Abstract

A four-channel wavelength-selectable in-series DFB laser array with good single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) property is proposed and theoretically analyzed. To realize good SLM property, a linearly chirped Bragg grating with multiple π phase shifts are implemented in the laser cavity. In addition, two reflector sections with chirped Bragg grating are specially designed for reflection compensation at both ends. In our simulation, the split-step time-domain model with coupled-wave equations and carrier rate equations are used. Based on the simulation results, all the channels work with low threshold currents and the SLM properties are considerably enhanced compared with the conventional in-series laser array. Notably a high precision control of grating phase is required in the practical fabrication due to the ultra-small variation of grating period. Therefore, the reconstruction-equivalent-chirp technique is discussed to provide the fabrication of high-precision grating. In addition, the complex heterogeneous integration or butt-joint technique is not required during the whole fabrication process, which simplifies the fabrication and reduces the cost. The proposed wavelength-selectable in-series laser array is deemed to be applied in the dense wavelength division multiplexing technology, especially when fast wavelength switching is needed, such as in the application of NG-PON2.

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