan, L. Persson, and A. Olsson, and S. Svanberg, , “Food monitoring based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  93(2–3), 619 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s00340-008-3192-2

Orlandi, M.

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Time-resolved optical spectroscopy of wood”, Appl. Spectrosc.  62(5), 569 (2008). doi: 10.1366/000370208784344424

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Wood characterization by diffuse time-resolved optical spectroscopy”, in Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis. Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA, p. LTuC5 (2008). doi: 10.1364/LACSEA.2008.LTuC5

Ortiz, C.

Patten, D.K.

D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

Patterson, M.S.

B.W. Pogue, and M.S. Patterson, , “Frequency-domain optical absorption spectroscopy of finite tissue volumes using diffusion theory”, Phys. Med. Biol.  39(7), 1157 (1994). doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/39/7/008

T.J. Farrell and M.S. Patterson, and B. Wilson, , “A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the noninvasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo”, Med. Phys.  19(4), 879 (1992). doi: 10.1118/1.596777

M.S. Patterson and B. Chance, and B.C. Wilson, , “Time resolved reflectance and transmittance for the noninvasive measurement of tissue optical properties”, Appl. Opt.  28(12), 2331 (1989). doi: 10.1364/AO.28.002331

Persson, L.

M. Lewander, Z.G. Guan, L. Persson, and A. Olsson, and S. Svanberg, , “Food monitoring based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  93(2–3), 619 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s00340-008-3192-2

L. Persson, M. Andersson, M. Cassel-Engquist, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Gas monitoring in human sinuses using tunable diode laser spectroscopy”, J. Biomed. Opt.  12(5), 54001 (2007). doi: 10.1117/1.2777189

L. Persson, F. Andersson, and M. Andersson, and S. Svanberg, , “Approach to optical interference fringes reduction in diode laser absorption spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  87(3), 523 (2007). doi: 10.1007/s00340-007-2593-y

M. Andersson, L. Persson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Flexible lock-in detection system based on synchronized computer plug-in boards applied in sensitive gas spectroscopy”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  78(11), 113107 (2007). doi: 10.1063/1.2813346

M. Andersson, L. Persson, and M. Sjöholm, and S. Svanberg, , “Spectroscopic studies of wood-drying processes”, Opt. Express  14(8), 3641 (2006). doi: 10.1364/OE.14.003641

Pifferi, A.

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, S. Andersson-Engels, L. Spinelli, D. Contini, Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, and F. Zappa, and A. Pifferi, , “Single-fiber diffuse optical time-of-flight spectroscopy”, Opt. Lett.  37(14), 2877 (2012). doi: 10.1364/OL.37.002877

A. Pifferi, A. Farina, A. Torricelli, G. Quarto, and R. Cubeddu, and P. Taronia, , “Review: Time-domain broadband near infrared spectroscopy of the female breast: A focused review from basic principles to future perspectives”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 223 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.980

D. Contini, L. Zucchelli, L. Spinelli, M. Caffini, R. Re, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Review: Brain and muscle near infrared spectroscopy/imaging techniques”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 15 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.977

A. Tosi, Dalla A. Mora, F. Zappa, A. Gulinatti, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon counting technique widens dynamic range and speeds up acquisition time in time-resolved measurements”, Opt. Express  19(11), 10735 (2011). doi: 10.1364/OE.19.010735

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Time-resolved optical spectroscopy of wood”, Appl. Spectrosc.  62(5), 569 (2008). doi: 10.1366/000370208784344424

A. Bassi, A. Farina, C. D'Andrea, A. Pifferi, and G. Valentini, and R. Cubeddu, , “Portable, large-bandwidth time-resolved system for diffuse optical spectroscopy”, Opt. Express  15(22), 14482 (2007). doi: 10.1364/OE.15.014482

R. Cubeddu, C. D'Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, G. Valentini, M. Ruiz-Altisent, C. Valero, C. Ortiz, and C. Dover, and D. Johnson, , “Time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy applied to the nondestructive monitoring of the internal optical properties in apples”, Appl. Spectrosc.  55(10), 1368 (2001). doi: 10.1366/0003702011953496

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Wood characterization by diffuse time-resolved optical spectroscopy”, in Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis. Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA, p. LTuC5 (2008). doi: 10.1364/LACSEA.2008.LTuC5

Plötze, M.

