Abstract

A new procedure (LOCAL) for local calibrations is presented. LOCAL selects spectra from a library of samples and computes a PLS calibration equation for each constituent of the sample. This study evaluated the performances of LOCAL on the prediction of ground corn grain and haylage using several different combinations of data transformations, wavelength segment reduction, number of PLS factors and samples used in calibration. LOCAL resulted in lower SEP values for all the constituents of corn and dry matter of haylage with improvements ranging between 6 to 13%. Global calibrations had only a small advantage over LOCAL (1–2%) in the prediction of acid detergent fibre and crude protein in haylage. The two most important variables controlling the accuracy of predictions were number of samples in the calibration and number of PLS factors in the solution. Best results were obtained using 150 to 225 samples and more than 20 PLS factors per calibration equation. The speed of the LOCAL procedure is 0.5–2 s per sample on a 90 MHz computer. With this speed and accuracy, LOCAL is now available for real-time routine operation on a Windows platform.

© 1997 NIR Publications

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