Abstract

Grasspea or chickling vetch (Lathyrus spp.) is a common food legume, widely grown and eaten in northern India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal and Ethiopia. It contains the neurotoxin beta-N-oxalyl-amino-L-alanine (BOAA), which can cause the disease known as “neuro-lathyrism”, an irreversible paralysis of the lower limbs, if BOAA-rich seeds form a large proportion of the diet. Lathyrus is a drought-tolerant crop, and ICARDA seeks to breed high-yielding lines that are low in BOAA. Conventional methods for determination of BOAA are time-consuming, expensive, and not practicable for screening large numbers of genotypes. Near infrared (NIR) reflectance spectroscopy offers a rapid, inexpensive method of analysis. Application of NIR reflectance spectroscopy to the prediction of BOAA in Lathyrus has been achieved by developing NIR reflectance spectroscopy equations involving 88 samples, which represented three species: L. sativus, L. cicera and L. ochrus. Both intact and ground seeds were studied. Content of BOAA ranged from 0.09 to 0.83%. Seeds of L. cicera were significantly lower than those of the other two species. The best results were obtained from whole seeds, using multiple linear regression. The standard error of prediction of 0.05% and coefficient of determination (r2) of 0.94 are considered quite adequate for use in the Lathyrus breeding programme.

© 1998 NIR Publications

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  1. V.V.S. Murthi and T.R. Seshadri, and T.A.V. Venkita-Subramanian, , Phytochemistry  3, 73 (1964).
  2. S.L.N. Rao and P.R. Adiga, and P.S. Sarma, , Biochemistry  3, 432 (1964).
  3. P.S. Spencer, D.N. Roy, S.M. Ross, R.H.S. Schaumburg, and J. Zagonen, and M.P. Dawivedi, , “Neurolathyrism: New experimental findings” in Mammalian Models. Institute of Neurotoxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA (1985).
  4. M. Quader and S.P. Singh, and G.K. Barat, , Indian J. Genet.  47(3), 275 (1987).
  5. M.S. Swaminathan, M.S. Naik, and A.K. Kaul, and A. Austin, , Indian J. Agric. Sci.  41, 394 (1971).
  6. S.L.N. Rao, , Analytical Biochemistry  86, 386 (1978).
  7. C.J. Briggs and N. Parreno, and C.G. Campbell, , Journal of Medical Plant Research  47, 188 (1983).
  8. B. Abegaz and N. Kebede, and S. Asmelash, , in The Grass Pea: Threat and Promise, Proceedings of the International Network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the Eradication of Lathyrism. New York, Third World Medical Research Foundation, pp. 128–132 (1989).
  9. G. Kisby and D.N. Roy, and P.S. Spencer, , in The Grass Pea: Threat and Promise, Proceedings of the International Network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the Eradication of Lathyrism. New York, Third World Medical Research Foundation, pp. 133–138 (1989).

1987 (1)

M. Quader and S.P. Singh, and G.K. Barat, , Indian J. Genet.  47(3), 275 (1987).

M. Quader and S.P. Singh, and G.K. Barat, , Indian J. Genet.  47(3), 275 (1987).

1983 (1)

C.J. Briggs and N. Parreno, and C.G. Campbell, , Journal of Medical Plant Research  47, 188 (1983).

C.J. Briggs and N. Parreno, and C.G. Campbell, , Journal of Medical Plant Research  47, 188 (1983).

1978 (1)

S.L.N. Rao, , Analytical Biochemistry  86, 386 (1978).

1971 (1)

M.S. Swaminathan, M.S. Naik, and A.K. Kaul, and A. Austin, , Indian J. Agric. Sci.  41, 394 (1971).

M.S. Swaminathan, M.S. Naik, and A.K. Kaul, and A. Austin, , Indian J. Agric. Sci.  41, 394 (1971).

1964 (2)

V.V.S. Murthi and T.R. Seshadri, and T.A.V. Venkita-Subramanian, , Phytochemistry  3, 73 (1964).