M. Plötze, and P. Niemz, , “Porosity and pore size distribution of different wood types as determined by mercury intrusion porosimetry”, Eur. J. Woods Woods Prod.  69(4), 649 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s00107-010-0504-0

Pogue, B.W.

B.W. Pogue, and M.S. Patterson, , “Frequency-domain optical absorption spectroscopy of finite tissue volumes using diffusion theory”, Phys. Med. Biol.  39(7), 1157 (1994). doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/39/7/008

Pradzynski, W.

A. Sandak, J. Sandak, and M. Zborowska, and W. Prądzyński, , “Near infrared spectroscopy as a tool for archaeological wood characterization”, J. Archaeol. Sci.  37(9), 2093 (2010). doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.005

Pu, J.-W.

S. Yao, and J.-W. Pu, , “Application of near infrared spectroscopy in analysis of wood properties”, Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.  29(4), 974 (2009).

Quarto, G.

Re, R.

Rials, T.

S. Kelley, T. Rials, R. Snell, and L. Groom, and A. Sluiter, , “Use of near infrared spectroscopy to measure the chemical and mechanical properties of solid wood”, Wood Sci. Technol.  38(4), 257 (2004). doi: 10.1007/s00226-003-0213-5

Ruiz-Altisent, M.

Sandak, A.

A. Sandak, J. Sandak, and M. Zborowska, and W. Prądzyński, , “Near infrared spectroscopy as a tool for archaeological wood characterization”, J. Archaeol. Sci.  37(9), 2093 (2010). doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.005

Sandak, J.

A. Sandak, J. Sandak, and M. Zborowska, and W. Prądzyński, , “Near infrared spectroscopy as a tool for archaeological wood characterization”, J. Archaeol. Sci.  37(9), 2093 (2010). doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.005

Schwanninger, M.

S. Tsuchikawa, and M. Schwanninger, , “A review of recent near-infrared research for wood and paper (Part 2)”, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev.  48(7), 560 (2013). doi: 10.1080/05704928.2011.621079

Shen, Z.

T. Svensson, and Z. Shen, , “Laser spectroscopy of gas confined in nanoporous materials”, Appl. Phys. Lett.  96(2), 021107 (2010). doi: 10.1063/1.3292210

Siemund, R.

M. Lewander, S. Lindberg, T. Svensson, R. Siemund, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Non-invasive diagnostics of the maxillary and frontal sinuses based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Rhinology  50(1), 26 (2012).

Sjöholm, M.

Sluiter, A.

S. Kelley, T. Rials, R. Snell, and L. Groom, and A. Sluiter, , “Use of near infrared spectroscopy to measure the chemical and mechanical properties of solid wood”, Wood Sci. Technol.  38(4), 257 (2004). doi: 10.1007/s00226-003-0213-5

Snell, R.

S. Kelley, T. Rials, R. Snell, and L. Groom, and A. Sluiter, , “Use of near infrared spectroscopy to measure the chemical and mechanical properties of solid wood”, Wood Sci. Technol.  38(4), 257 (2004). doi: 10.1007/s00226-003-0213-5

Somesfalean, G.

J. Alnis, B. Anderson, M. Sjöholm, and G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, , “Laser spectroscopy of free molecular oxygen dispersed in wood materials”, Appl. Phys. B  77(6–7), 691 (2003). doi: 10.1007/s00340-003-1299-z

M. Sjöholm, G. Somesfalean, J. Alnis, and S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, , “Analysis of gas dispersed in scattering media”, Opt. Lett.  26(1), 16 (2001). doi: 10.1364/OL.26.000016

Spinelli, L.

