Abstract

Soils in arid and semi-arid regions are strongly affected by the accumulation of carbonates, gypsum and other, more soluble, salts. Carbonates and gypsum both have a considerable influence on soil properties, especially the chemical properties of the soil solution. The development of reliable, fast and inexpensive methods to quantify the amounts of carbonates and gypsum in soil is therefore important. Visible and near infrared (vis-NIR) spectroscopy is a non-destructive, rapid and cheap method for measuring several soil properties simultaneously. However, research on vis-NIR spectroscopy in quantifying carbonates and gypsum is limited. Therefore, this study evaluated the efficiency of vis-NIR spectroscopy in quantifying carbonates and gypsum in surface soils using partial least-squares regression (PLSR) compared with standard laboratory methods and compared PLSR with a feature-specific method using continuum removal (CR). Carbonates and gypsum in a total of 251 sieved and air-dried topsoil samples from Isfahan Province in central Iran were measured by standard laboratory methods and vis-NIR spectroscopy (350–2500 nm wavelength range). In parallel, PLSR and the feature- specific method based on CR spectra were used to predict carbonates and gypsum. The PLSR model efficiency (E) for carbonates and gypsum in the validation set was 0.52 and 0.80, respectively. The PLSR model resulted in better predictions than the feature-specific method for both soil properties. Because of the unique absorption features of gypsum, which did not overlap with other soil properties, predictions of gypsum resulted in higher E values and lower errors than predictions of carbonates.

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2014 (1)

J.P. Gras, B.G. Barthès, and B. Mahaut, and S. Trupin. “Best practices for obtaining and processing field visible and near infrared (VNIR) spectra of topsoils”, Geoderma  214–215, 126 (2014). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.09.021

J.P. Gras, B.G. Barthès, and B. Mahaut, and S. Trupin. “Best practices for obtaining and processing field visible and near infrared (VNIR) spectra of topsoils”, Geoderma  214–215, 126 (2014). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.09.021

2013 (2)

L. Xuemei, and L. Jianshe. “Measurement of soil properties using visible and short wave-near infrared spectroscopy and multivariate calibration”, Measurement  46, 3808 (2013). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2013.07.007

L. Xuemei, and L. Jianshe. “Measurement of soil properties using visible and short wave-near infrared spectroscopy and multivariate calibration”, Measurement  46, 3808 (2013). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2013.07.007

E. Zelikman, and E. Carmina. “The spectral response characteristics of the soils and their possible estimation by using partial least square regression (PLSR) analysis”, Int. J. Geomat. Geosci.  3, 438 (2013).

E. Zelikman, and E. Carmina. “The spectral response characteristics of the soils and their possible estimation by using partial least square regression (PLSR) analysis”, Int. J. Geomat. Geosci.  3, 438 (2013).

2012 (1)

K.J. Naithani and B.E. Ewers, and E. Pendall. “Sap flux-scaled transpiration and stomatal conductance response to soil and atmospheric drought in a semi-arid sagebrush ecosystem”, J. Hydrol.  464–465, 176 (2012). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13592-013-0221-x

K.J. Naithani and B.E. Ewers, and E. Pendall. “Sap flux-scaled transpiration and stomatal conductance response to soil and atmospheric drought in a semi-arid sagebrush ecosystem”, J. Hydrol.  464–465, 176 (2012). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13592-013-0221-x

2011 (4)

D. Summers, M. Lewis, and B. Ostendorf, and D. Chittleborough. “Visible near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy as a predictive indicator of soil properties”, Ecol. Indic.  11, 123 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.05.001

D. Summers, M. Lewis, and B. Ostendorf, and D. Chittleborough. “Visible near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy as a predictive indicator of soil properties”, Ecol. Indic.  11, 123 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.05.001

Viscarra R.A. Rossel. “Fine-resolution multiscale mapping of clay minerals in Australian soils measured with near infrared spectra”, J. Geophys. Res.: Earth Surf.  116, F04023 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JF001977

V. Bellon-Maurel, and A. McBratney. “Near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopic techniques for assessing the amount of carbon stock in soils—critical review and research perspectives”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  43, 1398 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.02.019

V. Bellon-Maurel, and A. McBratney. “Near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopic techniques for assessing the amount of carbon stock in soils—critical review and research perspectives”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  43, 1398 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.02.019

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

2010 (3)

Volkan A. Bilgili, H.M. van Es, F. Akbas, and A. Durak, and W.D. Hively. “Visible-near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for assessment of soil properties in a semi-arid area of Turkey”, J. Arid Environ.  74, 229 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.08.011

Volkan A. Bilgili, H.M. van Es, F. Akbas, and A. Durak, and W.D. Hively. “Visible-near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for assessment of soil properties in a semi-arid area of Turkey”, J. Arid Environ.  74, 229 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.08.011

C. Guerrero and R.A.V. Rossel, and A.M. Mouazen. “Special issue ‘Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy in Soil Science and Land Resource Assessment’”, Geoderma  158, 1 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.05.008

C. Guerrero and R.A.V. Rossel, and A.M. Mouazen. “Special issue ‘Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy in Soil Science and Land Resource Assessment’”, Geoderma  158, 1 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.05.008

F. Visconti and J.M. De Paz, and J.L. Rubio. “Calcite and gypsum solubility products in water-saturated salt-affected soil samples at 25°C and at least up to 14 Ds M-1”, Eur. J. Soil Sci.  61, 255 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2009.01214.x

F. Visconti and J.M. De Paz, and J.L. Rubio. “Calcite and gypsum solubility products in water-saturated salt-affected soil samples at 25°C and at least up to 14 Ds M-1”, Eur. J. Soil Sci.  61, 255 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2009.01214.x

2009 (1)

Viscarra R.A. Rossel, S.R. Cattle, and A. Ortega, and Y. Fouad. “In situ measurements of soil colour, mineral composition and clay content by vis-NIR spectroscopy”, Geoderma  150, 253 (2009). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.01.025

Viscarra R.A. Rossel, S.R. Cattle, and A. Ortega, and Y. Fouad. “In situ measurements of soil colour, mineral composition and clay content by vis-NIR spectroscopy”, Geoderma  150, 253 (2009). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.01.025

2008 (5)

R. Zornoza, C. Guerrero, J. Mataix-Solera, K.M. Scow, and V. Arcenegui, and J. Mataix-Beneyto. “Near infrared spectroscopy for determination of various physical, chemical and biochemical properties in Mediterranean soils”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  40, 1923 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.003