V.V.S. Murthi and T.R. Seshadri, and T.A.V. Venkita-Subramanian, , Phytochemistry  3, 73 (1964).

S.L.N. Rao and P.R. Adiga, and P.S. Sarma, , Biochemistry  3, 432 (1964).

S.L.N. Rao and P.R. Adiga, and P.S. Sarma, , Biochemistry  3, 432 (1964).

Abegaz, B.

B. Abegaz and N. Kebede, and S. Asmelash, , in The Grass Pea: Threat and Promise, Proceedings of the International Network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the Eradication of Lathyrism. New York, Third World Medical Research Foundation, pp. 128–132 (1989).

Adiga, P.R.

S.L.N. Rao and P.R. Adiga, and P.S. Sarma, , Biochemistry  3, 432 (1964).

Asmelash, S.

B. Abegaz and N. Kebede, and S. Asmelash, , in The Grass Pea: Threat and Promise, Proceedings of the International Network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the Eradication of Lathyrism. New York, Third World Medical Research Foundation, pp. 128–132 (1989).

Austin, A.

M.S. Swaminathan, M.S. Naik, and A.K. Kaul, and A. Austin, , Indian J. Agric. Sci.  41, 394 (1971).

Barat, G.K.

M. Quader and S.P. Singh, and G.K. Barat, , Indian J. Genet.  47(3), 275 (1987).

Briggs, C.J.

C.J. Briggs and N. Parreno, and C.G. Campbell, , Journal of Medical Plant Research  47, 188 (1983).

Campbell, C.G.

C.J. Briggs and N. Parreno, and C.G. Campbell, , Journal of Medical Plant Research  47, 188 (1983).

Dawivedi, M.P.

P.S. Spencer, D.N. Roy, S.M. Ross, R.H.S. Schaumburg, and J. Zagonen, and M.P. Dawivedi, , “Neurolathyrism: New experimental findings” in Mammalian Models. Institute of Neurotoxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA (1985).

Kaul, A.K.

M.S. Swaminathan, M.S. Naik, and A.K. Kaul, and A. Austin, , Indian J. Agric. Sci.  41, 394 (1971).

Kebede, N.

B. Abegaz and N. Kebede, and S. Asmelash, , in The Grass Pea: Threat and Promise, Proceedings of the International Network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the Eradication of Lathyrism. New York, Third World Medical Research Foundation, pp. 128–132 (1989).

Kisby, G.

G. Kisby and D.N. Roy, and P.S. Spencer, , in The Grass Pea: Threat and Promise, Proceedings of the International Network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the Eradication of Lathyrism. New York, Third World Medical Research Foundation, pp. 133–138 (1989).

Murthi, V.V.S.

V.V.S. Murthi and T.R. Seshadri, and T.A.V. Venkita-Subramanian, , Phytochemistry  3, 73 (1964).

Naik, M.S.

M.S. Swaminathan, M.S. Naik, and A.K. Kaul, and A. Austin, , Indian J. Agric. Sci.  41, 394 (1971).

Parreno, N.

C.J. Briggs and N. Parreno, and C.G. Campbell, , Journal of Medical Plant Research  47, 188 (1983).

Quader, M.

M. Quader and S.P. Singh, and G.K. Barat, , Indian J. Genet.  47(3), 275 (1987).

Rao, S.L.N.

S.L.N. Rao, , Analytical Biochemistry  86, 386 (1978).

S.L.N. Rao and P.R. Adiga, and P.S. Sarma, , Biochemistry  3, 432 (1964).

Ross, S.M.

P.S. Spencer, D.N. Roy, S.M. Ross, R.H.S. Schaumburg, and J. Zagonen, and M.P. Dawivedi, , “Neurolathyrism: New experimental findings” in Mammalian Models. Institute of Neurotoxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA (1985).

Roy, D.N.

P.S. Spencer, D.N. Roy, S.M. Ross, R.H.S. Schaumburg, and J. Zagonen, and M.P. Dawivedi, , “Neurolathyrism: New experimental findings” in Mammalian Models. Institute of Neurotoxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA (1985).