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, S. Andersson-Engels, L. Spinelli, D. Contini, Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, and F. Zappa, and A. Pifferi, , “Single-fiber diffuse optical time-of-flight spectroscopy”, Opt. Lett.  37(14), 2877 (2012). doi: 10.1364/OL.37.002877

D. Contini, L. Zucchelli, L. Spinelli, M. Caffini, R. Re, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Review: Brain and muscle near infrared spectroscopy/imaging techniques”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 15 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.977

A. Tosi, Dalla A. Mora, F. Zappa, A. Gulinatti, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon counting technique widens dynamic range and speeds up acquisition time in time-resolved measurements”, Opt. Express  19(11), 10735 (2011). doi: 10.1364/OE.19.010735

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

Svanberg, K.

M. Lewander, S. Lindberg, T. Svensson, R. Siemund, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Non-invasive diagnostics of the maxillary and frontal sinuses based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Rhinology  50(1), 26 (2012).

M. Lewander, Z. Guan, K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, and T. Svensson, , “Clinical system for non-invasive in situ monitoring of gases in the human paranasal sinuses”, Opt. Express  17(13), 10849 (2009). doi: 10.1364/OE.17.010849

L. Persson, M. Andersson, M. Cassel-Engquist, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Gas monitoring in human sinuses using tunable diode laser spectroscopy”, J. Biomed. Opt.  12(5), 54001 (2007). doi: 10.1117/1.2777189

Svanberg, S.

M. Lewander, S. Lindberg, T. Svensson, R. Siemund, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Non-invasive diagnostics of the maxillary and frontal sinuses based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Rhinology  50(1), 26 (2012).

M. Lewander, P. Lundin, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, and A. Olsson, , “Non-intrusive measurements of headspace gas composition in liquid food packages made of translucent materials”, Packag. Technol. Sci.  24(5), 271 (2011). doi: 10.1002/pts.934

C.T. Xu, M. Lewander, S. Andersson-Engels, E. Adolfsson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Wall-collision line broadening of molecular oxygen within nanoporous materials”, Phys. Rev. A  84(4), 42705 (2011). doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevA.84.042705

S. Svanberg, , “Optical analysis of trapped gas—gas in scattering media absorption spectroscopy”, Laser Phys.  20(1), 68 (2010). doi: 10.1134/S1054660X09170198

M. Lewander, Z. Guan, K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, and T. Svensson, , “Clinical system for non-invasive in situ monitoring of gases in the human paranasal sinuses”, Opt. Express  17(13), 10849 (2009). doi: 10.1364/OE.17.010849

M. Lewander, Z.G. Guan, L. Persson, and A. Olsson, and S. Svanberg, , “Food monitoring based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  93(2–3), 619 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s00340-008-3192-2

M. Andersson, L. Persson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Flexible lock-in detection system based on synchronized computer plug-in boards applied in sensitive gas spectroscopy”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  78(11), 113107 (2007). doi: 10.1063/1.2813346

L. Persson, F. Andersson, and M. Andersson, and S. Svanberg, , “Approach to optical interference fringes reduction in diode laser absorption spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  87(3), 523 (2007). doi: 10.1007/s00340-007-2593-y

L. Persson, M. Andersson, M. Cassel-Engquist, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Gas monitoring in human sinuses using tunable diode laser spectroscopy”, J. Biomed. Opt.  12(5), 54001 (2007). doi: 10.1117/1.2777189

M. Andersson, L. Persson, and M. Sjöholm, and S. Svanberg, , “Spectroscopic studies of wood-drying processes”, Opt. Express  14(8), 3641 (2006). doi: 10.1364/OE.14.003641

C. Abrahamsson, J. Johansson, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, and S. Folestad, , “Time-resolved NIR spectroscopy for quantitative analysis of intact pharmaceutical tablets”, Anal. Chem.  77(4), 1055 (2005). doi: 10.1021/ac0487754

J. Alnis, B. Anderson, M. Sjöholm, and G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, , “Laser spectroscopy of free molecular oxygen dispersed in wood materials”, Appl. Phys. B  77(6–7), 691 (2003). doi: 10.1007/s00340-003-1299-z

M. Sjöholm, G. Somesfalean, J. Alnis, and S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, , “Analysis of gas dispersed in scattering media”, Opt. Lett.  26(1), 16 (2001). doi: 10.1364/OL.26.000016

Svensson, T.