R. Zornoza, C. Guerrero, J. Mataix-Solera, K.M. Scow, and V. Arcenegui, and J. Mataix-Beneyto. “Near infrared spectroscopy for determination of various physical, chemical and biochemical properties in Mediterranean soils”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  40, 1923 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.003

S. Kefi and M. Rietkerk, and G.G. Katul. “Vegetation pattern shift as a result of rising atmospheric CO2 in arid ecosystems”, Theor. Popul. Biol.  74, 332 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2008.09.004

S. Kefi and M. Rietkerk, and G.G. Katul. “Vegetation pattern shift as a result of rising atmospheric CO2 in arid ecosystems”, Theor. Popul. Biol.  74, 332 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2008.09.004

G.M. Vasques and S. Grunwald, and J.O. Sickman. “Comparison of multivariate methods for inferential modeling of soil carbon using visible/near-infrared spectra”, Geoderma  146, 14 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.04.007

G.M. Vasques and S. Grunwald, and J.O. Sickman. “Comparison of multivariate methods for inferential modeling of soil carbon using visible/near-infrared spectra”, Geoderma  146, 14 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.04.007

C. Gomez and P. Lagacherie, and G. Coulouma. “Continuum removal versus plsr method for clay and calcium carbonate content estimation from laboratory and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Geoderma  148, 141 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.09.016

C. Gomez and P. Lagacherie, and G. Coulouma. “Continuum removal versus plsr method for clay and calcium carbonate content estimation from laboratory and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Geoderma  148, 141 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.09.016

P. Lagacherie, F. Baret, J.-B. Feret, and Madeira J. Netto, and J.M. Robbez-Masson. “Estimation of soil clay and calcium carbonate using laboratory, field and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Remote Sens. Environ.  112, 825 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2007.06.014

P. Lagacherie, F. Baret, J.-B. Feret, and Madeira J. Netto, and J.M. Robbez-Masson. “Estimation of soil clay and calcium carbonate using laboratory, field and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Remote Sens. Environ.  112, 825 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2007.06.014

2006 (1)

Madeira J.S. Netto and J.M. Robbez-Masson, and E. Martins. Visible-NIR Hyperspectral Imagery for Discriminating Soil Types in the La Peyne Watershed (France) ,  vol. 31 (2006).

Madeira J.S. Netto and J.M. Robbez-Masson, and E. Martins. Visible-NIR Hyperspectral Imagery for Discriminating Soil Types in the La Peyne Watershed (France) ,  vol. 31 (2006).

2005 (1)

F. Lamas, C. Irigaray, and C. Oteo, and J. Chacón. “Selection of the most appropriate method to determine the carbonate content for engineering purposes with particular regard to marls”, Eng. Geol.  81, 32 (2005). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.07.005

F. Lamas, C. Irigaray, and C. Oteo, and J. Chacón. “Selection of the most appropriate method to determine the carbonate content for engineering purposes with particular regard to marls”, Eng. Geol.  81, 32 (2005). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.07.005

2003 (1)

K.S. Schmidt, and A.K. Skidmore. “Spectral discrimination of vegetation types in a coastal wetland”, Remote Sens. Environ.  85, 92 (2003). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00196-7

K.S. Schmidt, and A.K. Skidmore. “Spectral discrimination of vegetation types in a coastal wetland”, Remote Sens. Environ.  85, 92 (2003). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00196-7

1998 (1)

J. Porta. “Methodologies for the analysis and characterization of gypsum in soils: A review”, Geoderma  87, 31 (1998). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(98)00067-6

1996 (1)

H.N. Le Houérou. “Climate change, drought and desertification”, J. Arid Environ.  34, 133 (1996). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jare.1996.0099

1995 (2)

B. Stenberg and E. Nordkvist, and L. Salomonsson. “Use of near infrared reflectance spectra of soils for objective selection of samples”, Soil Sci.  159, 109 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199502000-00005

B. Stenberg and E. Nordkvist, and L. Salomonsson. “Use of near infrared reflectance spectra of soils for objective selection of samples”, Soil Sci.  159, 109 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199502000-00005

E. Ben-Dor, and A. Banin. “Near-infrared analysis as a rapid method to simultaneously evaluate several soil properties”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  59, 364 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1995.03615995005900020014x

E. Ben-Dor, and A. Banin. “Near-infrared analysis as a rapid method to simultaneously evaluate several soil properties”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  59, 364 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1995.03615995005900020014x

1992 (1)

J. Herrero and J. Porta, and N. Fedoroff. “Hypergypsic soil micromorphology and landscape relationships in northern Spain”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  56, 1188 (1992).

J. Herrero and J. Porta, and N. Fedoroff. “Hypergypsic soil micromorphology and landscape relationships in northern Spain”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  56, 1188 (1992).

1990 (1)

R.N. Clark, T.V.V. King, M. Klejwa, and G.A. Swayze, and N. Vergo. “High spectral resolution reflectance spectroscopy of minerals”, J. Geophys. Res.  95, 12 (1990). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB095iB08p12653

R.N. Clark, T.V.V. King, M. Klejwa, and G.A. Swayze, and N. Vergo. “High spectral resolution reflectance spectroscopy of minerals”, J. Geophys. Res.  95, 12 (1990). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB095iB08p12653

1988 (2)

A. Watson. “Desert gypsum crusts as palaeoenvironmental indicators: A micropetrographic study of crusts from southern Tunisia and the Central Namib Desert”, J. Arid Environ.  15, 19 (1988).

M.C. Rabenhorst. “Determination of organic and carbonate carbon in calcareous soils using dry combustion”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  52, 965 (1988). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200040012x

1984 (2)

R.N. Clark, and T.L. Roush. “Reflectance spectroscopy: Quantitative analysis techniques for remote sensing applications”, J. Geophys. Res.  89, 6329 (1984). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB089iB07p06329

R.N. Clark, and T.L. Roush. “Reflectance spectroscopy: Quantitative analysis techniques for remote sensing applications”, J. Geophys. Res.  89, 6329 (1984). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB089iB07p06329

E.G. Akpokdje. “The occurrence of bassanite in some Australian arid-zone soils”Chem. Geol.  47, 361 (1984)

1972 (1)

L.G. Bundy, and J.M. Bremner. “Simple titrimetric method for determination of inorganic carbon in soils”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc.  36, 273 (1972). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1972.03615995003600020021x

L.G. Bundy, and J.M. Bremner. “Simple titrimetric method for determination of inorganic carbon in soils”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc.  36, 273 (1972). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1972.03615995003600020021x

1971 (2)

G.R. Hunt, and J.W. Salisbury. “Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: II. Carbonates”, Mod. Geol.  2, 23 (1971).

