Abstract

Highly sensitive distributed acoustic sensor is required in various practical applications. In this article, an ultra high sensitive quasi distributed acoustic sensor based on coherent detection and cylindrical transducer is proposed and demonstrated. As the acoustic sensing medium, distributed microstructured optical fiber (DMOF) is utilized to improve the signal to noise ratio (SNR) of the signal, which contains backscattering enhanced points (BEPs) along the longitudinal direction of the fiber. In order to increase the acoustic sensitivity, the hollow cylindrical structure is developed for acoustic wave transduction. In addition, coherent phase detection is adopted to achieve the high precision phase signal demodulation, and thus to realize high-fidelity recovery of the airborne sound wave. Consequently, the spatial distributed acoustic sensing can be realized, which integrates a series of high-sensitive sensing units in a single fiber. The field test results of the airborne sound detection illustrate an excellent phase sensitivity of −112.5 dB (re 1 rad/μPa) within the flat frequency range of 500 Hz–5 kHz and a peak sensitivity up to −83.7 dB (re 1 rad/μPa) at 80Hz. The waveform comparison between the measurement result and the standard signal shows the maximum error of only 3.07%. Besides, distributed audio signal recovery and spatial acoustic imaging are demonstrated, which can be further applied in the field of fiber distributed microphone and urban noise intensity holography.

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