M. Lewander, S. Lindberg, T. Svensson, R. Siemund, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Non-invasive diagnostics of the maxillary and frontal sinuses based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Rhinology  50(1), 26 (2012).

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, S. Andersson-Engels, L. Spinelli, D. Contini, Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, and F. Zappa, and A. Pifferi, , “Single-fiber diffuse optical time-of-flight spectroscopy”, Opt. Lett.  37(14), 2877 (2012). doi: 10.1364/OL.37.002877

M. Lewander, P. Lundin, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, and A. Olsson, , “Non-intrusive measurements of headspace gas composition in liquid food packages made of translucent materials”, Packag. Technol. Sci.  24(5), 271 (2011). doi: 10.1002/pts.934

C.T. Xu, M. Lewander, S. Andersson-Engels, E. Adolfsson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Wall-collision line broadening of molecular oxygen within nanoporous materials”, Phys. Rev. A  84(4), 42705 (2011). doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevA.84.042705

T. Svensson, and Z. Shen, , “Laser spectroscopy of gas confined in nanoporous materials”, Appl. Phys. Lett.  96(2), 021107 (2010). doi: 10.1063/1.3292210

M. Lewander, Z. Guan, K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, and T. Svensson, , “Clinical system for non-invasive in situ monitoring of gases in the human paranasal sinuses”, Opt. Express  17(13), 10849 (2009). doi: 10.1364/OE.17.010849

M. Andersson, L. Persson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Flexible lock-in detection system based on synchronized computer plug-in boards applied in sensitive gas spectroscopy”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  78(11), 113107 (2007). doi: 10.1063/1.2813346

Taroni, P.

Taronia, P.

Tarvainen, V.

H. Forsén, and V. Tarvainen, , Accuracy and Functionality of Hand Held Wood Moisture Content Meters. VTT Publications, Espoo, Finland, p. 420 (2000).

Torricelli, A.

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

A. Pifferi, A. Farina, A. Torricelli, G. Quarto, and R. Cubeddu, and P. Taronia, , “Review: Time-domain broadband near infrared spectroscopy of the female breast: A focused review from basic principles to future perspectives”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 223 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.980

D. Contini, L. Zucchelli, L. Spinelli, M. Caffini, R. Re, A. Pifferi, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Review: Brain and muscle near infrared spectroscopy/imaging techniques”, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc.  20(1), 15 (2012). doi: 10.1255/jnirs.977

A. Tosi, Dalla A. Mora, F. Zappa, A. Gulinatti, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon counting technique widens dynamic range and speeds up acquisition time in time-resolved measurements”, Opt. Express  19(11), 10735 (2011). doi: 10.1364/OE.19.010735

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

R. Cubeddu, C. D'Andrea, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, A. Torricelli, G. Valentini, M. Ruiz-Altisent, C. Valero, C. Ortiz, and C. Dover, and D. Johnson, , “Time-resolved reflectance spectroscopy applied to the nondestructive monitoring of the internal optical properties in apples”, Appl. Spectrosc.  55(10), 1368 (2001). doi: 10.1366/0003702011953496

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S. Tsuchikawa, and M. Schwanninger, , “A review of recent near-infrared research for wood and paper (Part 2)”, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev.  48(7), 560 (2013). doi: 10.1080/05704928.2011.621079

S. Tsuchikawa, , “A review of recent near infrared research for wood and paper”, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev.  42(1), 43 (2007). doi: 10.1080/05704920601036707

Valentini, G.

Valero, C.

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D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

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R. Weissleder, and V. Ntziachristos, , “Shedding light onto live molecular targets”, Nat. Med.  9(1), 123 (2003). doi: 10.1038/nm0103-123

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C.T. Xu, M. Lewander, S. Andersson-Engels, E. Adolfsson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Wall-collision line broadening of molecular oxygen within nanoporous materials”, Phys. Rev. A  84(4), 42705 (2011). doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevA.84.042705

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D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

Yao, S.

S. Yao, and J.-W. Pu, , “Application of near infrared spectroscopy in analysis of wood properties”, Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.  29(4), 974 (2009).

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F. Martelli, S. Del Bianco, and A. Ismaelli, and G. Zaccanti, , Light Propagation Through Biological Tissue and Other Diffusive Media. SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, USA, p. 274 (2009).