G.R. Hunt, and J.W. Salisbury. “Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: II. Carbonates”, Mod. Geol.  2, 23 (1971).

G.R. Hunt and J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff. “Visible and near infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: IV. Sulphides and sulphates”, Mod. Geol.  3, 1 (1971).

G.R. Hunt and J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff. “Visible and near infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: IV. Sulphides and sulphates”, Mod. Geol.  3, 1 (1971).

1964 (1)

A. Savitzky, and M. Golay. “Smoothing and differentiation of data by simplified least squares procedures”, Anal. Chem.  36, 1627 (1964). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac60214a047

A. Savitzky, and M. Golay. “Smoothing and differentiation of data by simplified least squares procedures”, Anal. Chem.  36, 1627 (1964). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac60214a047

1962 (2)

A. Dreimanis. “Quantitative gasometric determination of calcite and dolomite by using Chittick apparatus”, J. Sediment. Petrol.  32, 520 (1962). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1306/74d70d08-2b21-11d7-8648000102c1865d

R. Smith, and V.C. Robertson. “Soil and irrigation classification of shallow soils overlying gypsum beds, northern Iraq”, J. Soil Sci.  13, 106 (1962). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1962.tb00687.x

R. Smith, and V.C. Robertson. “Soil and irrigation classification of shallow soils overlying gypsum beds, northern Iraq”, J. Soil Sci.  13, 106 (1962). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1962.tb00687.x

1955 (1)

A.E. Martin, and R. Reeve. “A rapid manometric method for determining soil carbonate”, Soil Sci.  79, 187 (1955). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195503000-00003

A.E. Martin, and R. Reeve. “A rapid manometric method for determining soil carbonate”, Soil Sci.  79, 187 (1955). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195503000-00003

1948 (1)

C.A. Bower, and R.B. Huss. “Rapid conductometric method for estimating gypsum in soils”, Soil Sci.  66, 199 (1948). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194809000-00006

C.A. Bower, and R.B. Huss. “Rapid conductometric method for estimating gypsum in soils”, Soil Sci.  66, 199 (1948). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194809000-00006

Akbas, F.

Volkan A. Bilgili, H.M. van Es, F. Akbas, and A. Durak, and W.D. Hively. “Visible-near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for assessment of soil properties in a semi-arid area of Turkey”, J. Arid Environ.  74, 229 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.08.011

Akpokdje, E.G.

E.G. Akpokdje. “The occurrence of bassanite in some Australian arid-zone soils”Chem. Geol.  47, 361 (1984)

Allison, L.E.

L.E. Allison, and C.D. Moodie. “Carbonate,” in Methods of Soil Analysis , vol. 9, 2nd edition, Ed by C.A. Black, Agronomy Monograph, ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI (1965).

Arcenegui, V.

R. Zornoza, C. Guerrero, J. Mataix-Solera, K.M. Scow, and V. Arcenegui, and J. Mataix-Beneyto. “Near infrared spectroscopy for determination of various physical, chemical and biochemical properties in Mediterranean soils”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  40, 1923 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.003

Artieda, O.

O. Artieda. Factores Geológicos Que Inciden En El Desarrollo De Los Suelos En Un Medio Semiárido.  MS thesis, Universidad de Zaragoza (1993).

Bai, W.

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

Banin, A.

E. Ben-Dor, and A. Banin. “Near-infrared analysis as a rapid method to simultaneously evaluate several soil properties”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  59, 364 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1995.03615995005900020014x

Baret, F.

P. Lagacherie, F. Baret, J.-B. Feret, and Madeira J. Netto, and J.M. Robbez-Masson. “Estimation of soil clay and calcium carbonate using laboratory, field and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Remote Sens. Environ.  112, 825 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2007.06.014

Barthès, B.G.

J.P. Gras, B.G. Barthès, and B. Mahaut, and S. Trupin. “Best practices for obtaining and processing field visible and near infrared (VNIR) spectra of topsoils”, Geoderma  214–215, 126 (2014). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.09.021

Bellon-Maurel, V.

V. Bellon-Maurel, and A. McBratney. “Near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopic techniques for assessing the amount of carbon stock in soils—critical review and research perspectives”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  43, 1398 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.02.019

Ben-Dor, E.

E. Ben-Dor, and A. Banin. “Near-infrared analysis as a rapid method to simultaneously evaluate several soil properties”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  59, 364 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1995.03615995005900020014x

Bilgili, Volkan A.

Volkan A. Bilgili, H.M. van Es, F. Akbas, and A. Durak, and W.D. Hively. “Visible-near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for assessment of soil properties in a semi-arid area of Turkey”, J. Arid Environ.  74, 229 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.08.011

Bower, C.A.

C.A. Bower, and R.B. Huss. “Rapid conductometric method for estimating gypsum in soils”, Soil Sci.  66, 199 (1948). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194809000-00006

Bremner, J.M.

L.G. Bundy, and J.M. Bremner. “Simple titrimetric method for determination of inorganic carbon in soils”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc.  36, 273 (1972). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1972.03615995003600020021x

Bundy, L.G.

L.G. Bundy, and J.M. Bremner. “Simple titrimetric method for determination of inorganic carbon in soils”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc.  36, 273 (1972). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1972.03615995003600020021x

Carmina, E.

E. Zelikman, and E. Carmina. “The spectral response characteristics of the soils and their possible estimation by using partial least square regression (PLSR) analysis”, Int. J. Geomat. Geosci.  3, 438 (2013).

Cattle, S.R.

Viscarra R.A. Rossel, S.R. Cattle, and A. Ortega, and Y. Fouad. “In situ measurements of soil colour, mineral composition and clay content by vis-NIR spectroscopy”, Geoderma  150, 253 (2009). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.01.025

Chacón, J.

F. Lamas, C. Irigaray, and C. Oteo, and J. Chacón. “Selection of the most appropriate method to determine the carbonate content for engineering purposes with particular regard to marls”, Eng. Geol.  81, 32 (2005). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.07.005

Chittleborough, D.

D. Summers, M. Lewis, and B. Ostendorf, and D. Chittleborough. “Visible near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy as a predictive indicator of soil properties”, Ecol. Indic.  11, 123 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.05.001

Clark, R.N.

