Abstract

This study was to develop a rapid and accurate NIR analysis method for determinations of alcohol, real extract, original gravity, total nitrogen and total polyphenols. Commercial European beers (110 samples) were used to create calibration models between EBC (European Brewing Committee) and NIR spectral data. The optimal correlation coefficients (r) were 0.94 to 0.98 and the corresponding CV% (coefficients of validation variation) were 4.29, 6.53, 4.50, 6.06 and 4.74 for NIR predictions of alcohol, real extract, original gravity, nitrogen and polyphenols, respectively. The stepwise MLR calibration proved to be a good choice for measurements of alcohol and original gravity, while PLS regression models seem to be better for the predictions of the real extract, nitrogen and polyphenols. Comparisons of results from MLR and PLS, demonstrate that MLR methods (log 1/R) are better than those of PLS (log 1/R) in calibration and prediction sets. The reflection mode is better than those of transmission in all above cases.

© 1998 NIR Publications

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. EBC Analysis Commitee, Manfred Moll (Chairman) et al., , Analytica-EBC , 4th edition, E-139 (8.7), E-149 (9.1.1) and E-157 (9.9.1) (1989).
  2. I.K. Brookes and B.N. Gedge, and S.V. Hammond, , in Near Infrared Spectroscopy: The Future Waves , Ed by A.M.C. Davies, and P. Williams, NIR Publications, Chichester, pp. 259–267 (1996).
  3. A.G. Cavinato, D.M. Mayes, and Z. Ge, and J.B. Callis, , Anal. Chem.  62, 1977 (1990).
  4. D. Picque, D. Lefier, and R. Grappin, and G. Corrieu, , Analytica Chimica Acta  279, 67 (1993).
  5. I.B. Benson, , in Near Infrared Spectroscopy: The Future Waves , Ed by A.M.C. Davies, and P. Williams, NIR Publications, Chichester, pp. 239–248 (1996).
  6. H. Martens, and T. Næs, , Multivariate Calibration. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester (1991).

1993 (1)

D. Picque, D. Lefier, and R. Grappin, and G. Corrieu, , Analytica Chimica Acta  279, 67 (1993).

D. Picque, D. Lefier, and R. Grappin, and G. Corrieu, , Analytica Chimica Acta  279, 67 (1993).

1990 (1)

A.G. Cavinato, D.M. Mayes, and Z. Ge, and J.B. Callis, , Anal. Chem.  62, 1977 (1990).

A.G. Cavinato, D.M. Mayes, and Z. Ge, and J.B. Callis, , Anal. Chem.  62, 1977 (1990).

Benson, I.B.

I.B. Benson, , in Near Infrared Spectroscopy: The Future Waves , Ed by A.M.C. Davies, and P. Williams, NIR Publications, Chichester, pp. 239–248 (1996).

Brookes, I.K.

I.K. Brookes and B.N. Gedge, and S.V. Hammond, , in Near Infrared Spectroscopy: The Future Waves , Ed by A.M.C. Davies, and P. Williams, NIR Publications, Chichester, pp. 259–267 (1996).

Callis, J.B.

A.G. Cavinato, D.M. Mayes, and Z. Ge, and J.B. Callis, , Anal. Chem.  62, 1977 (1990).

Cavinato, A.G.

A.G. Cavinato, D.M. Mayes, and Z. Ge, and J.B. Callis, , Anal. Chem.  62, 1977 (1990).

Corrieu, G.

D. Picque, D. Lefier, and R. Grappin, and G. Corrieu, , Analytica Chimica Acta  279, 67 (1993).

Ge, Z.

A.G. Cavinato, D.M. Mayes, and Z. Ge, and J.B. Callis, , Anal. Chem.  62, 1977 (1990).

Gedge, B.N.

I.K. Brookes and B.N. Gedge, and S.V. Hammond, , in Near Infrared Spectroscopy: The Future Waves , Ed by A.M.C. Davies, and P. Williams, NIR Publications, Chichester, pp. 259–267 (1996).

Grappin, R.

D. Picque, D. Lefier, and R. Grappin, and G. Corrieu, , Analytica Chimica Acta  279, 67 (1993).

Hammond, S.V.

I.K. Brookes and B.N. Gedge, and S.V. Hammond, , in Near Infrared Spectroscopy: The Future Waves , Ed by A.M.C. Davies, and P. Williams, NIR Publications, Chichester, pp. 259–267 (1996).

Lefier, D.

D. Picque, D. Lefier, and R. Grappin, and G. Corrieu, , Analytica Chimica Acta  279, 67 (1993).

Martens, H.

H. Martens, and T. Næs, , Multivariate Calibration. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester (1991).

Mayes, D.M.

A.G. Cavinato, D.M. Mayes, and Z. Ge, and J.B. Callis, , Anal. Chem.  62, 1977 (1990).

Næs, T.

H. Martens, and T. Næs, , Multivariate Calibration. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester (1991).

Picque, D.

D. Picque, D. Lefier, and R. Grappin, and G. Corrieu, , Analytica Chimica Acta  279, 67 (1993).

Anal. Chem. (1)

A.G. Cavinato, D.M. Mayes, and Z. Ge, and J.B. Callis, , Anal. Chem.  62, 1977 (1990).

Analytica Chimica Acta (1)

D. Picque, D. Lefier, and R. Grappin, and G. Corrieu, , Analytica Chimica Acta  279, 67 (1993).

Other (4)

I.B. Benson, , in Near Infrared Spectroscopy: The Future Waves , Ed by A.M.C. Davies, and P. Williams, NIR Publications, Chichester, pp. 239–248 (1996).

H. Martens, and T. Næs, , Multivariate Calibration. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester (1991).

EBC Analysis Commitee, Manfred Moll (Chairman) et al., , Analytica-EBC , 4th edition, E-139 (8.7), E-149 (9.1.1) and E-157 (9.9.1) (1989).

I.K. Brookes and B.N. Gedge, and S.V. Hammond, , in Near Infrared Spectroscopy: The Future Waves , Ed by A.M.C. Davies, and P. Williams, NIR Publications, Chichester, pp. 259–267 (1996).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.