Zappa, F.

Zborowska, M.

A. Sandak, J. Sandak, and M. Zborowska, and W. Prądzyński, , “Near infrared spectroscopy as a tool for archaeological wood characterization”, J. Archaeol. Sci.  37(9), 2093 (2010). doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.005

Zhang, W.

Y.-M. Gong, and W. Zhang, , “Recent progress in NIR spectroscopy technology and its application to the field of forestry”, Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.  28(7), 1544 (2008).

Zoia, L.

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Time-resolved optical spectroscopy of wood”, Appl. Spectrosc.  62(5), 569 (2008). doi: 10.1366/000370208784344424

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Wood characterization by diffuse time-resolved optical spectroscopy”, in Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis. Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA, p. LTuC5 (2008). doi: 10.1364/LACSEA.2008.LTuC5

Zucchelli, L.

Anal. Chem. (1)

C. Abrahamsson, J. Johansson, S. Andersson-Engels, and S. Svanberg, and S. Folestad, , “Time-resolved NIR spectroscopy for quantitative analysis of intact pharmaceutical tablets”, Anal. Chem.  77(4), 1055 (2005). doi: 10.1021/ac0487754

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

L. Persson, F. Andersson, and M. Andersson, and S. Svanberg, , “Approach to optical interference fringes reduction in diode laser absorption spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  87(3), 523 (2007). doi: 10.1007/s00340-007-2593-y

M. Lewander, Z.G. Guan, L. Persson, and A. Olsson, and S. Svanberg, , “Food monitoring based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Appl. Phys. B  93(2–3), 619 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s00340-008-3192-2

J. Alnis, B. Anderson, M. Sjöholm, and G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, , “Laser spectroscopy of free molecular oxygen dispersed in wood materials”, Appl. Phys. B  77(6–7), 691 (2003). doi: 10.1007/s00340-003-1299-z

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T. Svensson, and Z. Shen, , “Laser spectroscopy of gas confined in nanoporous materials”, Appl. Phys. Lett.  96(2), 021107 (2010). doi: 10.1063/1.3292210

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Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. (2)

S. Tsuchikawa, and M. Schwanninger, , “A review of recent near-infrared research for wood and paper (Part 2)”, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev.  48(7), 560 (2013). doi: 10.1080/05704928.2011.621079

S. Tsuchikawa, , “A review of recent near infrared research for wood and paper”, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev.  42(1), 43 (2007). doi: 10.1080/05704920601036707

Breast Cancer Res. Treat. (1)

D.R. Leff, O.J. Warren, L.C. Enfield, A. Gibson, T. Athanasiou, D.K. Patten, J. Hebden, and G.Z. Yang, and A. Darzi, , “Diffuse optical imaging of the healthy and diseased breast: A systematic review”, Breast Cancer Res. Treat.  108(1), 9 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s1054-9-007-9582-z

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M. Plötze, and P. Niemz, , “Porosity and pore size distribution of different wood types as determined by mercury intrusion porosimetry”, Eur. J. Woods Woods Prod.  69(4), 649 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s00107-010-0504-0

Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. (2)

S. Yao, and J.-W. Pu, , “Application of near infrared spectroscopy in analysis of wood properties”, Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.  29(4), 974 (2009).

Y.-M. Gong, and W. Zhang, , “Recent progress in NIR spectroscopy technology and its application to the field of forestry”, Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi/Spectrosc. Spectral Anal.  28(7), 1544 (2008).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. (1)

Dalla A. Mora, A. Tosi, F. Zappa, S. Member, S. Cova, L. Fellow, D. Contini, A. Pifferi, L. Spinelli, and A. Torricelli, and R. Cubeddu, , “Fast-gated single-photon avalanche diode for wide dynamic range near infrared spectroscopy”, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.  16(4), 1023 (2010). doi: 10.1109/JSTQE.2009.2035823

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A. Sandak, J. Sandak, and M. Zborowska, and W. Prądzyński, , “Near infrared spectroscopy as a tool for archaeological wood characterization”, J. Archaeol. Sci.  37(9), 2093 (2010). doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.02.005