R.N. Clark, T.V.V. King, M. Klejwa, and G.A. Swayze, and N. Vergo. “High spectral resolution reflectance spectroscopy of minerals”, J. Geophys. Res.  95, 12 (1990). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB095iB08p12653

R.N. Clark, and T.L. Roush. “Reflectance spectroscopy: Quantitative analysis techniques for remote sensing applications”, J. Geophys. Res.  89, 6329 (1984). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB089iB07p06329

Coulouma, G.

C. Gomez and P. Lagacherie, and G. Coulouma. “Continuum removal versus plsr method for clay and calcium carbonate content estimation from laboratory and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Geoderma  148, 141 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.09.016

De Paz, J.M.

F. Visconti and J.M. De Paz, and J.L. Rubio. “Calcite and gypsum solubility products in water-saturated salt-affected soil samples at 25°C and at least up to 14 Ds M-1”, Eur. J. Soil Sci.  61, 255 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2009.01214.x

Doner, H.E.

H.E. Doner, and W.C. Lynn. “Carbonate, halide, sulfate and sulfide minerals,” in Minerals in Soil Environments , 2nd edition, Ed by J.B. Dixon, and S.B. Weed, Soil Science Society of America , Madison, WI, p. 75 (1989).

Dong, Y.-W.

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

Dreimanis, A.

A. Dreimanis. “Quantitative gasometric determination of calcite and dolomite by using Chittick apparatus”, J. Sediment. Petrol.  32, 520 (1962). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1306/74d70d08-2b21-11d7-8648000102c1865d

Durak, A.

Volkan A. Bilgili, H.M. van Es, F. Akbas, and A. Durak, and W.D. Hively. “Visible-near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for assessment of soil properties in a semi-arid area of Turkey”, J. Arid Environ.  74, 229 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.08.011

Ewers, B.E.

K.J. Naithani and B.E. Ewers, and E. Pendall. “Sap flux-scaled transpiration and stomatal conductance response to soil and atmospheric drought in a semi-arid sagebrush ecosystem”, J. Hydrol.  464–465, 176 (2012). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13592-013-0221-x

Fan, Z.-N.

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

Fedoroff, N.

J. Herrero and J. Porta, and N. Fedoroff. “Hypergypsic soil micromorphology and landscape relationships in northern Spain”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  56, 1188 (1992).

Feret, J.-B.

P. Lagacherie, F. Baret, J.-B. Feret, and Madeira J. Netto, and J.M. Robbez-Masson. “Estimation of soil clay and calcium carbonate using laboratory, field and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Remote Sens. Environ.  112, 825 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2007.06.014

Fouad, Y.

Viscarra R.A. Rossel, S.R. Cattle, and A. Ortega, and Y. Fouad. “In situ measurements of soil colour, mineral composition and clay content by vis-NIR spectroscopy”, Geoderma  150, 253 (2009). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.01.025

Freeman, J.J.

Y. Liu and A. Wang. and J.J. Freeman. “Raman, MIR and NIR spectroscopic study of calcium sulfates: Gypsum, bassanite and anhydrite”, in Proceedings of the 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference , 23–27 March 2009, The Woodlands, TX. http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2009/pdf/2128.pdf (2009)

Golay, M.

A. Savitzky, and M. Golay. “Smoothing and differentiation of data by simplified least squares procedures”, Anal. Chem.  36, 1627 (1964). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac60214a047

Gomez, C.

C. Gomez and P. Lagacherie, and G. Coulouma. “Continuum removal versus plsr method for clay and calcium carbonate content estimation from laboratory and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Geoderma  148, 141 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.09.016

Gras, J.P.

J.P. Gras, B.G. Barthès, and B. Mahaut, and S. Trupin. “Best practices for obtaining and processing field visible and near infrared (VNIR) spectra of topsoils”, Geoderma  214–215, 126 (2014). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.09.021

Grunwald, S.

G.M. Vasques and S. Grunwald, and J.O. Sickman. “Comparison of multivariate methods for inferential modeling of soil carbon using visible/near-infrared spectra”, Geoderma  146, 14 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.04.007

Guerrero, C.

C. Guerrero and R.A.V. Rossel, and A.M. Mouazen. “Special issue ‘Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy in Soil Science and Land Resource Assessment’”, Geoderma  158, 1 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.05.008

R. Zornoza, C. Guerrero, J. Mataix-Solera, K.M. Scow, and V. Arcenegui, and J. Mataix-Beneyto. “Near infrared spectroscopy for determination of various physical, chemical and biochemical properties in Mediterranean soils”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  40, 1923 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.003

Herrero, J.

J. Herrero and J. Porta, and N. Fedoroff. “Hypergypsic soil micromorphology and landscape relationships in northern Spain”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  56, 1188 (1992).

Hively, W.D.

Volkan A. Bilgili, H.M. van Es, F. Akbas, and A. Durak, and W.D. Hively. “Visible-near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for assessment of soil properties in a semi-arid area of Turkey”, J. Arid Environ.  74, 229 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.08.011

Hunt, G.R.

G.R. Hunt and J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff. “Visible and near infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: IV. Sulphides and sulphates”, Mod. Geol.  3, 1 (1971).

G.R. Hunt, and J.W. Salisbury. “Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: II. Carbonates”, Mod. Geol.  2, 23 (1971).

Huss, R.B.

C.A. Bower, and R.B. Huss. “Rapid conductometric method for estimating gypsum in soils”, Soil Sci.  66, 199 (1948). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194809000-00006

Irigaray, C.

F. Lamas, C. Irigaray, and C. Oteo, and J. Chacón. “Selection of the most appropriate method to determine the carbonate content for engineering purposes with particular regard to marls”, Eng. Geol.  81, 32 (2005). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.07.005

Jianshe, L.

L. Xuemei, and L. Jianshe. “Measurement of soil properties using visible and short wave-near infrared spectroscopy and multivariate calibration”, Measurement  46, 3808 (2013). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2013.07.007

Katul, G.G.

S. Kefi and M. Rietkerk, and G.G. Katul. “Vegetation pattern shift as a result of rising atmospheric CO2 in arid ecosystems”, Theor. Popul. Biol.  74, 332 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2008.09.004

Kefi, S.

S. Kefi and M. Rietkerk, and G.G. Katul. “Vegetation pattern shift as a result of rising atmospheric CO2 in arid ecosystems”, Theor. Popul. Biol.  74, 332 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2008.09.004

King, T.V.V.

R.N. Clark, T.V.V. King, M. Klejwa, and G.A. Swayze, and N. Vergo. “High spectral resolution reflectance spectroscopy of minerals”, J. Geophys. Res.  95, 12 (1990). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB095iB08p12653

Klejwa, M.

