Abstract

In this investigation, we propose and demonstrate an integrated vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) and blue light emitting diode (LED) based visible light communication (VLC) system by using the decode-and-forward (DF) relay scheme indoors. The 682 nm visible VCSEL can reach 3 Gbit/s on-off keying (OOK) modulation rate for 4 m free space transmission by applying 1.25 GHz bandwidth PIN photodiode (PD). Then, the VLCVCSEL signal connects to multiple blue LEDs for broadcasting VLCLED traffic in parallel. Therefore, the maximum VLCLED rates of 775, 700, and 600 Mbit/s are obtained at the free space transmission lengths of 2, 3, and 4 m, respectively within the forward error correction (FEC) target under 4 m VLC transmission at the low detected power of 15 μW. In addition, the number of LEDs used in the DF relay VLC system depends on the practical requirement of VLCLED rate and traffic length indoors.

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