Abstract

Current techniques for the discrimination of varieties of rice is known not to be objective because of having to depend on the naked eye of a well trained inspector. DNA fingerprint methods, based on the genetic character of rice, has been shown to be inappropriate for on-site application because the method needs a lot of labour and skilled expertise.In order to solve these problems, many researchers have tried to develop a non-destructive method which possesses speed and functionality for the inspection centre of the government. Rice consumers want tot confirm cultivation origin and its variety because they believe price or eating score has a high correlation according to them. Sometimes illegal utilisation of rice has been reported and the variety name has been mismatched with the actual rice variety due to the non-establishment of objective techniques for discrimination of rice origin and variety.On the basis of this situation, we investigated the possibility of developing a non-destructive discriminant method for the domestic rice variety in this research.At the 8th IDRC held at Chambersburg in 1996 we reported that an image processing technique using a CCD camera could discriminate the variety of rice with high accuracy in the case of quite different shaped rice but the accuracy reached 90% for similarly shaped rice.At the prsent conference, near infrared spectroscopy, which can offer internal characters of a single rice kernel, giving useful information for identifying rice variety, was introduced. We have developed several tools for measuing the NIR spectra of whole, polished rice. The spectra using a single grain cell with grinding facilities was more effective than the others in accuracy of identification after principal component analysis.In conclusion, near infrared spectroscopy can be used to identify rice varieties even though even though accuracy of identification needs to be improved.

© 1998 NIR Publications

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  1. Y.K. Kwon and S. Yasumoto, , and R.K. Cho, “Identification of cultivating country of high-price agricultural products by NIR spectroscopy,”  7th International Conference on Near-Infrared Spectroscopy 20.8 (1995).
  2. T. Næs, , Multivariate Calibration. Norwegian Food Research Institute, Oslovegen 1, N-1430 Aas, Norway.
  3. M.R. Ellekjar, T. Næs, and T. Isaksson, and R. Solheim, , “Identification of sausages with fat-substitutes using near-infrared spectroscopy, Near Infrared Spectroscopy,”Bridging the Gap between Data Analysis and NIR Application , pp. 321–326.
  4. W.H. Thomson, and Y. Pomeranz, , Cereal Chem.  68(4), 357 (1991).
  5. I.Y. Zayas, K.B. Bechtel, and J.D. Wilson, and R.E. Dempster, , Cereal Chem.  71(1), 82 (1994).
  6. I.Y. Zayas, and J.L. Steele, , Cereal Chem.  73(1), 136 (1996).
  7. Y.R. Chen and S.R. Delwiche, and W.R. Hruschka, , Cereal Chem.  72(3), 317 (1995).
  8. S.R. Delwiche, and K.H. Norris, , Cereal Chem.  70, 29 (1993).

1996 (1)

I.Y. Zayas, and J.L. Steele, , Cereal Chem.  73(1), 136 (1996).

I.Y. Zayas, and J.L. Steele, , Cereal Chem.  73(1), 136 (1996).

1995 (1)

Y.R. Chen and S.R. Delwiche, and W.R. Hruschka, , Cereal Chem.  72(3), 317 (1995).

Y.R. Chen and S.R. Delwiche, and W.R. Hruschka, , Cereal Chem.  72(3), 317 (1995).

1994 (1)

I.Y. Zayas, K.B. Bechtel, and J.D. Wilson, and R.E. Dempster, , Cereal Chem.  71(1), 82 (1994).

I.Y. Zayas, K.B. Bechtel, and J.D. Wilson, and R.E. Dempster, , Cereal Chem.  71(1), 82 (1994).

1993 (1)

S.R. Delwiche, and K.H. Norris, , Cereal Chem.  70, 29 (1993).

S.R. Delwiche, and K.H. Norris, , Cereal Chem.  70, 29 (1993).

1991 (1)

W.H. Thomson, and Y. Pomeranz, , Cereal Chem.  68(4), 357 (1991).

W.H. Thomson, and Y. Pomeranz, , Cereal Chem.  68(4), 357 (1991).

Bechtel, K.B.

I.Y. Zayas, K.B. Bechtel, and J.D. Wilson, and R.E. Dempster, , Cereal Chem.  71(1), 82 (1994).

Chen, Y.R.

Y.R. Chen and S.R. Delwiche, and W.R. Hruschka, , Cereal Chem.  72(3), 317 (1995).

Cho, R.K.

Y.K. Kwon and S. Yasumoto, , and R.K. Cho, “Identification of cultivating country of high-price agricultural products by NIR spectroscopy,”  7th International Conference on Near-Infrared Spectroscopy 20.8 (1995).

Delwiche, S.R.