R.N. Clark, T.V.V. King, M. Klejwa, and G.A. Swayze, and N. Vergo. “High spectral resolution reflectance spectroscopy of minerals”, J. Geophys. Res.  95, 12 (1990). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB095iB08p12653

Lagacherie, P.

P. Lagacherie, F. Baret, J.-B. Feret, and Madeira J. Netto, and J.M. Robbez-Masson. “Estimation of soil clay and calcium carbonate using laboratory, field and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Remote Sens. Environ.  112, 825 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2007.06.014

C. Gomez and P. Lagacherie, and G. Coulouma. “Continuum removal versus plsr method for clay and calcium carbonate content estimation from laboratory and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Geoderma  148, 141 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.09.016

Lamas, F.

F. Lamas, C. Irigaray, and C. Oteo, and J. Chacón. “Selection of the most appropriate method to determine the carbonate content for engineering purposes with particular regard to marls”, Eng. Geol.  81, 32 (2005). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.07.005

Le Houérou, H.N.

H.N. Le Houérou. “Climate change, drought and desertification”, J. Arid Environ.  34, 133 (1996). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jare.1996.0099

Lenhoff, C.J.

G.R. Hunt and J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff. “Visible and near infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: IV. Sulphides and sulphates”, Mod. Geol.  3, 1 (1971).

Lewis, M.

D. Summers, M. Lewis, and B. Ostendorf, and D. Chittleborough. “Visible near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy as a predictive indicator of soil properties”, Ecol. Indic.  11, 123 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.05.001

Li, Q.-Z.

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

Li, Y.-Z.

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu and A. Wang. and J.J. Freeman. “Raman, MIR and NIR spectroscopic study of calcium sulfates: Gypsum, bassanite and anhydrite”, in Proceedings of the 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference , 23–27 March 2009, The Woodlands, TX. http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2009/pdf/2128.pdf (2009)

Loeppert, R.H.

R.H. Loeppert, and D.L. Suarez. “Carbonate and gypsum,” in Methods of Soil Analysis vol. 5, D.L. Sparks, A.L. Page, P.A. Helmke, R.H. Loeppert, P.N. Soltanpour, M.A. Tabatabai, and C.T. Johnson, and M.E. Sumner. Eds. SSSAMadison, WI (1996).

Lynn, W.C.

H.E. Doner, and W.C. Lynn. “Carbonate, halide, sulfate and sulfide minerals,” in Minerals in Soil Environments , 2nd edition, Ed by J.B. Dixon, and S.B. Weed, Soil Science Society of America , Madison, WI, p. 75 (1989).

Mahaut, B.

J.P. Gras, B.G. Barthès, and B. Mahaut, and S. Trupin. “Best practices for obtaining and processing field visible and near infrared (VNIR) spectra of topsoils”, Geoderma  214–215, 126 (2014). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.09.021

Martens, H.

H. Martens, and T. Naes. Multivariate Calibration. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK (1989).

Martin, A.E.

A.E. Martin, and R. Reeve. “A rapid manometric method for determining soil carbonate”, Soil Sci.  79, 187 (1955). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195503000-00003

Martins, E.

Madeira J.S. Netto and J.M. Robbez-Masson, and E. Martins. Visible-NIR Hyperspectral Imagery for Discriminating Soil Types in the La Peyne Watershed (France) ,  vol. 31 (2006).

Mataix-Beneyto, J.

R. Zornoza, C. Guerrero, J. Mataix-Solera, K.M. Scow, and V. Arcenegui, and J. Mataix-Beneyto. “Near infrared spectroscopy for determination of various physical, chemical and biochemical properties in Mediterranean soils”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  40, 1923 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.003

Mataix-Solera, J.

R. Zornoza, C. Guerrero, J. Mataix-Solera, K.M. Scow, and V. Arcenegui, and J. Mataix-Beneyto. “Near infrared spectroscopy for determination of various physical, chemical and biochemical properties in Mediterranean soils”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  40, 1923 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.003

McBratney, A.

V. Bellon-Maurel, and A. McBratney. “Near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopic techniques for assessing the amount of carbon stock in soils—critical review and research perspectives”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  43, 1398 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.02.019

Monger, H.C.

H.C. Monger. “Arid soils”, in Encyclopedia of Soil Science , vol. 1, 2nd edition, Ed by R. Lal, Taylor & Francis/CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL (2006).

Moodie, C.D.

L.E. Allison, and C.D. Moodie. “Carbonate,” in Methods of Soil Analysis , vol. 9, 2nd edition, Ed by C.A. Black, Agronomy Monograph, ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, WI (1965).

Mouazen, A.M.

C. Guerrero and R.A.V. Rossel, and A.M. Mouazen. “Special issue ‘Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy in Soil Science and Land Resource Assessment’”, Geoderma  158, 1 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.05.008

B. Stenberg, Viscarra R.A. Rossel, and A.M. Mouazen, and J. Wetterlind. “Visible and near infrared spectroscopy in soil science”, in Advances in Agronomy 107, 163, Ed by L.S. Donald, Academic Press, London (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(10)07005-7

Naes, T.

H. Martens, and T. Naes. Multivariate Calibration. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK (1989).

Naithani, K.J.

K.J. Naithani and B.E. Ewers, and E. Pendall. “Sap flux-scaled transpiration and stomatal conductance response to soil and atmospheric drought in a semi-arid sagebrush ecosystem”, J. Hydrol.  464–465, 176 (2012). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13592-013-0221-x

Nelson, R.E.

R.E. Nelson. “Carbonate and Gypsum,” in Methods of Soil Analysis , 2nd edition, vol. 9, Ed by A.L.E.A. Page, SSSA, Madison, WI (1982).

Netto, Madeira J.

P. Lagacherie, F. Baret, J.-B. Feret, and Madeira J. Netto, and J.M. Robbez-Masson. “Estimation of soil clay and calcium carbonate using laboratory, field and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Remote Sens. Environ.  112, 825 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2007.06.014

Netto, Madeira J.S.

Madeira J.S. Netto and J.M. Robbez-Masson, and E. Martins. Visible-NIR Hyperspectral Imagery for Discriminating Soil Types in the La Peyne Watershed (France) ,  vol. 31 (2006).

Nordkvist, E.

B. Stenberg and E. Nordkvist, and L. Salomonsson. “Use of near infrared reflectance spectra of soils for objective selection of samples”, Soil Sci.  159, 109 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199502000-00005

Ortega, A.