G. Kisby and D.N. Roy, and P.S. Spencer, , in The Grass Pea: Threat and Promise, Proceedings of the International Network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the Eradication of Lathyrism. New York, Third World Medical Research Foundation, pp. 133–138 (1989).

Sarma, P.S.

S.L.N. Rao and P.R. Adiga, and P.S. Sarma, , Biochemistry  3, 432 (1964).

Schaumburg, R.H.S.

P.S. Spencer, D.N. Roy, S.M. Ross, R.H.S. Schaumburg, and J. Zagonen, and M.P. Dawivedi, , “Neurolathyrism: New experimental findings” in Mammalian Models. Institute of Neurotoxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA (1985).

Seshadri, T.R.

V.V.S. Murthi and T.R. Seshadri, and T.A.V. Venkita-Subramanian, , Phytochemistry  3, 73 (1964).

Singh, S.P.

M. Quader and S.P. Singh, and G.K. Barat, , Indian J. Genet.  47(3), 275 (1987).

Spencer, P.S.

P.S. Spencer, D.N. Roy, S.M. Ross, R.H.S. Schaumburg, and J. Zagonen, and M.P. Dawivedi, , “Neurolathyrism: New experimental findings” in Mammalian Models. Institute of Neurotoxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA (1985).

G. Kisby and D.N. Roy, and P.S. Spencer, , in The Grass Pea: Threat and Promise, Proceedings of the International Network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the Eradication of Lathyrism. New York, Third World Medical Research Foundation, pp. 133–138 (1989).

Swaminathan, M.S.

M.S. Swaminathan, M.S. Naik, and A.K. Kaul, and A. Austin, , Indian J. Agric. Sci.  41, 394 (1971).

Venkita-Subramanian, T.A.V.

V.V.S. Murthi and T.R. Seshadri, and T.A.V. Venkita-Subramanian, , Phytochemistry  3, 73 (1964).

Zagonen, J.

P.S. Spencer, D.N. Roy, S.M. Ross, R.H.S. Schaumburg, and J. Zagonen, and M.P. Dawivedi, , “Neurolathyrism: New experimental findings” in Mammalian Models. Institute of Neurotoxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA (1985).

Analytical Biochemistry (1)

S.L.N. Rao, , Analytical Biochemistry  86, 386 (1978).

Biochemistry (1)

S.L.N. Rao and P.R. Adiga, and P.S. Sarma, , Biochemistry  3, 432 (1964).

Indian J. Agric. Sci. (1)

M.S. Swaminathan, M.S. Naik, and A.K. Kaul, and A. Austin, , Indian J. Agric. Sci.  41, 394 (1971).

Indian J. Genet. (1)

M. Quader and S.P. Singh, and G.K. Barat, , Indian J. Genet.  47(3), 275 (1987).

Journal of Medical Plant Research (1)

C.J. Briggs and N. Parreno, and C.G. Campbell, , Journal of Medical Plant Research  47, 188 (1983).

Phytochemistry (1)

V.V.S. Murthi and T.R. Seshadri, and T.A.V. Venkita-Subramanian, , Phytochemistry  3, 73 (1964).

Other (3)

P.S. Spencer, D.N. Roy, S.M. Ross, R.H.S. Schaumburg, and J. Zagonen, and M.P. Dawivedi, , “Neurolathyrism: New experimental findings” in Mammalian Models. Institute of Neurotoxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA (1985).

B. Abegaz and N. Kebede, and S. Asmelash, , in The Grass Pea: Threat and Promise, Proceedings of the International Network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the Eradication of Lathyrism. New York, Third World Medical Research Foundation, pp. 128–132 (1989).

G. Kisby and D.N. Roy, and P.S. Spencer, , in The Grass Pea: Threat and Promise, Proceedings of the International Network for the improvement of Lathyrus sativus and the Eradication of Lathyrism. New York, Third World Medical Research Foundation, pp. 133–138 (1989).

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