Y.R. Chen and S.R. Delwiche, and W.R. Hruschka, , Cereal Chem.  72(3), 317 (1995).

S.R. Delwiche, and K.H. Norris, , Cereal Chem.  70, 29 (1993).

Dempster, R.E.

I.Y. Zayas, K.B. Bechtel, and J.D. Wilson, and R.E. Dempster, , Cereal Chem.  71(1), 82 (1994).

Ellekjar, M.R.

M.R. Ellekjar, T. Næs, and T. Isaksson, and R. Solheim, , “Identification of sausages with fat-substitutes using near-infrared spectroscopy, Near Infrared Spectroscopy,”Bridging the Gap between Data Analysis and NIR Application , pp. 321–326.

Hruschka, W.R.

Y.R. Chen and S.R. Delwiche, and W.R. Hruschka, , Cereal Chem.  72(3), 317 (1995).

Isaksson, T.

M.R. Ellekjar, T. Næs, and T. Isaksson, and R. Solheim, , “Identification of sausages with fat-substitutes using near-infrared spectroscopy, Near Infrared Spectroscopy,”Bridging the Gap between Data Analysis and NIR Application , pp. 321–326.

Kwon, Y.K.

Y.K. Kwon and S. Yasumoto, , and R.K. Cho, “Identification of cultivating country of high-price agricultural products by NIR spectroscopy,”  7th International Conference on Near-Infrared Spectroscopy 20.8 (1995).

Næs, T.

T. Næs, , Multivariate Calibration. Norwegian Food Research Institute, Oslovegen 1, N-1430 Aas, Norway.

M.R. Ellekjar, T. Næs, and T. Isaksson, and R. Solheim, , “Identification of sausages with fat-substitutes using near-infrared spectroscopy, Near Infrared Spectroscopy,”Bridging the Gap between Data Analysis and NIR Application , pp. 321–326.

Norris, K.H.

S.R. Delwiche, and K.H. Norris, , Cereal Chem.  70, 29 (1993).

Pomeranz, Y.

W.H. Thomson, and Y. Pomeranz, , Cereal Chem.  68(4), 357 (1991).

Solheim, R.

M.R. Ellekjar, T. Næs, and T. Isaksson, and R. Solheim, , “Identification of sausages with fat-substitutes using near-infrared spectroscopy, Near Infrared Spectroscopy,”Bridging the Gap between Data Analysis and NIR Application , pp. 321–326.

Steele, J.L.

I.Y. Zayas, and J.L. Steele, , Cereal Chem.  73(1), 136 (1996).

Thomson, W.H.

W.H. Thomson, and Y. Pomeranz, , Cereal Chem.  68(4), 357 (1991).

Wilson, J.D.

I.Y. Zayas, K.B. Bechtel, and J.D. Wilson, and R.E. Dempster, , Cereal Chem.  71(1), 82 (1994).

Yasumoto, S.

Y.K. Kwon and S. Yasumoto, , and R.K. Cho, “Identification of cultivating country of high-price agricultural products by NIR spectroscopy,”  7th International Conference on Near-Infrared Spectroscopy 20.8 (1995).

Zayas, I.Y.

I.Y. Zayas, and J.L. Steele, , Cereal Chem.  73(1), 136 (1996).

I.Y. Zayas, K.B. Bechtel, and J.D. Wilson, and R.E. Dempster, , Cereal Chem.  71(1), 82 (1994).

Cereal Chem. (5)

W.H. Thomson, and Y. Pomeranz, , Cereal Chem.  68(4), 357 (1991).

I.Y. Zayas, K.B. Bechtel, and J.D. Wilson, and R.E. Dempster, , Cereal Chem.  71(1), 82 (1994).

I.Y. Zayas, and J.L. Steele, , Cereal Chem.  73(1), 136 (1996).

Y.R. Chen and S.R. Delwiche, and W.R. Hruschka, , Cereal Chem.  72(3), 317 (1995).

S.R. Delwiche, and K.H. Norris, , Cereal Chem.  70, 29 (1993).

Other (3)

Y.K. Kwon and S. Yasumoto, , and R.K. Cho, “Identification of cultivating country of high-price agricultural products by NIR spectroscopy,”  7th International Conference on Near-Infrared Spectroscopy 20.8 (1995).

T. Næs, , Multivariate Calibration. Norwegian Food Research Institute, Oslovegen 1, N-1430 Aas, Norway.

M.R. Ellekjar, T. Næs, and T. Isaksson, and R. Solheim, , “Identification of sausages with fat-substitutes using near-infrared spectroscopy, Near Infrared Spectroscopy,”Bridging the Gap between Data Analysis and NIR Application , pp. 321–326.

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