Viscarra R.A. Rossel, S.R. Cattle, and A. Ortega, and Y. Fouad. “In situ measurements of soil colour, mineral composition and clay content by vis-NIR spectroscopy”, Geoderma  150, 253 (2009). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.01.025

Ostendorf, B.

D. Summers, M. Lewis, and B. Ostendorf, and D. Chittleborough. “Visible near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy as a predictive indicator of soil properties”, Ecol. Indic.  11, 123 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.05.001

Oteo, C.

F. Lamas, C. Irigaray, and C. Oteo, and J. Chacón. “Selection of the most appropriate method to determine the carbonate content for engineering purposes with particular regard to marls”, Eng. Geol.  81, 32 (2005). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.07.005

Pendall, E.

K.J. Naithani and B.E. Ewers, and E. Pendall. “Sap flux-scaled transpiration and stomatal conductance response to soil and atmospheric drought in a semi-arid sagebrush ecosystem”, J. Hydrol.  464–465, 176 (2012). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13592-013-0221-x

Porta, J.

J. Porta. “Methodologies for the analysis and characterization of gypsum in soils: A review”, Geoderma  87, 31 (1998). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(98)00067-6

J. Herrero and J. Porta, and N. Fedoroff. “Hypergypsic soil micromorphology and landscape relationships in northern Spain”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  56, 1188 (1992).

Rabenhorst, M.C.

M.C. Rabenhorst. “Determination of organic and carbonate carbon in calcareous soils using dry combustion”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  52, 965 (1988). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200040012x

Reeve, R.

A.E. Martin, and R. Reeve. “A rapid manometric method for determining soil carbonate”, Soil Sci.  79, 187 (1955). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195503000-00003

Rietkerk, M.

S. Kefi and M. Rietkerk, and G.G. Katul. “Vegetation pattern shift as a result of rising atmospheric CO2 in arid ecosystems”, Theor. Popul. Biol.  74, 332 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2008.09.004

Robbez-Masson, J.M.

P. Lagacherie, F. Baret, J.-B. Feret, and Madeira J. Netto, and J.M. Robbez-Masson. “Estimation of soil clay and calcium carbonate using laboratory, field and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Remote Sens. Environ.  112, 825 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2007.06.014

Madeira J.S. Netto and J.M. Robbez-Masson, and E. Martins. Visible-NIR Hyperspectral Imagery for Discriminating Soil Types in the La Peyne Watershed (France) ,  vol. 31 (2006).

Robertson, V.C.

R. Smith, and V.C. Robertson. “Soil and irrigation classification of shallow soils overlying gypsum beds, northern Iraq”, J. Soil Sci.  13, 106 (1962). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1962.tb00687.x

Rossel, R.A.V.

C. Guerrero and R.A.V. Rossel, and A.M. Mouazen. “Special issue ‘Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy in Soil Science and Land Resource Assessment’”, Geoderma  158, 1 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.05.008

Rossel, Viscarra R.A.

Viscarra R.A. Rossel. “Fine-resolution multiscale mapping of clay minerals in Australian soils measured with near infrared spectra”, J. Geophys. Res.: Earth Surf.  116, F04023 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JF001977

Viscarra R.A. Rossel, S.R. Cattle, and A. Ortega, and Y. Fouad. “In situ measurements of soil colour, mineral composition and clay content by vis-NIR spectroscopy”, Geoderma  150, 253 (2009). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.01.025

B. Stenberg, Viscarra R.A. Rossel, and A.M. Mouazen, and J. Wetterlind. “Visible and near infrared spectroscopy in soil science”, in Advances in Agronomy 107, 163, Ed by L.S. Donald, Academic Press, London (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(10)07005-7

Roush, T.L.

R.N. Clark, and T.L. Roush. “Reflectance spectroscopy: Quantitative analysis techniques for remote sensing applications”, J. Geophys. Res.  89, 6329 (1984). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB089iB07p06329

Rubio, J.L.

F. Visconti and J.M. De Paz, and J.L. Rubio. “Calcite and gypsum solubility products in water-saturated salt-affected soil samples at 25°C and at least up to 14 Ds M-1”, Eur. J. Soil Sci.  61, 255 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2009.01214.x

Salisbury, J.W.

G.R. Hunt and J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff. “Visible and near infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: IV. Sulphides and sulphates”, Mod. Geol.  3, 1 (1971).

G.R. Hunt, and J.W. Salisbury. “Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: II. Carbonates”, Mod. Geol.  2, 23 (1971).

Salomonsson, L.

B. Stenberg and E. Nordkvist, and L. Salomonsson. “Use of near infrared reflectance spectra of soils for objective selection of samples”, Soil Sci.  159, 109 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199502000-00005

Savitzky, A.

A. Savitzky, and M. Golay. “Smoothing and differentiation of data by simplified least squares procedures”, Anal. Chem.  36, 1627 (1964). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac60214a047

Schmidt, K.S.

K.S. Schmidt, and A.K. Skidmore. “Spectral discrimination of vegetation types in a coastal wetland”, Remote Sens. Environ.  85, 92 (2003). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00196-7

Scow, K.M.

R. Zornoza, C. Guerrero, J. Mataix-Solera, K.M. Scow, and V. Arcenegui, and J. Mataix-Beneyto. “Near infrared spectroscopy for determination of various physical, chemical and biochemical properties in Mediterranean soils”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  40, 1923 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.003

Sickman, J.O.

G.M. Vasques and S. Grunwald, and J.O. Sickman. “Comparison of multivariate methods for inferential modeling of soil carbon using visible/near-infrared spectra”, Geoderma  146, 14 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.04.007

Skidmore, A.K.

K.S. Schmidt, and A.K. Skidmore. “Spectral discrimination of vegetation types in a coastal wetland”, Remote Sens. Environ.  85, 92 (2003). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00196-7

Smith, R.

R. Smith, and V.C. Robertson. “Soil and irrigation classification of shallow soils overlying gypsum beds, northern Iraq”, J. Soil Sci.  13, 106 (1962). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1962.tb00687.x

Sorbi, A.

A. Sorbi. Geological Map of Isfahan Province, Scale (1/1000000). Geological Survey of Iran, Iran (2002).

Stenberg, B.

B. Stenberg and E. Nordkvist, and L. Salomonsson. “Use of near infrared reflectance spectra of soils for objective selection of samples”, Soil Sci.  159, 109 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199502000-00005

B. Stenberg, Viscarra R.A. Rossel, and A.M. Mouazen, and J. Wetterlind. “Visible and near infrared spectroscopy in soil science”, in Advances in Agronomy 107, 163, Ed by L.S. Donald, Academic Press, London (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(10)07005-7

Suarez, D.L.