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

E. Molteni, D. Contini, M. Caffini, G. Baselli, L. Spinelli, R. Cubeddu, S. Cerutti, and A.M. Bianchi, and A. Torricelli, , “Load-dependent brain activation assessed by time-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy during a working memory task with graded levels of difficulty”, J. Biomed. Opt.  17(5), 56005 (2012). doi: 10.1117/1. JBO.17.5.056005

L. Persson, M. Andersson, M. Cassel-Engquist, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Gas monitoring in human sinuses using tunable diode laser spectroscopy”, J. Biomed. Opt.  12(5), 54001 (2007). doi: 10.1117/1.2777189

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J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Laser Phys. (1)

S. Svanberg, , “Optical analysis of trapped gas—gas in scattering media absorption spectroscopy”, Laser Phys.  20(1), 68 (2010). doi: 10.1134/S1054660X09170198

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

V. Bucur, , “Techniques for high resolution imaging of wood structure: A review”, Meas. Sci. Technol.  14(12), R91 (2003). doi: 10.1088/0957-0233/14/12/R01

Med. Phys. (2)

T.J. Farrell and M.S. Patterson, and B. Wilson, , “A diffusion theory model of spatially resolved, steady-state diffuse reflectance for the noninvasive determination of tissue optical properties in vivo”, Med. Phys.  19(4), 879 (1992). doi: 10.1118/1.596777

M. Butti, D. Contini, E. Molteni, M. Caffini, L. Spinelli, G. Baselli, A.M. Bianchi, S. Cerutti, and R. Cubeddu, and A. Torricelli, , “Effect of prolonged stimulation on cerebral hemodynamic: A time-resolved fNIRS study”, Med. Phys.  36(9), 4103 (2009). doi: 10.1118/1.3190557

Nat. Med. (1)

R. Weissleder, and V. Ntziachristos, , “Shedding light onto live molecular targets”, Nat. Med.  9(1), 123 (2003). doi: 10.1038/nm0103-123

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Packag. Technol. Sci. (1)

M. Lewander, P. Lundin, T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, and A. Olsson, , “Non-intrusive measurements of headspace gas composition in liquid food packages made of translucent materials”, Packag. Technol. Sci.  24(5), 271 (2011). doi: 10.1002/pts.934

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Phys. Rev. A (1)

C.T. Xu, M. Lewander, S. Andersson-Engels, E. Adolfsson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Wall-collision line broadening of molecular oxygen within nanoporous materials”, Phys. Rev. A  84(4), 42705 (2011). doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevA.84.042705

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. Andersson, L. Persson, and T. Svensson, and S. Svanberg, , “Flexible lock-in detection system based on synchronized computer plug-in boards applied in sensitive gas spectroscopy”, Rev. Sci. Instrum.  78(11), 113107 (2007). doi: 10.1063/1.2813346

Rhinology (1)

M. Lewander, S. Lindberg, T. Svensson, R. Siemund, and K. Svanberg, and S. Svanberg, , “Non-invasive diagnostics of the maxillary and frontal sinuses based on diode laser gas spectroscopy”, Rhinology  50(1), 26 (2012).

Wood Sci. Technol. (1)

S. Kelley, T. Rials, R. Snell, and L. Groom, and A. Sluiter, , “Use of near infrared spectroscopy to measure the chemical and mechanical properties of solid wood”, Wood Sci. Technol.  38(4), 257 (2004). doi: 10.1007/s00226-003-0213-5

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F. Martelli, S. Del Bianco, and A. Ismaelli, and G. Zaccanti, , Light Propagation Through Biological Tissue and Other Diffusive Media. SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, USA, p. 274 (2009).

C. D'Andrea, A. Farina, D. Comelli, A. Pifferi, P. Taroni, G. Valentini, R. Cubeddu, L. Zoia, and M. Orlandi, and A. Kienle, , “Wood characterization by diffuse time-resolved optical spectroscopy”, in Laser Applications to Chemical, Security and Environmental Analysis. Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA, p. LTuC5 (2008). doi: 10.1364/LACSEA.2008.LTuC5

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