Abstract

We introduce and experimentally demonstrate a modified Kramers-Kronig (KK) receiver with direct detection (DD) to realize an accurate optical field reconstruction at low carrier-to-signal power ratio (CSPR) condition. In our scheme, an exponential operation is applied to a single-sideband (SSB) signal, rather than a continuous-wave tone adding method in the conventional KK scheme. By this means, the minimum phase condition (MPC) is inherently satisfied, thus the optical field can be reconstructed accurately through KK relation at a low CSPR, leading to a high receiver sensitivity in a DD system. A proof-of-concept experiment is conducted, in which an SSB signal is generated based on an 8-GBaud 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) data stream and then is transmitted over an 80-km single mode fiber (SMF). By using the modified KK technique, 1.1- and 0.9-dB sensitivity improvements are achieved in the optical back-to-back and after the fiber transmission cases, respectively. The proposed and the conventional KK schemes show similar BER performances at the optimum CSPR value with a high received optical power. In addition, we perform numerical simulations to study the impacts of bandwidth limitation and chromatic dispersion on the proposed minimum phase signal.

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