R.H. Loeppert, and D.L. Suarez. “Carbonate and gypsum,” in Methods of Soil Analysis vol. 5, D.L. Sparks, A.L. Page, P.A. Helmke, R.H. Loeppert, P.N. Soltanpour, M.A. Tabatabai, and C.T. Johnson, and M.E. Sumner. Eds. SSSAMadison, WI (1996).

Summers, D.

D. Summers, M. Lewis, and B. Ostendorf, and D. Chittleborough. “Visible near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy as a predictive indicator of soil properties”, Ecol. Indic.  11, 123 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.05.001

Swayze, G.A.

R.N. Clark, T.V.V. King, M. Klejwa, and G.A. Swayze, and N. Vergo. “High spectral resolution reflectance spectroscopy of minerals”, J. Geophys. Res.  95, 12 (1990). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB095iB08p12653

Trupin, S.

J.P. Gras, B.G. Barthès, and B. Mahaut, and S. Trupin. “Best practices for obtaining and processing field visible and near infrared (VNIR) spectra of topsoils”, Geoderma  214–215, 126 (2014). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.09.021

van Es, H.M.

Volkan A. Bilgili, H.M. van Es, F. Akbas, and A. Durak, and W.D. Hively. “Visible-near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for assessment of soil properties in a semi-arid area of Turkey”, J. Arid Environ.  74, 229 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.08.011

Vasques, G.M.

G.M. Vasques and S. Grunwald, and J.O. Sickman. “Comparison of multivariate methods for inferential modeling of soil carbon using visible/near-infrared spectra”, Geoderma  146, 14 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.04.007

Vergo, N.

R.N. Clark, T.V.V. King, M. Klejwa, and G.A. Swayze, and N. Vergo. “High spectral resolution reflectance spectroscopy of minerals”, J. Geophys. Res.  95, 12 (1990). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB095iB08p12653

Visconti, F.

F. Visconti and J.M. De Paz, and J.L. Rubio. “Calcite and gypsum solubility products in water-saturated salt-affected soil samples at 25°C and at least up to 14 Ds M-1”, Eur. J. Soil Sci.  61, 255 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2009.01214.x

Wang, A.

Y. Liu and A. Wang. and J.J. Freeman. “Raman, MIR and NIR spectroscopic study of calcium sulfates: Gypsum, bassanite and anhydrite”, in Proceedings of the 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference , 23–27 March 2009, The Woodlands, TX. http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2009/pdf/2128.pdf (2009)

Wang, Y.-N.

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

Watson, A.

A. Watson. “Desert gypsum crusts as palaeoenvironmental indicators: A micropetrographic study of crusts from southern Tunisia and the Central Namib Desert”, J. Arid Environ.  15, 19 (1988).

Wetterlind, J.

B. Stenberg, Viscarra R.A. Rossel, and A.M. Mouazen, and J. Wetterlind. “Visible and near infrared spectroscopy in soil science”, in Advances in Agronomy 107, 163, Ed by L.S. Donald, Academic Press, London (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(10)07005-7

White, W.B.

W.B. White. “The carbonate minerals”, in The Infrared Spectra of Minerals , Ed by V.C. Farmer. Mineralogical Society, London (1974)

Xu, C.-Y.

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

Xuemei, L.

L. Xuemei, and L. Jianshe. “Measurement of soil properties using visible and short wave-near infrared spectroscopy and multivariate calibration”, Measurement  46, 3808 (2013). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2013.07.007

Yang, S.-Q.

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

Zelikman, E.

E. Zelikman, and E. Carmina. “The spectral response characteristics of the soils and their possible estimation by using partial least square regression (PLSR) analysis”, Int. J. Geomat. Geosci.  3, 438 (2013).

Zornoza, R.

R. Zornoza, C. Guerrero, J. Mataix-Solera, K.M. Scow, and V. Arcenegui, and J. Mataix-Beneyto. “Near infrared spectroscopy for determination of various physical, chemical and biochemical properties in Mediterranean soils”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  40, 1923 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.003

Anal. Chem. (1)

A. Savitzky, and M. Golay. “Smoothing and differentiation of data by simplified least squares procedures”, Anal. Chem.  36, 1627 (1964). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac60214a047

Chem. Geol. (1)

E.G. Akpokdje. “The occurrence of bassanite in some Australian arid-zone soils”Chem. Geol.  47, 361 (1984)

Ecol. Indic. (1)

D. Summers, M. Lewis, and B. Ostendorf, and D. Chittleborough. “Visible near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy as a predictive indicator of soil properties”, Ecol. Indic.  11, 123 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2009.05.001

Eng. Geol. (1)

F. Lamas, C. Irigaray, and C. Oteo, and J. Chacón. “Selection of the most appropriate method to determine the carbonate content for engineering purposes with particular regard to marls”, Eng. Geol.  81, 32 (2005). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2005.07.005

Eur. J. Soil Sci. (1)

F. Visconti and J.M. De Paz, and J.L. Rubio. “Calcite and gypsum solubility products in water-saturated salt-affected soil samples at 25°C and at least up to 14 Ds M-1”, Eur. J. Soil Sci.  61, 255 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.2009.01214.x

Geoderma (6)

J. Porta. “Methodologies for the analysis and characterization of gypsum in soils: A review”, Geoderma  87, 31 (1998). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-7061(98)00067-6

Viscarra R.A. Rossel, S.R. Cattle, and A. Ortega, and Y. Fouad. “In situ measurements of soil colour, mineral composition and clay content by vis-NIR spectroscopy”, Geoderma  150, 253 (2009). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.01.025

C. Guerrero and R.A.V. Rossel, and A.M. Mouazen. “Special issue ‘Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy in Soil Science and Land Resource Assessment’”, Geoderma  158, 1 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.05.008

J.P. Gras, B.G. Barthès, and B. Mahaut, and S. Trupin. “Best practices for obtaining and processing field visible and near infrared (VNIR) spectra of topsoils”, Geoderma  214–215, 126 (2014). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.09.021

G.M. Vasques and S. Grunwald, and J.O. Sickman. “Comparison of multivariate methods for inferential modeling of soil carbon using visible/near-infrared spectra”, Geoderma  146, 14 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.04.007

C. Gomez and P. Lagacherie, and G. Coulouma. “Continuum removal versus plsr method for clay and calcium carbonate content estimation from laboratory and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Geoderma  148, 141 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2008.09.016

Int. J. Geomat. Geosci. (1)

E. Zelikman, and E. Carmina. “The spectral response characteristics of the soils and their possible estimation by using partial least square regression (PLSR) analysis”, Int. J. Geomat. Geosci.  3, 438 (2013).

