Abstract

We report a technique for coherence transfer of laser light through a fiber link, where the optical phase noise induced by environmental perturbations via the fiber link is compensated by remote users with passive phase noise correction, rather than at the local site as is conventional. Neither phase discrimination nor active phase tracking is required due to the open-loop design, mitigating some technical problems such as the limited compensation speed and the finite compensation precision as conventional active phase noise cancellation. We theoretically analyze and experimentally demonstrate that the delay-limited residual fiber phase noise after phase noise compensation is a factor of seven higher than the conventional techniques. Using this technique, we demonstrate the transfer laser light through a 145-km-long, lab-based spooled fiber. After being compensated, a relative frequency instability is $1.9\times 10^{-15}$ at the integration time of 1 s and scales down to the level of $10^{-18}$ -range at 10,000 s. The frequency uncertainty of the light after transferring through the fiber relative to that of the input light is $(-0.36\pm 2.6)\times 10^{-18}$ . As the transmitted optical signal remains unaltered until it reaches the remote sites, it can be transmitted simultaneously to multiple remote sites on an arbitrarily complex fiber network, paving a way to develop a multi-node optical frequency dissemination system with post automatic phase noise correction for a number of end-users.

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