J. Arid Environ. (3)

Volkan A. Bilgili, H.M. van Es, F. Akbas, and A. Durak, and W.D. Hively. “Visible-near infrared reflectance spectroscopy for assessment of soil properties in a semi-arid area of Turkey”, J. Arid Environ.  74, 229 (2010). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.08.011

A. Watson. “Desert gypsum crusts as palaeoenvironmental indicators: A micropetrographic study of crusts from southern Tunisia and the Central Namib Desert”, J. Arid Environ.  15, 19 (1988).

H.N. Le Houérou. “Climate change, drought and desertification”, J. Arid Environ.  34, 133 (1996). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jare.1996.0099

J. Geophys. Res. (2)

R.N. Clark, T.V.V. King, M. Klejwa, and G.A. Swayze, and N. Vergo. “High spectral resolution reflectance spectroscopy of minerals”, J. Geophys. Res.  95, 12 (1990). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB095iB08p12653

R.N. Clark, and T.L. Roush. “Reflectance spectroscopy: Quantitative analysis techniques for remote sensing applications”, J. Geophys. Res.  89, 6329 (1984). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB089iB07p06329

J. Geophys. Res.: Earth Surf. (1)

Viscarra R.A. Rossel. “Fine-resolution multiscale mapping of clay minerals in Australian soils measured with near infrared spectra”, J. Geophys. Res.: Earth Surf.  116, F04023 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011JF001977

J. Hydrol. (1)

K.J. Naithani and B.E. Ewers, and E. Pendall. “Sap flux-scaled transpiration and stomatal conductance response to soil and atmospheric drought in a semi-arid sagebrush ecosystem”, J. Hydrol.  464–465, 176 (2012). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13592-013-0221-x

J. Sediment. Petrol. (1)

A. Dreimanis. “Quantitative gasometric determination of calcite and dolomite by using Chittick apparatus”, J. Sediment. Petrol.  32, 520 (1962). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1306/74d70d08-2b21-11d7-8648000102c1865d

J. Soil Sci. (1)

R. Smith, and V.C. Robertson. “Soil and irrigation classification of shallow soils overlying gypsum beds, northern Iraq”, J. Soil Sci.  13, 106 (1962). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1962.tb00687.x

Measurement (1)

L. Xuemei, and L. Jianshe. “Measurement of soil properties using visible and short wave-near infrared spectroscopy and multivariate calibration”, Measurement  46, 3808 (2013). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2013.07.007

Mod. Geol. (2)

G.R. Hunt and J.W. Salisbury, and C.J. Lenhoff. “Visible and near infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: IV. Sulphides and sulphates”, Mod. Geol.  3, 1 (1971).

G.R. Hunt, and J.W. Salisbury. “Visible and near-infrared spectra of minerals and rocks: II. Carbonates”, Mod. Geol.  2, 23 (1971).

Pedosphere (1)

Y.-W. Dong, S.-Q. Yang, C.-Y. Xu, Y.-Z. Li, W. Bai, Z.-N. Fan, and Y.-N. Wang, and Q.-Z. Li. “Determination of soil parameters in apple-growing regions by near- and mid-infrared spectroscopy”, Pedosphere  21, 591 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(11)60161-6

Remote Sens. Environ. (2)

K.S. Schmidt, and A.K. Skidmore. “Spectral discrimination of vegetation types in a coastal wetland”, Remote Sens. Environ.  85, 92 (2003). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(02)00196-7

P. Lagacherie, F. Baret, J.-B. Feret, and Madeira J. Netto, and J.M. Robbez-Masson. “Estimation of soil clay and calcium carbonate using laboratory, field and airborne hyperspectral measurements”, Remote Sens. Environ.  112, 825 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2007.06.014

Soil Biol. Biochem. (2)

V. Bellon-Maurel, and A. McBratney. “Near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopic techniques for assessing the amount of carbon stock in soils—critical review and research perspectives”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  43, 1398 (2011). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.02.019

R. Zornoza, C. Guerrero, J. Mataix-Solera, K.M. Scow, and V. Arcenegui, and J. Mataix-Beneyto. “Near infrared spectroscopy for determination of various physical, chemical and biochemical properties in Mediterranean soils”, Soil Biol. Biochem.  40, 1923 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.04.003

Soil Sci. (3)

B. Stenberg and E. Nordkvist, and L. Salomonsson. “Use of near infrared reflectance spectra of soils for objective selection of samples”, Soil Sci.  159, 109 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199502000-00005

A.E. Martin, and R. Reeve. “A rapid manometric method for determining soil carbonate”, Soil Sci.  79, 187 (1955). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195503000-00003

C.A. Bower, and R.B. Huss. “Rapid conductometric method for estimating gypsum in soils”, Soil Sci.  66, 199 (1948). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-194809000-00006

Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. (3)

M.C. Rabenhorst. “Determination of organic and carbonate carbon in calcareous soils using dry combustion”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  52, 965 (1988). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200040012x

J. Herrero and J. Porta, and N. Fedoroff. “Hypergypsic soil micromorphology and landscape relationships in northern Spain”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  56, 1188 (1992).

E. Ben-Dor, and A. Banin. “Near-infrared analysis as a rapid method to simultaneously evaluate several soil properties”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.  59, 364 (1995). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1995.03615995005900020014x

Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. (1)

L.G. Bundy, and J.M. Bremner. “Simple titrimetric method for determination of inorganic carbon in soils”, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc.  36, 273 (1972). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1972.03615995003600020021x

Theor. Popul. Biol. (1)

S. Kefi and M. Rietkerk, and G.G. Katul. “Vegetation pattern shift as a result of rising atmospheric CO2 in arid ecosystems”, Theor. Popul. Biol.  74, 332 (2008). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2008.09.004

Visible-NIR Hyperspectral Imagery for Discriminating Soil Types in the La Peyne Watershed (France) (1)

Madeira J.S. Netto and J.M. Robbez-Masson, and E. Martins. Visible-NIR Hyperspectral Imagery for Discriminating Soil Types in the La Peyne Watershed (France) ,  vol. 31 (2006).

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A. Sorbi. Geological Map of Isfahan Province, Scale (1/1000000). Geological Survey of Iran, Iran (2002).

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